Acts 1:23-26 – The Choice of Matthias
AC1:23 So they put forward two men – Joseph, the one called Barsabbas, and Matthias.
AC1:24 Then they prayed: “YHWH, You know the hearts of everyone. Reveal whom You chose of these two AC1:25 to take the place of this ministry and apostleship from which Judas abandoned to follow his own course.”
AC1:26 Then they cast lots regarding the two, and the lot fell upon Matthias, so he was numbered with the eleven apostles.
Preceding article: Nazarene Acts of the Apostles Chapter 1
Election of the Apostle Matthias
Find a Dutch bible translation/ Vindt een Nederlandse bijbelvertaling : Verkiezing vanVerkiezing van de apostel Matthias
Afrikaans: Matti′as is gekies als een van “die twaalf”
French : Français: Election de l’apôtre Matthias
German / Deutsch: Wahl des Apostels Matthias
 YHWH: Or, Lord. It is possible the Tetragram originally occurred here.
 Then they cast lots regarding the two: The 120 male disciples were equally divided on two qualified men. This could have led to an early division in their midst. The apostolic solution will seem strange to some, but it likely represents the stated principle of Proverbs 16:33, “The lot is thrown into the lap, but every judgment belongs to YHWH.” The Hebrews and Jews were used to the lot for the Urim and Thummim of the Israelites’ high priest wore a pocket in his priestly apron in which there were divine lots. [Compare Exodus 28:30 MOF; Numbers 27:21]
 The lot fell upon Matthias: According to the divine choosing, Matthias became the twelfth apostle, replacing Judas. Likely the Twelve had to be present at the outpouring of the Spirit as the Congregation or Temple was founded. [Ephesians 2:21, 22] Though some think Paul the replacement apostle there is no direct indication of such.
Additional Biblestudents note:
1. (v23) Though Mathias was one of the first to follow Jeshua the Messiah, Jesus did not appoint him personally. But Matthias who is called in the Syriac version of Eusebius “Tolmai”, not to be confused with Bartholomew (which means Son of Tolmai) who was originally one of the twelve Apostles; Clement of Alexandria says some identified him with Zacchaeus; the Clementine Recognitions identify him with Barnabas; Hilgenfeld thinks he is the same as Nathanael in the Gospel of John. This follower of Christ Jesus was an eye-witness of all his divine actions up to the very day of the Ascension and was one of the seventy-two direct disciples of Christ.
2. (v26) In politics, sortition (also known as allotment or the drawing of lots) is the selection of decision makers by lottery. The decision-makers are chosen as a random sample from a larger pool of candidates.
In ancient Athenian democracy, sortition was the primary method for appointing officials, and its use was widely regarded as a principal characteristic of democracy. It is commonly used today to select prospective jurors in common law-based legal systems.
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What some mortals are allotted includes, for instance, very reduced chances because of poverty: “And the people began to be distinguished by ranks, according to their riches and their chances for learning; yea, some were ignorant because of their poverty, and others did receive great learning because of their riches” (3 Ne. 6:12).
Furthermore, malevolent, human social structures have included, in the past, tragic constraints like slavery and concentration camps.
Nevertheless, we are to do what we can within our allotted “acreage,” while still using whatever stretch there may be in any tethers. Within what is allotted to us, we can have spiritual contentment. Paul described it as “godliness with contentment,” signifying the adequate presence of attributes such as love, hope, meekness, patience, and submissiveness (1 Tim. 6:6).
After the Ascension of Jesus, St. Peter proposed to the assembled faithful that they choose a disciple of Christ to fill the place of the traitor Judas in the first missionary band. Lots were drawn, with the result in favor of Matthias. According to one ancient tradition, this missioner labored in Ethiopia and was martyred there. Thus did St. Matthias receive “the crown of life which God has promised to those who love him.” The Church venerates St. Matthias on an equal footing with the other Apostles, whose voices resound throughout the world, from generation to generation, giving testimony of what they saw and heard in their life with our Lord. His name is mentioned in the Canon of the Mass.
- Commemoration of the Apostle Matthias, Martyred in Colchis, and Apostolic Succession (georgianorthodoxchurch.wordpress.com)
The elevation of Matthias from the Seventy to the Twelve Apostles is interesting, as it is one of the first written accounts of Apostolic Succession,. Saint Luke’s account of events in the Acts of the Apostles is;
Elections of Patriarchs vary somewhat from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, but it is generally performed by secret ballot. The repose of a Patriarch generally triggers the appointment of a caretaker Patriarch who organises elections as soon as possible. Each Patriarchate has its own statutes governing such elections, which may take into account dioceses abroad as well as consultation with the laity. National governments are often tempted to interfere with this process, which is generally quite vigorously resisted.
- Intro to the Book of Acts and the choosing of Judas’ replacement (sundayschoolbiblestudy.wordpress.com)
Notice there was no “church” before the book of Acts, there was only the synagogue.
Guzik: “Even though we read nothing more of Matthias, we should not assume he was a “dud” as an apostle; except for Peter and John, none of the original twelve are mentioned again after Acts 1. Matthias was no more of a “dud” than Matthew or Andrew or Thomas or any of the others.”
- Acts 1-3 (whatshotn.wordpress.com)
Luke wrote to convince Theophilus, probably a Gentile official, of the certainty of the Things of Jesus Christ that had been told to him. He also wrote to provide a unity between Christ’s works in the Gospels and the apostles’ labors after His ascension. And finally, Luke wrote to show the Roman world that Christianity is not a subversive political movement. Few biblical books are as misused as the Book of Acts, and some denominations have created distinctive and divisive teachings from their interpretations.
- The Apostles Wrote the Gospels as Eyewitness Accounts (str.typepad.com)
When you write a book that seeks to evaluate the Gospels as eyewitness accounts, you shouldn’t be surprised to find that some critics will attack the premise that the Gospels are eyewitness accounts in the first place. Several skeptics have either emailed me or posted comments questioning whether or not the Gospels are truly eyewitness accounts. After all, the accounts are not written as first-person narratives, and there are no direct statements in the Gospels suggesting that they were written by people at the scene. Luke, for example, slips into first-person narrative for portions of his account in the Book of Acts, why don’t the other Gospel authors do something similar when writing their own “eyewitness accounts”? Why don’t these authors simply identify themselves more directly so we can understand their specific role as eyewitnesses? It’s certainly true that the authors of the Gospels take a reserved and humble approach to their own identity within the narrative, and this is not uncommon in ancient literature of the time. But there are several good reasons to believe that the Gospels are, in fact, eyewitness accounts: – See more at: http://str.typepad.com/weblog/2013/04/the-apostles-wrote-the-gospels-as-eyewitness-accounts.html#sthash.b4Nn0LNj.dpuf
- The Church’s Secret Weapon in Acts: PRAYER (calebsermons.com)
In spite of insurmountable odds, they not only preached the gospel, but converted souls to Jesus throughout most of the Roman Empire by the end of Acts.
Rapid growth. Explosive growth! Was experienced by the church in Acts. But none of this would have been possible if it weren’t for their secret weapon…..a very powerful weapon in their arsenal: Prayer.
- The Holy Spirit-Empowered Apostles (yourgodmoments.wordpress.com)
This ‘church’ gathered to pray, and then the apostle Peter addressed the gathering. He told them that Judas Iscariot’s betrayal of Jesus was a fulfilled prophecy, (Ps. 69:25), and that there was also written prophecy that mandated that the vacancy left by the death of Judas’ be filled by the appointment of a new apostle from the church. (Ps. 109:8)
- The Act of the Apostles (shaoqueen2013.wordpress.com)
(23) And they appointed two, Joseph called Bar’sa-bas, who was surnamed Justus, and Mat-thias.
(24) And they prayed, and said, Thou, LORD which knowest the hearts of all men, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen,
(25) That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place.
(26) And they gave forth their lots; and the lot fell upon Mat-thi’as and he was numbered with the eleven apostles.
- Acts of the Apostles (fellowshipofthebelievers.com)
Peter proposes guidelines for nominees to take the place of Judas in the apostolic
ministry of being a witness of Jesus’ resurrection. Two men are selected for consideration, and following prayer for the Lord to show which of the two He has chosen, lots are cast and Matthias is numbered with the eleven apostles (15-26).