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Matthew 24:3 – The Apostles’ Question

|| Mark 13:3, 4; Luke 21:7

MT24:3 But, while sitting on the Mount of Olives the disciples came to him in a private spot, asking: “Tell us, when will this occur?[1] {MK13:4 and the sign when all this will be fulfilled?[2]} And, what will be the sign[3] of your Arrival[4] [Daniel 7:22; 12:2] and the complete end[5] of the Age?”[6] [Daniel 9:26, 27] {LK21:7 “When will this all occur?”[7]}

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[1] When will this occur: These questions are a compound from all three of the Gospels. When only the Book of Matthew is relied upon some have drawn a different conclusion. We feel it more accurate to include elements from all three witnesses. Do these Jewish disciples of the Nazarene have in mind the Temple? Perhaps they assume the shocking prediction of the Temple’s destruction means the Return of the Messiah in his foretold royal Presence? Their question cannot come from a clear understanding when they did not comprehend much simpler matters regarding the Messiah. If one argues their question in Matthew 24:3 was inspired then it needs to be explained why Mark and Luke omit this part. Just before the ascension of Christ these same men asked: ‘Are you restoring the Kingdom of Israel now?’ (Acts 1:6) Godly men have asked the question “When?” for thousands of years (Psalm 90:13; Habakkuk 1:2).

[2] Fulfilled: In Mark’s Gospel the Greek word SYNTELEISTHAI is used which means “fulfilled” and is similar to Matthew’s SYNTELEIAS (with + end) which means “ending together” or “conclusion.” When we say this we understand that Matthew originally wrote in Hebrew and later translated it into Greek, thus the Nazarene or his disciples never uttered the actual Greek word SYNTELEIAS. It is likely Matthew translates the Hebrew (or, Aramaic) kalah; (see Strong’s #3617) which means “completion, completely destroyed.” The word chosen by Matthew for this Hebrew was SYNTELEIAS.

[3] Sign: This is the Greek SEMEION which occurs again at Matthew 24:30. Note it also occurs in the Jewish Greek Septuagint (LXX) of the Second or Third Century BCE at Daniel 9:27 (SYNTELEIAS).

[4] Arrival: This is the Greek PAROUSIA and means “arrival” or a royal visit (See Thayer’s or Vine’s). Strong’s #3952, “advent, return, coming, presence.” It is only used in one of the Gospels, Matthew. Paul uses it with reference to the return of Christ at 1 Corinthians 15:23; 1 Thessalonians 2:19; 3:13; 4:15; 5:23; 2 Thessalonians 2:1, 9. Jesus had never been recorded using this word by Matthew as the Greek translator. It is believed the Nazarene spoke Hebrew (with certain Aramaic loan words) and so it is possible he used a word like athah; (Strong’s #857, #858, meaning “arrive”) from Daniel 7:13, 22. In the other two Gospels dealing with this subject “the end” of Jerusalem’s Temple, other synonyms are used instead of PAROUSIA: Mark 13:26 ERCHOMENON; Mark 13:35 ERCHETAI (= coming), and, Mark 13:36 ELTHON (= arrive). Thayer’s Greek Lexicon defines PAROUSIA (Strong’s #3952) as “the coming, arrival, advent… the future, visible return from heaven of Jesus.” The Dictionary of New Testament Theology (DNTT), volume 2, page 898, explains: “Technically the noun is used for the arrival of a ruler or king… The idea of parousia now becomes bound up with the church’s expectations of Christ’s appearing.”

[5] Complete end: Here the Greek is a heightened form of TELOS (= end), SYNTELEIAS (= with + end). The disciples likely assumed that the destruction of the Temple meant the Return (Presence) or Arrival of Christ and therefore “the end of the world” as they knew it. The Greek translator of Matthew (likely Matthew himself) puts the word SYNTELEIAS in the disciples’ mouth. This is a word that only occurred once before in the Nazarene’s parable of wheat and tares at Matthew 13:40. However, note this word occurs in the Jewish Greek Bible (LXX) at Daniel 9:27 in the context of Jerusalem’s foretold ‘desolation.’ Compare also Hebrews 9:26 where SYNTELEIA is used with regard to the First Coming of Christ in the “last days” of the Jewish Age (Hebrews 1:1; Acts 2:17; Jude 18; 1 Corinthians 10:11). Judging from Jesus’ admission that he does not ‘know the day and hour’ (Matthew 24:36) there is no way the Nazarene could tell his disciples about the date of “the complete end” or SYNTELEIAS.

[6] Age: This is the Greek AIONOS which is corrupted into English by aeon or eon. Though in certain contexts the old English word “world” might be correctly understood, it is often misleading for it gives the idea the earth and all life on it is to end. However, the word “Age” conveys a certain period of time during which certain contemporaries live, such as the Age of the Dinosaurs or the Atomic Age. The King James translators did use AION (Strong’s #165 1074) as “ages” in Ephesians 2:7 and Colossians 1:26 so they were fully aware of its real meaning. The implication of “world” might be misleading.

[7] When will this all occur: Can anyone argue that the disciples did not have in mind the Temple and its destruction?

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Preceding

Matthew 13:47-50 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Parable of the Dragnet

Matthew 24 about temples or Houses of God and the end of the age

Matthew 24:1-2 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Desolation, Oppression and the Parousia – The Setting

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  3. The disciples confusion at olivet (4)

Comments on: "Matthew 24:3 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Desolation, Oppression and the Parousia – The Apostles’ Question" (11)

  1. This is one of the signs: http://bit.ly/TheKneeler

    This includes multiple signs: http://bit.ly/RevelationEvents

    Leviathan is the beast of the sea/abyss: http://bit.ly/BeastOfTheSea

    Behemoth is the beast of the Earth: http://bit.ly/BeastOfTheEarth

    Enoch and Elijah are the two witnesses who have been transformed into Elohim. They are no longer human. What person can breathe fire from their mouths to consume those desiring to cause harm to them? Both were taken up into Heaven and never experienced the first death. They will be killed by Leviathan.

    Modern Jerusalem is Mystery Babylon: http://bit.ly/MysteryBabylonIsJerusalem

    Four eras are documented in the Bible and Jubilees:

    2450 yrs: Creation to the Promised Land

    3430 yrs: Daniel’s 70 “Weeks” (aka Jubilees) culminating with the Great Tribulation

    1000 yrs: Christ’s Millennial Reign

    120 yrs: Satan Released to Deceive the Nations

    That totals 7000 years; the latter ties back to Genesis 6:3.

    Satan will be released for a short time (Gr. mikron chronon) to deceive the world AFTER Christ’s Millennial Reign (Revelation 20:1-3). That period of 120 years is alluded to in Genesis 6:3. Abraham lived to be 175 in the postdiluvian world (Genesis 25:7), so Genesis 6:3 wasn’t a lifespan cap.

    The truth is found in the Dead Sea Scrolls:

    * Calendar: http://bit.ly/DSSCalendar

    * Jubilees: http://bit.ly/DSSJubilees

    * Course of the Sun: http://bit.ly/1Enoch-Sun

    * More info: http://bit.ly/DSSCalendarDiscovery

    * Jubilee Calculator: http://bit.ly/JubileeCalculator

    Realized prophesy and archeology confirm the Word.

    #ShemaYisrael

    Sent from my iPad

    Like

  2. HOT OFF THE PRESS! The history (and future!) of the world from Creation in 1 Anno Mundi (AM) to the New Heaven and New Earth in 7000 AM arranged by Jubilees. A link to the Jubilee Calculator is included. Constructive feedback is appreciated. http://bit.ly/JubileeAccounting

    =======

    Be sure to read this Revelation study as well: http://bit.ly/RevelationEvents

    Sent from my iPad

    Like

  3. […] Matthew 24:3 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Desolation, Oppression and the Parousia – The Apostl… […]

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  4. […] Matthew 24:3 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Desolation, Oppression and the Parousia – The Apostl… […]

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  5. […] Matthew 24:3 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Desolation, Oppression and the Parousia – The Apostl… […]

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  6. […] Matthew 24:3 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Desolation, Oppression and the Parousia – The Apostl… […]

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  7. […] Matthew 24:3 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Desolation, Oppression and the Parousia – The Apostl… […]

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  8. […] Matthew 24:3 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Desolation, Oppression and the Parousia – The Apostl… […]

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  9. […] Matthew 24:3 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Desolation, Oppression and the Parousia – The Apostl… […]

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