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Luke 1 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Luke 1:26-38 – Gabriel’s Appearance to Mary

Luke 1:26-38 – Gabriel’s Appearance to Mary

LK1:26 Now in Elizabeth’s sixth month of pregnancy the angel Gabriel was sent from God to the village of Galilee called Nazareth, LK1:27 to a virgin[1] [Isaiah 7:14] promised in marriage to a man named Joseph of David’s House. And the name of the virgin was Mary.[2] LK1:28 Approaching Mary, Gabriel said to her: “Greetings, favored one! The LORD is with you!” LK1:29 At this statement Mary was very puzzled and kept wondering what this greeting meant. LK1:30 Then the angel Gabriel said to Mary: “Do not be frightened, Mary, for you have found favor with God. LK1:31 And, behold, you will conceive in your womb and will give birth to a son, and you will give him the name Jesus.[3] LK1:32 He will become a renowned person[4] and will be called a son of the Most High.[5] [Psalm 82:6] YHWH The God[6] will give to him David’s throne,[7] [Isaiah 9:7] LK1:33 and he will reign over Jacob’s House throughout the Ages. There will never be an end to his kingdom.” [Daniel 2:44] LK1:34 But in response Mary said to the angel Gabriel: “How can this be[8] since I have never known a man?” LK1:35 So the angel answered her: “Holy Pneuma[9] will come over you and the Most High’s power will overshadow you. As a result the One to be born will be also called Holy, God’s Son.[10] [Psalm 89:26] LK1:36 Now, look, your relative Elizabeth has also conceived a son in her old age and this is now the sixth month of her so-called barrenness. LK1:37 For no message from God is impossible.”[11] [Genesis 18:14] LK1:38 Then Mary said: “Look, YHWH’s slave![12] May it all take place with me just as you say!” And the angel Gabriel left her.

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[1] Virgin: Possibly borrowed from Isaiah 7:14 where a PARTHENON is foretold. For details see notes in Nazarene Commentary 2000 on Matthew 1:23.

[2] Mary: For details see notes in Nazarene Commentary 2000 on Matthew.

[3] Jesus: The traditional form of the Greek IESOUS here. The Hebrew form is Yeshua and means “Yehowah is Salvation.” It is the same as the name Joshua. Some argue over the exact form. Accents in pronunciation of foreign languages persist no matter the tongue. It seems unreasonable to many that God would insist every word translated from the Hebrew Bible must be spoken in a Hebrew accent. Even the accents of Jews differed in the 1st Century just as they do in English and Spanish in different places.

[4] Renowned person: Or, great.

[5] A son of the Most High: Or, [the] Most High’s Son, Son of the Highest, Son of the Most High. The Greek is HUIOS YPSISTOU with the article. Compare a similar phrase at Psalm 82:6.

[6] YHWH The God: The Greek is KYRIOS HO THEOS without the article and may indicate the Tetragram originally occurred here.

[7] David’s throne: An echo of Isaiah 9:7. Compare also 2 Samuel 7:12; Psalm 132:11; Jeremiah 23:5.

[8] How can this be: Note Mary is not rebuked for her question while Zechariah was.

[9] Holy Pneuma: Or, holy spirit. Note the Pneuma is paralleled with God’s “power.” For details see notes in Nazarene Commentary 2000 on Holy Pneuma; compare 1 Corinthians 2:16.

[10] God’s Son: Or, the Son of God. The Greek is HUIOS THEOU with the article. Compare Psalm 2:7; 89:26.

[11] For no message from God is impossible: Or, word, declaration. It echoes Genesis 18:14. [Psalm 115:3]

[12] YHWH’s slave: Or, handmaid. The Greek is DOULE KYRIOU.

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Preceding

Luke – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Introduction to the Third Gospel

Luke 1 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Luke 1:1-4 – A Factual and Logical Statement

Luke 1 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Luke 1:5-7 – Zechariah and Elizabeth

Luke 1 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Luke 1:8-17 – An Angel Appears to a Priest

Luke 1 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Luke 1:18-22 – Struck Dumb For Disbelief

Luke 1 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Luke 1:23-25 – Elizabeth Pregnant

Luke 1 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Luke 1:8-17 – An Angel Appears to a Priest

Luke 1:8-17 – An Angel Appears to a Priest

LK1:8 Now [something] happened while Zechariah was serving as priest before The God when it was the turn for his [priestly] division. LK1:9 Then according to the ritual of the priesthood it was his turn to burn incense[1] when he entered the temple of the LORD. LK1:10 Outside the throng of worshippers were praying at the time of the offering of incense. LK1:11 Suddenly YHWH’s angel[2] appeared on the right side of the altar of incense [in the Holy Place]. LK1:12 Now when Zechariah saw the angel he was startled and he began to tremble in fear. LK1:13 Then the angel said to him: “Do not to be frightened, Zechariah! For your prayer has been heard and your wife Elizabeth shall bear you a son and you will call his name ‘John’.[3] LK1:14 And you will become filled with joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth. LK1:15 For he will be great in YHWH’s sight[4] and he will not drink wine or strong drink.[5] [Numbers 6:3] He will be filled with holy Pneuma even while in his mother’s womb. LK1:16 He will restore many of the children of Israel[6] to YHWH their God. LK1:17 He will be a forerunner before [the Messiah] in the inspiration and power of Elijah – to restore the hearts of fathers to their children [Malachi 4:5, 6] and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous – to get ready YHWH’s people[7] prepared for [Messiah].”

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[1] His turn to burn incense: Something rotated in the priestly divisions. In the first compartment of the Temple called the Holy Place there was an incense altar before the curtain to the Most Holy. [Exodus 25:1, 2, 6; 35:4, 5, 8, 27-29; 30:34-38]

[2] YHWH’s angel: A Hebraism where the Greek could suggest YHWH originally occurred here.

[3] ‘John’: Meaning “Jehovah Has Favored” or “God’s Gift.” One of the most common names in the Western world, occurring as Juan, Yves, Ivan, Sean, etc.

[4] YHWH’s sight: It is possible the Tetragram originally occurred here.

[5] He will not drink wine or strong drink: That is, a Nazarite from birth by God’s choosing like Samson. [Numbers 6:3; Judges 13:7]

[6] He will ‘restore many of the children’ of Israel: The phrase is borrowed from Malachi 4:5-6. This foretold “restoration” by Elijah was that of Israel to their God and also between Hebrew fathers and sons.

[7] To get ready YHWH’s people: The allusion to Malachi 4:5-6 gives an inspired interpretation to the prophecy. Peter alludes to a similar “restoration” at Acts 3:21. John the Baptist would go ahead of Christ by six months to prepare Israel for Messiah’s appearance by a baptism of repentance. All of Jesus’ apostles and early disciples were most likely disciples of John first.

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Preceding

Luke – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Introduction to the Third Gospel

Luke 1 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Luke 1:1-4 – A Factual and Logical Statement

Luke 1 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Luke 1:5-7 – Zechariah and Elizabeth

Matthew 9:14-17 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Bridegroom and Fasting

Matthew 11:2-6 Encouragement for John and Reproach for cities 2 Imprisoned Baptist Encouraged

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Additional reading

Truth, doubt or blindness

Celebrating the evening of 15 April 2022 as a festival to Jehovah God

Tomorrow Friday, April the 15th of the year 2022 we remember what happened in the month Jehovah demanded it to be the first month of the year for the people of God.

“1  The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt, 2 “This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year.” (Ex 12:1-2 NIV)

Jehovah had spoken about a “Passover to God”, where He was going to go through the land of Egypt on that specific night and strike down every firstborn in the land of Egypt, whether human or animal, and was going to bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt, because they should come to know that He, Jehovah is The God. And that day should be remembered year after year as a lasting ordinance, meaning a ritual practice “for ever”.

“13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are; and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt. (Ex 12:13 NIV)

Tomorrow evening will be the beginning of a memorial day for us, where even not with many, because of the Corona limitations, we will celebrate the evening as a festival to Jehovah God, like it is already done from one generation to the next generation.

14 “This is a day you are to commemorate; for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the LORD—a lasting ordinance.” (Ex 12:14 NIV)

“10 You must keep this ordinance at the appointed time year after year. ” (Ex 13:10 NIV)

But the evening shall be more than just keeping a “Festival of Unraised Bread” like the Jews do.

For us, it is an extra special night, where we recognise that God has provided an other “lamb” for our families which was slaughtered as the Passover lamb.

As the Jews had to keep that word and ordinance that God had given, Jesus too, with his disciples kept to the law, and at that night also asked his disciples to remember that night. The reason Jesus was coming together in the upper room in Jerusalem was that they had to bring the Passover sacrifice to God who passed over the homes of the Israelites in Egypt when He hit Egypt with death but rescued them.

“26 And when your children ask you, ‘What does this ceremony mean to you?’ 27 then tell them, ‘It is the Passover sacrifice to the LORD, who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt and spared our homes when he struck down the Egyptians.’” Then the people bowed down and worshipped.” (Ex 12:26-27 NIV)

It is our task to tell our children why we are gathering tomorrow night. that they come to learn how God rescued His people the first time, by deliberating them from the Egyptian slavery.

“that you may tell your children and grandchildren how I dealt harshly with the Egyptians and how I performed my signs among them, and that you may know that I am the LORD.”” (Ex 10:2 NIV)

“On that day tell your son, ‘I do this because of what the LORD did for me when I came out of Egypt.’” (Ex 13:8 NIV)

“14 “In days to come when your son asks you, ‘What does this mean?’ say to him, ‘With a mighty hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. 15 When Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, the LORD killed every firstborn in Egypt, both man and animal. This is why I sacrifice to the LORD the first male offspring of every womb and redeem each of my firstborn sons.’” (Ex 13:14-15 NIV)

Even when there are already centuries past, it is still necessary to tell our children how God’s Hand was with His People and how He still wants to be with us and saving us from any bondage.

“Remember the days of old; consider the generations long past. Ask your father and he will tell you, your elders, and they will explain to you.” (De 32:7 NIV)

The Israelites had lived in Egypt 430 years and at the end of the 430 years, to the very day, God’s entire army left Egypt whilst God kept watch all night, watching over the Israelites as He brought them out of Egypt.

Because Jehovah the God of gods, kept watch, all Israel for all generations will honour God by keeping watch this night — a watchnight.

“41 At the end of the 430 years, to the very day, all the LORD’s divisions left Egypt. 42 Because the LORD kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt, on this night all the Israelites are to keep vigil to honour the LORD for the generations to come.” (Ex 12:41-42 NIV)

People may find it strange that we keep the participation of the bread and wine only for baptised members. But as it was not up to foreigners to eat of the Passover meal, so it is still today.

“43  The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “These are the regulations for the Passover: “No foreigner is to eat of it. 44 Any slave you have bought may eat of it after you have circumcised him, 45 but a temporary resident and a hired worker may not eat of it.” (Ex 12:43-45 NIV)

In addition to the deliverance of God’s People from Egypt, we remember that special ‘lamb‘ that God provided for all people in the world. It is the Nazarene Jew Jeshua ben Josef (Jesus Christ) who had prepared himself to do fully the will of his heavenly Father and therefore offered himself as a ransom sacrifice. It is thanks to Jesus’ sacrificial act that deliverance has now come to all who are willing to accept that sacrifice.

We celebrate it in community, even when not all in the same house of place, we consider us to be united by the bond of our baptism.

In the past we allowed visitors, friends and interested people to see how we remembered that day. But this year, like last year, the places in our ecclesiae are limited, and therefore our memorial service shall only be open to members of our community.

(Sorry folks. Next time, when Covid may belong to the past, you all shall be welcome again.)

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Dutch version / Nederlandse versie: Het vieren van de avond van 15 april 2022 als een feest voor Jehovah God

Preceding

Fellowship over meals

Coming together for a meal to remember a special lamb

Another year of 14 Nisan with restricted access

Those who Jesus can call friends

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #7 Matthew 26:26-30 – Keep Doing This in My Memory

When Belonging to the escaped ones gathering in Jesus name

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Additional reading

  1. Ember and light the ransomed of Jehovah
  2. Vayikra after its opening word וַיִּקְרָא, which means and He called
  3. Shabbat Pesach service reading 1/2
  4. Trust in the blood of the Lamb God provides
  5. The Last Supper was a Passover meal
  6. Objects of God’s final wrath
  7. An unblemished and spotless lamb foreknown
  8. Trust in the blood of the Lamb God provides
  9. Redemption #4 The Passover Lamb
  10. Redemption #5 The perfect sacrifice
  11. Ransom for all
  12. Thinking about fear for the Loving God and an Invitation for 14 Nisan
  13. This day shall be unto you for a memorial and you shall keep it a feast to the Most High God
  14. Yom Hey, Eve of Passover and liberation of many people
  15. Observance of the Lord’s Evening Meal
  16. A meal as a mitzvah so that every generation would remember
  17. Partakers and sons of the Realm
  18. The Most special weekend of the year 2018
  19. Soon it shall be Erev Pesach and Passover 2019
  20. A special weekend for Jews, Messianics, Jeshuaists and Christians
  21. Able to celebrate the Passover in all of its prophetic fulfilment

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Related

  1. A Simple Easter Passover Lesson for Kids
  2. Pesaj / Pesach
  3. PassoverPassover Circa 33 AD; Hallel
    A Passover Gift
  4. Pascha – Death is not the end
  5. The Week of Passover, the Crucifixion and the Resurrection.
  6. The Stronghold of Passover – Blood of the Lamb
  7. Passover: The Sacrificial Lamb
  8. The Lamb of God
  9. Blood Poured Out
  10. Lamb of God
  11. Nisan 14 — Good Thursday

Mark 11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Review Questions on Chapter Eleven

Review Questions on Chapter Eleven

  • Relate the search for the colt?
  • What does Jesus curse?
  • What causes the Jews to want to kill Jesus?
  • What lesson does Jesus give his apostles?
  • How does Jesus deal with the question of authority?

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Preceding

Mark 11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 11:1-6 – At Bethany Looking For a Colt

Mark 11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 11:7-11 – Entry Into Jerusalem

Mark 11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 11:12-14 – A Cursed Fig Tree

Mark 11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 11:15-18 – Temple Cleanings Causes Opposition

Mark 11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 11:19-26 – Faith & Doubt, Prayer & Forgiveness

Mark 11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 11:27-33 – Questions of Authority

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Related

  1. What Did Jesus Do? (The World Turned Upside Down) – Jesus’ arrival in Jerusalem, which is the beginning of the end of Jesus earthly ministry + They get us thinking about how Jesus turned the world upside down. – In this article we once again find a writer who does not see the truth about Christ and thinks “God didn’t want us to get lost, so God came to earth in human form to bring us back to himself.” He wrongly says “Jesus is Emmanuel, God with us.” not wanting to accept the words of the Almighty God Who declared Jesus to be His beloved son. “Look! a Voice out of the Sky, saying, “This is my beloved Son in whom I am well pleased.”” (Mt 3:17 MHM)
  2. Lent in a Dish 2021 Week 6: Jesus is Welcomed to Jerusalem
  3. Mark 11: Mark’s Account of the Triumphal Entry
  4. Mark 11 – Jesus enters Jerusalem on a donkey in an action parable. He tells a fig tree not to bear fruit ever again, in another action parable. He clears out an area of the temple in yet another action parable.
  5. The King We Need – The triumphal entry of Jesus was spoken of many years before by the prophet Zechariah, so for those among the Passover pilgrimage who were paying attention it would not have been surprising. And it seems the people knew their bibles because when they saw Jesus riding the young donkey they knew how to interpret it. The crowd got excited that this Messiah figure was finally making a move for the throne and they didn’t hesitate to pick up the palm fronds and hail Jesus as King, just as it was prophesied.
  6. They Knew He Was There – The crowd affirmed him as the one who comes in the name of Yahweh and as the one who comes to reinstitute the kingdom of David. Its religious and political. He intended to make a ruckus.
  7. Jesus’ Final Week, part 1– Mark 11:1-11
  8. Jesus’ Final Week, part 2– Mark 11:12-33
  9. The One Who is Coming! – Zechariah stated that the King would come in humility. Jesus was most certainly clothed in humility during His earthly time. This was confusing to the disciples and Jewish followers because they believed that the Messiah would come and take over the kingdom, conquering their enemies, and restating Israel as a great, even greater kingdom. But that’s not what happened. + He descended from the seed of David and is the One whose kingdom will never fade! And yet with all of their words of adoration, there was no realization of who they were praising!
  10. Wednesday 2nd March 2022 Jesus does something blatantly Messianic, possibly in an attempt to provoke the Jewish leadership finally into action: he borrows a young donkey, along with its mother, and rides it into Jerusalem. To do this in such a way was an expression of royalty and a fulfilment of Zechariah 9:9. The Jews could not have missed this one!
  11. “By what authority are you doing these things, or who gave you this authority to do them?” ~Religious elites
  12. The Authority of Jesus!  The Greek word for authority in our key text is “exousia.” This word carries a variety of meanings that depict authority, which is understandable because authority is seen in many different ways.  – We all understand authority on some level, and either exercises it or have it exercised over us. They understood Jesus carried a level of authority they had never come up against until He showed up. So as Jesus walked into the temple, they met Him and decided that it was time for a confrontation.
  13. Righteous Anger! – This was not the first time that Jesus saw this activity in the temple, but it was most definitely the time He displayed His great displeasure over their activities. + God’s house was to be a house of prayer but they had turned into a marketplace for their gain.
  14. He Made a Ruckus
  15. Mark 11: The Fig Tree and the Prayer That can Move Mountains
  16. Where do you get cursing a fig tree?
  17. The Withered Fig Tree – The fig tree has been part of the biblical narrative since Genesis. + Those that believe it was a literal event sees the cursing of the fig tree as a lesson to the Jewish nation. As the fig tree had leaves and no fruit, were the Jewish religious leaders; they had the trappings of fruitfulness, but no fruit. In yet another commentator’s discussion, Israel is the fig tree that produces no fruit, and is therefore cursed, that their mission may be given to another, the Gentiles. > Be careful the article writer is wrongly suggesting “When we speak of having faith in God, it is a profound statement. Looking at the withered fig tree, Jesus is drawing attention to the fact that He is God, and Peter and the others should have faith in Him. ” Jesus is not at all drawing attention to himself but to his heavenly Father Who had sent him.
  18. Have Faith in God
  19. The Faith of God! – In Young’s Literal Translation, the phrase is “have faith of God”. Jesus spoke these words to the crowd and then describes to the disciples what God’s faith is like. + God’s faith is not about positive thinking or speaking although it may look like it in some regards. When we exercise the faith of God, we agree with God, what His word says, and then we say it and stand on it no matter what! Daily Devotion: Mark 11:22-23 – Faith makes us stronger and, sometimes I wonder if we even understand what exactly faith is.

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