14 Nisan a day to remember
The last day in the life of Jeshua, Jesus Christ
The day Jesus (the Nazarene Jeshua) was led from Caiaphas into the Praetorium the Jewish priests didn’t enter into the Praetorium, that they might not be defiled, but might eat the Passover (Pesach/Pessah). (John 18:28) Earlier in the day, when darkness had come to enter Jesus and his closest friends had come together in an upperroom in the city Jerusalem. Between the two evenings Jesus and his disciples had kept to the tradition and to the Law of God to prepare to slay the Passover Lamb.
Giotto’s depiction of Jesus before Caiaphas in the morning based on Luke 22 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Jesus had remembered that Jehovah had spoken to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt that this month Nisan had to be to them the beginning of months. So for the People of God it became the first month of the year. On the tenth day of this month, the people in the time of Moses when they were still slaves in Egypt had take to them every man a lamb, according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household; and if the household was too little for a lamb, then he and his neighbour next to his house to take one according to the number of the souls. The people of Moses had to choose a lamb without blemish, a male a year old. They had to keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month; and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel then had to kill it at evening. Next they had to take some of the blood, and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel, on the houses in which they were going to eat the flesh, roasted with fire, and unleavened bread and with bitter herbs. It was not eaten raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted with fire; with its head, its legs and its inner parts and nothing of it was to remain until the morning. That which remained of it until the morning had to be burned with fire or put on the Sheol (hell, the burning place for corpses out of a town).
“1 And Jehovah spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth [day] of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household: 4 and if the household be too little for a lamb, then shall he and his neighbor next unto his house take one according to the number of the souls; according to every man’s eating ye shall make your count for the lamb. 5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old: ye shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats: 6 and ye shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month; and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at even. 7 And they shall take of the blood, and put it on the two side-posts and on the lintel, upon the houses wherein they shall eat it. 8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9 Eat not of it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roast with fire; its head with its legs and with the inwards thereof. 10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; but that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.” (Exodus 12:1-10 ASV)
The Call of the Most High to evade the plague of death
God had ordered Moses to call for all the elders of Israel, and to tell them to draw out and to take lambs according to their families, and kill the lambs as a Passover. Because God had to pass those doors which had the strip of the bunch of hyssop, dipped in the lamb’s blood, at the lintel and the two doorposts. The blood of the Lamb was the sign for Jehovah that those houses could be passes through to strike the Egyptians. When he sees the blood on the lintel, and on the two doorposts, Jehovah passed over the door, and did not allow the destroyer to come in to their houses to strike them.
The Egyptian Firstborn Destroyed (illustration from the 1728 Figures de la Bible) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
For all God’s People it is important to remember that night when God saved the children of Israel. Jehovah demanded to observe this thing for an ordinance to them and to their sons forever. Being it “forever” means that it still should happen today in the 21st century. God told them at the time of Moses that it shall happen when they had come to the land which Jehovah was going to give them, according as He had promised, that they shall keep this service. He told them that it will happen, when their children ask them, ‘What do you mean by this service?’ That they shall say, ‘it is the sacrifice of Jehovah’s Passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he struck the Egyptians, and spared our houses.’”
“21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out, and take you lambs according to your families, and kill the Passover. 22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side-posts with the blood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning. 23 For Jehovah will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side-posts, Jehovah will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you. 24 And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever. 25 And it shall come to pass, when ye are come to the land which Jehovah will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service. 26 And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, What mean ye by this service? 27 that ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of Jehovah’s Passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped.” (Exodus 12:21-27 ASV)
God went through the land of Egypt in that night of the first month of the new year, and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and animal, at places where there was no blood on the houses were killed. No plague came onto the people who listened to the ordinance of God.
A commandment by the Most High for a day to remember
“You shall observe this rite as a perpetual ordinance for you and your children.” (Exodus 12:24 NRSV)
Because God demanded to be that day to be for a memorial, which every believer had to keep it, a feast to Jehovah, the only One God. Throughout their generations they kept it a feast by an ordinance forever, and as such Jesus also celebrated on the 14th of Nisan. The first day there had to be to them a holy convocation not to eat leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day. Jesus his family and his disciples observed the feast of unleavened bread. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, they did not consume unleavened bread.
The Passover lambs were to be killed in the evening of Nisan 14. That means toward the end of Nisan 14, or late afternoon. The “evening” of a day is not its beginning, but its ending, before sunset (see Exodus 12:18, Leviticus 23:32). In these verses, notice that the Feast of Unleavened Bread begins at the “evening” of the 14th of Nisan (leading into the high holy day of the 15th); likewise, the Day of Atonement, which is the tenth day of Tishri, began “in the ninth day of the month at even” (Leviticus 23:32).
“In the first [month], on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.” (Exodus 12:18 ASV
“12 “I have heard the grumbling of the Israelites. Tell them, ‘At twilight you will eat meat, and in the morning you will be filled with bread. Then you will know that I am the LORD your God.’” 13 That evening quail came and covered the camp, and in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp. 14 When the dew was gone, thin flakes like frost on the ground appeared on the desert floor. 15 When the Israelites saw it, they said to each other, “What is it?” For they did not know what it was. Moses said to them, “It is the bread the LORD has given you to eat.” (Exodus 16:12-15 NIV)
The Angel of Death and the First Passover (illustration from the 1897 Bible Pictures and What They Teach Us by Charles Foster) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
“27 “The tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. Hold a sacred assembly and deny yourselves, and present an offering made to the LORD by fire. 28 Do no work on that day, because it is the Day of Atonement, when atonement is made for you before the LORD your God. 29 Anyone who does not deny himself on that day must be cut off from his people. 30 I will destroy from among his people anyone who does any work on that day. 31 You shall do no work at all. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live. 32 It is a sabbath of rest for you, and you must deny yourselves. From the evening of the ninth day of the month until the following evening you are to observe your sabbath.” 33 The LORD said to Moses, 34 “Say to the Israelites: ‘On the fifteenth day of the seventh month the LORD’s Feast of Tabernacles begins, and it lasts for seven days. 35 The first day is a sacred assembly; do no regular work. 36 For seven days present offerings made to the LORD by fire, and on the eighth day hold a sacred assembly and present an offering made to the LORD by fire. It is the closing assembly; do no regular work. 37 (“‘These are the LORD’s appointed feasts, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies for bringing offerings made to the LORD by fire—the burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings required for each day.” (Leviticus 23:27-37 NIV)
Continues: 14 Nisan a day to remember #2 Time of Jesus
Dutch version / Nederlandse versie: 14 Nisan een dag om te herinneren #1 Oorsprong
Please also do find:
- 1 -15 Nisan
- Day of remembrance coming near
- Observance of a day to Remember
- Around the feast of Unleavened Bread
- A new exodus and offering of a Lamb
- A Great Gift commemorated
- Not making a runner
- Not bounded by labels but liberated in Christ
- No Other Name (But Jesus)
- Bread and Wine
- Peter Cottontail and a Bunny laying Eastereggs
Dough baked it into matzah, unleavened bread
Pesach, or Passover, is a major holiday in Jewish tradition, and is one of the three pilgrimage holidays, along with Sukkot and Shavuot. These are the holidays on which the whole Jewish people would come to Jerusalem in ancient times, when the Holy Temple was there, and would offer animal and grain sacrifices. Since the destruction of the Temple, a few of the holiday traditions have been retained, without the pilgrimage and the sacrifices, and many new traditions have been added.Pesach, which starts on the 15th day of the Hebrew month of Nisan (usually in April), lasts for seven days and is celebrated to commemorate the exodus from Egypt – one of the main stories in the history of the Jewish people and in western culture in general.
Another name for Pesach is the Holiday of Unleavened Bread. The story of the exodus from Egypt relates that the Israelites left Egypt hurriedly and the dough they had prepared had no time to rise, so they baked it into matzah, unleavened bread.
- Pesach: Passover
Pesach, known in English as Passover, is one of the most commonly observed Jewish holidays, even by otherwise non-observant Jews. According to the 2000-01 National Jewish Population Survey (NJPS), 67% of Jews routinely hold or attend a Pesach seder, while only 46% belong to a synagogue.Pesach begins on the 15th day of the Jewish month of Nissan. It is the first of the three major festivals with both historical and agricultural significance (the other two are Shavu’ot and Sukkot). Agriculturally, it represents the beginning of the harvest season in Israel, but little attention is paid to this aspect of the holiday. The primary observances of Pesach are related to the Exodus from Egypt after generations of slavery. This story is told in Exodus, Ch. 1-15. Many of the Pesach observances are instituted in Chs. 12-15.
“Pesach” is also the name of the sacrificial offering (a lamb) that was made in the Temple on this holiday. The holiday is also referred to as Chag he-Aviv , (the Spring Festival), Chag ha-Matzot , (the Festival of Matzahs), and Z’man Cheiruteinu , (the Time of Our Freedom) (again, all with those Scottish “ch”s).
- Korban PesachThe Passover sacrifice (Hebrew: korban Pesakh קרבן פסח ), also known as the “sacrifice of Passover“, the Paschal Lamb, or the Passover Lamb, is the sacrifice that the Torah mandates to be brought on the eve of Passover, and eaten on the first night of the holiday with bitter herbs and matzo. According to the Torah, it was first offered on the night of the Israelites‘ Exodus from Egypt. Although practiced by Jews in ancient times, the ritual is today only practiced by Samaritans at Mount Gerizim.
- Jewish Encyclopedia article on the Passover Offering
- What is PassoverThe eight-day festival of Passover is celebrated in the early spring, from the 15th through the 22nd of the Hebrew month of Nissan. It commemorates the emancipation of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt.
At the stroke of midnight of 15 Nissan in the year 2448 from creation (1313 BCE), G‑d visited the last of the ten plagues on the Egyptians, killing all their firstborn. While doing so, G‑d spared the Children of Israel, “passing over” their homes—hence the name of the holiday. Pharaoh’s resistance was broken, and he virtually chased his former slaves out of the land. The Israelites left in such a hurry, in fact, that the bread they baked as provisions for the way did not have time to rise. Six hundred thousand adult males, plus many more women and children, left Egypt on that day, and began the trek to Mount Sinai and their birth as G‑d’s chosen people.
search for chametz + burning of the chametz + matzah + recitation of the Haggadah, a liturgy that describes in detail the story of the Exodus from Egypt. The Haggadah is the fulfillment of the biblical obligation to recount to our children the story of the Exodus on the night of Passover.
- Making the Seder Memorable
Seder night is the family education experience par excellence.
- The Passover Seder
- People in History: Moses MO’SES (mo’zez). The deliverer, leader, lawgiver, and prophet of Israel. The name in Heb. is mosheh (“drawn out”), but the original is Egyptian ms’, a “child,” a “son,” reflecting that Pharaoh’s daughter simply named him “child” (cf. Thutmose, Ahmose, etc., in which the same element appears frequently in Egyptian names). Thutmose “Son of Thot,” etc. Moses belonged to the tribe of Levi, and was the son of Amram by his wife Jochebed. The other members of the family were Aaron and Miriam, his elder brother and sister.
Moses was a leader so inspired by God that he was able to build a united nation from a race of oppressed and weary slaves. In the covenant ceremony at Mount Sinai, where the Ten Commandments were given, he founded the religious community known as Israel. As the interpreter of these covenant laws, he was the organizer of the community’s religious and civil traditions. His story is told in the Old Testament– in the books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
- Moses Leads the People Out of Egypt (Exodus 14)God made a promise to Abraham that he would have an uncountable number of descendants – more than the stars in the sky! For exactly 430 years, Abraham’s descendants, the Israelites, had been slaves in the land of Egypt. Pharaoh was the ruler of Egypt. God sent Moses to Pharaoh to tell him to let God’s people go.
Pharaoh would not listen to God. God sent terrible plagues upon the land of Egypt.
The last plague that God sent was by far the worse plague. God sent the death angel to kill the first-born child of every family and the firstborn of every animal. The Bible says that there was loud crying in Egypt for there was not a household without someone dead. During the night, Pharaoh summoned Moses and told him to leave Egypt. This is exactly what God said would happen. Moses and all the Israelites left in a hurry. Their bread did not even rise, and this is why Jewish people today still celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread.
- Yom Kippur, Day of Atonement, holiest and most important holiday in Judaism
It is a day of fasting and prayer that is celebrated on the 10th of the Hebrew month of Tishrei, 10 days after Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year. Yom Kippur marks the end of the “Ten Days of Repentance” or the “High Holidays,” and grants Jews a last opportunity to obtain forgiveness and absolution for their sins in the previous year.
Yom Kippur is not directly connected with any specific historical event, although some believe that on this day Moses came down from Mt. Sinai with the second set of tablets engraved with the Ten Commandments and God forgave the Israelites for the sin of the Golden Calf. This is a holiday ordained in the Torah, where it is called a Shabbat of Solemn Rest, a day on which no productive work can be done, just like on Shabbat.
- Preparations for the Passover Meal – Luke 22: 7-13 (shalommysticwind.wordpress.com)
Except for certain redaction changes, the Lukan passage is a reproduction of its parallel in Mark 14: 12-16. Already in Luke 22: 1 the evangelist had identified the feast of the Unleavened Bread and the feast of the Passover, an identification which is not entirely wrong.
The present Lukan periscope (Lk 22: 7-13) clearly indicates that the Last Supper is a Passover Meal (cf. Lk 22: 7, 8, 11, and 13). The parallel passages in Matthew 26: 17-19 and Mark 14: 12-16 also present Jesus’ meal with his disciples as a Passover Meal held on the 14th or 15th night of Nisan.
- Conspiracy of Jews against Jesus – Luke 22: 1-2 (shalommysticwind.wordpress.com)
According to the evangelists, the events of Jesus’ passion are connected with the national Jewish feast of the Passover. The Christian expression “Paschal Mystery” in reference to the mystery of Jesus’ passion, death, and resurrection, is derived from the Greek word for ‘Passover’ – “Pascha.” The Passion of Jesus is thus understood as his own Passover, his ‘exodus’ from this world to the Father (God) (cf. Lk 9: 31).
- Symbols and Signs – The First Month (cfcspn.com)
According to the plan of God for His people, and as a symbol of the Lord’s Day, God told Israel they are to sacrifice the lamb on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, and that they are to eat unleavened bread for seven days. The eight day would have been a Sabbath, and on that day, they were to rest from all their labor.Rest was the symbol of God’s coming day of redemption, rest from the fear of death and deliverance from the power of sin. The Passover celebration is a sign to the nation, that through the memorial of the day they may identify their Messiah. However, as a part of God’s plan, and that He might bring the Gentiles into the relationship, and covenant of Israel, and fulfilling the promise made to Abraham, Israel rejected their savior, and we as Gentiles accepting Christ has become the sons of Abraham.
- Exodus Chapter 12 (maryrubow.wordpress.com)
The Lord instructs Moses and Aaron, as the priesthood leaders of the Israelites, to consider this time the first month of their year, also known as Abib (according to the footnote, which references Exodus 34:18 and Exodus 13:4). They probably had been marking time as the Egyptians did, so this was how the Lord wanted time to be recognized and recorded for the Israelites.
As someone who is not Jewish, but who has been adopted into a tribe of Israel, through my own covenants with God, I wonder why I have never thought to recognize the dates which celebrate these amazing things. I believe that the law of Moses was fulfilled through the atonement of Jesus Christ, but that doesn’t mean that we shouldn’t still recognize the glorious deliverance that the Lord provided for these people.
- Exodus 12. God establishes the passover (bummyla.wordpress.com)
And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.
- Signs and Symbols – A Table in the Desert (cfcspn.com)
Due to the fall of humanity Judgment came upon the world, and no one is safe from this universal judgment as we are all descendants of Adam the first man created in the image of God, and a man who rebelled against the will of God. And thrown out of the kingdom, he was sentenced to death; and as his children born in his house, we are counted as cursed children falling under the curse and judgment of death that was passed unto Adam our ancestor. However, God had promised to deliver him from this judgment, God declaring on behalf of man grace and mercy; however, for the enemy there would be no recall of judgment, he will remain under the curse forever.
- Exodus Chapter 13 (maryrubow.wordpress.com)
The Israelites began their journey from Egypt, with Moses as their prophet and leader. They had been given some instruction as far as the passover and how to handle the pascal lamb and unleavened bread. This was a time for the Lord to establish His laws with his people, who had been in bondage for over 400 years.
- Red Letter Year: 2/22 (mikeraburn.com)
Like Hemingway, Mark’s brevity contributes to the tension. An anonymous woman pours out her life savings onto Jesus’ head (nard came in an lidless alabaster container, it only opened by breaking, an early example of one-time use disposable packaging). Not because she knows he is about to die. Jesus provides that interpretation of her act.