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Posts tagged ‘Pontius Pilate’

Nazarene Commentary Luke 3:18-20 – John’s Teaching and Imprisonment

Luke 3:18-20 – John’s Teaching and Imprisonment

|| Matthew 14:3-12;[1] Mark 6:17-29[2]

LK3:18 So with many words like these John continued to encourage the people as he preached the Good News. LK3:19 Now, Herod the tetrarch had been rebuked by John regarding Herodias who was his brother’s wife, and also about other evil things Herod did. LK3:20 On top of it all Herod also added the imprisonment of John.


[1] Matthew 14:3-12: For details see notes in Nazarene Commentary 2000 on Matthew.

[2] Mark 6:17-29: For details see notes in Nazarene Commentary 2000 on Mark.



Nazarene Commentary Luke 3:1, 2 – Factual Data

Nazarene Commentary Luke 3:3-6 – John Preaches Baptism of Repentance

Nazarene Commentary Luke 3:7-9 – Vipers, Repent!

Nazarene Commentary Luke 3:10-14 – “What Shall We Do?”

Nazarene Commentary Luke 3:15-17 – The Baptisms of the One Coming


The life of Jesus began in north and central Palestine, a region between the Dead Sea and the Jordan River in the east and the Eastern Mediterranean in the west.

The three Magi before Herod, France, early 15t...

The three Magi before Herod, France, early 15th century. Stained glass: colored glass, grisaille; lead. Restored by F. Pivet, 1999. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This region was under Roman control since the 1st century BCE, initially as a tributary kingdom. The Roman campaigns, coupled with internal revolts and the incursion of the Parthians, made the region very unstable and chaotic up until 37 BCE, when Herod the Great (c.73 BCE – 4 BCE) became king king of Judea, and Malthace. The region gradually gained political stability and became prosperous. Although Jewish in religion, Herod was a vassal king who served the interests of the Roman Empire. When Herod the Great died his son Herod the tetrarch or Herod Antipater (Greek: Ἡρῴδης Ἀντίπατρος, Hērǭdēs Antipatros; born before 20 BC – died after 39 AD), known by the nickname Antipas, became as  tetrarch (“ruler of a quarter”) the much spoken of 1st-century ruler of Galilee and Perea. He is best known today for accounts in the New Testament of his role in events that led to the executions of John the Baptist and Jesus of Nazareth.

Herod the Great made great efforts to mollify the Jews by publicly observing the Law, by building a temple, and by re-establishing the Sanhedrin. He promoted Hellenisation and adorned most of his cities, especially Jerusalem.

Having felt the difficulty facing Jewish tradition Aantipas also tried to take in account Jewish believes. Antipas tried to avoid conflicts with the Jews and therefore when Pontius Pilate, governor of Judea from 26 AD to 36 AD, caused offence by placing votive shields in the Antonia palace at Jerusalem, Antipas and his brothers successfully petitioned for their removal.

Early in his reign, Antipas had married the daughter of King Aretas IV of Nabatea. Herod Antipas repudiated his wife, daughter of Aretas, to marry his niece Herodias, wife of his half-brother Herod Philip. On a visit to Rome he stayed with his half-brother Herod Philip I and there fell in love with Philip’s wife, Herodias, (granddaughter of Herod the Great and Mariamne I), and the two agreed to marry each other, after Herod Antipas had divorced his wife. The affair gained Herod Antipas many enemies, and the vaulting ambitions of Herodias eventually ruined him

Jesus saw his cousin John the Baptist as an authority and possibly a source of inspiration. It seems that he performed baptisms parallel to John the Baptist (John 3.22). This baptiser and preacher reached a lot of people but was not afraid to call Antipas his relation as incestuous and a sin against God. John called the leader ‘That fox Herod’ (Luke 13.32) Herodias may have fancied the preacher and was jealous of his popularity. She was responsible for the beheading of John the Baptist.

Herod Antipas was exiled by the Romans.


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Nazarene Commentary Luke 3:1, 2 – Factual Data

Luke 3:1, 2 – Factual Data

|| Matthew 3:1-12;[1] Mark 1:1-8[2]

LK3:1 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar[3] – [when] Pontius Pilate[4] was governor of Judea, Herod[5] was the tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip[6] was the tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanius[7] was tetrarch of Abilene, LK3:2 also Annas[8] and Caiaphas[9] were chief priests – God’s message[10] came to John the son of Zechariah in the desert.

[1] Matthew 3:1-12: For details see notes in Nazarene Commentary 2000 on Matthew. The symbol || indicates parallel information in another Gospel.

[2] Mark 1:1-8: For details see notes in Nazarene Commentary 2000 on Mark.

[3] The fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar: One absolute date in human history is the year Augustus died and Tiberius became Emperor of Rome – 14 AD – thus this is the year 29 AD in the fall. This is the exact year Daniel foretold when Messiah would appear. [Daniel 9:24-27]

[4] Pontius Pilate: He was appointed Roman governor of Judea in 26 AD by Tiberius. Josephus mentions him. [Jewish Antiquities, XVIII, 55-59 (iii, 1); (Jewish Antiquities, XVIII, 60-62 [iii, 2]; The Jewish War, II, 175-177 [ix, 4])] As does the Jewish theologian Philo of Judea who is not flattering. [The Embassy to Gaius, XXXVIII, 299-305] An inscription was uncovered in 1961 confirming the existence of Pilate.

[5] Herod: For details see notes in Nazarene Commentary 2000 on Matthew 14:1.

[6] Philip: Son of Herod the Great by Cleopatra of Jerusalem.

[7] Lysanius: An inscription confirms his existence. [Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum, Vol. 3, No. 4521]

[8] Annas: For details see notes in Nazarene Commentary 2000 on Matthew 26:3, John 18:13, and Acts 4:6.

[9] Caiaphas: For details see notes in Nazarene Commentary 2000 on Matthew 26:65; John 11:49-53; 18:12-14; Acts 5:17.

[10] God’s message: Or, word, command.


BS notes:


Philo of Alexandria (c. 20 BCE – c. 50 CE), also called Philo Judaeus, a Hellenistic Jewish philosopher who lived in Alexandria, Egypt, during the Roman Empire.

Philo of Alexandria of Philo of Judea (Greek: Φίλων, Philōn; c. 20 BCE – c. 50 CE), also called Philo Judaeus, was a Hellenistic Jewish philosopher who lived in Alexandria, Egypt, during the Roman Empire and led a delegation of Alexandrian Jews to the emperor Caligula in 40 CE to protest the recent ill treatment of Jews by Greeks in their city. His account of the proceedings survives in the treatise entitled Legatio ad Gaium.

The emperor Caligula wanted to be celebrated as a god but recognised that the Jews did not want to believe that he had been given a divine nature.

As a religious believer, Philo was convinced that the truth of things was to be found ultimately in the teachings of Moses who believed in Only One God Who had given His word to Moses and to Abraham that Word was the Logos and as Being The Word of God it was the most important element for the Judean people. As a philosopher, he felt a need to express this truth in terms that were intelligible to a world imbued with the ideas of Greek philosophy. But trying to bring philosophy in unison with the language of Scriptures made that several people started to give more attention to the philosophical thoughts instead of the Scriptural thoughts.

Philo believed God is the Most High Who has always existed and shall always exist. It is a Spirit or Being which has no beginning but also no end and as such is the only reality that is eternal. It is the Eternal Force which is totally “other” than human beings and unknowable. His providence is “individual, ” manifesting itself in direct intervention in the universe, with suspension, if need be, of laws of nature for the benefit of meritorious individuals. Of His own goodwill, He, Jehovah God, endows the human soul with immortality. These views were strongly contrasted by Philo with Greek views, such as those found in Plato’s Phaedo and Timaeus, in which both matter and the Ideas are said to be coeternal with God; Providence is said to be manifested in the basic laws of nature, and the human soul is said to be of its very nature immortal.
In his attempt to reconcile both his belief in a uniquely transcendent, eternal Creator and his general acceptance of the Platonic theory of Ideas. He rejects the Ideas as eternal, transcendent entities. Rather, they are temporal and part of God’s creation. Their exemplars, however, do exist eternally — as thoughts in the mind of God. The home of the Ideas he called the Logos, or Reason, and this Logos, like the Ideas, was said to exist both transcendentally, as an eternal exemplar in the mind of God, and temporally, as part of God’s creation. With this doctrine Philo attempted to bridge the gap between a God who is totally “other” and the material universe; the Logos, being (unlike God) both transcendental and temporal, was the all-important intermediary linking man and the universe to their creator. But the linking to man made many scholars link Logos also to the human person and as such made Jesus into the Logos and considering because Logos is masculine that it could only be a man. But when they think that way Wisdom being feminine would make it to be a woman and when God is Wisdom would make God to be a woman.

According to Philo Logos is the intermediary through which God’s will acts and is thus the creative power that orders the world. Along with the Logos, Philo posited a whole realm of beings or potencies that bridge the gap between the Creator and his creation. Only fragments of Philo’s works remain, but numerous quotations from his writings are found in early Christian literature.

In a way he understood where the apostle John was pointing at, namely looking at the New Creation the disciple of Christ saw in his master the one who only wanted to do the Will of his Father, whom he wanted all the world letting Him be known. The apostles came to understand that their rabbi was the first-born of the New Creation and as such understood that The Word of God had brought into existence that New Creation. The Speaking of God had made everything possible. God His words brought by His messenger to the mother of John the baptist and to the mother of Jesus had brought insight into those women of the tribe of Juda. Having had the Word (the Logos) brought to king David, the Logos given to the young woman from the tribe of kind David came into fulfilment.

The messengers where the intermediaries through which God’s will acted and by which the two men came into existence by which salvation would become pronounced and by which the intermediary through which God’s will could act for those who were sinners but could find whitewashing in the one provided by the Most High, having become a reality by the Logos (the Speaking of God). The Voice of God or the Word of God coming to the world by the Speaking of God by the birth of Christ had now become flesh. It was not God Himself who had become flesh or a human being but the Words of God having become a reality, being his promise made at the Garden of Eden becoming into being or becoming true.

In the Holy Scriptures God has given His Words. They are the “Logos” which we can carry in our hearts and as such take God in our hearts. by taking the words of the Bible at heart it will not make us into gods or becoming god the Creator, like it did not with Christ Jesus who only did the wish of his Father and always declared he could not do anything without his Father.

“Jesus gave them this answer: “I tell you the truth, the Son can do nothing by himself; he can do only what he sees his Father doing, because whatever the Father does the Son also does.” (John 5:19 NIV)

“Jesus said, “Do not hold on to me, for I have not yet returned to the Father. Go instead to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am returning to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’”” (John 20:17 NIV)

“For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus,” (1 Timothy 2:5 NIV)

“to Jesus the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel.” (Hebrews 12:24 NIV)

“5 Your attitude should be the same as that of Christ Jesus: 6 Who, being in very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to be grasped, 7 but made himself nothing, taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness. 8 And being found in appearance as a man, he humbled himself and became obedient to death—even death on a cross!” (Philippians 2:5-8 NIV)

“Now I want you to realise that the head of every man is Christ, and the head of the woman is man, and the head of Christ is God.” (1 Corinthians 11:3 NIV)

“When he has done this, then the Son himself will be made subject to him who put everything under him, so that God may be all in all.” (1 Corinthians 15:28 NIV)

The Logos shall return to God, and the full circle shall be able to be closed when Jesus shall hand over the Kingdom of God again to his Father, Jesus and all his followers in subjection to the Most High Word of the world and the whole universe, the Only One God Who is One, Adonai Elohim Hashem Jehovah.

Philo – Woodcut from Die Schedelsche Weltchronik

Philo wrote mainly dealing with the Pentateuch. “De Opificio Mundi” brings his thought on the Creation, “De Vita Mosis” (On the Life of Moses), “Legum Allegoriae” (Allegorical Interpretation), “De Somniis” (On Dreams), “Quaestiones et Solutiones in Genesin” (Questions and Answers on Genesis).
In addition, he produced various philosophical treatises on such subjects as providence and the eternity of the world. He also wrote works (of great historical importance for understanding the situation of the Jews in Alexandria) against the oppression of Jews by Flaccus, and concerning the cruelty of the Roman emperor Gaius.


Preceding article: Nazarene Commentary Luke 2:41-50 – Twelve Year Old Jesus in the Temple + Luke 2:51-52 – Jesus continued to be in subjection to his parents

Connecting articles:

Nazarene Commentary Matthew 3:1-6 – A Wilderness Baptist Prepares the Way

Nazarene Commentary Matthew 3:7-12 – Opposition and Two Baptisms

Nazarene Commentary Mark 1:1-8 – The Beginning of the Good News

Next: Nazarene Commentary Luke 3:3-6 – John Preaches Baptism of Repentance


  1. The Word being a quality or aspect of God Himself
  2. Incomplete without the mind of God
  3. Immortality, eternality – onsterfelijkheid, eeuwigheid
  4. Is there an Immortal soul
  5. Dying or not
  6. 1 Corinthians 15 Hope in action
  7. We will all be changed
  8. Jesus begotten Son of God #11 Existence and Genesis Raising up
  9. Secret or public return of Jesus


  • Saturday – Third Week of Advent (
    In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness.
  • Herod and Pontius Pilate . . . Gentiles . . . peoples of Israel (
    Herod and Pontius Pilate met together with the Gentiles and the people of Israel in this city to conspire against your holy servant Jesus, whom you anointed. (Acts 4:27)
  • Jesus in Extra-Biblical Sources – Apologetics Canada (
    Like Suetonius, Tacitus was also a Roman historian. He is best known for his Annals which records events from the death of Roman emperors Augustus to Nero in 14-68 AD.6 In Annals 15.44, Tacitus makes a reference to Jesus:
    Christus, from whom the name had its origin, suffered the extreme penalty during the reign of Tiberius at the hands of one of our procurators, Pontius Pilatus, and a most mischievous superstition, thus checked for the moment, again broke out not only in Judaea, the first source of the evil, but even in Rome, where all things hideous and shameful from every part of the world find their centre and become popular.
  • Commentary On The Gospel Of Mark Chapter 15:1-3 (
    Pilate was the Roman governor of Judea and was appointed by Tiberius in A.D. 26. He was in charge of the Roman army of occupation, in charge of the taxes going to Rome, had life and death power over his subjects, appointed high priests and decided cases involving capital punishment. He was a weak governor who let his personal and political agenda interfere with his duties. He knew that in Jesus’ case that justice was not being done and he did not want the Roman officials to know that he could not control the situation because this had already been brought to Tiberius’s attention.
  • Something about St. John the Baptist (
    St. John the Baptist was born in the city Orini , family priest Zechariah. Elizabeth , his mother, was a descendant of the tribe of Aaron . The birth of the prophet John spent six months before the birth of Jesus . Birth was given by the angel Gabriel to Zacharias while he was serving in the temple. To not give credence to those proclaimed by the angel Gabriel, Zechariah will remain silent until the release of his son ‘s name .
    The fame of John the Baptist was so great , according to the evangelists Matthew and Mark that Herod come to believe that Jesus is actually John the Baptist risen from the dead to do wonders . The belief was widespread among Hebrew , as seen when Jesus asks his disciples who the crowds say that he is.
  • The Existence of Jesus Christ (
    There is one thing I have discovered–that those who do not wish to accept Jesus as the Christ will go as far as to deny even atheist scholars’ claims that He lived from around 4 B.C.E.-29 C.E. in ancient Palestine. One recently claimed that only a branch of scholars influenced by Christian apologetics accept the existence of Jesus. My sense is that someone who is ready to deny the vast majority of scholarship, not only Christian, but also atheist, agnostic, and Jewish scholarship, is unlikely to be persuaded by a blog post.
    Both Tacitus, Suetonius, and Pliny the Younger (in his letter to the Roman emperor Trajan, 112 C.E.) mention Jesus as the founder of Christianity and that he was crucified under Pontius Pilate. These are the sure references to Jesus in extrabiblical literature of the second century. There is a reference, though later edited by Christians, to Jesus in Josephus, a first century Jewish historian.
    Mainstream scholarship of all creeds or lack thereof accepts Jesus existence–if we denied it on the critics’ grounds, we would have to deny the existence of Plato, Julius Caesar, Herod the Great, and other ancient historical people. The similarity of the Jesus story to dying and rising god stories proves nothing about Jesus existence. The critics are inconsistent–they demand absolute, quasi-mathematical proof for Jesus’ existence, but not for other historical figures they accept as having existing.
  • A Brief Sample of Archaeology Corroborating the Claims of the New Testament (
    Sir William Mitchell Ramsay, a 19th century English historian and prolific writer, held a pervasive anti-Biblical bias. He believed the historical accounts in the Book of Acts were written in the mid-2nd century. Ramsay was skeptical of Luke’s authorship and the historicity of the Book of Acts, and he set out to prove his suspicions. He began a detailed study of the archaeological evidence, and eventually came to an illuminating conclusion: the historical and archaeological evidence supported Luke’s 1st century authorship and historical reliability:“(There are) reasons for placing the author of Acts among the historians of the first rank” (Sir William Ramsay, St. Paul the Traveler and the Roman Citizen, p. 4).

    Ramsay became convinced of Luke’s reliability based on the accurate description of historical events and settings. Ramsay wasn’t the only scholar to be impressed by Luke’s accuracy:

    “One of the most remarkable tokens of (Luke’s) accuracy is his sure familiarity with the proper titles of all the notable persons who are mentioned . . . Cyprus, for example, which was an imperial province until 22 BC, became a senatorial province in that year, and was therefore governed no longer by an imperial legate but by a proconsul. And so, when Paul and Barnabas arrived in Cyprus about AD 47, it was the proconsul Sergius Paullus whom they met . . .’ (F.F. Bruce, The New Testament Documents: Are They Reliable?, p. 82).

    For many centuries, Luke was the only ancient writer to use the word Politarch to describe “rulers of the city.” Skeptics doubted that it was a legitimate Greek term until nineteen inscriptions were discovered. Five of these were in reference to Thessalonica (the very city in which Luke was claiming to have heard the term).

  • A Kenyan Lawyer Sues King Herod, Israel, And Italy over the Trial and Crucifixion of Jesus Christ. (
    Mr Indidis, a Roman Catholic, and former spokesperson for the Kenyan Judiciary, filed the lawsuit regarding Jesus’ death with the International Court of Justice, the primary judicial branch of the United Nations based at The Hague in the Netherlands.He filed the lawsuit against Pontius Pilate, several Jewish elders, King Herod, Tiberius (Emperor of Rome 42 BC-37AD), the Republic of Italy and the State of Israel.

     “I filed the case because it’s my duty to uphold the dignity of Jesus and I have gone to the ICJ to seek justice for the man from Nazareth,” Indidis told the Nairobian in a recent interview.
  • New Ebook Released, just in time for Christmas!!! (
    hat happened in those hidden years, those intervening decades between the return to Nazareth and the time when Jesus began his public ministry? Ms. Deeth fills this gap using logic, imagination and a subtle sense of humor. In so doing, she presents everyday life in Nazareth for the boy Jesus. Throughout the book’s fifty-plus chapters he assists Joseph in his carpentry work, interacts with friends and neighbors, and experiences the wider world beyond his hometown. The reader meets a young, but self-aware Jesus filled with boyish curiosity yet often wise beyond his years. Ever alert to the world around him, he catalogs the ups and downs of First Century life compiling a treasure trove of memories. And it’s from those memories and experiences that Jesus extracts the nuggets of wisdom for his parables.
  • Josefo, sobre Fílon de Alexandria (
    We find a brief reference to Philo by the 1st-century Jewish historian Josephus. In Antiquities of the Jews, Josephus tells of Philo’s selection by the Alexandrian Jewish community as their principal representative before the Roman emperor Gaius Caligula. He says that Philo agreed to represent the Alexandrian Jews in regard to civil disorder that had developed between the Jews and the Greeks in Alexandria, Egypt. Josephus also tells us that Philo was skilled in philosophy, and that he was brother to an official called Alexander the alabarch (Josephus, Antiquities viii. 8. 19). According Josephus, Philo and the larger Jewish community refused to treat the emperor as a god, to erect statues in honor of the emperor, and to build altars and temples to the emperor. Josephus says Philo believed that God actively supported this refusal.
  • In those days: some notes (
    Matthew 3:1 in those days: This is an OT expression that marks the beginning of the new period, not necessarily a precise indication of time (see Mt 13:1; 24:22, 29, 36; 26:29). Here it marks the time-shift from the infancy narrative to the adult Jesus’ appearance.  the desert of Judea: wilderness would perhaps be the better word for modern English. The area is the barren region west of the Dead Sea extending up the Jordan valley.
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Restoration Scriptures True Name Edition Matthew Chapter 27

Christ Before Pilate. Friedländer (1969): p. 83.

Christ Before Pilate. Friedländer (1969): p. 83. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


1 When the morning had come, all the main Kohanim and zechanim of the people took counsel against  יהושע {Jeshua} to put Him to death:
2 And when they had bound Him, they led Him away, and delivered Him to Pontius Pilate the governor.

3 Then Yahudah, who had betrayed Him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the main Kohanim and zechanim,
4 Saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent dahm. And they said, What is that to us? You take care of that.

5 And he cast down the pieces of silver in the Beit HaMikdash, and departed, and went and hanged himself.
6 And the main Kohanim took the silver pieces, and said, It is not right according to Torah to put the coins into the treasury, because it is the price of dahm.
7 And they took counsel, and bought with the coins the Potter’s Field, to bury strangers {Non-Yisraelites.} in. 8 Therefore that field is called, Akel-Dahma, to this day.
9 Then was fulfilled that what was spoken by Zecharyah {Shem Tov reference and Peshitta} the navi, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of Him that was appraised, whom the children of Yisrael did appraise; 10 And gave the silver for the Potter’s Field, as the Master יהוה  {Jehovah} appointed me.

11 And יהושע {Jeshua}  stood before the governor: and the governor asked Him, saying, Are You Melech of the Yahudim? And יהושע {Jeshua} said to him, You have said it.
12 And when He was accused by the main Kohanim and zechanim { the chief priests and the elders}, He answered nothing.
13 Then said Pilate to Him, Do You hear how many things they witness against You?
14 And He answered him not a word; insomuch that the governor marveled greatly.

15 Now at the time of the moed {festival} the governor used to release to the people a prisoner, whom they desired.
16 And they had then a notable prisoner who was almost meshugas, { Shem Tov reference} called Bar-Abba taken in a case of murder who had been placed in a dungeon.
17 Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said to them, Whom do you wish that I release to you? Bar-Abba, or gauvh who is called the Moshiach?
18 For he knew that for envy and hatred without a cause {Shem Tov reference} they had delivered Him.

19 When he sat down on the mishpat seat {judgment seat}, his wife sent to him, saying, Have nothing to do with that Tzadik-Man {righteous Man}: for I have suffered many things today in a dream because of Him.
20 But the main Kohanim {the chief priests} and zechanim {elders} persuaded the multitude that they should ask for Bar-Abba, and destroy יהושע {Jeshua}.
21 The governor answered and said to them, Which of the two do you desire that I release to you? They said, Bar-Abba.
22 Pilate said to them, What shall I do then with gauvh who is called the Moshiach? They all said to him, Let Him be hanged.
23 And the governor said, Why, what evil has He done? But they cried out even more, saying, Let Him be hanged on an eytz.

24 When Pilate saw that he could not prevail, but that rather a tumult was made, he took mayim, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the dahm of this tzadik {Righteous One}: you see to it.

25 Then answered all the people, and said, His dahm be on us, and on our children. {From a non-anti Semitic and positive outlook, may YHWH answer this prayer that Messiah’s blood be on all Judah for His loving redemption.}
26 Then he released Bar-Abba to them: and when he had scourged יהושע {Jeshua}, he delivered Him to be impaled.

27 Then the soldiers of the governor the horsemen of the court, {Shem Tov reference} took יהושע {Jeshua} into the common hall, and gathered to to Him the whole band of soldiers.
28 And they stripped Him, and put on Him a scarlet robe.
29 And when they had platted a keter of thorns, they put it upon His head, and a reed in His right hand: and they bowed the knee before Him, and mocked Him, saying, Hail, Melech of the Yahudim!
30 And they spit at Him, and took the reed, and smote Him on the head.
31 And after they had mocked Him, they took the robe off from Him, and put His own clothing on Him, and led Him away to impale Him.

32 And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Shimon by name: they compelled him to bear His execution stake.
33 And when they were come to a place called Golgotha, that is to say, the place of THE SKULL, {Mt. Of Olives}
34 They gave Him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when He had tasted it, He would not drink.
35 And they impaled Him, and parted His garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled what was spoken by the navi, They parted My garments among them, and upon My vesture did they cast lots.
36 And sitting down they watched Him there; 37 And set up over His head His accusation written, THIS IS יהושע {Jeshua} THE MELECH OF THE YAHUDIM. {YHWH – Yahshua Hanotzrei Wemelech HaYahudim}

38 Then were there two thieves impaled with Him, one on  the right hand, and another on the left. {Certainly a picture of YHWH’s two sons, Judah and Efrayim.}
39 And they that passed by reviled Him, shaking their heads, 40 Saying, You that will destroy the Beit HaMikdash, and build it in three days, save Yourself. If You are the Son of tvkt {Elohim} , come down from the execution stake.
41 Likewise also the main Kohanim mocking Him, with the Sophrim and zechanim, said, 42 He saved others; Himself He cannot save. If He is the Melech of Yisrael, let Him now come down from the execution stake, and we will believe Him.
43 He trusted in tvkt {Elohim}; let Him deliver Him now, if He will have Him: for He said, I am the Son of tvkt {Elohim}.
44 The thieves also, who were impaled with Him, reviled Him in the same way.
45 Now from 12 noon there was darkness over all the olam {Shem Tov reference} {land} until 3 in the afternoon.

46 And at about 3 o’clock יהושע {Jeshua} cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli-Yahuweh, Eli-Yahuweh, lemana-shabakthani? That is to say, My El-Yahuweh, My El-Yahuweh, why are You keeping Me? {“Ěli, Ěli, lemah sheḇaqtani?” that is, “My Ěl, My Ěl, why have You forsaken Me?” }
{Going with the Aramaic and not the Greek. In the Aramaic Yahshua is basically asking why the suffering is continuing so long. He is not accusing YHWH of forsaking Him, nor is He confused into thinking that He is being forsaken, since He is YHWH and knows the Father’s plan. The One who stated that He could call for 12 legions of angels to deliver Himself, and the One who said that the Father would never leave Him alone even if all the disciples did, would never claim to be forsaken. Since it cannot mean forsaken, the word shabakthani can also mean keeping me, or preserving me. In this context, this is the obvious meaning. Since Yahshua would never accuse, or believe that YHWH had forsaken Him, Psalm 22 can still be seen as a narrative of the Suffering Servant, but the literal words of Psalm 22:1-2 would never come out of Yahshua’s mouth. In this case, the evidence of the Aramaic meaning is clearly superior to the Greek, and substantiates that Yahshua requested a quickening of His suffering (in its 6th hour), as opposed to an accusation against YHWH of being forsaken.}
{(Mark 15:34).}
47 Some of them that stood there, when they heard that, said, This Man calls for Eli-Yahu. {Because Eli-Yahu-weh sounds like Eli-Yahu.}

48 And immediately one of them ran, and took a sponge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave Him to drink.
49 The rest said, Leave Him alone, let us see whether Eli- Yahu will come to save Him.
50 יהושע  {Jeshua}, when He had cried again with a loud voice, He dismissed His ruach.
51 And, see, the veil of the Beit HaMikdash was rent in two from the top to the bottom; {The veil to the Set-Apart Place, not the most Set-Apart Place.}  and the earth did quake, quake, and the rocks rent; 52 And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the Yisraelite kidushim that slept arose, 53 And came out of the graves after His resurrection, and went into the kadosh city, and appeared to many.

54 Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching יהושע  {Jeshua}, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of the Almighty.
55 And many women were there looking from far off, who followed יהושע  {Jeshua} from Galil, attending to Him: 56 Among them were Miryam from Magdala, and Miryam the eema of Yaakov and Yoseph, and also the eema of Zavdi’s children.

57 When the evening had come, there came a rich man of Ramathayim, named Yoseph, who also himself was gauvh’s talmid {יהושע  Jeshua’s  taught one}:
58 He went to Pilate, and asked for the body of gauvh. Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered.
59 And when Yoseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, 60 And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had cut out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the tomb, and departed.
61 And there was Miryam from Magdala, and the other Miryam, opposite the tomb.

62 Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the main Kohanim and Prushim came together to Pilate, 63 Saying, Sir, we remember that the deceiver said, while He was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. 64 Command therefore that the tomb be made secure until the third day, lest His talmidim come by night, and steal Him away, and say to the people, He is risen from the dead: so that the last deception shall be worse than the first ones. 65 Pilate said to them, You have a guard: go your way; make it as secure as you can.
66 So they went, and made the tomb secure, sealing the stone, and setting a guard.


Next: Hebraic Roots Bible Matthew Chapter 28
  • Without Hindsight: A New Eye on Easter: Stealth or Violent Nationalism? (
    unless Israel rejects violent rebellion against Rome as their vision of‘God’s kingdom coming’, the Jewish people will suffer. If they live bythe sword they will die by the sword.
  • A New Eye on Easter, The Trial: “What’s it to be, Pontius? Peace, or Quiet?” (
    Pilate had been asked to leave his palace to try Jeshua in the publicsquare outside. That probably tested his humour even more. The priestswanted to stay ‘pure’ by avoiding entering a gentile dwelling. Not only

    were they manipulating Pilate but were insulting him too. Maybe he

    wondered, grumpily, where else a Ruler might leave his palace to see his

    subjects? Whose Empire was it anyway?

  • Oh Foolish People (
    When will people see? When will people realize names such as Yahuah, Yahuwah, Yahwah, Yahweh are NOT YHWH’s name?
  • Walk with Jesus: Matthew 27 He who overcame (
    A spiritual war between good and evil in the spiritual realm. God has won. His Kingdom has come.And (A)they have conquered him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, for (B)they loved not their lives (C)even unto death.
  • The Practicality of Forgiveness (
    I think everyone can agree, regardless of religious affiliation, that humans are messed up.
    We are missing something that is vital to our well-being.  I wouldventure to say that the smaller problems (jealousy, short-temperedness,etc.) of mankind are worse than the bigger issues (like murder).  Only a

    few people commit murder, but all of us are guilty of the smaller crimes.
    Yeshua and the Bible can relieve the human race from the things that

    drag us down: past mistakes, and our terrible tendency to hold on to

    hurt, so that we might punish those who hurt us.

  • Fortitude – John 19: 1- 30 (
    Pilate also had an inscription written and put on the cross. It read, “Jesus the Nazorean, the King of the Jews.”
  • Good Friday Scriptures (
    And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thyhands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.
  • Easter scripture for today (
    we remember what that deceiver once said while he was still alive: ‘After three days I will rise from the dead.’
  • Pre-Good Friday Rememberances (
    These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: “Not oneof his bones will be broken,”  37 and, as another scripture says,“They will look on the one they have pierced.”
  • Gospel according to Saint John – Chapter 19 (
    In John’s gospel, the only remarks made by Jesus from the cross are:1) committing his mother Mary into John’s care (Jn 19.26-27); 2) hisexpression of thirst (Jn 19.28); and 3) “it is finished” (Jn 19.30).

    All three of these statements could be the types of “last words”

    proclaimed by any ordinary man about to die by crucifixion. Also, there

    is no exclamation made by Jesus concerning his having been abandoned by

    God in John’s gospel as there is in Matthew’s (see Mt 27.46).


Hebraic Roots Bible Matthew Chapter 27

"Give us Barabbas!" (from The Bible ...

“Give us Barabbas!” (from The Bible and its Story Taught by One Thousand Picture Lessons, 1910). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

1 And early morning occurring, all the chief priests and the elders of the people took counsel together against Yahshua, so as to put Him to death.
2 And binding Him, they led Him away and delivered Him to Pontius Pilate the governor.
3 Then Judas, the traitor, seeing that He was condemned, repenting, returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders,  4 saying, I sinned, betraying innocent blood. But they said, What is it to us? You see to  it. 5 And tossing the silver pieces into the sanctuary, he left. And going away he hanged himself.
6 And taking the pieces of silver, the chief priests said, It is not lawful to put them into the treasury, since it is the price of blood.
7 And taking counsel, they bought of them the field of a potter, for burial for strangers. 8 So that field was called Field of Blood until today.
9 Then was fulfilled that spoken through Jeremiah the prophet, saying, And I took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of Him who had been priced, on whom they of the sons of Israel set a price, 10 and gave them for the field of a potter, as Yahweh directed me. (Zech.112, 1)

11 And Yahshua stood before the governor. And the governor questioned Him, saying, Are You the King of the Jews? And Yahshua said to him, You have said it.
12 And when He was accused by the chief priests and the elders, He answered nothing.
13 Then Pilate said to Him, Do You not hear how many things they testify against You?
14 And He did not answer him, not even to one word, so that the governor greatly marveled.

15 And at a feast, the governor customarily released one prisoner to the crowd, whom they wished.
16 And they had then a notable prisoner, Bar-abbas.
17 Then they, having been assembled, Pilate said to them, Whom do you wish I may release to you, Barabbas, or Yahshua being called Messiah? 18 For he knew they delivered Him up through envy.
19 But as he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, saying, Let nothing be to you and that just one. For I have suffered many things today by a dream because of Him.
20 But the chief priests and the elders persuaded the crowds, that they should ask for Bar-abbas, and to destroy Yahshua.
21 And answering, the governor said to them, From the two, which do you wish that I release to you? And they said, Barabbas.
22 Pilate said to them, What then should I do to Yahshua being called Messiah? They all say to him, Crucify Him!
23 But the governor said, For what badness did He do? But they the more cried out, saying, Crucify!
24 And seeing that nothing is gained, but rather an uproar occurs, taking water, Pilate washed his hands before the crowd, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this righteous one; you do as you please.
25 And answering, all the people said, let His blood be on us and on our children.
26 Then he released Barabbas to them. But having scourged Yahshua with whips, he delivered Him up that He might be crucified.

27 Then taking Yahshua into the praetorium, the soldiers of the governor gathered all the cohort against Him.
28 And stripping Him, they put a scarlet cloak around Him.
29 And they wove a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and a reed in His right hand. And they bowed down upon their knees before Him and they were mocking at Him and saying, ”Peace, King of the Jews.”
30 And spitting at Him, they took the reed and struck at His head.

31 And when they had mocked Him, they stripped off His cloak, and they put His garments on Him and led Him away to crucify Him.
32 And going out, they found a man, a Cyrenean, named Simon. They compelled this one, that he carry His cross beam.

33 And coming to a place called Golgotha, which is called, the Skull(head), 34 they gave Him vinegar mingled with gall to drink. And having tasted, He would not drink.
35 And having crucified Him, they divided His garments, casting a lot, that might be fulfilled that spoken by the prophet, “They divided My garments to themselves, and they cast a lot over My clothing.” (Ps 22:18)

36 And sitting down, they guarded Him there.
37 And they placed over His head the reason for His death in writing, THIS IS YAHSHUA, THE KING OF THE JEWS.

38 Then two bandits were crucified with Him, one off the right, and one off the left of Him.
39 But those passing by, blasphemed Him, shaking their heads, 40 and saying, You the one razing the sanctuary and building it in three days, if You are the Son of Elohim, come down from the torture stake.
41 And in the same way, the chief priests with the scribes and elders, mocking, said, 42 He saved others; He is not able to save Himself. If He is the King of Israel, let Him come down now from the torture stake and we will  believe Him.
43 He trusted on Yahweh. Let Him rescue Him now, if He desires Him.
For He said, I am Son of Yahweh.
44 And also the bandits crucified with Him defamed Him, saying the same.

45 And from the sixth hour there  was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour.
46 And about the ninth hour, Yahshua cried out with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani; that is, “My El, My El, why did You honor Me to be here?”
47 And hearing, some of those standing there said, This one calls Elijah.
48 And at once, one of them running and taking a sponge, and filling it with “vinegar,” put it on a reed and “gave drink to Him.” (Ps 69:21)
49 But the rest said, Let be; let us see if Elijah is coming to save Him.
50 And crying again with a loud voice, Yahshua released His spirit.
51 And, behold! The veil of the sanctuary was torn into two from above as far as below. And the earth quaked, and the rocks were sheared!
52 And the tombs were opened, and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised.
53 And coming forth out of the tombs after His resurrection, they entered into the holy city and were seen by many.
54 But the centurion and those with him guarding Yahshua, seeing the earthquake and the things taking place, they feared exceedingly, saying, Truly this One was Son of Elohim.
55 And many women were there, watching from afar off, those who followed Yahshua from Galilee, ministering to Him; 56 among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of Jacob and Hosea, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee.

57 And evening having come, a rich man from Arimathea (Joseph by name) who also himself was a disciple of Yahshua,
58 coming up to Pilate, this one asked for the body of Yahshua. Then Pilate commanded the body to be given.
59 And taking the body, Joseph wrapped it in a shroud of fine linen, 60 and he laid it in his new tomb which was hewn in rock. And they rolled a large boulder and they placed it upon the entrance of the tomb. And they departed.
61 And there was Mary Magdalene and the other Mary, sitting across from the grave.

62 And on the next day, which was after the sunset, the chief priests and the Pharisees were gathered with Pilate, 63 saying, Sir, we have recalled that that deceiver while living said, After three days I will rise.
64 Therefore, command that the grave be secured until the third day, that His disciples may not come by night and steal Him away, and may say to the people, He is raised from the dead. And the last deception will be worse   than the first.
65 And Pilate said to them, ”You have the guards. Go and take precautions as you know.”
66 And they departed and took precautions by the grave and set a seal upon that stone together with the guards.


  • Good Friday (
    Let us take time on this Good Friday to reflect and remember the sacrifice of our Father in heaven, and the love of a Savior who died so that we may have life!
  • The House of Yahweh Announces Sighting of the New Moon of Green Ears of Barley that Officially Sets the Feast of Passover and Unleavened Bread (
    The House of Yahweh in Abilene, Texas announces the sighting of the first new moon of green ears of barley which officially sets the Feast of Passover and Unleavened Bread.The group says the Priests of The House of Yahweh at Abilene sighted this first moon at 7:55 p.m. on March 12th, 2013. They say by sighting this new moon, it officially sets The Feast of Passover and Unleavened Bread. The Feast begins with the First High Holy day which will be on March 27th, 2013 and continues through April 2nd, 2013. Yahshua’s Memorial will be celebrated on March 25th, 2013.
  • Jesus goes on trial (
    For many surrounding Jesus the day before and of His crucifixion, it was all about power. The religious leaders were jealous of Jesus’ authority and sway with the people, and feared losing their standing. Pilate needed to maintain order and power, and gave in to the crowds to pacify them and secure his reputation with Rome. The disciples argued about who would be the greatest in the kingdom during the Passover feast.
  • Crucify Him! (the song) (
    I would Never scream, “Crucify Him!” If I were there, how could I possibly say that I would rather have Pilate release a prisoner and kill the Son of God instead? Barabbas was known for robbery, which in those days often meant terrorism and/or bloody insurrection. (Mark 15:7) I would Never have chosen to release him, knowing that with my words, I could have voted for Pilate to release Jesus, a man who never sinned, instead!
  • Matthew 27:1-14 (
    Judas threw the silver coins down in the Temple and went out and hanged himself.
  • Pilate granted the crowd’s wish and ordered Jesus’ crucifixion (
    The whole crowd answered, “Let the responsibility for his death fall on us and on our children!”
  • “Who was Pontius Pilate?” (
    Pontius Pilate was  the Roman governor of Judea from A.D. 26-36, serving under Emperor Tiberius. He  is most known for his involvement in condemning Jesus to death on a  cross.Outside of the four Gospels, Pilate is mentioned by Pliny the  Younger, Philo, and Josephus. In addition, the “Pilate Stone,” discovered in  1961 and dated c. A.D. 30, includes a description of Pilate and mentions him as  “prefect” of Judea. Pilate is also mentioned in the apocryphal writings, but  these were all written at much later dates.
  • My Name Is… Barabbas (
    The name Barabbas means “son of a father or master” & some other translators have defined the name Barabbas to mean “son of shame”.  Isn’t that true with us all? Every one of us is a son/daughter of the Father, of the Master; and every one of us starts life as a son/daughter of shame.Jesus Christ took the place of Barabbas.  Jesus went to the cross instead of Barabbas. And by going to the cross in place of Barabbas, He went to the cross instead of us.
  • They mock, spit and beat him (
    They dressed him in a purple robe, and they wove thorn branches into a crown and put it on his head. Then they saluted him and taunted, “Hail! King of the Jews!” And they struck him on the head with a reed stick, spit on him, and dropped to their knees in mock worship.

The chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused Him. And Herod with his men of war set Him at nought, and mocked Him, and arrayed Him in a gorgeous robe, and sent Him again to Pilate. The same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were at enmity between themselves.

Death of Christ on the day of preparation

File:Christ after death,photo Jerusalam.JPG

Photograph of the central part of a mosaic in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, on the outer wall of the Catholicon behind the Stone of Unction. The mosaic depicts Jesus being taken down from the cross, and his body being anointed prior to placing in the tomb. – Photo by SreeBot


“The Jews answered him, We have a law, and according to [our] law he ought to die, because he made himself Son of God.” (John 19:7 Darby)

“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only-begotten Son, that whosoever believes on him may not perish, but have life eternal.” (John 3:16 Darby)

“and behold, a voice out of the heavens saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I have found my delight.” (Matthew 3:17 Darby)

“17 And he went out, bearing his cross, to the place called [place] of a skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha; 18 where they crucified him, and with him two others, [one] on this side, and [one] on that, and Jesus in the middle.
19  And Pilate wrote a title also and put it on the cross. But there was written: Jesus the Nazaraean, the King of the Jews. 20 This title therefore many of the Jews read, for the place of the city where Jesus was crucified was near; and it was written in Hebrew, Greek, Latin. 21 The chief priests of the Jews therefore said to Pilate, Do not write, The king of the Jews, but that *he* said, I am king of the Jews. 22 Pilate answered, What I have written, I have written.” (John 19:17-22 Darby)

“23 The soldiers therefore, when they had crucified Jesus, took his clothes, and made four parts, to each soldier a part, and the body-coat; but the body-coat was seamless, woven through the whole from the top. 24 They said therefore to one another, Let us not rend it, but let us cast lots for it, whose it shall be; that the scripture might be fulfilled which says, They parted my garments among themselves, and on my vesture they cast lots. The soldiers therefore did these things.” (John 19:23-24 Darby)

“They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.” (Psalms 22:18 Darby)

“And having crucified him, they part his clothes amongst [themselves], casting lots on them, what each one should take.” (Mark 15:24 Darby)

“28 After this, Jesus, knowing that all things were now finished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, says, I thirst. 29 There was a vessel therefore there full of vinegar, and having filled a sponge with vinegar, and putting hyssop round it, they put it up to his mouth. 30 When therefore Jesus had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished; and having bowed his head, he delivered up his spirit.” (John 19:28-30 Darby)

“And Jesus, having cried with a loud voice, said, Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit. And having said this, he expired.” (Luke 23:46 Darby)

“1  For the law, having a shadow of the coming good things, not the image itself of the things, can never, by the same sacrifices which they offer continually yearly, perfect those who approach. 2 Since, would they not indeed have ceased being offered, on account of the worshippers once purged having no longer any conscience of sins? 3 But in these [there is] a calling to mind of sins yearly. 4 For blood of bulls and goats [is] incapable of taking away sins. 5 Wherefore coming into the world he says, Sacrifice and offering thou willedst not; but thou hast prepared me a body. 6 Thou tookest no pleasure in burnt-offerings and sacrifices for sin.
7  Then I said, Lo, I come (in [the] roll of the book it is written of me) to do, O God, thy will. 8 Above, saying Sacrifices and offerings and burnt-offerings and sacrifices for sin thou willedst not, neither tookest pleasure in (which are offered according to the law); 9 then he said, Lo, I come to do thy will. He takes away the first that he may establish the second; 10 by which will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. 11 And every priest stands daily ministering, and offering often the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. 12 But *he*, having offered one sacrifice for sins, sat down in perpetuity at [the] right hand of God, 13 waiting from henceforth until his enemies be set [for the] footstool of his feet. 14 For by one offering he has perfected in perpetuity the sanctified.” (Hebrews 10:1-14 Darby)

“31  The Jews therefore, that the bodies might not remain on the cross on the sabbath, for it was [the] preparation, (for the day of that sabbath was a great [day],)demanded of Pilate that their legs might be broken and they taken away. 32 The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first and of the other that had been crucified with him; 33 but coming to Jesus, when they saw that he was already dead they did not break his legs, 34 but one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and immediately there came out blood and water. 35 And he who saw it bears witness, and his witness is true, and he knows that he says true that ye also may believe.” (John 19:31-35 Darby)

“4 I have glorified *thee* on the earth, I have completed the work which thou gavest me that I should do it; 5 and now glorify *me*, *thou* Father, along with thyself, with the glory which I had along with thee before the world was.
6  I have manifested thy name to the men whom thou gavest me out of the world. They were thine, and thou gavest them me, and they have kept thy word. 7 Now they have known that all things that thou hast given me are of thee; 8 for the words which thou hast given me I have given them, and they have received [them], and have known truly that I came out from thee, and have believed that thou sentest me.” (John 17:4-8 Darby)

“In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth any of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof.” (Exodus 12:46 Darby)

“12 They shall leave none of it until the morning, nor break a bone thereof: according to every ordinance of the passover shall they hold it. 13 But a man that is clean, and is not on a journey, and forbeareth to hold the passover, that soul shall be cut off from among his peoples; because he presented not the offering of Jehovah at its set time: that man shall bear his sin.” (Numbers 9:12-13 Darby)

“17 [The righteous] cry, and Jehovah heareth, and delivereth them out of all their troubles. 18 Jehovah is nigh to those that are of a broken heart, and saveth them that are of a contrite spirit. 19 Many are the adversities of the righteous, but Jehovah delivereth him out of them all: 20 He keepeth all his bones; not one of them is broken.” (Psalms 34:17-20 Darby)

“36 For these things took place that the scripture might be fulfilled, Not a bone of him shall be broken. 37 And again another scripture says, They shall look on him whom they pierced.
38  And after these things Joseph of Arimathaea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly through fear of the Jews, demanded of Pilate that he might take the body of Jesus: and Pilate allowed it. He came therefore and took away the body of Jesus.” (John 19:36-38 Darby)

“And I will pour upon the house of David and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem the spirit of grace and of supplications; and they shall look on me whom they pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for an only [son], and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for [his] firstborn.” (Zechariah 12:10 Darby)

“Behold, he comes with the clouds, and every eye shall see him, and they which have pierced him, and all the tribes of the land shall wail because of him. Yea. Amen.” (Revelation 1:7 Darby)

“45 Now from [the] sixth hour there was darkness over the whole land until [the] ninth hour; 46 but about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? 47 And some of those who stood there, when they heard [it], said, This [man] calls for Elias. 48 And immediately one of them running and getting a sponge, having filled [it] with vinegar and fixed [it] on a reed, gave him to drink. 49 But the rest said, Let be; let us see if Elias comes to save him.
50  And Jesus, having again cried with a loud voice, gave up the ghost. 51 And lo, the veil of the temple was rent in two from the top to the bottom, and the earth was shaken, and the rocks were rent, 52 and the tombs were opened; and many bodies of the saints fallen asleep arose, 53 and going out of the tombs after his arising, entered into the holy city and appeared unto many. 54 But the centurion, and they who were with him on guard over Jesus, seeing the earthquake and the things that took place, feared greatly, saying, Truly this [man] was Son of God.” (Matthew 27:45-54 Darby)

“38  And after these things Joseph of Arimathaea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly through fear of the Jews, demanded of Pilate that he might take the body of Jesus: and Pilate allowed it. He came therefore and took away the body of Jesus. 39 And Nicodemus also, who at first came to Jesus by night, came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds [weight]. 40 They took therefore the body of Jesus and bound it up in linen with the spices, as it is the custom with the Jews to prepare for burial. 41 But there was in the place where he had been crucified a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had ever been laid. 42 There therefore, on account of the preparation of the Jews, because the tomb was near, they laid Jesus.” (John 19:38-42 Darby)

“Now on the morrow, which is after the preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees came together to Pilate,” (Matthew 27:62 Darby)

“And when it was already evening, since it was [the] preparation, that is, [the day] before a sabbath,” (Mark 15:42 Darby)

“50  And behold, a man named Joseph, who was a councillor, a good man and a just 51 (this [man] had not assented to their counsel and deed), of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews, who also waited, [himself also,] for the kingdom of God 52  — he having gone to Pilate begged the body of Jesus; 53 and having taken it down, wrapped it in fine linen and placed him in a tomb hewn in the rock, where no one had ever been laid. 54 And it was preparation day, and [the] sabbath twilight was coming on. 55 And women, who had come along with him out of Galilee, having followed, saw the sepulchre and how his body was placed. 56 And having returned they prepared aromatic spices and ointments, and remained quiet on the sabbath, according to the commandment.” (Luke 23:50-56 Darby)

“See, for Jehovah hath given you the sabbath; therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread for two days. Abide every man in his place: let no man go from his place on the seventh day.” (Exodus 16:29 Darby)

“Remember the sabbath day to hallow it.” (Exodus 20:8 Darby)

“Keep the sabbath day to hallow it, as Jehovah thy God hath commanded thee.” (Deuteronomy 5:12 Darby)


Preceding: Imprisonment and execution of Jesus Christ

For the Will of Him who is greater than Jesus

 On the first day for matzah

Servant for the truth of God

The Anointed One and the first day of No Fermentation

Dutch version / Nederlandse versie: Jezus vindt de dood op Golgota op voorbereidingsdag

French version / Version en Français: La Mort du Jésus Christ sur le Jour de Préparation

German version / Deutsch: Jesu Tod auf Golgatha am 14 Nisan


Please also do find:
  1. Servant of his Father
  2. Slave for people and God
  3. Jesus begotten Son of God #18 Believing in inhuman or human person
  4. The Seed Of The Woman Bruised
  5. Self inflicted misery #3 A man given to suffer for us
  6. Jesus begotten Son of God #20 Before and After
  7. Anointing of Christ as Prophetic Rehearsal of the Burial rites
  8. On the Nature of Christ
  9. Jesus begotten Son of God #4 Promised Prophet and Saviour
  10. Deliverance and establishement of a theocracy
  11. The son of David and the first day of the feast of unleavened bread
  12. 14 Nisan a day to remember #1 Inception
  13. 14 Nisan a day to remember #2 Time of Jesus
  14. 14 Nisan a day to remember #3 Before the Passover-feast
  15. 14 Nisan a day to remember #4 A Lamb slain
  16. 14 Nisan a day to remember #5 The Day to celebrate
  17. 14-15 Nisan and Easter
  18. Around the feast of Unleavened Bread
  19. A Holy week in remembrance of the Blood of life
  20. High Holidays not only for Israel
  21. Festival of Freedom and persecutions
  22. Timely Growth
  23. A Messiah to die
  24. Impaled until death overtook him
  25. Swedish theologian finds historical proof Jesus did not die on a cross
  26. Why 20 Nations Are Defending the Crucifix in Europe
  27. Christ having glory
  28. Kingdom Visions of a Man, Throne and Great crowd
  29. Salvation, trust and action in Jesus #3 as a Christian
  30. Self inflicted misery #6 Paying by death
  31. Not bounded by labels but liberated in Christ
  32. The Soul confronted with Death
  33. Impaled until death overtook him
  34. Swedish theologian finds historical proof Jesus did not die on a cross
  35. Why 20 Nations Are Defending the Crucifix in Europe
  36. How is it that Christ pleased God so perfectly?
  37. A Living Faith #8 Change
  38. Let me keeep to “first importance” things
  39. Jesus begotten Son of God #2 Christmas and pagan rites
  40. A Great Gift commemorated
  41. Proclaiming shalom, bringing good news of good things, announcing salvation


  • Jesus Christ, Our Passover (
    Jesus was dead in the grave with no consciousness for 3 full days and 3 full nights = 72 hours. There is no way in Hell to fit 3 full days and 3 full nights between Sunset Friday and Sunrise Sunday. Therefore, there is no such thing as Good Friday! Jesus Christ, our Passover Lamb,was sacrificed for us and was buried on a Wednesday around sunset beginning the 1st night (Thursday). At dawn Thursday began the first day. At sunset Thurs. began the 2nd night of Friday, then Friday day; thenFri at sunset began the 3rd night, Saturday; then Saturday at sunset completed the 3 days and 3 nights. Sunset Sat. began Sunday night:Jn 20:1 The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.KJV
  • Passover: A Time To Remember (
    I am thankful that today, we can celebrate this feast without the sacrifice of a life for our sins, as Christ, our Passover Lamb, has once and for all, become the substitute… and with Him, God is well pleased. Don’t forget to remember or you are doomed to return to what once enslaved you.
  • Dave Hunt : Scripture reveals the answer Of .Crucifixion Week (
    the rabbis had determined not to arrest Jesus during Passover,
    +The fourteenth of Nisan began at sunset Wednesday evening. That night, Jesus and His disciples had the “last supper” in the upper room where they were preparing to eat the Passover the following night.
    +Shortly before noon, Jesus, scourged and beaten, was led out of the city to “the place of the skull.” By noon, the One whom Jerusalem, in fulfillment of prophecy, had hailed as its long-awaited Messiah, was hanging naked on the center cross between two thieves.
  • G-dfearers Participation In Shabbat, And Pesach According To Toby Janicki (
    Gentile believers have been brought near to the commonwealth of Israel. Although this does not make Gentile Christians into Jews, they share in the spiritual heritage of the nation of Israel.

    “Our Master Yeshua chose the wine and the matzah of a Passover Seder to represent his body and blood. More than just learning about and celebrating the concept of freedom from oppression and exile, for disciples of Messiah, the seder celebrates Yeshua’s atoning death and resurrection while remaining firmly grounded and centered on God’s deliverance of the Jewish people from Egypt.” Toby Janicki
    “Although the imagery to “celebrate the festival” is clearly metaphorical, it could really only be understood by readers who were in fact literally celebrating Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread, complete with some level of abstention from leaven.” Toby Janicki

  • Happy Passover! (
    we as people of faith can celebrate being saved from certain death when we apply the blood of Yeshua our Messiah to our lives and repent of those sins that kept us in our own personal bondage.To help you celebrate this wonderful occasion, we have put together some Passover resources so that you can be educated and inspired by the beauty of this holy feast.

La Mort du Jésus Christ sur le Jour de Préparation

File:Ivanov Pogrebenie Xrista.jpeg

Joseph d’Arimathie et Nicodème porter le corps du Christ – ca 1850, Alexander Andreyevich Ivanov (1806–1858) – La Galerie nationale Tretiakov, Moscou


“Les Juifs lui répondirent, Nous avons une loi, et selon notre loi il doit mourir, car il s’est fait Fils de Dieu.” (Jean 19:7 DRB)

“Car Dieu a tant aimé le monde, qu’il a donné son Fils unique, afin que quiconque croit en lui ne périsse pas, mais qu’il ait la vie éternelle.” (Jean 3:16 DRB)

“Et voici une voix qui venait des cieux, disant, Celui-ci est mon fils bien-aimé, en qui j’ai trouvé mon plaisir.” (Matthieu 3:17 DRB)

“17 Et il sortit portant sa croix, et s’en alla au lieu appelé lieu du crâne, qui est appelé en hébreu Golgotha, 18 où ils le crucifièrent, et deux autres avec lui, un de chaque côté, et Jésus au milieu.
19  Et Pilate fit aussi un écriteau, et le plaça sur la croix ; et il y était écrit, Jésus le Nazaréen, le roi des Juifs. 20 Plusieurs des Juifs donc lurent cet écriteau, parce que le lieu où Jésus fut crucifié était près de la ville ; et il était écrit en hébreu, en grec, en latin. 21 Les principaux sacrificateurs des Juifs donc dirent à Pilate, N’écris pas, Le roi des Juifs ; mais que lui a dit, Je suis le roi des Juifs. 22 Pilate répondit, Ce que j’ai écrit, je l’ai écrit.” (Jean 19:17-22 DRB)

“23 Les soldats donc, quand ils eurent crucifié Jésus, prirent ses vêtements et en firent quatre parts, une part pour chaque soldat. Ils prirent aussi la tunique. Or la tunique était sans couture, tissée tout d’une pièce depuis le haut jusqu’en bas. 24 Ils dirent donc entre eux, Ne la déchirons pas, mais jetons-la au sort, à qui elle sera,  afin que l’écriture fût accomplie, qui dit, Ils ont partagé entre eux mes vêtements, et ils ont jeté le sort sur ma robe. Les soldats donc firent ces choses.” (Jean 19:23-24 DRB)

“Ils partagent entre eux mes vêtements, et sur ma robe ils jettent le sort.” (Psaumes 22:18 DRB)

“Et l’ayant crucifié, ils partagent ses vêtements, en tirant au sort pour savoir ce que chacun en prendrait.” (Marc 15:24 DRB)

“28 Après cela Jésus, sachant que toutes choses étaient déjà accomplies, dit, afin que l’écriture fût accomplie, J’ai soif. 29 Il y avait donc là un vase plein de vinaigre. Et ils emplirent de vinaigre une éponge, et, l’ayant mise sur de l’hysope, ils la lui présentèrent à la bouche. 30 Quand donc Jésus eut pris le vinaigre, il dit, C’est accompli. Et ayant baissé la tête, il remit son esprit.” (Jean 19:28-30 DRB)

“Et Jésus, criant à haute voix, dit, Père ! entre tes mains je remets mon esprit. Et ayant dit cela, il expira.” (Luc 23:46 DRB)

“1  Car la loi, ayant l’ombre des biens à venir, non l’image même des choses, ne peut jamais, par les mêmes sacrifices que l’on offre continuellement chaque année, rendre parfaits ceux qui s’approchent. 2 Autrement n’eussent-ils pas cessé d’être offerts, puisque ceux qui rendent le culte, étant une fois purifiés, n’auraient plus eu aucune conscience de péchés ? 3 Mais il y a dans ces sacrifices, chaque année, un acte remémoratif de péchés. 4 Car il est impossible que le sang de taureaux et de boucs ôte les péchés. 5 C’est pourquoi, en entrant dans le monde, il dit, Tu n’as pas voulu de sacrifice ni d’offrande, mais tu m’as formé un corps. 6 Tu n’as pas pris plaisir aux holocaustes ni aux sacrifices pour le péché ;
7  alors j’ai dit, Voici, je viens,  il est écrit de moi dans le rouleau du livre-pour faire, ô Dieu, ta volonté. 8 Ayant dit plus haut, Tu n’as pas voulu de sacrifices, ni d’offrandes, ni d’holocaustes, ni de sacrifices pour le péché, et tu n’y as pas pris plaisir  lesquels sont offerts selon la loi, 9 alors il dit, Voici, je viens pour faire ta volonté. Il ôte le premier afin d’établir le second. 10 C’est par cette volonté que nous avons été sanctifiés, par l’offrande du corps de Jésus Christ faite une fois pour toutes. 11 Et tout sacrificateur se tient debout chaque jour, faisant le service et offrant souvent les mêmes sacrifices qui ne peuvent jamais ôter les péchés ; 12 mais celui-ci, ayant offert un seul sacrifice pour les péchés, s’est assis à perpétuité à la droite de Dieu, 13 attendant désormais jusqu’à ce que ses ennemis soient mis pour marchepied de ses pieds. 14 Car, par une seul offrande, il a rendu parfaits à perpétuité ceux qui sont sanctifiés.” (Hébreux 10:1-14 DRB)

“31  Les Juifs donc, afin que les corps ne demeurassent pas sur la croix en un jour de sabbat, puisque c’était la Préparation (car le jour de ce sabbat-là était grand), firent à Pilate la demande qu’on leur rompît les jambes, et qu’on les ôtât. 32 Les soldats donc vinrent et rompirent les jambes du premier, et de l’autre qui était crucifié avec lui. 33 Mais étant venus à Jésus, comme ils virent qu’il était déjà mort, ils ne lui rompirent pas les jambes ; 34 mais l’un des soldats lui perça le côté avec une lance ; et aussitôt il en sortit du sang et de l’eau. 35 Et celui qui l’a vu rend témoignage ; et son témoignage est véritable ; et lui sait qu’il dit vrai, afin que vous aussi vous croyiez.” (Jean 19:31-35 DRB)

“4 Moi, je t’ai glorifié sur la terre, j’ai achevé l’œuvre que tu m’as donnée à faire ; 5 et maintenant glorifie-moi, toi, Père, auprès de toi-même, de la gloire que j’avais auprès de toi avant que le monde fût.
6  J’ai manifesté ton nom aux hommes que tu m’as donnés du monde ; ils étaient à toi, et tu me les as donnés ; et ils ont gardé ta parole. 7 Maintenant ils ont connu que tout ce que tu m’as donné vient de toi ; 8 car je leur ai donné les paroles que tu m’as données, et ils les ont reçues ; et ils ont vraiment connu que je suis sorti d’auprès de toi, et ils ont cru que toi tu m’as envoyé.” (Jean 17:4-8 DRB)

“Elle sera mangée dans une même maison, tu n’emporteras point de sa chair hors de la maison, et vous n’en casserez pas un os.” (Exode 12:46 DRB)

“12 ils n’en laisseront rien jusqu’au matin et n’en casseront pas un os ; ils la feront selon tous les statuts de la Pâque. 13 Mais l’homme qui est pur et qui n’est pas en voyage, qui s’abstient de faire la Pâque, cette âme sera retranchée de ses peuples ; car il n’a pas présenté l’offrande de l’Eternel au temps fixé, cet homme portera son péché.” (Nombres 9:12-13 DRB)

“17 Les justes crient, et l’Eternel entend, et il les délivre de toutes leurs détresses. 18 L’Eternel est près de ceux qui ont le cœur brisé, et il sauve ceux qui ont l’esprit abattu. 19 Les maux du juste sont en grand nombre ; mais l’Eternel le délivre de tous, 20 Il garde tous ses os, pas un d’eux n’est cassé.” (Psaumes 34:17-20 DRB)

“36 Car ces choses sont arrivées afin que l’écriture fût accomplie, Pas un de ses os ne sera cassé. 37 Et encore une autre écriture dit, Ils regarderont vers celui qu’ils ont percé.
38  après ces choses, Joseph d’Arimathée, qui était disciple de Jésus, en secret toutefois par crainte des Juifs, fit à Pilate la demande d’ôter le corps de Jésus ; et Pilate le permit. Il vint donc et ôta le corps de Jésus.” (Jean 19:36-38 DRB)

“Et je répandrai sur la maison de David et sur les habitants de Jérusalem un esprit de grâce et de supplications ; et ils regarderont vers moi, celui qu’ils auront percé, et ils se lamenteront sur lui, comme on se lamente sur un fils unique, et il y aura de l’amertume pour lui, comme on a de l’amertume pour un premier-né.” (Zacharie 12:10 DRB)

“Voici, il vient avec les nuées, et tout œil le verra, et ceux qui l’ont percé ; et toutes les tribus de la terre se lamenteront à cause de lui. Oui, amen !” (Apocalypse 1:7 DRB)

“45 Mais, depuis la sixième heure, il y eut des ténèbres sur tout le pays, jusqu’à la neuvième heure. 46 Et vers la neuvième heure, Jésus s’écria d’une forte voix, disant, Eli, Éli, lama sabachthani ? c’est-à-dire, Mon Dieu, mon Dieu, pourquoi m’as-tu abandonné ? 47 Et quelques-uns de ceux qui se tenaient là, ayant entendu cela, disaient, Il appelle Elie, celui-ci ! 48 Et aussitôt l’un d’entre eux courut et prit une éponge, et l’ayant remplie de vinaigre, la mit au bout d’un roseau, et lui donna à boire. 49 Mais les autres disaient, Laisse, voyons si Elie vient pour le sauver.
50  Et Jésus, ayant encore crié d’une forte voix, rendit l’esprit. 51 Et voici, le voile du temple se déchira en deux, depuis le haut jusqu’en bas ; et la terre trembla, et les rochers se fendirent, 52 et les sépulcres s’ouvrirent ; et beaucoup de corps des saints endormis ressuscitèrent, 53 étant sortis des sépulcres après sa résurrection, ils entrèrent dans la sainte ville, et apparurent à plusieurs. 54 Et le centurion et ceux qui avec lui veillaient sur Jésus, ayant vu le tremblement de terre et ce qui venait d’arriver, eurent une fort grande peur, disant, Certainement celui-ci était Fils de Dieu.” (Matthieu 27:45-54 DRB)

“38  après ces choses, Joseph d’Arimathée, qui était disciple de Jésus, en secret toutefois par crainte des Juifs, fit à Pilate la demande d’ôter le corps de Jésus ; et Pilate le permit. Il vint donc et ôta le corps de Jésus. 39 Nicodème aussi, celui qui au commencement était allé de nuit à Jésus, vint, apportant une mixtion de myrrhe et d’aloès, d’environ cent livres. 40 Ils prirent donc le corps de Jésus, et l’enveloppèrent de linges, avec les aromates, comme les Juifs ont coutume d’ensevelir. 41 Or il y avait, au lieu où il avait été crucifié, un jardin, et dans le jardin un sépulcre neuf, dans lequel personne n’avait jamais été mis. 42 Ils mirent donc Jésus là, à cause de la Préparation des Juifs, parce que le sépulcre était proche.” (Jean 19:38-42 DRB)

“Et le lendemain, qui est après la Préparation, les principaux sacrificateurs et les pharisiens s’assemblèrent auprès de Pilate,” (Matthieu 27:62 DRB)

“Et le soir étant déjà venu, puisque c’était la Préparation, ce qui est le jour qui précède un sabbat,” (Marc 15:42 DRB)

“50  Et voici, un homme nommé Joseph, qui était conseiller, homme de bien et juste 51 (celui-ci ne s’était pas joint à leur conseil et à leur action), qui était d’Arimathée, ville des Juifs, et qui attendait, lui aussi, le royaume de Dieu … ; 52 celui-ci, étant venu à Pilate, lui demanda le corps de Jésus. 53 Et l’ayant descendu, il l’enveloppa d’un linceul, et le mit dans un sépulcre taillé dans le roc, où personne n’avait jamais été déposé. 54 Et c’était le jour de la Préparation et le crépuscule du sabbat. 55 Et des femmes qui l’avaient accompagné depuis la Galilée, ayant suivi, regardèrent le sépulcre et comment son corps y avait été déposé. 56 Et s’en étant retournées, elles préparèrent des aromates et des parfums ; et, le sabbat, elles se tinrent en repos, selon le commandement.” (Luc 23:50-56 DRB)

“Voyez que l’Eternel vous a donné le sabbat ; c’est pourquoi il vous donne au sixième jour du pain pour deux jours. Que chacun reste chez lui ; que personne ne sorte du lieu où il est, le septième jour.” (Exode 16:29 DRB)

“Souviens-toi du jour du sabbat, pour le sanctifier.” (Exode 20:8 DRB)

“Garde le jour du sabbat pour le sanctifier, comme l’Eternel, ton Dieu, te l’a commandé.” (Deutéronome 5:12 DRB)


Précédent: Emprisonnement et l’exécution de Jésus-Christ

Serviteur pour pour prouver la véracité de Dieu

Pour la Volonté de Celui qui est plus grand que Jésus


Wednesday, Thursday, Friday—does it really matter? Yes! The day of our Lord’s crucifixion is of the utmost importance. If Christ was not three days and three nights in the grave, then He lied. His death, to fulfill prophecy, had to occur at the very time the Passover lambs were being slain throughout Israel. It is an astronomical fact that Nisan 14, AD 32, fell on Thursday.

  • Jesus Christ, Our Passover (
    Why is Passover relevant to the Christian? Glad you asked. We all know JC was considered the Lamb of God, but why? If you have studied the Word of God at all, you will know that Jesus and his disciples “prepared” for the Passover, a Jewish time of commemoration. The beginning of Passover always started on the 14th on Nisan, with the slaying of the Passover Lamb sometime before sunset. Even though Jesus “prepared” to eat the Passover with the disciples, he did not eat it with them. Instead he, figuratively, became the Passover Lamb, which was sacrificed for us.
    The point is, the Bible has Integrity, it cannot contradict itself. If you believe half the stuff Tradition teaches about, this time of the year, you are deluded.
  • G-dfearers Participation In Shabbat, And Pesach According To Toby Janicki (
    Here are some quotes from Toby Janicki author if the book Godfearers and staff writer for First Fruits if Zion regarding Gentile observance of Shabbat and Pesach in the Apostolic Community.


“Our Master Yeshua chose the wine and the matzah of a Passover Seder to represent his body and blood. More than just learning about and celebrating the concept of freedom from oppression and exile, for disciples of Messiah, the seder celebrates Yeshua’s atoning death and resurrection while remaining firmly grounded and centered on God’s deliverance of the Jewish people from Egypt.” Toby Janicki


“Although the imagery to “celebrate the festival” is clearly metaphorical, it could really only be understood by readers who were in fact literally celebrating Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread, complete with some level of abstention from leaven.” Toby Janicki
“When the Roman church sought to limit the celebration of Passover to the first Sunday after Passover, other Christians, especially those in Asia Minor, insisted on celebrating the festival according to the Jewish practice on the 14th of Nisan as they had always done. The venerable Bishop Polycarp, a disciple of the Apostle John, insisted that the Jewish observance of Passover had been transmitted to them through the apostles. [2] As the church at large began to adopt the Sunday practice instead, the Quartodecimans (“fourteeners,” those who observed the fourteenth of Nissan) separated into their own sect. They existed up until the fifth century.” Toby Janicki

  • In Hebrew: Pesach Glossary (
    To enhance your Passover experience, I’ve prepared a glossary: Here’s a PDF printable version and here’s a link to an online glossary with sound.
  • Happy Passover! (
    Now, we as people of faith can celebrate being saved from certain death when we apply the blood of Yeshua our Messiah to our lives and repent of those sins that kept us in our own personal bondage.
  • Passover: A Time To Remember (
    The basis for a Christian interpretation of the first of the Seven Festivals as the decisive component in God’s plan for redemption pivots upon the identification of Jesus with the paschal lamb (Ross 2002, 409). There are, in fact, strong associations between Jesus and the Passover lamb in both the Old and the New Testaments. Centuries before the Crucifixion of Jesus, the prophet Isaiah declared that the when the future Messiah appeared, he would be “led like a lamb to slaughter.” (Isa 53:7). As John the Baptist saw Jesus approaching him he proclaimed: “Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!” (John 1:29). Similarly, Peter described Jesus as the spotless Lamb of God (1 Pet 1:18-20). According to Augustine of Hippo, “The true point and purpose of the Jewish Passover . . . was to provide a prophetic pre-enactment of the death of Christ” (Rotelle 1995, 6:186).
  • Passover Italian Style (
    It is that time, when the moon is as round as a wheel of Parmigiano Reggiano after the first northern equinox, the time for the 14th Nisan, first night of Passover.
    The Jewish community has long been a significant part of Italian heritage, as has been their celebration of this important holiday. Since the 2nd century BC, the Pesach tradition has been assimilated into the culture of Italian Jews and traditionally, Passover festivities, when in Italy, includes religious ritual, family get-togethers, and of course… food! Through the years, the Italian Jewish community, has developed its own unique style and habit in preparing Pesach dishes. Read on to discover which delicious delicacies the Jewish community in Italy is enjoying this week.


Emprisonnement et l’exécution de Jésus-Christ

File:Alexandr Ivanov 031.jpg

(Calvaire) La Vierge, les disciples du Christ et les femmes regardent de loin à la crucifixion. – Fin de 1840. -1858, Alexander Andreyevich Ivanov (1806–1858) – La Galerie nationale Tretiakov
La date de fin 1840 -1858,
emplacement actuel
Galerie Tretiakov, Moscow

“54  Après avoir saisi Jésus, ils l’emmenèrent, et le conduisirent dans la maison du souverain sacrificateur. Pierre suivait de loin. 55 Ils allumèrent du feu au milieu de la cour, et ils s’assirent. Pierre s’assit parmi eux. 56 Une servante, qui le vit assis devant le feu, fixa sur lui les regards, et dit : Cet homme était aussi avec lui. 57 Mais il le nia disant : Femme, je ne le connais pas. 58 Peu après, un autre, l’ayant vu, dit : Tu es aussi de ces gens-là. Et Pierre dit: Homme, je n’en suis pas. 59 Environ une heure plus tard, un autre insistait, disant: Certainement cet homme était aussi avec lui, car il est Galiléen. 60 Pierre répondit : Homme, je ne sais ce que tu dis. Au même instant, comme il parlait encore, le coq chanta. 61 Le Seigneur, s’étant retourné, regarda Pierre. Et Pierre se souvint de la parole que le Seigneur lui avait dite : Avant que le coq chante aujourd’hui, tu me renieras trois fois. 62 Et étant sorti, il pleura amèrement.
63  Les hommes qui tenaient Jésus se moquaient de lui, et le frappaient. 64 Ils lui voilèrent le visage, et ils l’interrogeaient, en disant : Devine qui t’a frappé. 65 Et ils proféraient contre lui beaucoup d’autres injures.” (Luc 22:54-65 LSG)

“23 Jésus lui dit : Si j’ai mal parlé, fais voir ce que j’ai dit de mal ; et si j’ai bien parlé, pourquoi me frappes-tu ? 24 Anne l’envoya lié à Caïphe, le souverain sacrificateur.” (Jean 18:23-24 LSG)

“66 Quand le jour fut venu, le collège des anciens du peuple, les principaux sacrificateurs et les scribes, s’assemblèrent, et firent amener Jésus dans leur sanhédrin. (22-67) Ils dirent: 67 Si tu es le Christ, dis-le nous. Jésus leur répondit : Si je vous le dis, vous ne le croirez pas ; 68 et, si je vous interroge, vous ne répondrez pas. 69 Désormais le Fils de l’homme sera assis à la droite de la puissance de Dieu. 70 Tous dirent : Tu es donc le Fils de Dieu ? Et il leur répondit : Vous le dites, je le suis. 71 Alors ils dirent : Qu’avons-nous encore besoin de témoignage ? Nous l’avons entendu nous-mêmes de sa bouche.” (Luc 22:66-71 LSG)

“63 Jésus garda le silence. Et le souverain sacrificateur, prenant la parole, lui dit : Je t’adjure, par le Dieu vivant, de nous dire si tu es le Christ, le Fils de Dieu. 64 Jésus lui répondit : Tu l’as dit. De plus, je vous le déclare, vous verrez désormais le Fils de l’homme assis à la droite de la puissance de Dieu, et venant sur les nuées du ciel.” (Matthieu 26:63-64 LSG)

“Et le roi lui dit : Combien de fois me faudra-t-il te faire jurer de ne me dire que la vérité au nom de l’Eternel ?” (1 Rois 22:16 LSG)

“13  Jésus, étant arrivé dans le territoire de Césarée de Philippe, demanda à ses disciples : Qui dit-on que je suis, moi, le Fils de l’homme ? 14 Ils répondirent : Les uns disent que tu es Jean-Baptiste ; les autres, Elie ; les autres, Jérémie, ou l’un des prophètes. 15 Et vous, leur dit-il, qui dites-vous que je suis ? 16 Simon Pierre répondit: Tu es le Christ, le Fils du Dieu vivant. 17 Jésus, reprenant la parole, lui dit : Tu es heureux, Simon, fils de Jonas ; car ce ne sont pas la chair et le sang qui t’ont révélé cela, mais c’est mon Père qui est dans les cieux.” (Matthieu 16:13-17 LSG)

“24 Les Juifs l’entourèrent, et lui dirent : Jusques à quand tiendras-tu notre esprit en suspens ? Si tu es le Christ, dis-le nous franchement. 25 Jésus leur répondit : Je vous l’ai dit, et vous ne croyez pas. Les œuvres que je fais au nom de mon Père rendent témoignage de moi. 26 Mais vous ne croyez pas, parce que vous n’êtes pas de mes brebis.” (Jean 10:24-26 LSG)

“13 Je regardai pendant mes visions nocturnes, et voici, sur les nuées des cieux arriva quelqu’un de semblable à un fils de l’homme ; il s’avança vers l’ancien des jours, et on le fit approcher de lui. 14 On lui donna la domination, la gloire et le règne ; et tous les peuples, les nations, et les hommes de toutes langues le servirent. Sa domination est une domination éternelle qui ne passera point, et son règne ne sera jamais détruit.” (Daniel 7:13-14 LSG)

“13 Personne n’est monté au ciel, si ce n’est celui qui est descendu du ciel, le Fils de l’homme qui est dans le ciel. 14 Et comme Moïse éleva le serpent dans le désert, il faut de même que le Fils de l’homme soit élevé, 15 afin que quiconque croit en lui ait la vie éternelle. 16 Car Dieu a tant aimé le monde qu’il a donné son Fils unique, afin que quiconque croit en lui ne périsse point, mais qu’il ait la vie éternelle. 17 Dieu, en effet, n’a pas envoyé son Fils dans le monde pour qu’il juge le monde, mais pour que le monde soit sauvé par lui. 18 Celui qui croit en lui n’est point jugé ; mais celui qui ne croit pas est déjà jugé, parce qu’il n’a pas cru au nom du Fils unique de Dieu. 19 Et ce jugement c’est que, la lumière étant venue dans le monde, les hommes ont préféré les ténèbres à la lumière, parce que leurs œuvres étaient mauvaises.” (Jean 3:13-19 LSG)

“55 Mais Etienne, rempli du Saint-Esprit, et fixant les regards vers le ciel, vit la gloire de Dieu et Jésus debout à la droite de Dieu. 56 Et il dit : Voici, je vois les cieux ouverts, et le Fils de l’homme debout à la droite de Dieu.” (Actes 7:55-56 LSG)

“5 Ayez en vous les sentiments qui étaient en Jésus-Christ, 6 lequel, existant en forme de Dieu, n’a point regardé comme une proie à arracher d’être égal avec Dieu, 7 mais s’est dépouillé lui-même, en prenant une forme de serviteur, en devenant semblable aux hommes ; 8 (2-7) et ayant paru comme un simple homme, (2-8) il s’est humilié lui-même, se rendant obéissant jusqu’à la mort, même jusqu’à la mort de la croix. 9 C’est pourquoi aussi Dieu l’a souverainement élevé, et lui a donné le nom qui est au-dessus de tout nom, 10 afin qu’au nom de Jésus tout genou fléchisse dans les cieux, sur la terre et sous la terre, 11 et que toute langue confesse que Jésus-Christ est Seigneur, à la gloire de Dieu le Père.” (Philippiens 2:5-11 LSG)

“5 Le Seigneur, l’Eternel, m’a ouvert l’oreille, Et je n’ai point résisté, Je ne me suis point retiré en arrière. 6 J’ai livré mon dos à ceux qui me frappaient, Et mes joues à ceux qui m’arrachaient la barbe ; Je n’ai pas dérobé mon visage Aux ignominies et aux crachats.” (Esaïe 50:5-6 LSG)

“1  Ils se levèrent tous, et ils conduisirent Jésus devant Pilate. 2 Ils se mirent à l’accuser, disant : Nous avons trouvé cet homme excitant notre nation à la révolte, empêchant de payer le tribut à César, et se disant lui-même Christ, roi. 3 Pilate l’interrogea, en ces termes : Es-tu le roi des Juifs ? Jésus lui répondit : Tu le dis. 4 Pilate dit aux principaux sacrificateurs et à la foule : Je ne trouve rien de coupable en cet homme. 5 Mais ils insistèrent, et dirent : Il soulève le peuple, en enseignant par toute la Judée, depuis la Galilée, où il a commencé, jusqu’ici.” (Luc 23:1-5 LSG)

“Quand Pilate entendit cette parole, sa frayeur augmenta.” (Jean 19:8 LSG)

“1  Je vous ai dit ces choses, afin qu’elles ne soient pas pour vous une occasion de chute. 2 Ils vous excluront des synagogues ; et même l’heure vient où quiconque vous fera mourir croira rendre un culte à Dieu. 3 Et ils agiront ainsi, parce qu’ils n’ont connu ni le Père ni moi. 4 Je vous ai dit ces choses, afin que, lorsque l’heure sera venue, vous vous souveniez que je vous les ai dites. Je ne vous en ai pas parlé dès le commencement, parce que j’étais avec vous. 5 Maintenant je m’en vais vers celui qui m’a envoyé, et aucun de vous ne me demande : Où vas-tu ? 6 Mais, parce que je vous ai dit ces choses, la tristesse a rempli votre cœur.
7  Cependant je vous dis la vérité: il vous est avantageux que je m’en aille, car si je ne m’en vais pas, le consolateur ne viendra pas vers vous ; mais, si je m’en vais, je vous l’enverrai. 8 Et quand il sera venu, il convaincra le monde en ce qui concerne le péché, la justice, et le jugement: 9 en ce qui concerne le péché, parce qu’ils ne croient pas en moi ; 10 la justice, parce que je vais au Père, et que vous ne me verrez plus ; 11 le jugement, parce que le prince de ce monde est jugé. 12 J’ai encore beaucoup de choses à vous dire, mais vous ne pouvez pas les porter maintenant. 13 Quand le consolateur sera venu, l’Esprit de vérité, il vous conduira dans toute la vérité ; car il ne parlera pas de lui-même, mais il dira tout ce qu’il aura entendu, et il vous annoncera les choses à venir. 14 Il me glorifiera, parce qu’il prendra de ce qui est à moi, et vous l’annoncera. 15 Tout ce que le Père a est à moi ; c’est pourquoi j’ai dit qu’il prend de ce qui est à moi, et qu’il vous l’annoncera.
16 Encore un peu de temps, et vous ne me verrez plus ; et puis encore un peu de temps, et vous me verrez, parce que je vais au Père. 17 Là-dessus, quelques-uns de ses disciples dirent entre eux : Que signifie ce qu’il nous dit : Encore un peu de temps, et vous ne me verrez plus ; et puis encore un peu de temps, et vous me verrez ? et : Parce que je vais au Père ? 18 Ils disaient donc : Que signifie ce qu’il dit : Encore un peu de temps ? Nous ne savons de quoi il parle. 19 Jésus, connut qu’ils voulaient l’interroger, leur dit : Vous vous questionnez les uns les autres sur ce que j’ai dit : Encore un peu de temps, et vous ne me verrez plus ; et puis encore un peu de temps, et vous me verrez. 20 En vérité, en vérité, je vous le dis, vous pleurerez et vous vous lamenterez, et le monde se réjouira: vous serez dans la tristesse, mais votre tristesse se changera en joie. 21 La femme, lorsqu’elle enfante, éprouve de la tristesse, parce que son heure est venue ; mais, lorsqu’elle a donné le jour à l’enfant, elle ne se souvient plus de la souffrance, à cause de la joie qu’elle a de ce qu’un homme est né dans le monde. 22 Vous donc aussi, vous êtes maintenant dans la tristesse ; mais je vous reverrai, et votre cœur se réjouira, et nul ne vous ravira votre joie.
23  En ce jour-là, vous ne m’interrogerez plus sur rien. En vérité, en vérité, je vous le dis, ce que vous demanderez au Père, il vous le donnera en mon nom. 24 Jusqu’à présent vous n’avez rien demandé en mon nom. Demandez, et vous recevrez, afin que votre joie soit parfaite. 25 Je vous ai dit ces choses en paraboles. L’heure vient où je ne vous parlerai plus en paraboles, mais où je vous parlerai ouvertement du Père. 26 En ce jour, vous demanderez en mon nom, et je ne vous dis pas que je prierai le Père pour vous ; 27 car le Père lui-même vous aime, parce que vous m’avez aimé, et que vous avez cru que je suis sorti de Dieu.
28  Je suis sorti du Père, et je suis venu dans le monde ; maintenant je quitte le monde, et je vais au Père. 29 Ses disciples lui dirent : Voici, maintenant tu parles ouvertement, et tu n’emploies aucune parabole. 30 Maintenant nous savons que tu sais toutes choses, et que tu n’as pas besoin que personne t’interroge ; c’est pourquoi nous croyons que tu es sorti de Dieu. 31 Jésus leur répondit : Vous croyez maintenant. 32 Voici, l’heure vient, et elle est déjà venue, où vous serez dispersés chacun de son côté, et où vous me laisserez seul ; mais je ne suis pas seul, car le Père est avec moi. 33 Je vous ai dit ces choses, afin que vous ayez la paix en moi. Vous aurez des tribulations dans le monde ; mais prenez courage, j’ai vaincu le monde.” (Jean 16:1-33 LSG)

“30 Ils lui répondirent : Si ce n’était pas un malfaiteur, nous ne te l’aurions pas livré. 31 Sur quoi Pilate leur dit : Prenez-le vous-mêmes, et jugez-le selon votre loi. Les Juifs lui dirent : Il ne nous est pas permis de mettre personne à mort. 32 C’était afin que s’accomplît la parole que Jésus avait dite, lorsqu’il indiqua de quelle mort il devait mourir.” (Jean 18:30-32 LSG)

“15 A chaque fête, le gouverneur avait coutume de relâcher un prisonnier, celui que demandait la foule. 16 Ils avaient alors un prisonnier fameux, nommé Barabbas. 17 Comme ils étaient assemblés, Pilate leur dit : Lequel voulez-vous que je vous relâche, Barabbas, ou Jésus, qu’on appelle Christ ? 18 Car il savait que c’était par envie qu’ils avaient livré Jésus. 19 Pendant qu’il était assis sur le tribunal, sa femme lui fit dire : Qu’il n’y ait rien entre toi et ce juste ; car aujourd’hui j’ai beaucoup souffert en songe à cause de lui. 20 Les principaux sacrificateurs et les anciens persuadèrent à la foule de demander Barabbas, et de faire périr Jésus. 21 Le gouverneur prenant la parole, leur dit : Lequel des deux voulez-vous que je vous relâche ? Ils répondirent : Barabbas. 22 Pilate leur dit : Que ferai-je donc de Jésus, qu’on appelle Christ ? Tous répondirent : Qu’il soit crucifié ! 23 Le gouverneur dit : Mais quel mal a-t-il fait ? Et ils crièrent encore plus fort : Qu’il soit crucifié ! 24 Pilate, voyant qu’il ne gagnait rien, mais que le tumulte augmentait, prit de l’eau, se lava les mains en présence de la foule, et dit : Je suis innocent du sang de ce juste. Cela vous regarde. 25 Et tout le peuple répondit : Que son sang retombe sur nous et sur nos enfants !
26  Alors Pilate leur relâcha Barabbas ; et, après avoir fait battre de verges Jésus, il le livra pour être crucifié.” (Matthieu 27:15-26 LSG)

“2 Tu ne suivras point la multitude pour faire le mal ; et tu ne déposeras point dans un procès en te mettant du côté du grand nombre, pour violer la justice. 3 Tu ne favoriseras point le pauvre dans son procès.” (Exode 23:2-3 LSG)

“9 Pilate leur répondit: Voulez-vous que je vous relâche le roi des Juifs ? 10 Car il savait que c’était par envie que les principaux sacrificateurs l’avaient livré. 11 Mais les chefs des sacrificateurs excitèrent la foule, afin que Pilate leur relâchât plutôt Barabbas. 12 Pilate, reprenant la parole, leur dit : Que voulez-vous donc que je fasse de celui que vous appelez le roi des Juifs ? 13 Ils crièrent de nouveau : Crucifie-le ! 14 Pilate leur dit : Quel mal a-t-il fait ? Et ils crièrent encore plus fort : Crucifie-le !
15  Pilate, voulant satisfaire la foule, leur relâcha Barabbas ; et, après avoir fait battre de verges Jésus, il le livra pour être crucifié.” (Marc 15:9-15 LSG)

“16 Les soldats conduisirent Jésus dans l’intérieur de la cour, c’est-à-dire, dans le prétoire, et ils assemblèrent toute la cohorte. 17 Ils le revêtirent de pourpre, et posèrent sur sa tête une couronne d’épines, qu’ils avaient tressée. 18 Puis ils se mirent à le saluer: Salut, roi des Juifs ! 19 Et ils lui frappaient la tête avec un roseau, crachaient sur lui, et, fléchissant les genoux, ils se prosternaient devant lui. 20 Après s’être ainsi moqués de lui, ils lui ôtèrent la pourpre, lui remirent ses vêtements, et l’emmenèrent pour le crucifier.” (Marc 15:16-20 LSG)

“32  On conduisait en même temps deux malfaiteurs, qui devaient être mis à mort avec Jésus. 33 Lorsqu’ils furent arrivés au lieu appelé Crâne, ils le crucifièrent là, ainsi que les deux malfaiteurs, l’un à droite, l’autre à gauche. 34 Jésus dit : Père, pardonne-leur, car ils ne savent ce qu’ils font. Ils se partagèrent ses vêtements, en tirant au sort.” (Luc 23:32-34 LSG)

“44 Mais moi, je vous dis : Aimez vos ennemis, bénissez ceux qui vous maudissent, faites du bien à ceux qui vous haïssent, et priez pour ceux qui vous maltraitent et qui vous persécutent, 45 afin que vous soyez fils de votre Père qui est dans les cieux ; car il fait lever son soleil sur les méchants et sur les bons, et il fait pleuvoir sur les justes et sur les injustes. 46 Si vous aimez ceux qui vous aiment, quelle récompense méritez-vous ? Les publicains aussi n’agissent-ils pas de même ? 47 Et si vous saluez seulement vos frères, que faites-vous d’extraordinaire ? Les païens aussi n’agissent-ils pas de même ? 48 Soyez donc parfaits, comme votre Père céleste est parfait.” (Matthieu 5:44-48 LSG)

“13 Le Dieu d’Abraham, d’Isaac et de Jacob, le Dieu de nos pères, a glorifié son serviteur Jésus, que vous avez livré et renié devant Pilate, qui était d’avis qu’on le relâchât. 14 Vous avez renié le Saint et le Juste, et vous avez demandé qu’on vous accordât la grâce d’un meurtrier. 15 Vous avez fait mourir le Prince de la vie, que Dieu a ressuscité des morts ; nous en sommes témoins. 16 C’est par la foi en son nom que son nom a raffermi celui que vous voyez et connaissez ; c’est la foi en lui qui a donné à cet homme cette entière guérison, en présence de vous tous. 17 Et maintenant, frères, je sais que vous avez agi par ignorance, ainsi que vos chefs. 18 Mais Dieu a accompli de la sorte ce qu’il avait annoncé d’avance par la bouche de tous ses prophètes, que son Christ devait souffrir.” (Actes 3:13-18 LSG)

“8 sagesse qu’aucun des chefs de ce siècle n’a connue, car, s’ils l’eussent connue, ils n’auraient pas crucifié le Seigneur de gloire. 9 Mais, comme il est écrit, ce sont des choses que l’œil n’a point vues, que l’oreille n’a point entendues, et qui ne sont point montées au cœur de l’homme, des choses que Dieu a préparées pour ceux qui l’aiment. 10 Dieu nous les a révélées par l’Esprit. Car l’Esprit sonde tout, même les profondeurs de Dieu.” (1 Corinthiens 2:8-10 LSG)

“Le peuple se tenait là, et regardait. Les magistrats se moquaient de Jésus, disant : Il a sauvé les autres ; qu’il se sauve lui-même, s’il est le Christ, l’élu de Dieu !” (Luc 23:35 LSG)

“16 (22-17) Car des chiens m’environnent, Une bande de scélérats rôdent autour de moi, Ils ont percé mes mains et mes pieds. 17 (22-18) Je pourrais compter tous mes os. Eux, ils observent, ils me regardent ; 18 (22-19) Ils se partagent mes vêtements, Ils tirent au sort ma tunique.” (Psaumes 22:16-18 LSG)

“36 Les soldats aussi se moquaient de lui ; s’approchant et lui présentant du vinaigre, 37 ils disaient : Si tu es le roi des Juifs, sauve-toi toi-même ! 38 Il y avait au-dessus de lui cette inscription : Celui-ci est le roi des Juifs. 39 L’un des malfaiteurs crucifiés l’injuriait, disant : N’es-tu pas le Christ ? Sauve-toi toi-même, et sauve-nous ! 40 Mais l’autre le reprenait, et disait : Ne crains-tu pas Dieu, toi qui subis la même condamnation ? 41 Pour nous, c’est justice, car nous recevons ce qu’ont mérité nos crimes ; mais celui-ci n’a rien fait de mal. 42 Et il dit à Jésus : Souviens-toi de moi, quand tu viendras dans ton règne. 43 Jésus lui répondit : Je te le dis en vérité, aujourd’hui tu seras avec moi dans le paradis.” (Luc 23:36-43 LSG)

“1  Le point capital de ce qui vient d’être dit, c’est que nous avons un tel souverain sacrificateur, qui s’est assis à la droite du trône de la majesté divine dans les cieux, 2 comme ministre du sanctuaire et du véritable tabernacle, qui a été dressé par le Seigneur et non par un homme. 3 Tout souverain sacrificateur est établi pour présenter des offrandes et des sacrifices ; d’où il est nécessaire que celui-ci ait aussi quelque chose à présenter. 4 S’il était sur la terre, il ne serait pas même sacrificateur, puisque là sont ceux qui présentent les offrandes selon la loi 5 lesquels célèbrent un culte, image et ombre des choses célestes, selon que Moïse en fut divinement averti lorsqu’il allait construire le tabernacle : Aie soin, lui fut-il dit, de faire tout d’après le modèle qui t’a été montré sur la montagne.
6  Mais maintenant il a obtenu un ministère d’autant supérieur qu’il est le médiateur d’une alliance plus excellente, qui a été établie sur de meilleures promesses. 7 En effet, si la première alliance avait été sans défaut, il n’aurait pas été question de la remplacer par une seconde. 8 Car c’est avec l’expression d’un blâme que le Seigneur dit à Israël : Voici, les jours viennent, dit le Seigneur, Où je ferai avec la maison d’Israël et la maison de Juda Une alliance nouvelle, 9 Non comme l’alliance que je traitai avec leurs pères, Le jour où je les saisis par la main Pour les faire sortir du pays d’Egypte ; Car ils n’ont pas persévéré dans mon alliance, Et moi aussi je ne me suis pas soucié d’eux, dit le Seigneur.” (Hébreux 8:1-9 LSG)

“2 Je connais un homme en Christ, qui fut, il y a quatorze ans, ravi jusqu’au troisième ciel (si ce fut dans son corps je ne sais, si ce fut hors de son corps je ne sais, Dieu le sait). 3 Et je sais que cet homme (si ce fut dans son corps ou sans son corps je ne sais, Dieu le sait) 4 fut enlevé dans le paradis, et qu’il entendit des paroles ineffables qu’il n’est pas permis à un homme d’exprimer. 5 Je me glorifierai d’un tel homme, mais de moi-même je ne me glorifierai pas, sinon de mes infirmités. 6 Si je voulais me glorifier, je ne serais pas un insensé, car je dirais la vérité ; mais je m’en abstiens, afin que personne n’ait à mon sujet une opinion supérieure à ce qu’il voit en moi ou à ce qu’il entend de moi. 7 Et pour que je ne sois pas enflé d’orgueil, à cause de l’excellence de ces révélations, il m’a été mis une écharde dans la chair, un ange de Satan pour me souffleter et m’empêcher de m’enorgueillir.” (2 Corinthiens 12:2-7 LSG)

“Que celui qui a des oreilles entende ce que l’Esprit dit aux Eglises : A celui qui vaincra je donnerai à manger de l’arbre de vie, qui est dans le paradis de Dieu.” (Apocalypse 2:7 LSG)

“6 qui rendra à chacun selon ses œuvres ; 7 réservant la vie éternelle à ceux qui, par la persévérance à bien faire, cherchent l’honneur, la gloire et l’immortalité ; 8 mais l’irritation et la colère à ceux qui, par esprit de dispute, sont rebelles à la vérité et obéissent à l’injustice. 9 Tribulation et angoisse sur toute âme d’homme qui fait le mal, sur le Juif premièrement, puis sur le Grec ! 10 Gloire, honneur et paix pour quiconque fait le bien, pour le Juif premièrement, puis pour le Grec ! 11 Car devant Dieu il n’y a point d’acception de personnes. 12 Tous ceux qui ont péché sans la loi périront aussi sans la loi, et tous ceux qui ont péché avec la loi seront jugés par la loi. 13 Ce ne sont pas, en effet, ceux qui écoutent la loi qui sont justes devant Dieu, mais ce sont ceux qui la mettent en pratique qui seront justifiés. 14 Quand les païens, qui n’ont point la loi, font naturellement ce que prescrit la loi, ils sont, eux qui n’ont point la loi, une loi pour eux-mêmes ; 15 ils montrent que l’œuvre de la loi est écrite dans leurs cœurs, leur conscience en rendant témoignage, et leurs pensées s’accusant ou se défendant tour à tour. 16 C’est ce qui paraîtra au jour où, selon mon Evangile, Dieu jugera par Jésus-Christ les actions secrètes des hommes.” (Romains 2:6-16 LSG)


  • -Good Friday Message: “It’s Friday, But Sunday’s Coming” (
    Dr. Campolo tells how he preached the perfect sermon in every way and had taken the congregation to ‘the heights of glory’. As he sat down beside his pastor, Dr. Tony patted him on the knee and simply said, “Top that.” The older black pastor looked at him and said, “Boy, watch the master.” Then Dr. Campolo recalls for us the very brilliant message which followed.
  • He Is… (
    How can one every fully define all that our Lord, Jesus the Christ, is?  God has bestowed upon His Son many, many names.  There are a vast number of prophecies in the Old Testament that Jesus fulfilled…and was allocated the glorious Name associated with these prophecies.
  • Why did Jesus have to die? 50 reasons from theologian John Piper (
    For Good Friday, I thought it would make sense to post a list of 50 reasons why Jesus had to die, from famous theologian John Piper. (Link fixed)Here are the ones that speak to me, but I think they are all really good:
  • Learning to Believe and Not to Challenge: A Good Friday Meditation (
    Good Friday, the day in which the entire catholic Church pauses to remember the torture, crucifixion, and death of the Messiah. Most of my mediations have come from the Gospel of Luke, a
  • Friday of the Passion of the Lord (Good Friday) (
    It was preparation day for Passover, and it was about noon. And he said to the Jews, “Behold, your king!” They cried out, “Take him away, take him away! Crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your king?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.” Then he handed him over to them to be crucified.

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