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Posts tagged ‘Compassion’

Matthew 18:23-35 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Kingdom and Forgiveness

Matthew 18:23-35 – The Kingdom and Forgiveness

MT18:23 “For this reason the Realm of Heaven may be compared to a human king who wished to settle his logs[1] with his slaves. MT18:24 Having started to settle the accounts one debtor owing ten thousand talents[2] was brought forward. MT18:25 But not having the resources to pay off his debt the master commanded that he, his woman, his children, and everything they possessed, be sold so the debt could be paid.[3] MT18:26 As a result the slave fell forward prostrating himself at the feet[4] of his master, pleading, ‘Be long-suffering[5] with me and I shall pay back everything I owe you!’ MT18:27 Now the master of the slave was moved by compassion[6] and so released[7] the slave including his loan. MT18:28 However, after that slave left he found one of his fellow slaves who owed him one hundred denarii.[8] He grabbed his fellow and began choking him, screaming: ‘Pay me everything you owe me!’ MT18:29 Now the fellow slave fell on his knees and pleaded, ‘Be long-suffering with me and I will pay back what I owe you!’ MT18:30 But the first slave was unwilling to wait and he left to have his fellow slave thrown into prison until everything he owed was repaid. MT18:31 Now the other slaves saw all this and were deeply distressed. They went to their master and clarified the whole matter so he knew everything that had happened. MT18:32 Then the master demanded the first slave appear before him, telling him, ‘Wicked slave, I released you of all your debt because you begged me so. MT18:33 Was it not necessary for you also to be charitable[9] to your fellow slave just as I had been charitable to you?’ MT18:34 And having now become extremely angry the master turned the slave over to the tormentors[10] until he had repaid everything he owed. MT18:35 Just so my heavenly Father will do to you[11] if ever you do not forgive from your hearts every one of your brothers!”[12]

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[1] Settle his logs: The Greek is LOGON and may be rendered: KJV: take account; ASV: a reckoning; RHM: settle accounts.

[2] Ten thousand talents: NEB: ran into the millions; MOF: three million pounds; MON: fifteen million dollars; PME: millions of dollars. If a slave made 16 cents a day one can see the debt was enormous.

[3] Sold so the debt could be paid: It seems impossible that a slave could repay such a debt.

[4] Fell forward prostrating himself at the feet: Or, KJV: fell down, and worshipped him; RHM: falling down began to do homage. See notes else where on PROSKUNEO or prostrate. Research also the word worship.

[5] Long-suffering: The Greek is literally “longness of spirit.” Or, KJV: have patience; WMS: give me time.

[6] Moved by compassion: Or, RIEU: sorry for him; GDSP: heart was touched; NOR: took pity on.

[7] Released: Or, KJV: loosed him; RIEU: let him go free and canceled the loan.

[8] One hundred denarii: Or, TCNT: ten pounds; MON: fifty dollars; GDSP: hundred dollars; PME: few dollars. The difference between the two debts is unthinkable. The scholar Kennedy contrasted the difference in the two debts: the later one could be carried in a pocket; the former was so huge it would require 8,600 workers each carrying 60 pounds! The larger debt was more than that of whole provinces in Judea.

[9] Charitable: Generally this word is rendered by “mercy” but we can see that this is not a matter of judging someone but canceling debt, thus charity. Or, NOR: pity. Read and meditate on James 2:13.

[10] Tormentors: The Greek is BASANISTAIS. Or, BER: scourgers; GDSP: jailers. Research the word basan and torment for the original meaning of confinement or punishment with or without torture.

[11] Just so my heavenly Father will do to you: This is a most serious matter. Those who refuse to forgive will learn a side to the Almighty they will not like. It is a mistaken notion that the Nazarene and his Father were all-forgiving all the time. This matter of forgiveness is one in which the individual chooses his own destiny. See notes on Matthew 6:14, 15 and Matthew 7:1, 2. The lesson is simple and straightforward: we have been a debt so great it is impossible to repay; therefore, we ought to reflect our appreciation in forgiving our fellows.

[12] Forgive from your hearts every one of your brothers: Or, KNX: with all his heart; BER: if each of you does not heartily forgive his brother. Read and meditate on Ephesians 4:23 and Colossians 3:13.

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Preceding posts

Matthew 18:1-6 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Children and Stumbling

Matthew 18:1-6 Reborn and pliable as a child

Matthew 18:7-11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Danger of Stumbling-blocks

Matthew 18:12-14 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Searching for Lost Sheep

Matthew 18:15-17 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Three Steps to Gaining a Brother

Matthew 18:18-20 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Authority of Two or Three

Matthew 18:21-22 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Forgive 77 Times!

Ableness to forgive those who wronged us

Matthew 15:32-39 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: 4000 Fed

Matthew 15:32-39 – 4,000 Fed

|| Mark 8:1-10

MT15:32 But Jesus called his disciples around him and said, “I am feeling compassion[1] over the crowd because it is already three days[2] since they approached me and they have had nothing to eat. I do not want to dismiss them fasting. They may give out on the road.”[3] MT15:33 His disciples asked him, “Where in this isolated place are there enough loaves of bread to satisfy this crowd?” MT15:34 Now Jesus told them, “How many loaves do you have?”[4] The disciples said, “Only seven and a few small fish.”[5] MT15:35 Having ordered the crowd to recline on the ground MT15:36 Jesus took the seven loaves of bread and the fish and giving thanks he broke the bread and gave it to his disciples, and the disciples to the crowd. MT15:37 And everyone ate and was satisfied.[6] The surplus of leftovers[7] they gathered filled seven provision baskets. MT15:38 Those who ate included four-thousand males apart from women and little boys.[8] MT15:39 Having dismissed the crowds Jesus boarded the boat and arrive into the Magadan area.[9]

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[1] Compassion: Or, PME: my heart goes out. This crowd has just experienced unnumbered miracles and the joyous conversation with tears of happiness must be awesome. We can only imagine their emotions.

[2] Three days: Imagine such a crowd, so filled with energy and elation they have lost the count of time and at least one night has passed. The strength and example of the Nazarene is something to admire.

[3] They may give out on the road: Or, RHM: lest by any means they faint; PME: collapse on the way; BAS: they will have no strength for the journey.

[4] How many loaves do you have: The disciples either are aware of the availability of this food or they carry it themselves. They have walked over fifty miles and climbed a mountain. Surely there is at least the passing concern they will not have enough.

[5] A few small fish: They may have fished at the lake or carried dried fish with them.

[6] Everyone ate and was satisfied: Or, TCNT: everyone had sufficient to eat; NEB: they all ate to their heart’s content.

[7] Surplus of leftovers: Or, KJV: broken meat; BER: leftovers filled seven hampers; NEB: the scraps left over.

[8] Males apart from women and little boys: See Matthew 14:21.

[9] Arrive into the Magadan area: About a ten mile row along the coast. This is the only occurrence of this place name. The name means “tower” and was the hometown of Mary Magdalene.

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Preceding

Matthew 14:14-22 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: 5,000 Fed

Matthew 15:1-20 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Tradition and the Heart

Matthew 15:21-28 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Giving Bread to Puppies

Matthew 15:29-31 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Jesus Cures

giovanni_lanfranco_-_miracle_of_the_bread_and_fish_-_wga12454.jpg

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Additional reading

  1. Cap 3000 a Valhalla blinding consumers

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