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Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #10 Matthew 26:40-47 – Two More Prayers for the Cup to Pass

Matthew 26:40-47 – Two More Prayers for the Cup to Pass

|| Mark 14:37-43; Luke 22:45-47a

MT26:40 When he returned to the disciples Jesus found them sleeping. Jesus said to Peter: “Peter, are you not strong enough to remain awake even one hour[1] with me?[2] MT26:41 Stay awake[3] and continue praying that you do not enter into temptation.[4] Of course, the spirit is eager but the flesh is weak.”[5] MT26:42 Now again for the second time Jesus went off [a distance] to pray. He said: “My Father! If it is possible allow this cup to pass me by so I do not have to drink it! Let Your will take place!” MT26:43 Now when Jesus returned he again found his disciples sleeping because their eyelids were heavy.[6] MT26:44 And Jesus left them to pray and repeat for the third time[7] the very same words again. MT26:45 Returning to his disciples Jesus told them, “At this final moment you [disciples] are sleeping and taking your rest. Look! The hour[8] has drawn near. The Son of Humankind is to be turned over to the hands of sinners. MT26:46 Get up and let us leave. Look! My betrayer is approaching now!” MT26:47 And while Jesus was still speaking, look! Judas, one of the Twelve, came with a large crowd having swords and clubs. They had been sent by the chief priests and elders of the people.

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[1] Even one hour: Could this reflect the length of time Jesus prayed? The term “hour” indicates a very brief period in contrast to a “day” or “year.”

[2] With me: The affect and impact of dear friends not realizing the danger the Nazarene faced must have hit him hard. The disinterest and desertion of intimate friends is a severe test for anyone.

[3] Stay awake: The warning and command to stay awake and watch is much repeated by the Nazarene. See notes on Matthew 24:42, 43; Matthew 25:13 (Mark 13:23, 33, 35, 37; Luke 21:36).

[4] Praying that you do not enter into temptation: See notes on Matthew 6:13.Compare 1 Corinthians 10:13; 1 Timothy 6:9. Or, NEB: spared the test; GDSP: pray that you may not be exposed to trial.

[5] The spirit is eager but the flesh is weak: Or, WMS: man’s spirit is will but human nature is weak; WEY: the body is frail.

[6] Their eyelids were heavy: Mark 14:40 adds, “so they did not know what to answer him.” Luke 22:45 adds the reason, “… slumbering from grief.” Often sleep is an escape from fear, anxiety or grief.

[7] The third time: Luke 22:43, 44 adds, “Then an angel from heaven appeared to him and strengthened him. But getting into an agony he continued praying more earnestly; and his sweat became as drops of blood falling to the ground.” (NW) The night air must be crisp or frigid as later accounts indicate. To sweat in these conditions indicates the severity of the Nazarene’s concern. Sweating blood indicates a rare sickness (diapedesis) in fulfillment of Isaiah 53:10. Some see this only as a metaphor to describe the sweat.

[8] Hour: A word indicating a short time within only hours and not a prolonged period. Research the word hour.

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Preceding

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #1 Matthew 26:1-2 – Two Days Before Execution

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #2 Matthew 26:3-5 – Plotting to Seize Jesus

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #3 Matthew 26:6-13 – A Woman to Be Remembered

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #4 Matthew 26:14-16 – The Price of Betrayal

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #5 Matthew 26:17-19 – Passover Preparations

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #6 Matthew 26:20-25 – The Last Passover

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #7 Matthew 26:26-30 – Keep Doing This in My Memory

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #8 Matthew 26:31-35 – How All Will Be Stumbled This Night

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #9 Matthew 26:36-39 – Garden Prayer

On the first day for matzah

File:RossanoGospelsLastSupper.jpg

Miniature of the Last Supper from the Rossano Gospels

 

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“1  it was now two days before Pesach (that is, the festival of matzah), and the head cohanim and the torah-teachers were trying to find some way to arrest Yeshua surreptitiously and have him put to death; 2 for they said, “not during the festival, or the people will riot.”” (Mark 14:1-2 CJB)

“10 then Y’hudah from K’riot, who was one of the twelve, went to the head cohanim in order to betray Yeshua to them. 11 they were pleased to hear this and promised to give him money. and he began looking for a good opportunity to betray Yeshua.” (Mark 14:10-11 CJB)

“6 (22:7) but I am a worm, not a man, scorned by everyone, despised by the people. 7 (22:8) all who see me jeer at me; they sneer and shake their heads:” (Psalms 22:6-7 CJB)

“I said to them, “if it seems good to you, give me my wages; if not, don’t.” so they weighed out my wages, thirty silver (shekel s, that is, twelve ounces).” (Zechariah 11:12 CJB)

“for the love of money is a root of all the evils; because of this craving, some people have wandered away from the faith and pierced themselves to the heart with many pains.” (1 Timothy 6:10 CJB)

14 Nisan

“12  on the first day for matzah, when they slaughtered the lamb for Pesach, Yeshua’s talmidim asked him, “where do you want us to go and prepare your Seder?” 13 he sent two of his talmidim with these instructions: “go into the city, and a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. follow him; 14 and whichever house he enters, tell him that the rabbi says, ‘where is the guest room for me, where I am to eat the Pesach meal with my talmidim?’ 15 he will show you a large room upstairs, furnished and ready. make the preparations there.” 16 the talmidim went off, came to the city and found things just as he had told them they would be; and they prepared the Seder. 17 when evening came, Yeshua arrived with the twelve. 18 as they were reclining and eating, Yeshua said, “yes! I tell you that one of you is going to betray me.” 19 they became upset and began asking him, one after the other, “you don’t mean me, do you?” 20 “it’s one of the twelve,” he said to them, “someone dipping matzah in the dish with me. 21 for the son of man will die, just as the Tanakh says he will; but woe to that man by whom the son of man is betrayed! it would have been better for him had he never been born!” 22 while they were eating, Yeshua took a piece of matzah, made the b’rakhah, broke it, gave it to them and said, “take it! this is my body.” 23 also he took a cup of wine, made the b’rakhah, and gave it to them; and they all drank. 24 he said to them, “this is my blood, which ratifies the new covenant, my blood shed on behalf of many people.” (Mark 14:12-24 CJB)“14 when the time came, Yeshua and the emissaries reclined at the table, 15 and he said to them, “I have really wanted so much to celebrate this Seder with you before I die! 16 for I tell you, it is certain that I will not celebrate it again until it is given its full meaning in the kingdom of god.” 17 then, taking a cup of wine, he made the b’rakhah and said, “take this and share it among yourselves. 18 for I tell you that from now on, I will not drink the ‘fruit of the vine’ until the kingdom of god comes.” 19 also, taking a piece of matzah, he made the b’rakhah, broke it, gave it to them and said, “this is my body, which is being given for you; do this in memory of me.” 20 he did the same with the cup after the meal, saying, “this cup is the new covenant, ratified by my blood, which is being poured out for you.” (Luke 22:14-20 CJB)

“the “cup of blessing” over which we make the b’rakhah —isn’t it a sharing in the bloody sacrificial death of the Messiah? the bread we break, isn’t it a sharing in the body of the Messiah?” (1 Corinthians 10:16 CJB)

“21  “but look! the person who is betraying me is here at the table with me! 22 the son of man is going to his death according to god’s plan, but woe to that man by whom he is being betrayed!”” (Luke 22:21-22 CJB)

“17 when evening came, Yeshua arrived with the twelve. 18 as they were reclining and eating, Yeshua said, “yes! I tell you that one of you is going to betray me.” 19 they became upset and began asking him, one after the other, “you don’t mean me, do you?” 20 “it’s one of the twelve,” he said to them, “someone dipping matzah in the dish with me. 21 for the son of man will die, just as the Tanakh says he will; but woe to that man by whom the son of man is betrayed! it would have been better for him had he never been born!” 22 while they were eating, Yeshua took a piece of matzah, made the b’rakhah, broke it, gave it to them and said, “take it! this is my body.” 23 also he took a cup of wine, made the b’rakhah, and gave it to them; and they all drank. 24 he said to them, “this is my blood, which ratifies the new covenant, my blood shed on behalf of many people. 25 yes! I tell you, I will not drink this ‘fruit of the vine’ again until the day I drink new wine in the kingdom of god.”” (Mark 14:17-25 CJB)

“24 an argument arose among them as to which of them should be considered the greatest. 25 but Yeshua said to them, “the kings of the Goyim lord it over them; and those in authority over them are given the title, ‘Benefactor.’ 26 but not so with you! on the contrary, let the greater among you become like the younger, and one who rules like one who serves. 27 for who is greater? the one reclining at the table? or the one who serves? it’s the one reclining at the table, isn’t it? but I myself am among you like one who serves. 28 “you are the ones who have stayed with me throughout my trials. 29 just as my father gave me the right to rule, so I give you an appointment, 30 namely, to eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and to sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Isra’el.” (Luke 22:24-30 CJB)

“26 after singing the Hallel, they went out to the mount of olives. 27 Yeshua said to them, “you will all lose faith in me, for theTanakh says, ‘I will strike the shepherd dead, and the sheep will be scattered.’ 28 but after I have been raised, I will go ahead of you into the Galil.”” (Mark 14:26-28 CJB)

““awake, sword, against my shepherd, against the man who is close to me,” says ADONAI-Tzva’ot. “strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered; I will turn my hand against the young ones.” (Zechariah 13:7 CJB)

“31  Yeshua then said to them, “tonight you will all lose faith in me, as theTanakh says, ‘I will strike the shepherd dead, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.’ 32 but after I have been raised, I will go ahead of you into the Galil.” 33 “I will never lose faith in you,” Kefa answered, “even if everyone else does.” 34 Yeshua said to him, “yes! I tell you that tonight before the rooster crows, you will disown me three times!” 35 “even if I must die with you,” Kefa replied, “I will never disown you!” and all the talmidim said the same thing.” (Matthew 26:31-35 CJB)

“31 Yeshua answered, “now you do believe. 32 but a time is coming—indeed it has come already—when you will be scattered, each one looking out for himself; and you will leave me all alone. yet I am not alone; because the father is with me. 33 “I have said these things to you so that, united with me, you may have shalom. in the world, you have tsuris. but be brave! I have conquered the world!”” (John 16:31-33 CJB)

“1  after Yeshua had said these things, he looked up toward heaven and said, “father, the time has come. glorify your son, so that the son may glorify you— 2 just as you gave him authority over all mankind, so that he might give eternal life to all those whom you have given him. 3 and eternal life is this: to know you, the one true god, and him whom you sent, Yeshua the Messiah. 4 “I glorified you on earth by finishing the work you gave me to do. 5 now, father, glorify me alongside yourself. give me the same glory I had with you before the world existed. 6  “I made your name known to the people you gave me out of the world. they were yours, you gave them to me, and they have kept your word. 7 now they know that everything you have given me is from you, 8 because the words you gave me I have given to them, and they have received them. they have really come to know that I came from you, and they have come to trust that you sent me.” (John 17:1-8 CJB)

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Weight of the average daily Challah yield of t...

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Please do also find to read about the Last Supper:
  1. Deliverance and establishement of a theocracy
  2. 14 Nisan a day to remember #1 Inception
  3. 14 Nisan a day to remember #2 Time of Jesus
  4. 14 Nisan a day to remember #3 Before the Passover-feast
  5. 14 Nisan a day to remember #4 A Lamb slain
  6. 14 Nisan a day to remember #5 The Day to celebrate
  7. Around the feast of Unleavened Bread
  8. High Holidays not only for Israel
  9. Festival of Freedom and persecutions
  • Gethsemane (beautyfromchaos.wordpress.com)
    It was the evening of Passover. Yeshua had sent Shimon and Yochanan to prepare the meal. We had escaped the crowds that had followed us from Bethany after the miracle at Eleazar’s tomb, and had lined the streets as Yeshua rode into the city on a borrowed donkey.
  • Yeshua Tells How Peter Will Lie about Him (rocksolidministry.wordpress.com)
    Yeshua said to them, “All of you will be ashamed of Me and leave Me tonight. For it is written, ‘I will kill the shepherd and the sheep of the flock will be spread everywhere.’ 32 After I am raised from the dead, I will go before you to the country of Galilee.”
  • Happy Passover! (jewishvoice.wordpress.com)
    History repeats itself . . .
    First there were the Israelites in Bible times, who were saved from sudden slaughter when they obeyed God by putting blood on the lintels and doorposts of their home. The Angel of Death passed over, and the Hebrew children lived to tell their great story of God’s faithfulness.
  • March 25, 2013 (netzerremnant.com)
    With family and friends gathered around the table, God’s miraculous, divine rescue operation to deliver the ancient Israelites from oppression, bondage and slavery will be told at the Passover Seder, a special ritual meal held on the first two nights of Passover.
  • Tears of the Anointed (beautyfromchaos.wordpress.com)
    Yudah hated the Romans. None of us were particularly happy about their presence, but we put up with them and by and large they didn’t bother us too much. Yudah wanted an armed uprising, and thought that Yeshua was the way to achieve it; he wouldn’t let it go, however many times Yeshua patiently explained to him that that wasn’t what his teaching was about.
  • The Unanticipated Passover Seder (ghostriverstudios.wordpress.com)
    If there are aspects of the Passover seder from which all people can learn, how much more so is this true for believers in Messiah? After all, our Master Yeshua chose the wine and the matzah of a Passover Seder to represent his body and blood.
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    The Unanticipated Passover Seder
    I cannot be considered as one of the members of humanity who marched out of Egypt and left behind my slavery, and certainly I cannot project myself into the masses who stood at the foot of Mount Sinai and personally received the Torah from Hashem, as does every person who is Jewish.
  • The Unanticipated Passover Seder (mymorningmeditations.com)
    our Master Yeshua chose the wine and the matzah of a Passover Seder to represent his body and blood. More than just learning about and celebrating the concept of freedom from oppression and exile, for disciples of Messiah, the seder celebrates Yeshua’s atoning death and resurrection while remaining firmly grounded and centered on God’s deliverance of the Jewish people from Egypt.
  • Peter Said He Did Not Know Yeshua (rocksolidministry.wordpress.com)
    She looked at him and said, “You were with Yeshua of Nazareth.” Peter lied, saying, “I do not know Yeshua and do not understand what you are talking about.”

 

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