An other Christian WordPress.com site – Een andere Christelijke WordPress.com site

Posts tagged ‘Disciple’

Matthew 10:24-31 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Do Not Fear – Preach!

Matthew 10:24-31 – Do Not Fear – Preach!

|| Mark 4:22; Luke 12:2-9

MT10:24 “A disciple[1] is not above the teacher nor a slave above his Master. MT10:25 It is satisfactory if the disciple becomes like his teacher,[2] and the slave like his Master. If they call the lord of the house ‘Beelzebul,’[3] how much more those of the household. MT10:26 So, you should not fear them.[4] For there is nothing concealed[5] which will not be revealed,[6] and nothing hidden[7] which will not become known. MT10:27 What I tell you in the dark, tell in the light; and, what your ear hears, preach on the housetops.[8] MT10:28 Do not fear those who kill the body but are unable to kill the soul.[9] Rather, continue to fear the One capable of destroying[10] both soul and body in Gehenna.[11] MT10:29 Are not two sparrows[12] sold for an assarion?[13] And not one of them falls to the ground without your Father’s [awareness].[14] MT10:30 The very hairs of your head are numbered.[15] MT10:31 So, do not be afraid. You differ [greatly] from many sparrows.[16]

[1] Disciple: The Greek is MATHETES from which the English “mathematics” comes. Though “disciple” is related to “discipline” or that great effort to learn math. The word “Disciple” occurs 76 times in Matthew, 46 times in Mark, 38 times in Luke, 79 times in John, and 30 times in Acts. The word occurs nowhere else in the Christian Bible. No woman is ever called a “disciple” until Tabitha (Dorcas).

[2] Disciple becomes like his teacher: Jesus’ main point is that the disciples can expect to be condemned and spoken against during their work. This should not surprise them because the same is happening to their Teacher. They become like their Teacher in sharing his abuse and reproach.

[3] Beelzebul: Possibly a cryptic name for Satan meaning “Lord (owner) of Dung” or “Lord (owner) of Flies.” The contemptuous designation occurs as an accusation against the Nazarene at Matthew 12:24, 27; Mark 3:22; Luke 11:15, 18. Compare 2 Kings 1:2.

[4] Not fear them: Courage is an absolutely necessity for a disciple of the Nazarene. Jesus knows that some households and some towns will not accept or receive the disciples well. He knows they are likely to call his apostles names. Note what he had told them in his Mountain Teachings (Matthew 5:10-12). Fear is a tool of the Devil.

[5] Concealed: Those who speak evil against the disciples will be exposed in the Judgment (Matthew 12:36). Secret slander will finally be revealed.

[6] Revealed: The Greek is APOKALYPSTHESETAI. Compare Mark 4:22; Luke 8:17; 1 Corinthians 4:5; John 3:19-21. Imagine the evil talk which has gone on throughout the centuries as inquisitors plotted to entrap or accuse innocent Christians?

[7] Hidden: The Greek is CRYPTON. PME: nor any thing private which will not be made public.

[8] Tell in the light; and, what your ear hears, preach on the housetops: Jesus often spoke to his disciples in private (Matthew 17:19; 20:17; 24:3; Mark 4:34; 6:31; 7:33; 9:28; 13:3). He wants his disciples to preach these things. Compare Luke 12:3. NEB: you must repeat in broad daylight; BAS: what comes to your ear secretly; MOF: what you hear in a whisper.

[9] Are unable to kill the soul: This verse is viewed by some to prove the soul is immortal and continues to exist after death. Jesus possibly has in mind the future life as a spirit person. He is saying: while your persecutors may kill you physically, they cannot destroy your True Life. Compare Luke 12:4; 21:19. The Greek for soul here is PSYCHEN and between the Jewish Greek Bible (LXX) and the Christian Bible occurs about 1,000 times. Of these over 100 state the soul is mortal and destructible. Not once is the soul ever stated to be immortal as in the Platonic idea. See commentaries and dictionaries under “soul.”

[10] The One capable of destroying: That is The God. Note that Jesus says the soul is mortal and destructible.

[11] Gehenna: Some render the Greek GEHENNE as hell (KJV), the pit (GDSP), the fires of destruction (PME). See notes on Matthew 5:22. Gehenna is a symbol of eternal destruction and called “Second Death” in Revelation 20:14, 15.

[12] Sparrows: On another occasion Jesus uses five sparrows. The Greek allows for any small bird. Such birds were sold for a penny, roasted over a spit (Light From the Ancient East, by A. Deissmann, 1965, pp. 273, 274).

[13] Assarion: A Roman coin about a half-penny. The widow’s LEPTON was ten times less. One-sixteenth of a denarius. KJV: a farthing; ASV: a penny.

[14] Father’s [awareness]: The literal Greek is not one falls without your Father. TCNT: without your Father’s knowledge; BECK: with your Father’s permission. Jesus teaches how sensitive and aware the Life Source of the Universe is. Some Christians loose every bit of self-worth or self-esteem. This thought ought to encourage any that just as God notes the birds, He is well aware of our own plights. Compare 1 Peter 5:7.

[15] Hairs of your head are numbered: Compare Luke 12:7. Or, KNX: he takes every hair of your head into his reckoning. Some estimate the average head of hair to include about 100,000. The hair of the head is used metamorphicly in the Bible (1 Samuel 14:45; 2 Samuel 14:11; 1 Kings 1:52; Psalm 40:12; 69:4; Luke 21:18; Acts 27:34).

[16] You differ [greatly] from many sparrows: KJV: you are of more value than many sparrows; WEY: you are more precious than a multitude of sparrows

+

Preceding

Matthew 10:1-4 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Twelve Given Authority

Matthew 10:1-4 – Calling of the apostles – by Calvin

Matthew 10:5-10 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Jesus’ Orders: Territory, Theme, Trust

Matthew 10:11-15 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Searching for the Sheep

Matthew 10:16-23 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Sent Forth as Sheep among Wolves

Be strong

Advertisements

Matthew 10:1-4 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Twelve Given Authority

CHAPTER TEN:
HARVEST WORKERS GIVEN INSTRUCTIONS
AND SENT OUT

Matthew 10:1-4 – The Twelve Given Authority

|| Mark 3:16-19; Luke 6:13-16; Acts 1:13

The call of Andrew and Peter – Harold Copping (1863-1932) from “Scenes in the Life of our Lord” published by Religious Tract Society 1907. Location of original painting unknown.

MT10:1 Now Jesus invited his twelve disciples[1] to approach him. He gave them authority over unclean spirits to exorcise them and to cure every disease and malady. MT10:2 The names of the twelve apostles[2] are these: first, Simon[3] the one called Peter[4] and his brother Andrew;[5] and, James[6] the son of Zebedee and his brother John;[7] MT10:3 and Philip,[8] Bartholomew,[9] Thomas.[10] Matthew[11] the tax-collector, James the son of Alphaeus,[12] Thaddaeus,[13] MT10:4 Simon the Cananaean,[14] and Judas Iscariot[15] (the one who turned Jesus over[16]).

[1] Twelve disciples: The number “twelve” in this context occurs 34 times in the Christian Bible (Matthew 10:1, 2, 5, 11; 19:28; 20:17; 26:14, 20, 47; Mark 3:14, 16; 4:10; 6:7; 9:35; 10:32; 11:11; 14:10; 14:17, 20, 43; Luke 6:13; 8:1; 9:1, 12; 18:31; 22:3, 47; John 6:67, 70, 71; 20:24; Acts 6:2; 1 Corinthians 15:5; Revelation 21:14). 1 Corinthians 15:5 shows the “twelve” became an official group whether all twelve were present or not.

[2] The names of the twelve apostles: Compare the other apostolic lists and note not all remain in their same places. Other than these parallel lists some apostles are never mentioned elsewhere. Tradition and church history has certain unknown apostles leaving to far lands to evangelize while others died as martyrs. On their history see The History of the Christian Church by Eusebius; or, Foxe’s Book of Martyrs.

[3] Simon: The name means “Hear” and occurs 80 times in the Bible. Several are so named. There is another apostle named Simon. The father of Judas was named Simon. One of Jesus’ half-brothers was named Simon. The man who carried the cross (beam) for Jesus was also a Simon.

[4] Peter: See notes on Matthew 4:18. Peter is always first in the list and it is possible the Fisherman is the diamond (jasper stone) in the foundation of New Jerusalem (Revelation 21:19).

[5] Andrew: See notes on Matthew 4:18. This apostle moves to a lower number in the list of twelve.

[6] James: See notes on Matthew 4:21. This “James” is often mentioned as one of three among Peter and John (Matthew 17:1, 2; Luke 8:51; Mark 14:32-34; Mark 13:3, 4). James the apostle is always mentioned with John and often first (Matthew 4:21; 10:2; 17:1; Mark 1:19, 29; 3:17; 5:37; 9:2; 10:35, 41; 13:3; 14:33; Luke 5:10; 6:14; 8:51; 9:28, 54; Acts 1:13). James was also the name of one of Jesus’ brothers. It is this later James to whom Jesus appeared after his resurrection (1 Corinthians 15:8) and who wrote the epistle after his name.

[7] John: See notes on Matthew 4:21. This John moves into one of the three third positions among the apostles. He is not mentioned after Acts 11:29 save in Galatians 2:9 where he is identified as a “pillar.” He outlived all the apostles and is thought to have lived into the second century. He is reckoned the author of the Gospel of John, three epistles, and the Book of Revelation.

[8] Philip: The name means “Horse-lover” and occurs 35 times in the Christian Bible as the name of several men. The apostle Philip occurs only in the apostolic lists with John giving some details of his calling (John 1:40, 41, 43-49).

[9] Bartholomew: The name means “Son of Tolmai” and occurs 4 times, only in the apostolic lists. He is generally listed with Philip and most think he is the same as Nathanael (Matthew 10:3; Luke 6:14; John 1:45, 46). Nathanael means “God Has Given” and occurs 7 times only in Matthew and John. In the next centuries the “church fathers” use the names interchangeably for the same apostle. He is the first to call Jesus “King.” He was a man of outstanding character, without deceit or guileless, according to the Nazarene’s own judgment (John 1:43-51).

[10] Thomas: The name means “Twin” and occurs 13 times in the Christian Bible but not after the apostolic list in Acts. He is forever associated with vocal doubts (Matthew 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; John 11:16). Despite this unjust reputation Thomas was willing to die with Jesus (John 11:16). He becomes an example to others to have faith without seeing (John 20:24-29).

[11] Matthew: See notes on Matthew 9:9-10. He is not mentioned after the ascension to heaven (Mark 3:13-19; Luke 6:12-16).

[12] James the son of Alphaeus: Alphaeus is thought to be the same as Clopas (Matthew 10:2, 3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13) He is called “the Less” possibly because of his age or height (John 19:25; Mark 15:40; Matthew 27:56).

[13] Thaddaeus: The name only occurs here and Mark 3:18. He is elsewhere called “Judas the son of James.” (Luke 6:16; John 14:22; Acts 1:13) There is a humbling lesson in some of these apostolic names that appear nowhere else. They served in blessed ways almost anonymous. There have been many millions of similar Christians whose names remain unknown until that day when the “Lamb’s scroll of life” is published for others to read.

[14] Simon the Cananaean: This designation also occurs at Mark 3:18.

[15] Judas Iscariot: Perhaps the most infamous name in the Bible. Few, if any, mothers since have named their son Judas. The name Judas is drawn from Judah (“Praise”) or Jew. The full name occurs 7 times in the Gospels. “Iscariot” is thought by some to mean he was from a town called Kerioth-hezron in Judah. It is highly possible that Judas was the only apostle who was not a Galilean. It is likely that initially Judas was a good choice as an apostle for we find him in charge of the contributions (John 12:6; Matthew 10:3). Judas betrayal made him a “devil” or “slanderer” (John 6:66-71). The Hebrew prophets foretold one who would betray Jesus (Psalm 41:9; 109:8; John 13:18, 19).

[16] The one who turned Jesus over: Or, KJV: betrayed; PME: turned traitor.

The Procession of the Apostles – By (James) Jacques-Joseph Tissot, French, 1836-1902. After a painting now in the Brooklyn Museum, New York; photogravure from “La Vie de Notre Seigneur Jésus Christ . . . . avec des notes et des dessins explicatifs par J. James Tissot” 1896-97.

+

Preceding

Matthew 9:35-38 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: A Preaching Tour in a Great Harvest

Matthew 9:35-38 – Looking at Jesus our shepherd

+++

finger-point

Related

  1. The Apostles
  2. The Prophets, The Apostles And The Saviour
  3. The 12 Apostles
  4. Phillip Medhurst’s Bible in pictures 131 The call of Andrew and Peter
  5. Phillip Medhurst presents 206/392 the James Tissot Jesus c 1896 The Procession of the Apostles
  6. Luke in the Phillip Medhurst Collection 611 Stephen and others are chosen to the diaconate Acts 6:5-6 Marillier
  7. Luke in the Phillip Medhurst Collection 612 The synagogue disputes with Stephen Acts 6:9-10 Marillier
  8. Jesus taking care of two of his apostles, like everyone else …
  9. >Sermon: The Testing Of The Apostles by Origen
  10. A Drowning Fisherman was Saved by a Carpenter
  11. 10 Powerful Lessons We Learn from the Life of the Apostle Peter
  12. The Magical Powers of the Apostle Peter’s Shadow
  13. A word in season – The Apostle John
  14. Daily Mass: St. John – Apostle & Evangelist
  15. Carissimi: Today’s Mass; SS Simon & Jude, Apostles
  16. Carissimi: Today’s Mass; Octave Day of St John the Evangelist, Apostle
  17. St. John the Apostle
  18. Little Faith apostle Thomas and how people often mislabel him as a doubter. But Thomas is not the only apostle who has been given a hard time for his moments of doubt.
  19. Sermon: St. Andrew the Apostle
  20. Who was St Andrew?
  21. Face Problems Like the Apostles
  22. Apostolic authority: executive, advisory or what?
  23. epistle, apostle
  24. Matthew 23:13-39 BHT, Sorrows of Religious Authorities
  25. Beginning Discipleship From the Apostles and Elders
  26. A Fisherman to a Fisher of Men: How to Follow in the First Apostles’ Footsteps

Matthew 8:18-22 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Two Would-be Followers

Matthew 8:18-22 – Two Would-be Followers

|| Luke 9:57-60

MT8:18 But when Jesus observed the crowd surrounding him he commanded [his disciples] to leave for the other side of [Lake Galilee]. MT8:19 And a scribe[1] approached Jesus, and said: “I will follow you anywhere you go.” MT8:20 Jesus told him, “Foxes[2] have dens and birds of the sky roasts,[3] but the Son of Humankind[4] has nowhere[5] to lay his head.” MT8:21 Then a different one of the disciples[6] said to Jesus, “Sir, permit me first to go and bury my father.”[7] MT8:22 But, Jesus told him, “Be following me[8] and let the dead bury their own dead.”[9]

[1] Scribe: The Greek is GRAMMATEUS, a grammarian, writer or copyist. The word occurs about 75 times in the Bible, beginning with Judges 5:14 (Compare 1 Chronicles 2:55; Ezra 4:8, 9, 17, 23). The group occur in Matthew, 22; Mark, 21; Luke, 14; John, 1; Acts, 3; 1 Corinthians, 1. The scribe may be learning or educated. The Hebrew sopherim were very dedicated to the precise hand-copying of the Scriptures. They counted not only the words but also the letters of the entire Hebrew Bible. They were associated with teachers of the Law and particularly the sect of the Pharisees. They could be called “Rabbi.” We would suspect their fingers blackened from much use of pen and ink. The older scribes much hunched over from labors and the penmanship table.

[2] Foxes: The animal lives in burrows underground which may be substantial. They are mentioned nine times in the Bible.

[3] Roasts: Note not “nests” but temporary places to spend the night.

[4] Son of Humankind: The Greek is HUIOS TOU ANTHROPOU and is most often rendered “Son of man.” There are several words for “man” and so we prefer to widen this word to mean “human” which may or may not include women as in “humankind” according to the context. The phrase is taken directly from Daniel 7:13 which was understood by the Jewish teachers to refer to the Messiah or even the Son of God (Compare Philo Judaea). The designation occurs about 180 times and is applied to Daniel and Ezekiel, most often in the Hebrew Bible to the latter prophet. The title occurs in Matthew, 31; Mark, 14; Luke, 25; John, 13; Acts, 1 and rarely elsewhere.

[5] Nowhere: Jesus has no permanent residence but is like Paul, “homeless.” (1 Corinthians 4:11) It is interesting to note when we see Jesus next sleeping: in the fishing boat during the storm. He is often seen spending the night outdoors even up to his final week. Such a person today would be considered a homeless street-person and shunned by genteel Christians.

[6] A different one of the disciples: Possibly one other than the twelve. It is interesting to note that this “disciples” wishes to “follow” Jesus. One might assume that is what being a disciple meant. It is possible the account means by this that the disciple wanted to become part of Jesus personal entourage which followed him everywhere.

[7] Bury my father: Many understand this to mean the disciple wished to return to his living father and wait until his death and burial and thereafter begin his following Jesus.

[8] Following me: Jesus does not include him among his closest disciples but encourages the man to continue to follow on this course.

[9] Dead bury their own dead: Those who are spiritually dead as children of Adam and have not taken up Nazarene discipleship. There were others who could bear this burden leaving the man free to follow if he so chose. Discipleship, particularly apostleship, were serious matters worthy of total commitment by a man. It is possibly the reason women were not invited to make this sacrifice, given their obligations as mothers.

+

Preceding

Nazarene Commentary Matthew 4:23-25 – Kingdom Preaching and Healing Draws Crowds

Matthew 8:1-4 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Jesus a Miracle-working Son of God

Matthew 8:5-13 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Servant of Army Officer Healed

Matthew 8:14-17 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Jesus Heals Peter’s Mother-in-law

++

Additional reading

  1. A call easy to understand
  2. Discipleship to look at
  3. Discipleship way of life on the narrow way to everlasting life
  4. Breathing and growing with no heir
  5. Fellowship
  6. Salvation, trust and action in Jesus #3 as a Christian

+++

Further related

  1. Matthew 8:18-22
  2. Following Jesus…
  3. Discipleship
  4. the cost of discipleship
  5. The Cost of (Non) Discipleship
  6. The cost of discipleship, peace, and division

Matthew 7:13-14 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The True Disciple #1 The Narrow Gate and the way to destruction

Matthew 7:13-23 – The True Disciple

1 The way to destruction and a Narrow gate on the Way leading to Life

MT7:13 “Enter[1] by the Narrow Gate.[2] For the way to destruction is broad and roomy[3] and many are those entering by it.[4] MT7:14 For, narrow the Gate and cramped the Way leading to Life[5] and few are those finding it.[6]

*

[1] Enter: The person described in the conclusion who ‘hears and does the teachings’ of the Nazarene as found in this sermon, is obviously a true or real disciple. The principles already laid out by the Nazarene may appear daunting to his audience, for it asks each one who will follow to go far beyond the Torah. It asks the would-be disciple to go beyond the letter to the spirit of the Law.

What is expected of the Nazarene disciple? Though this sermon does not dwell on doctrinal points of the Christ, it does allude to or infer several. These are called The Seven Principles and are outlined in the Lord’s Prayer. So, the Friend of the Nazarene would have to accept these primary points. The main thrust of the Mountain Teachings is ‘love your neighbor.’ The Nazarene Saint will have to become a New Person in dealings with neighbors: unselfish selflessness motivated by an interest which seeks the highest good of neighbor will characterize the ‘true disciple’ (For details see the book Nazarene Principles©).

English: Islamic Jesus (Isa) miniature of Serm...

English: Islamic Jesus (Isa) miniature of Sermon on the Mount Deutsch: Altpersische Miniatur mit Jesus (a.) bei der Bergpredigt. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

[2] Narrow Gate: A gate may lead into a city or a home (Jeremiah 37:13; Acts 12:13, 14). The entrance to the Household of Faith is narrow and restrictive. The gate is the first element to enter such a Household. We might view these teachings of the Nazarene in his Mountain Teachings as part and parcel of this “gate” with its belief system and restrictive requirements, even demands, on that person who would desire ‘to follow the Lamb no matter where he goes.’ (Revelation 14:5) Though possessed of lofty requirements it is really the ideal of the New Person with the Transformed Mind (Romans 12:2; Ephesians 4:13, 15, 23, 24). The Nazarene is only asking that you be a decent and well-mannered human being. Even when an agnostic evolutionist is asked about the ideal person, a description of Christ (or that person of Jesus’ sermon) is forthcoming. Note Luke 13:24 and the effort needed to get through the narrow door.’ In Luke the ‘narrow door’ is in response to a question whether only a few are being saved. To this Jesus’ exhorts, ‘Strain every nerve’ (GDSP); or, ‘agonize the agony,’ if the literal Greek is favored. The “gate” seems to be that of the “sheepfold” and not a subject about the salvation of all humanity (John chapter 10).

[3] The way to destruction is broad and roomy: “Destruction” is often associated with Sheol or the grave in the Hebrew Bible (Job 26:6; 28:22; Proverbs 15:11; 27:20). It is that place all persons will enter with the possibility of escaping at the end of the 1,000 years (Revelation 2:13-15; Job 14:12-15). Those who enter the gate of the sheepfold or household of faith accept the ‘heavenly calling’ (Hebrews 3:1) and are transformed from death to life (John 5:24; 1 John 3:1).

The way to Destruction is “broad and spacious” because it allows for a wide diversity of convictions and beliefs. The Narrow Gate must include the contents of the Nazarene’s Mountain Teachings contained in Matthew chapters 5-7.

[4] Many are those entering by it: Paul teaches that “all” descendants of Adam go into Death and that “all” will be resurrected (1 Corinthians 15:20-23). However, some find “real life” during their lifetimes (1 Timothy 6:19). They are among the “few” in contrast to the billions who lose that opportunity described by Revelation 20:4, 6.

[5] Narrow the Gate and cramped the Way leading to Life: Various renderings: KJ: straight is the gate; KNX: how small is the gate; GDSP: the road is hard. The Mountain Teachings demonstrate the narrowness and rigidity of the Nazarene’s requirements for entrance into the Realm of Profession.

[6] Few are those finding it: Perhaps “find” applies to the ultimate attainment of the Kingdom of the Father. Note that Daniel 12:2, with reference to the resurrection of the Saints, “many” are mentioned. Whereas, Paul says “all” with reference to all Adam’s children (1 Corinthians 15:20-23). The final tally of the Church will be “few” compared to the totality of those raised at the end of the 1,000 years (Revelation 20:5, 13-15).

+

Preceding article

Nazarene Commentary Matthew 5:1-12 Nazarene Mountain teachings: Blessed and legal commentaries

Nazarene Commentary Matthew 5:21-26 – 1. The Nazarene’s Commentary on Exodus 20:13

Nazarene Commentary Matthew 5:27-30 – 2. The Nazarene’s Commentary on Exodus 20:14

Matthew 6:1-34 – The Nazarene’s Commentary on Leviticus 19:18 Continued 2 Prayer and neighbour love

Matthew 7:1-11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary on Neighbor Love Continued 7: Matthew 7:1-5 Judgment and neighbor love

Matthew 7:12 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Summary on the Torah’s Fulfillment

++

Additional reading

  1. The road to success is dotted with many tempting parking places
  2. Obtain favour from Yahweh
  3. Be not afraid of going slowly; be afraid only of standing still

+++

Further reading

  1. Bible Study: Insights on the Sermon on the Mount: The Contrasts
  2. Two Gates
  3. Enter the Narrow Gate
  4. Life’s Narrow and Wide Gates
  5. 8. Doors and Destinations
  6. A Narrow Door…
  7. The Narrow Gate
  8. The Narrow Gate (by Jack Bailey)
  9. Daily Mass: The narrow gate. Catholic Inspiration
  10. The Protestant – Catholic divide – The Narrow and the Wide Gates
  11. Love, Entering the Narrow Gate
  12. The Narrow Way
  13. Religious Theology – The wide gate!
  14. Taking responsibility – the narrow gate that leads to life
  15. Difficult is the Way that Leads to Life
  16. Those Who Find It Are Few.
  17. Only dead fish swim with the stream
  18. against the stream
  19. How to choose between the wide and the narrow
  20. How to choose between the wide and the narrow:part 3
  21. Guard My Feet Lord
  22. But Officer, It’s the “Spirit” of the Law
  23. How to be a spirit-of-the-law or hope-based leader
  24. You are a spiritual being: Act like one
  25. From nobodies to somebodies
  26. Day 16 – How much more valuable is a person?
  27. Matthew ch. 15
  28. The Path of Love
  29. footprints and deep mental paths
  30. The Renewed Mind: When the Impossible Seems Logical
  31. The Cost of Discipleship
  32. The Cost of Discipleship (discussion questions)
  33. Be serious, strive hard – January 12, 2017
  34. The Way home Psalm 56:3-4 Luke 13:22-30
  35. Navel-Gazing vs Finding the Real Cause of it All!
  36. Urgency
  37. Turnstile Salvation
  38. Awaken
  39. Exodus 10, Job 28, Luke 13, 1 Corinthians 14
  40. The Crumb That Turns Stale With Time

+++

Christians having the right heart to call others to go to God

When calling yourself a Christian this has to mean you are following Christ Jesus, the Nazarene Jew who God declared to be His only begotten son.

Calling yourself Christian also means you want to become one with Christ, like Christ is one with his Father, the Only One True God. Such oneness shall not make you into God like it did not make Jesus into God. But your condition of your heart should come close to the condition of Jesus’ heart, full of joy in the willingness not to do your own will, like Jesus did not do his own will (which he would have done when he is God) but prepared at all times to do the Will of God.

As a follower of Jesus (what being a Christian also would mean), your heart should be full of love for others like Jesus had an incredible love for other people, even willing to die for them. All things were delivered unto Jesus of his Father. This man we should follow revealed the Elohim Hashem Jehovah. Jesus asked us to come unto him, all that labour and are heavy laden, and he will take care that we may find rest. As followers of Christ we do have to take Jesus’ yoke upon us and learn of him, for he was meek and humble of heart, and we shall find rest for our souls.

“27 “All things have been committed to me by my Father. No-one knows the Son except the Father, and no-one knows the Father except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him. 28 “Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. 29 Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.” (Matthew 11:27-29 NIV)

We have our heart which functions as the source of thought and reflection.

“Make the heart of this people calloused; make their ears dull and close their eyes. Otherwise they might see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts, and turn and be healed.”” (Isaiah 6:10 NIV)

“21 For from within, out of men’s hearts, come evil thoughts, sexual immorality, theft, murder, adultery, 22 greed, malice, deceit, lewdness, envy, slander, arrogance and folly. 23 All these evils come from inside and make a man ‘unclean’.”” (Mark 7:21-23 NIV)

As Christians we should hear and try to understand what Jesus Christ tells the world and may we not ignore those things he says, like about his heavenly Father being greater than him. With our heart we should come to understanding

“Know then in your heart that as a man disciplines his son, so the LORD your God disciplines you.” (Deuteronomy 8:5 NIV)

“So he poured out on them his burning anger, the violence of war. It enveloped them in flames, yet they did not understand; it consumed them, but they did not take it to heart.” (Isaiah 42:25 NIV)

The biblical truth we should take at heart and not the human doctrines which bring fog in our eyes and ears and wants us to believe doctrines which are not written in the Bible.

Therefore let us take the words of the Bible at heart in the knowledge that they provide wisdom to understand but also to rule justly and wisely, and discerns good and evil.

“I will do what you have asked. I will give you a wise and discerning heart, so that there will never have been anyone like you, nor will there ever be.” (1 Kings 3:12 NIV)

“The whole world sought audience with Solomon to hear the wisdom God had put in his heart.” (1 Kings 10:24 NIV)

“The king also said to Shimei, “You know in your heart all the wrong you did to my father David. Now the LORD will repay you for your wrongdoing.” (1 Kings 2:44 NIV)

Following the master teacher rabbi Jeshua, like the son of David, his ancestor and the other prophets send to the world, our heart should also represents the idea of will and conscience.

“Afterwards, David was conscience-stricken for having cut off a corner of his robe.” (1 Samuel 24:5 NIV)

“David was conscience-stricken after he had counted the fighting men, and he said to the LORD, “I have sinned greatly in what I have done. Now, O LORD, I beg you, take away the guilt of your servant. I have done a very foolish thing.”” (2 Samuel 24:10 NIV)

Let us request for a pure heart as a centre for decisions, obedience, devotion, and intentionality, which is the desire for a new and more perfect conscience.

“Create in me a pure heart, O God, and renew a steadfast spirit within me.” (Psalms 51:10 NIV)

“Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God.” (Matthew 5:8 NIV)

“For the sake of your word and according to your will, you have done this great thing and made it known to your servant.” (2 Samuel 7:21 NIV)

His Only-begotten Son and the Word of God 1885...

His Only-begotten Son and the Word of God 1885-1896 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Within the heart we can meet God’s word, listen to it and take it at heart. It is there where it has to ripen and grow and where the seed has to be planted to become a disciple of Jesus, following his tasks, like going out into the world to preach that Word of God, bringing the Good News of the coming Kingdom. Like Jesus feared his heavenly Father and was a faithful servant to Jehovah, the God of Abraham, we too should become such a faithful servant and consider all the great things which come over us by the Grace of God.

“But be sure to fear the LORD and serve him faithfully with all your heart; consider what great things he has done for you.” (1 Samuel 12:24 NIV)

“I will make an everlasting covenant with them: I will never stop doing good to them, and I will inspire them to fear me, so that they will never turn away from me.” (Jeremiah 32:40 NIV)

“O LORD, truly I am your servant; I am your servant, the son of your maidservant; you have freed me from my chains.” (Psalms 116:16 NIV)

“”Here is my servant whom I have chosen, the one I love, in whom I delight; I will put my Spirit on him, and he will proclaim justice to the nations.” (Matthew 12:18 NIV)

“Stretch out your hand to heal and perform miraculous signs and wonders through the name of your holy servant Jesus.”” (Acts 4:30 NIV)

“”No-one can serve two masters. Either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve both God and Money.” (Matthew 6:24 NIV)

“But suppose that servant is wicked and says to himself, ‘My master is staying away a long time,’” (Matthew 24:48 NIV)

“So you also, when you have done everything you were told to do, should say, ‘We are unworthy servants; we have only done our duty.’”” (Luke 17:10 NIV)

“For we know that our old self was crucified with him so that the body of sin might be done away with, that we should no longer be slaves to sin—” (Romans 6:6 NIV)

“But now, by dying to what once bound us, we have been released from the law so that we serve in the new way of the Spirit, and not in the old way of the written code.” (Romans 7:6 NIV)

“You were bought at a price; do not become slaves of men.” (1 Corinthians 7:23 NIV)

“You, my brothers, were called to be free. But do not use your freedom to indulge the sinful nature; rather, serve one another in love.” (Galatians 5:13 NIV)

“And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come.” (Matthew 24:14 NIV)

“”You are a king, then!” said Pilate. Jesus answered, “You are right in saying I am a king. In fact, for this reason I was born, and for this I came into the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone on the side of truth listens to me.”” (John 18:37 NIV)

“Then the dragon was enraged at the woman and went off to make war against the rest of her offspring—those who obey God’s commandments and hold to the testimony of Jesus.” (Revelation 12:17 NIV)

“He commanded us to preach to the people and to testify that he is the one whom God appointed as judge of the living and the dead.” (Acts 10:42 NIV)

We may have be bound by the world but our heart should leave that world of human beings who have no interest in God. Our heart should be open for them to call them to come to Jesus and his God, the only One true God, the God of Israel.

In our heart should be the location where conversion takes place.

“Create in me a pure heart, O God, and renew a steadfast spirit within me.” (Psalms 51:10 NIV)

“”Even now,” declares the LORD, “return to me with all your heart, with fasting and weeping and mourning.”” (Joel 2:12 NIV)

“When the people heard this, they were cut to the heart and said to Peter and the other apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?”” (Acts 2:37 NIV)

When our heart is at the right place, sharing the love of Christ with others, making us to a good example for others, we shall be able to bring those who may come open to receive the call of God, closer to the gates of the Kingdom of God, which is open for all those who come by Christ and live according to the Wishes of God.

+

Preceding articles:

Words to push and pull

As Christ’s slaves doing the Will of God in gratitude

Life is too precious

++

Additional reading

  1. A book of life and a man born more than two thousand years ago
  2. Letter to a Non-Christian Nation
  3. Atonement And Fellowship 2/8
  4. First mention of a solution against death 4 A seed for mankind
  5. Outflow of foundational relationship based on acceptance of Jesus
  6. Religious people and painful absence of spring of living water
  7. Engaging the culture without losing the gospel
  8. The God of hope filling us with all joy and peace
  9. Counterfeit Gospels
  10. To Soar In The Spirit You Have To Be Hard Core
  11. Being Religious and Spiritual 7 Transcendence to become one
  12. Getting out of the dark corners of this world
  13. A disciple of Christ “hating” the world
  14. Messengers of Jesus will be hated to the end of time
  15. The first on the list of the concerns of the saint
  16. The Mountain: Radical Love
  17. To be chained by love for another one
  18. Disciple of Christ counting lives and friends dear to them
  19. Not words of any organisation should bind you, but the Word of God
  20. Church has to grow through witness, not by proselytism
  21. Learn how to go out into the world and proclaim the Good News of the coming Kingdom
  22. Blogging in the world for Jesus and his Father
  23. Preaching by example
  24. Perishable non theologians daring to go out to preach
  25. 7000 to 20000 words spoken each day
  26. Honor your own words as if they were an important contract
  27. If You want to start winning the war
  28. Let us make sure we are not stiff-necked
  29. What’s church for, anyway?
  30. Following the leader
  31. Followers with deepening
  32. Called Christian
  33. Only I can change my life
  34. Foundation to go the distance
  35. Let not sin reign in your mortal body
  36. Character transformed by the influence of our fellowships
  37. A Living Faith #6 Sacrifice
  38. A Living Faith #10: Our manner of Life #2
  39. Not he who prays most or fasts most is the greatest saint
  40. Life is like a ten-speed bike.
  41. Aim High: Examples of Godly Characters to follow
  42. Can we not do what Jesus did?
  43. Life and attitude of a Christian
  44. Hope does not disappoint us

+++

Related articles

Election of the Apostle Matthias

Joseph Barsabbas and Matthias were the two candidates suggested as possible replacements for Judas Iscariot as an apostle. The lot fell to Matthias. Even though Justus was not chosen, his being considered for the office shows he was a mature disciple of Jesus Christ.—Ac 1:23-26.

(Mat·thi′as) [probably a shortened form of the Heb. Mattithiah, meaning “Gift of Jehovah”].

Judas Hangs Himself

Judas Hangs Himself (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The disciple selected by lot to replace Judas Iscariot as an apostle. After Jesus’ ascension to heaven, Peter, noting that not only had the psalmist David foretold Judas’ deflection (Ps 41:9) but David had also written (Ps 109:8) “his office of oversight let someone else take,” proposed to the approximately 120 disciples gathered together that the vacancy of office be filled. Joseph Barsabbas and Matthias were put up for selection; after prayer, lots were cast, and Matthias was chosen. Occurring just a few days prior to the outpouring of holy spirit, this is the last instance reported in the Bible of the lots being resorted to in determining Jehovah’s choice in a matter.—Ac 1:15-26.

According to Peter’s words (Ac 1:21, 22), Matthias had been a follower of Christ throughout Jesus’ three-and-a-half-year ministry, had been closely associated with the apostles, and was quite likely one of the 70 disciples or evangelists whom Jesus sent out to preach. (Lu 10:1) After his selection, he was “reckoned along with the eleven apostles” by the congregation (Ac 1:26), and when the book of Acts immediately thereafter speaks of “the apostles” or “the twelve,” Matthias was included.—Ac 2:37, 43; 4:33, 36; 5:12, 29; 6:2, 6; 8:1, 14; 9:27; see PAUL.

– it-2 pp. 354-355

+

Though having strong conviction and proofs as to his own apostleship, Paul never included himself among “the twelve.” Prior to Pentecost, as a result of Peter’s Scriptural exhortation, the Christian assembly had sought a replacement for unfaithful Judas Iscariot. Two disciples were selected as candidates, perhaps by vote of the male members of the assembly (Peter having addressed himself to the “Men, brothers”; Ac 1:16). Then they prayed to Jehovah God (compare Ac 1:24 with 1Sa 16:7; Ac 15:7, 8) that He should designate which of the two he had chosen to replace the unfaithful apostle. Following their prayer, they cast lots and “the lot fell upon Matthias.”—Ac 1:15-26; compare Pr 16:33.

There is no reason to doubt that Matthias was God’s own choice. True, once converted, Paul became very prominent and his labors exceeded those of all the other apostles. (1Co 15:9, 10) Yet there is nothing to show that Paul was personally predestinated to an apostleship so that God, in effect, refrained from acting on the prayer of the Christian assembly, held open the place vacated by Judas until Paul’s conversion, and thus made the appointment of Matthias merely an arbitrary action of the Christian assembly. On the contrary, there is sound evidence that Matthias was a divinely appointed replacement.

English: Saint Matthias, who replaced Judas Is...

Saint Matthias, who replaced Judas Iscariot as apostle. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

At Pentecost the outpouring of holy spirit gave the apostles unique powers; they are the only ones shown to have been able to lay hands on newly baptized ones and communicate to them miraculous gifts of the spirit. (See Apostle [Miraculous powers].) If Matthias were not in reality God’s choice, his inability to do this would have been apparent to all. The record shows this was not the case. Luke, the writer of Acts, was Paul’s traveling companion and associate during certain missions, and the book of Acts therefore undoubtedly reflects and coincides with Paul’s own view of matters. That book refers to “the twelve” as appointing the seven men who were to handle the matter of the food distribution problem. This was after Pentecost of 33 C.E. but before Paul’s conversion. Hence Matthias is here acknowledged as one of “the twelve,” and he shared with the other apostles in laying hands on the seven designates.—Ac 6:1-6.

Whose name then appears among those on the “twelve foundation stones” of the New Jerusalem of John’s vision—Matthias’ or Paul’s? (Re 21:2, 14) One line of reasoning would make it appear that Paul is the more likely one. He contributed so much to the Christian congregation by his ministry and particularly by his writing a large portion of the Christian Greek Scriptures (14 letters being attributed to him). In these respects Paul ‘outshone’ Matthias, who receives no further direct mention after Acts chapter 1.

– it-2 pp. 585-590

+

Who replaced Judas Iscariot as a twelfth apostle?

Because of the defection of Judas Iscariot, who died unfaithful, there were only 11 apostles remaining, and during the 40 days from Jesus’ resurrection until his ascension to heaven he made no appointment of a replacement. Sometime during the ten days between Jesus’ ascension and the day of Pentecost it was viewed as necessary that another be selected to fill the vacancy left by Judas, not simply on the basis of his death but, rather, on the basis of his wicked defection, as the Scriptures quoted by Peter indicate. (Ac 1:15-22; Ps 69:25; 109:8; compare Re 3:11.) Thus, by contrast, when the faithful apostle James was put to death, there is no record of any concern to appoint anyone to succeed him in his position of apostle.—Ac 12:2.

It is evident from Peter’s statements that it was then considered that any individual filling the position of an apostle of Jesus Christ must have the qualifications of having been personally conversant with him, having been an eyewitness of his works, his miracles, and particularly his resurrection. In view of this it can be seen that any apostolic succession would in course of time become an impossibility, unless there were divine action to supply these requirements in each individual case. At that particular time before Pentecost, however, there were men meeting these requirements, and two were put forth as suitable for replacing unfaithful Judas. Doubtless having in mind Proverbs 16:33, lots were cast, and Matthias was selected and was thereafter “reckoned along with the eleven apostles.” (Ac 1:23-26) He is thus included among “the twelve” who settled the problem concerning the Greek-speaking disciples (Ac 6:1, 2), and evidently Paul includes him in referring to “the twelve” when speaking of Jesus’ postresurrection appearances at 1 Corinthians 15:4-8. Thus, when Pentecost arrived, there were 12 apostolic foundations on which the spiritual Israel then formed could rest.

The Boppard Room:  Pashal Candle Holder: Saint...

The Boppard Room: Pashal Candle Holder: Saint Matthias (Photo credit: peterjr1961)

Congregational Apostleships.

Matthias was not a mere apostle of the Jerusalem congregation, any more than the remaining 11 apostles were. His case is different from that of the Levite Joseph Barnabas who became an apostle of the congregation of Antioch, Syria. (Ac 13:1-4; 14:4, 14; 1Co 9:4-6) Other men also are referred to as “apostles of congregations” in the sense that they were sent forth by such congregations to represent them. (2Co 8:23) And, in writing to the Philippians, Paul speaks of Epaphroditus as “your envoy [a·po′sto·lon] and private servant for my need.” (Php 2:25) The apostleship of these men was clearly not by virtue of any apostolic succession, nor did they form part of “the twelve” as did Matthias.

The correct understanding of the wider application of the term “apostle” can help to clear away any apparent discrepancy between Acts 9:26, 27 and Galatians 1:17-19, when applied to the same occasion. The first account states that Paul, on arriving in Jerusalem, was led “to the apostles” by Barnabas. In the account in Galatians, however, Paul states that he visited with Peter and adds: “But I saw no one else of the apostles, only James the brother of the Lord.” James (not the original apostle James the son of Zebedee nor James the son of Alphaeus, but the half brother of Jesus) was evidently viewed as an “apostle” in the wider sense, namely, as “one sent forth” by the Jerusalem congregation. This would allow for the Acts account to use the title in the plural in saying that Paul was led “to the apostles” (that is, Peter and James).—Compare 1Co 15:5-7; Ga 2:9.

– it-1 pp. 127-130

The Election of Saint Matthias

The Election of Saint Matthias (Photo credit: Lawrence OP)

***

15 Now during these days Peter rose up in the midst of the brothers and said (the crowd* of persons was all together about one hundred and twenty): 16 “Men, brothers, it was necessary for the scripture to be fulfilled,+ which the holy spirit+ spoke beforehand by David’s mouth about Judas,+ who became a guide to those who arrested Jesus,+ 17 because he had been numbered among us+ and he obtained a share in this ministry.+ 18 (This very man, therefore, purchased+ a field with the wages for unrighteousness,+ and pitching head foremost*+ he noisily burst in his midst and all his intestines were poured out. 19 It also became known to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that that field was called in their language A·kel′da·ma, that is, Field of Blood.)
20 For it is written in the book of Psalms, ‘Let his lodging place become desolate, and let there be no dweller in it,’+ and, ‘His office of oversight* let someone else take.’+ 21 It is therefore necessary that of the men that assembled with us during all the time in which the Lord Jesus went in and out* among us,+ 22 starting with his baptism by John+ and until the day he was received up from us,+ one of these men should become a witness with us of his resurrection.”+

23 So they put up two, Joseph called Bar′sab·bas, who was surnamed Justus, and Mat·thi′as. 24 And they prayed and said: “You, O Jehovah,* who know the hearts of all,+ designate which one of these two men you have chosen, 25 to take the place of this ministry and apostleship,+ from which Judas deviated to go to his own place.” 26 So they cast lots+ over them, and the lot fell upon Mat·thi′as; and he was reckoned along with the eleven+ apostles.

+

Proverbs 16:33

33 Into the lap the lot is cast down,+ but every decision by it is from Jehovah.+

Proverbs 18:18

18 The lot puts even contentions to rest,+ and it separates even the mighty from one another.+

+

Act 6:2:

2 So the twelve called the multitude of the disciples to them and said: “It is not pleasing for us to leave the word of God to distribute [food]* to tables.+ 3 So, brothers, search out+ for yourselves seven certified men from among YOU, full of spirit and wisdom,+ that we may appoint them over this necessary business; 4 but we shall devote ourselves to prayer and to the ministry of the word.”+ 5 And the thing spoken was pleasing to the whole multitude, and they selected Stephen, a man full of faith and holy spirit,+ and Philip+ and Proch′o·rus and Ni·ca′nor and Ti′mon and Par′me·nas and Nic·o·la′us, a proselyte of Antioch; 6 and they placed them before the apostles, and, after having prayed, these laid their hands+ upon them.

Acts 9:26, 27:

26 On arriving in Jerusalem+ he made efforts to join himself to the disciples; but they were all afraid of him, because they did not believe he was a disciple. 27 So Bar′na·bas came to his aid+ and led him to the apostles, and he told them in detail how on the road he had seen the Lord+ and that he had spoken to him,+ and how in Damascus+ he had spoken boldly in the name of Jesus.

***

*

 

v 23: Joseph, also called Barsabbas (perhaps a family name or merely an additional name) and surnamed Justus, was a witness of the work, miracles, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
A Levite surnamed Barnabas and a native of Cyprus. (Ac 4:36, 37) He was a close associate of the apostle Paul.—See Barnabas.

v 24: Jehovah: “Jehovah.” Heb., יהוה (YHWH or JHVH):

There is evidence that Jesus’ disciples used the Tetragrammaton in their writings. In his work De viris inlustribus [Concerning Illustrious Men], chapter III, Jerome, in the fourth century, wrote the following: “Matthew, who is also Levi, and who from a publican came to be an apostle, first of all composed a Gospel of Christ in Judaea in the Hebrew language and characters for the benefit of those of the circumcision who had believed. Who translated it after that in Greek is not sufficiently ascertained. Moreover, the Hebrew itself is preserved to this day in the library at Caesarea, which the martyr Pamphilus so diligently collected. I also was allowed by the Nazarenes who use this volume in the Syrian city of Beroea to copy it.” (Translation from the Latin text edited by E. C. Richardson and published in the series “Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur,” Vol. 14, Leipzig, 1896, pp. 8, 9.)

Matthew made more than a hundred quotations from the inspired Hebrew Scriptures. Where these quotations included the divine name he would have been obliged faithfully to include the Tetragrammaton in his Hebrew Gospel account. When the Gospel of Matthew was translated into Greek, the Tetragrammaton was left untranslated within the Greek text according to the practice of that time.

Not only Matthew but all the writers of the Christian Greek Scriptures quoted verses from the Hebrew text or from the Septuagint where the divine name appears. For example, in Peter’s speech in Ac 3:22 a quotation is made from De 18:15 where the Tetragrammaton appears in a papyrus fragment of the Septuagint dated to the first century B.C.E. (See App 1C §1.) As a follower of Christ, Peter used God’s name, Jehovah. When Peter’s speech was put on record the Tetragrammaton was here used according to the practice during the first century B.C.E. and the first century C.E.

Sometime during the second or third century C.E. the scribes removed the Tetragrammaton from both the Septuagint and the Christian Greek Scriptures and replaced it with Ky′ri·os, “Lord” or The·os′, “God.”

v 24: who know the hearts of all:

(1 Samuel 16:7): 7 But Jehovah said to Samuel: “Do not look at his appearance and at the height of his stature,+ for I have rejected him. For not the way man sees [is the way God sees],*+ because mere man sees what appears to the eyes;*+ but as for Jehovah, he sees what the heart+ is.”*
(1 Chronicles 28:9): 9 “And you, Sol′o·mon my son, know+ the God of your father and serve+ him with a complete heart+ and with a delightful soul;+ for all hearts Jehovah is searching,+ and every inclination of the thoughts he is discerning.+ If you search for him, he will let himself be found by you;+ but if you leave him,+ he will cast you off forever.+

(Jeremiah 11:20): 20 But Jehovah of armies is judging with righteousness;+ he is examining the kidneys* and the heart.+ O may I see your vengeance on them, for it is to you that I have revealed my case at law.+

(Acts 15:8): 8 and God, who knows the heart,+ bore witness by giving them the holy spirit,+ just as he did to us also.

(1 Kings 8:391 Chronicles 28:92 Chronicles 16:9Psalm 7:9Proverbs 24:12; Jeremiah 17:10)

v 25: apostleship: (John 6:70): 70 Jesus answered them: “I chose YOU twelve,+ did I not? Yet one of YOU is a slanderer.”*+

v 26: they cast lots: (Proverbs 16:33): (Proverbs 16:33): 33 Into the lap the lot is cast down,+ but every decision by it is from Jehovah.+

with the eleven+ apostles: (Matthew 28:16):  16 However, the eleven disciples went into Gal′i·lee+ to the mountain where Jesus had arranged for them,

+ by the lot / drawing lots: (Numbers 26:55; Joshua 18:10; Proverbs 18:18)

+

Compare:

The Acts Of The Sent Ones Chapter 1

Hebraic Roots Bible Book of The Acts of the Apostles Chapter 1

Nazarene Acts of the Apostles Chapter 1 v23-26 Choice of Matthias

Dutch version/ Nederlandse versie: Verkiezing van Matthias

Afrikaans: Matti′as is gekies als een van “die twaalf

Deutsch: Da warfen sie Lose und das Los fiel auf Matthias

Français: Élection de Matthias

++

Please also do find:

+++

  • Commemoration of the Apostle Matthias, Martyred in Colchis, and Apostolic Succession (georgianorthodoxchurch.wordpress.com)
    there is evidence that the Apostle Matthias was martyred in Colchis  (the ancient name for Georgia’s Black Sea regions) and buried in Gonio, near Batumi.
    +
    The elevation of Matthias from the Seventy to the Twelve Apostles is interesting, as it is one of the first written accounts of Apostolic Succession
  • *Apostolic* (motivation1000.wordpress.com)
    Furthermore, for a person to profess to be a Christian (one who is like Christ) and do not obey God’s word in the bible is to make that person a hypocrite – hence, a hypocrites teachings is hypocrisy. In a narrower since, Doctrine is Teachings, and Teachings is Doctrine! Every movement has a doctrine, every religion has a doctrine, the Christian’s doctrine is the Holy Bible (God’s words passed on to His people by the Prophets and Apostles of the bible.
  • Acts 1 (sisterspray4me.com)
    23 So they nominated two men: Joseph called Barsabbas (also known as Justus) and Matthias. 24 Then they all prayed, “O Lord, you know every heart. Show us which of these men you have chosen 25 as an apostle to replace Judas in this ministry, for he has deserted us and gone where he belongs.” 26 Then they cast lots, and Matthias was selected to become an apostle with the other eleven.
  • Acts 14-15 (whatshotn.wordpress.com)
    When therefore Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and disputation with them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas, and certain other of them, should go up to Jerusalem unto the apostles and elders about this question.
  • Wait Upon The Lord (rootstothestream.net)
    Then they cast lots, and the lot fell to Matthias; so he was added to the eleven apostles.
    +
    Consider if there are any aspects of your life that may be best served with simply waiting on the direction of the Lord.
  • Intro to the Book of Acts and the choosing of Judas’ replacement (sundayschoolbiblestudy.wordpress.com)
    Luke gives us a brief introduction and then summarizes the 40 days after His death and resurrection when Jesus prepares the Apostles for ministry. He instructs them to wait for the baptism of the Holy Spirit (see The Holy Spirit and the Day of Pentecost).
  • Acts of the Apostles 4.32-5.11
    Thus far in the Acts of the Apostles the narrative has primarily been concerned with the formation of the Messianic community that would eventually become known as the Christian Church and the opposition to this community by the Jewish leaders and some of the Jewish people.
  • Acts 6:2-4…”So the Twelve gathered all the disciples
    New Testament model, and biblical clarity in the deacons’ role and function is invaluable for promoting peace and unity in our congregations.

  • It is the spirit of your Father that speaks by you
    Paul knew well the importance of God’s holy spirit when it comes to speaking the truth. He even entreated the congregation in Ephesus to make supplication for him that “ability to speak” might be given him. (Eph. 6:18-20)
  • The Greatness of the Apostle Paul / Die Größe des Apostels Paulus
    Among people critical of Christianity, the apostle Paul has a pretty bad press. Whilst quite a few of them recognize that Jesus had an exceptionally high ethic (at least for his time), Paul is generally regarded as a villain having sort of corrupted the message of his master.
    +Während nicht wenige von ihnen anerkennen, dass Jesus eine außenordentlich hohe Ethik (zumindest für seine Zeit) hatte, wird generell Paulus als einen Bösewicht angesehen, der irgendwie die Botschaft seines Meisters verdorben hat.

Élection de Matthias

Justus et Matthias étaient les deux hommes proposés en remplacement de Judas Iscariote comme apôtre. Le sort tomba sur Matthias. Même si Justus ne fut pas choisi, le fait qu’on pensa à lui pour cette fonction montre qu’il était un disciple mûr de Jésus Christ. — Ac 1:23-26.

– it-2 p. 87

Statue de Matthias, à Wehr

Après la défection de Judas Iscariote, qui mourut infidèle, il ne restait plus que 11 apôtres ; durant les 40 jours qui suivirent sa résurrection et qui précédèrent son ascension, Jésus ne nomma personne à la place de Judas. Au cours de la période de dix jours qui s’écoula entre l’ascension de Jésus et la Pentecôte, on jugea nécessaire de choisir quelqu’un d’autre pour occuper la place que Judas laissait vacante, non pas tant par sa mort que par sa vile défection, comme le montrent les textes de l’Écriture cités par Pierre (Ac 1:15-22 ; Ps 69:25 ; 109:8 ; voir aussi Ré 3:11). C’est pourquoi, en revanche, lorsque le fidèle apôtre Jacques fut mis à mort, rien n’indique qu’on ait cherché à nommer quelqu’un pour lui succéder dans sa fonction d’apôtre. — Ac 12:2.

Il ressort clairement des déclarations de Pierre que pour être apôtre de Jésus Christ un chrétien devait remplir des conditions : il devait avoir connu personnellement Jésus et avoir été témoin de ses œuvres, de ses miracles et, en particulier, de sa résurrection. Cela montre bien qu’avec le temps toute succession apostolique deviendrait impossible à moins qu’une intervention divine ne satisfasse dans chaque cas à ces conditions indispensables. Toutefois, à ce moment-là juste avant la Pentecôte, des hommes remplissaient ces conditions, puisque deux furent proposés pour remplacer l’infidèle Judas. Sans doute en pensant à Proverbes 16:33, on jeta les sorts ; Matthias fut choisi puis “ compté avec les onze apôtres ”. (Ac 1:23-26.) Il est donc compris dans “ les douze ” qui réglèrent l’affaire relative aux disciples de langue grecque (Ac 6:1, 2) et sans doute dans les “ douze ” dont parle Paul lorsqu’en 1 Corinthiens 15:4-8 il fait état des apparitions de Jésus après sa résurrection. Ainsi, quand la Pentecôte arriva, l’Israël spirituel nouvellement formé put reposer sur 12 fondements apostoliques.

Apôtres de congrégations.

Matthias n’était pas simplement un apôtre de la congrégation de Jérusalem, et pas plus les 11 autres apôtres. Son cas était différent de celui du Lévite Joseph Barnabas qui devint apôtre de la congrégation d’Antioche de Syrie (Ac 13:1-4 ; 14:4, 14 ; 1Co 9:4-6). D’autres hommes furent également appelés “ apôtres de congrégations ” en ce sens qu’ils étaient envoyés par ces congrégations pour les représenter (2Co 8:23). Ainsi, dans sa lettre aux Philippiens, Paul parle d’Épaphrodite comme de “ votre envoyé [apostolon] et serviteur personnel pour mes besoins ”. (Ph 2:25.) Il est clair que ces hommes n’étaient pas devenus apôtres en vertu d’une succession apostolique et qu’à la différence de Matthias ils ne faisaient pas partie des “ douze ”.

Une bonne intelligence du mot “ apôtre ” dans son acception la plus large aide à comprendre l’apparente contradiction entre Actes 9:26, 27 et Galates 1:17-19 quand on applique ces textes au même événement. En effet, le premier récit dit que lorsque Paul arriva à Jérusalem, Barnabas le conduisit “ aux apôtres ”, alors que, dans sa lettre aux Galates, Paul déclare qu’il rendit visite à Pierre et ajoute : “ Mais je n’ai vu aucun autre des apôtres, seulement Jacques le frère du Seigneur. ” On considérait sans doute Jacques (non pas l’apôtre Jacques le fils de Zébédée, ni Jacques le fils d’Alphée, mais le demi-frère de Jésus) comme un “ apôtre ” au sens large du terme, c’est-à-dire comme un “ envoyé ” de la congrégation de Jérusalem. Cela expliquerait pourquoi le récit des Actes emploie ce titre au pluriel lorsqu’il déclare que Paul fut conduit “ aux apôtres ” (autrement dit à Pierre et à Jacques). — Voir aussi 1Co 15:5-7 ; Ga 2:9.

– it-1 p. 140-143

MATTHIAS

(probablement une forme abrégée de l’héb. Mattithia, qui signifie “ Don de Jéhovah ”).

Disciple désigné par le sort pour remplacer Judas Iscariote comme apôtre. Après l’ascension de Jésus, Pierre, faisant remarquer que le psalmiste David avait non seulement annoncé la défection de Judas (Ps 41:9), mais aussi écrit (Ps 109:8) : “ Sa fonction de surveillance, qu’un autre la prenne ”, proposa aux quelque 120 disciples réunis que la fonction vacante soit occupée. Joseph Barsabbas et Matthias furent présentés en vue d’une sélection ; après avoir prié, on jeta les sorts et Matthias fut choisi. Ce choix, qui eut lieu quelques jours seulement avant l’effusion de l’esprit saint, est le dernier cas rapporté dans la Bible où on eut recours aux sorts pour déterminer le choix de Jéhovah. — Ac 1:15-26.

À en croire les paroles de Pierre (Ac 1:21, 22), Matthias avait suivi le Christ durant les trois ans et demi qu’avait duré son ministère, il avait fréquenté intimement les apôtres et il figurait vraisemblablement parmi les 70 disciples ou évangélisateurs que Jésus avait envoyés prêcher (Lc 10:1). Après avoir été choisi, il fut “ compté avec les onze apôtres ” par la congrégation (Ac 1:26), et quand le livre des Actes tout de suite après fait mention des “ apôtres ” ou des “ douze ”, Matthias est de leur nombre. — Ac 2:37, 43 ; 4:33, 36 ; 5:12, 29 ; 6:2, 6 ; 8:1, 14 ; voir Paul.

– it-2 p. 236

Deux disciples furent retenus comme éventuels apôtres, peut-être par un vote des membres masculins de l’assemblée (Pierre s’était adressé aux “ hommes, frères ” ; Ac 1:16). Ensuite, ces derniers prièrent Jéhovah Dieu (comparer Ac 1:24 avec 1S 16:7 ; Ac 15:7, 8), lui demandant de désigner, Lui, lequel des deux il avait choisi pour remplacer l’apôtre infidèle. Après avoir prié, ils jetèrent les sorts et “ le sort tomba sur Matthias ”. — Ac 1:15-26 ; voir aussi Pr 16:33.

Rien ne permet de douter que Matthias fut bien choisi par Dieu. Il est vrai qu’une fois converti Paul occupa une place très en vue et peina bien plus que tous les autres apôtres (1Co 15:9, 10). Néanmoins, rien ne montre que Paul fut personnellement prédestiné à un apostolat de sorte que Dieu se soit, en somme, retenu de répondre à la prière de l’assemblée chrétienne, ait gardé la place laissée vacante par Judas jusqu’à la conversion de Paul et ait ainsi fait de la nomination de Matthias une action purement arbitraire de l’assemblée chrétienne. Au contraire, tout porte à croire que Matthias fut le remplaçant établi par Dieu.

Detail of right part of first stained glass wi...

Detail of right part of first stained glass window in the east aisle (right from the nave if coming from the main entrance in the south), depicting the apostles Simon and Matthias. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

À la Pentecôte, l’effusion de l’esprit saint conféra aux apôtres des pouvoirs exceptionnels ; ils sont les seuls dont on lit qu’ils pouvaient poser les mains sur les nouveaux baptisés et leur communiquer des dons miraculeux de l’esprit (voir Apôtre [Pouvoirs miraculeux]). Si Matthias n’avait pas réellement été choisi par Dieu, il n’aurait pas eu ces pouvoirs et cela serait apparu à tous. Le récit montre que tel ne fut pas le cas. Luc, le rédacteur des Actes, fut un compagnon de voyage et un associé de Paul dans certaines missions, et donc, sans aucun doute, le livre des Actes reflète la façon de voir de Paul et cadre avec. Or, ce livre dit que “ les douze ” nommèrent les sept hommes qui devaient s’occuper du problème relatif à la distribution de nourriture. Cela eut lieu après la Pentecôte 33 de n. è., mais avant la conversion de Paul. Matthias est donc compté parmi “ les douze ” dans ce passage et il posa les mains avec les autres apôtres sur les sept hommes désignés. — Ac 6:1-6.

Le nom de qui apparaît alors parmi ceux qui figurent sur les “ douze pierres de fondement ” de la Nouvelle Jérusalem dans la vision de Jean : celui de Matthias ou celui de Paul (Ré 21:2, 14) ? Un certain raisonnement ferait répondre plus probablement Paul. Il apporta tellement à la congrégation chrétienne par son ministère et particulièrement en écrivant une grande partie des Écritures grecques chrétiennes (14 lettres lui sont attribuées). Sous ces rapports, Paul ‘ éclipsa ’ Matthias, dont il n’est plus directement question après Actes chapitre 1.

– it-2 p. 502-507

+

Disciple présenté et proposé avec Matthias pour assumer la fonction de surveillance laissée vacante par l’infidèle Judas Iscariote. Joseph, également appelé Barsabbas (peut-être un nom de famille ou simplement un autre nom) et surnommé Justus, avait été témoin de l’œuvre, des miracles et de la résurrection de Jésus Christ. Cependant, c’est Matthias, et non Joseph, qui, avant la Pentecôte 33 de n. è., fut désigné par le sort pour remplacer Judas Iscariote et qui fut “ compté avec les onze apôtres ”. — Ac 1:15–2:1.

– it-2 p. 48-54

***

Proverbes 16:33

33 On jette le sort dans le giron+, mais toute décision du [sort] vient de Jéhovah+

Actes 1: 15-26

15 Or, en ces jours-là, Pierre se leva au milieu des frères et dit (la foule* des personnes était en tout d’environ cent vingt) : 16 “ Hommes, frères, il fallait que s’accomplisse [cette parole de] l’Écriture+, que l’esprit saint+ avait dite d’avance par la bouche de David au sujet de Judas+, qui est devenu le guide de ceux qui ont arrêté Jésus+, 17 parce qu’il avait été compté parmi nous+ et qu’il avait obtenu part à ce ministère+. 18 (Ce même [homme] donc a acheté+ un champ avec le salaire de l’injustice+, et tombant la tête la première*+, il s’est ouvert bruyamment par le milieu et tous ses intestins se sont répandus. 19 Et la chose a été connue de tous les habitants de Jérusalem, si bien que ce champ a été appelé dans leur langue : Akeldama, c’est-à-dire Champ du Sang.) 20 Car il est écrit dans le livre des Psaumes : ‘ Que son gîte soit désolé, et qu’il ne s’y trouve pas d’habitant+ ’, et : ‘ Sa fonction de surveillance*, qu’un autre la prenne+. ’ 21 Il faut donc que d’entre les hommes qui se sont réunis avec nous pendant tout le temps où le Seigneur Jésus entrait et sortait* parmi nous+, 22 en commençant à son baptême par Jean+ jusqu’au jour où il a été enlevé d’auprès de nous+, un de ces hommes devienne avec nous un témoin de sa résurrection+. ”

23 Alors ils en présentèrent deux : Joseph appelé Barsabbas, qui était surnommé Justus, et Matthias. 24 Et ils prièrent et dirent : “ Toi, ô Jéhovah*, qui connais le cœur de tous+, désigne lequel de ces deux hommes tu as choisi 25 pour prendre la place de ce ministère et apostolat+, dont Judas a dévié pour s’en aller en son propre lieu. ” 26 Ils jetèrent alors les sorts+ pour eux, et le sort tomba sur Matthias ; et il fut compté avec les onze+ apôtres.

Actes 6: 1-2

6.1 Or, en ces jours-là, comme les disciples se multipliaient, il y eut chez les Juifs parlant grec*+ des murmures contre les Juifs parlant hébreu*, parce que leurs veuves étaient négligées dans la distribution* quotidienne+. 2 Alors les douze appelèrent à eux la multitude des disciples et dirent : “ Il ne nous plaît pas de délaisser la parole de Dieu pour distribuer [la nourriture]* aux tables+.

1 Corinthiens 15:3-8

3 Car je vous ai transmis, parmi les premières choses, ce que j’ai reçu+ moi aussi : que Christ est mort pour nos péchés selon les Écritures+ ; 4 et qu’il a été enterré+, oui qu’il a été relevé+ le troisième jour+ selon les Écritures+ ; 5 et qu’il est apparu à Céphas+, puis aux douze+. 6 Après cela il est apparu à plus de cinq cents frères à la fois, dont la plupart sont demeurés [en vie] jusqu’à présent+, mais quelques-uns se sont endormis [dans la mort]. 7 Après cela il est apparu à Jacques+, puis à tous les apôtres+ ; 8 mais, en tout dernier lieu, il m’est apparu à moi aussi+, comme à quelqu’un qui est né avant terme*.

***

Les Saintes Écritures
Traduction Du Monde Nouveau

*

v 24: Jéhovah: Le nom divin dans les Écritures grecques chrétiennes: “ Jéhovah. ” Héb. : יהוה (YHWH ou JHVH):

On peut prouver que les disciples de Jésus employaient le Tétragramme dans leurs écrits. Voici ce que Jérôme a écrit au IVe siècle dans le chapitre III de son ouvrage Liber de viris illustribus : “ MATTHIEU, nommé aussi Lévi, et de publicain devenu apôtre, composa le premier en Judée, pour ceux qui avaient cru parmi les circoncis, l’Évangile du Christ, et le rédigea en caractères et langage hébraïques. Quelle personne le traduisit plus tard en grec, c’est ce que l’on ne sait pas au juste. L’Évangile hébreu se trouve aujourd’hui encore dans la bibliothèque de Césarée, que le martyr Pamphilus avait formée avec le soin le plus grand. Les Nazaréens de Berœa, ville de Syrie, se servent du texte hébreu, et j’ai eu par eux la facilité de le transcrire. ” (Livre des hommes illustres, traduit en français avec le texte latin en regard, par F. Collombet, Paris 1840, p. 15).

Matthieu a cité plus d’une centaine de fois les Écritures hébraïques inspirées. Quand ces citations comprenaient le nom divin, le devoir de l’apôtre était de faire figurer fidèlement le Tétragramme dans son Évangile en hébreu. Lorsque l’Évangile de Matthieu a été traduit en grec, le Tétragramme a été laissé sous sa forme originelle dans le texte grec, selon l’usage de l’époque.

Outre Matthieu, tous les autres rédacteurs des Écritures grecques chrétiennes ont également cité des versets tirés du texte hébreu ou de la Septante, des versets avec le nom divin. Par exemple, Pierre, en Ac 3:22, a cité Dt 18:15 où le Tétragramme paraît dans un fragment de papyrus de la Septante qu’on fait remonter au Ier siècle av. n. è. (Voir App. 1C § 1.) Disciple de Christ, Pierre utilisait le nom de Dieu, Jéhovah. Quand le discours de Pierre a été mis par écrit, on a employé ici le Tétragramme conformément à l’usage du Ier siècle av. n. è. et du Ier siècle de n. è.

Au cours du IIe ou IIIe siècle de n. è., les scribes ont supprimé le Tétragramme aussi bien dans la Septante que dans les Écritures grecques chrétiennes, lui substituant Kurios “ Seigneur ”, ou Théos “ Dieu ”.

– Rbi8 p. 1682-1685

qui connais le cœur de tous: (1 Samuel 16:7): 7 Mais Jéhovah dit à Samuel : “ Ne considère pas son apparence ni la hauteur de sa taille+, car je l’ai rejeté. Car [Dieu voit]* non pas comme voit l’homme+ ; c’est que l’homme voit ce qui paraît aux yeux*+, mais Jéhovah, lui, voit ce que vaut le cœur*+. ”

(1 Chroniques 28:9): 9 “ Et toi, Salomon mon fils, connais+ le Dieu de ton père et sers+-le d’un cœur complet+ et d’une âme délicieuse+, car Jéhovah sonde tous les cœurs+ et discerne toute inclination des pensées+. Si tu le recherches, il se laissera trouver par toi+, mais si tu le quittes+, il te rejettera pour toujours+.
(Jérémie 11:20): 20 Mais Jéhovah des armées juge avec justice+ ; il examine les reins* et le cœur+. Oh ! que je voie ta vengeance sur eux, car c’est à toi que j’ai révélé mon procès+ !
(Actes 15:8): 8 et Dieu, qui connaît le cœur+, a rendu témoignage en leur donnant l’esprit saint+, comme il l’a fait aussi pour nous.
(1 Rois 8:39): 39 alors toi, puisses-tu entendre depuis les cieux+, le lieu fixe où tu habites+, et tu devras pardonner+, agir+ et rendre à chacun selon toutes ses voies+, parce que tu connais son cœur+ (car toi seul tu connais bien le cœur de tous les fils des humains*+) ;

(1 Chroniques 28:9): 9 “ Et toi, Salomon mon fils, connais+ le Dieu de ton père et sers+-le d’un cœur complet+ et d’une âme délicieuse+, car Jéhovah sonde tous les cœurs+ et discerne toute inclination des pensées+. Si tu le recherches, il se laissera trouver par toi+, mais si tu le quittes+, il te rejettera pour toujours+.
(2 Chroniques 16:9): 9 Car, en ce qui concerne Jéhovah, ses yeux+ rôdent par toute la terre+, afin de montrer sa force en faveur de ceux dont le cœur+ est complet à son égard. Tu as agi sottement+ dans cette circonstance, car dès maintenant il existera contre toi des guerres+. ”
(Psaume 7:9)9 S’il te plaît, qu’elle prenne fin, la méchanceté des méchants+,et puisses-tu établir le juste+ ; Dieu, [qui est] juste*+, sonde le cœur+ et les reins*+.
(Proverbes 24:12): 12 Si tu dis : “ Voyez ! Nous ne savions pas cela+ ”, celui qui soupèse les cœurs ne le discernera-t-il pas+ ? Celui qui observe ton âme ne le saura-t-il pas+ et, à coup sûr, ne rendra-t-il pas à l’homme tiré du sol selon son action+ ?
(Jérémie 17:10): 10 Moi, Jéhovah, je scrute le cœur+, j’examine les reins*+, oui pour rendre à chacun selon ses voies*+, selon le fruit de ses manières d’agir+.
(Proverbes 11:20): 20 Ceux dont le cœur est tortueux sont chose détestable pour Jéhovah+, mais ceux qui se montrent intègres dans [leur] voie sont pour lui un plaisir+.
(Jérémie 17:10): 10 Moi, Jéhovah, je scrute le cœur+, j’examine les reins*+, oui pour rendre à chacun selon ses voies*+, selon le fruit de ses manières d’agir+.
(Jérémie 20:12): 12 Mais toi, ô Jéhovah des armées, tu examines le juste+ ; tu vois les reins* et le cœur+. Que je voie ta vengeance sur eux+, car c’est à toi que j’ai révélé mon procès+.
(Révélation 2:23): 23 Et ses enfants, je les tuerai par une plaie meurtrière*, de sorte que toutes les congrégations sauront que je suis celui qui scrute les reins* et les cœurs, et je vous donnerai à chacun individuellement selon vos actions+.
v 25: apostolat: (Jean 6:70): 70 Jésus leur répondit : “ Je vous ai choisis, vous les douze+, n’est-ce pas ? Pourtant l’un de vous est un calomniateur*+. ”
(Luc 6:13): 13 Mais quand le jour parut, il appela à lui ses disciples et en choisit parmi eux douze, auxquels il donna aussi le nom d’ “ apôtres+ ” :

(Jean 15:16): 16 Vous ne m’avez pas choisi, mais moi je vous ai choisis, et je vous ai établis pour que vous alliez, et que vous continuiez à porter du fruit+, et que votre fruit demeure ; afin que tout ce que vous demanderez au Père en mon nom, il vous le donne+.
(Marc 3:14): 14 Et il forma [un groupe de] douze, auxquels il donna aussi le nom d’ “ apôtres ”, afin qu’ils restent avec lui et afin qu’il les envoie pour prêcher+
v 26: Ils jetèrent alors les sorts:  (Proverbes 16:33): 33 On jette le sort dans le giron+, mais toute décision du [sort] vient de Jéhovah+.
(Nombres 26:55): 55 C’est uniquement par le sort+ qu’on répartira le pays. C’est selon les noms des tribus de leurs pères qu’ils recevront un héritage.
(Josué 18:10): 10 et Josué tira les sorts pour eux à Shilo, devant Jéhovah+. Ainsi, c’est là que Josué répartit le pays aux fils d’Israël, selon leurs parts+.

(Proverbes 18:18): 18 Le sort fait cesser les querelles+, et il sépare même les puissants l’un de l’autre+.
il fut compté avec les onze apôtres: (Matthieu 28:16): 16 Les onze disciples, cependant, se rendirent en Galilée+, à la montagne où Jésus leur avait donné rendez-vous,

 

+

apôtre qui remplaça Judas : bt 19 ; it-1 142 ; it-2 236, 506-507 ; w90 1/6 11

nom sur une pierre de fondement de la Nouvelle Jérusalem : it-1 142-143 ; it-2 507

un des « douze » (1Co 15:5) : it-1 142 ; w88 15/1 30

Saint Matthias

Saint Matthias – O.D.M. pinxit

++

Nederlandstalige versie: Verkiezing van Matthias

Afrikaans: Matti′as is gekies als een van “die twaalf”

Deutsch: Da warfen sie Lose und das Los fiel auf Matthias

English: Election of the Apostle Matthias

The Acts Of The Sent Ones Chapter 1

Hebraic Roots Bible Book of The Acts of the Apostles Chapter 1

Nazarene Acts of the Apostles Chapter 1 v23-26 Choice of Matthias

+++

  1. Saint Joseph Barsabbas
  2. Saint Matthias
    Il avait suivi le Seigneur Jésus depuis son baptême par Jean jusqu’au jour où la Christ fut enlevé au ciel ; aussi fut-il choisi par les Apôtres, après l’Ascension du Seigneur, pour prendre la place du traître Judas, être compté au nombre des Douze et devenir témoin de la Résurrection.
  3. Apôtre Matthias
  4. Les Saints: Saint Matthias Apôtre
    Nous n’avons rien de certain sur les actions de saint Matthias ; on sait seulement qu’après avoir reçu le Saint-Esprit le jour de la Pentecôte, il alla prêcher l’Évangile de Jésus-Christ, et qu’il consacra le reste de sa vie aux travaux de l’apostolat.
    Clément d’Alexandrie rapporte que, dans ses instructions, il insistait principalement sur la nécessité de mortifier la chair en réprimant les désirs de la sensualité ; leçon importante qu’il tenait de Jésus-Christ, et qu’il mettait lui-même en pratique.
    Les Grecs prétendent, d’après une ancienne tradition exprimée dans leurs ménologes, que saint Matthias prêcha la foi vers la Cappadoce et les côtes de la mer Caspienne ; ils ajoutent qu’il fut martyrisé dans la Colchide, à laquelle ils donnent le nom d’Éthiopie. Les Latins célèbrent sa fête le 24 février.
  5. Saint Matthias Apôtre
    On ne peut guère douter que saint Matthias n’ait été un des soixante-douze disciples de Jésus-Christ; du moins est-il certain qu’il s’attacha de bonne heure à la personne du Sauveur, et qu’il ne S’en sépara point depuis Son Baptême jusqu’à Son Ascension.
  6. Saint Apôtre Mathias des 70
    L’Apôtre Matthias a voyagé après cela à Amasée, une ville située sur la rive de la mer. Lors d’un voyage de trois ans de l’apôtre André, saint Matthias était avec lui à Edesse et Sébaste. Selon la Tradition ecclésiale, il prêchait à Pontines en Ethiopie (Actuellement Géorgie occidentale) et en Macédoine. Il a été fréquemment soumis à des périls mortels, mais le Seigneur l’a préservé de prêcher l’Evangile.
    Une fois, les païens contraint le saint de boire une potion poison. Il a bu, et non seulement il lui restent indemnes, mais il a aussi guéri d’autres prisonniers qui avaient été aveuglés par la potion. Quand saint Matthias a quitté la prison, les païens cherché en vain, car il était devenu invisible pour eux. Une autre fois, quand les païens devenus enragés intention de tuer l’apôtre, la terre s’est ouverte et les engloutit.
  7. Fête St Matthias, apôtre, 14 mai
    Cette élection de Mathias dit notre faillibilité, aussi le risque de notre vie, ne pas arriver à faire ce qui compte le plus pour nous…
  8. Matthias le treizième apôtre
    La différence est que les apôtres sont vraiment les plus proches “collaborateurs de Jésus” ceux qui ont reçu l’envoi de témoigner et de propager la Bonne nouvelle,
    Les disciples sont ceux qui ne font pas partie des douze qui ont connu Jésus très intimement mais eux aussi sont envoyés par Christ qui les envoie deux par deux et dit :
    “Voici que je vous envoie comme des brebis parmi les loups, soyez doux comme les colombes et rusés comme les serpents”
  9. (en) Catholic Encyclopedia: Saint Matthias
  10. Apostle Matthias of the Seventy
    When St Matthias was already dead, the Jews, to hide their malefaction, cut off his head as an enemy of Caesar. (According to several historians, the Apostle Matthias was crucified, and indicate that he instead died at Colchis.) The Apostle Matthias received the martyr’s crown of glory in the year 63.
  11. “The Church of Christ Shall Not Be Impoverished” Sermon on the feast day of Apostle Matthias
    It is a profoundly instructive event for us. It teaches us that the Church of Christ shall never be impoverished and shall not remain without the servants it requires. “I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it” (Matt. 16:18), said Christ.
  12. Matthias
    Matthias is not mentioned by name anywhere else in the New Testament. He was the one of the quiet followers committed to Jesus from the beginning, first as one of the 70 disciples and, then after his election as the 13th Apostle immediately after the Ascension. From his election, he spread the “Good News” for more than thirty years. The Apostle Matthias journeyed after this to Amasea, a city on the shore of the sea. During a three year journey of the Apostle Andrew, Matthias was with him at Edessa and Sebaste. According to Church Tradition, he was preaching at Pontine Ethiopia and Macedonia. He was frequently subjected to deadly peril, but the Lord preserved him to preach the Gospel.

+++

  • *Apostolic* (motivation1000.wordpress.com)
    It is the confession and submission to the revelation that Jesus Christ is God wrapped in flesh.
    +
    The Apostles Doctrine, which are the teachings of the Apostles, originated from Jesus “who is the Word of God” manifest in human flesh. Hence originating in Jesus and continued by the Holy Spirit (or Holy Ghost)!
  • Wait Upon The Lord (rootstothestream.net)
    They were waiting on the Holy Spirit. This highlights an important point in our walk with Jesus in that it is nothing of ourselves, but Christ through us and He had not come to the Apostles yet. Their way was not made known and patience was required of them.
  • Commemoration of the Apostle Matthias, Martyred in Colchis, and Apostolic Succession (georgianorthodoxchurch.wordpress.com)
    It is through apostolic succession that the Church is the direct spiritual successor to the original body of believers in Christ as the Son of God, composed of the Apostles.
  • The Holy Spirit-Empowered Apostles (yourgodmoments.wordpress.com)
    What we are seeing then is that this group of Jesus’ disciples are being Holy Spirit-empowered, receiving their newfound ability to speak in different languages – which they then used to praise God for His ‘mighty works.’
    +
    God calls us to Himself through Christ, and God is making that call all around the world. The person who receives that call must repent and accept Christ in faith to be born again. Three thousand people were added to the ‘first church’ that day…
  • Carissimi: Today’s Mass; St Bartholomew, Apostle (frjeromeosjv.wordpress.com)
    John gives no list of the Twelve, but refers to more of them individually than the Synoptists. He does not name Bartholomew, but early in his account (John 1:43-50) he tells of the call to discipleship of a Nathaniel who is often supposed to be the same person. The reasoning is as follows: John’s Nathanael is introduced as one of the earliest followers of Jesus, and in terms which suggest that he became one of the Twelve. He is clearly not the same as Peter, Andrew, James, John, Philip, Thomas, Judas Iscariot, Judas (not Iscariot, also called Lebbaeus or Thaddeus), all of whom John names separately. He is not Matthew, whose call is described differently (M 9:9). This leaves Bartholomew, James the son of Alpheus, and Simon Zelotes.
  • Intro to the Book of Acts and the choosing of Judas’ replacement (sundayschoolbiblestudy.wordpress.com)
    Peter feels called to stand up and make the case that they now should allow God to choose a successor to Judas Iscariot. Notice that this is the first time in the Bible that we see Peter quote Scripture. He is now relying on the Word of God to steer him through ministry just like Jesus had demonstrated through His earthly ministry and had taught them to do.
  • Acts 1 (sisterspray4me.com)
    Whoever is chosen will join us as a witness of Jesus’ resurrection.”

Tag Cloud

The Eccentric Fundamentalist

Musings on theology, apologetics, practical Christianity and God's grace in salvation through Jesus Christ

John 20:21

"As the Father has sent me, so I am sending you."

The Biblical Review

Reviewing Publications, History, and Scripture

Words on the Word

Blog by Abram K-J

Bybelverskille

Hier bestudeer ons die redes vir die verskille in Bybelvertalings.

Michael Bradley - Time Traveler

The official website of Michael Bradley - Author of novels, short stories and poetry involving the past, future, and what may have been.

BIBLE Students DAILY

"Be faithful unto death, and I will give you the crown of life." Revelation 2:10

God's Simple Kindness

A place to share your daily blessings

takeaminutedotnet

All the Glory to God

Groen is Gezond

van zaadjes in volle grond tot iets lekkers op het bord

Jesse A. Kelley

A topnotch WordPress.com site

JWUpdate

JW Current Apostate Status and Final Temple Judgment - Web Witnessing Record; The Bethel Apostasy is Prophecy

Sophia's Pockets

Wisdom Withouth Walls

ConquerorShots

Spiritual Shots to Fuel the Conqueror Lifestyle

Examining Watchtower Doctrine

Truth Behind the "Truth"

Theological NoteBook

Dabbling into Theology

sowers seed

be careful 'how you hear'

Next Comes Africa

If I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea; Even there shall thy hand lead me, and thy right hand shall hold me - Psalm 139: 9,10

friarmusings

the musings of a Franciscan friar...

%d bloggers like this: