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Posts tagged ‘Gospel of Matthew’

The Nazarene master teacher learning people how they should behave

Soon after the Nazarene Jeshua (Jesus Christ) had started his public life and had chosen some disciples, he found them following him and receiving more followers who wanted to hear him talking about many things which concerned them or which where about the general customs and religious life of the people.

Jesus went all over Galilee and used open as well as covered spaces, like synagogues but also planes and mountain slopes. Jesus knew his divine task, having placed in a special way on this earth to show people the Way to God. Jesus knew very well Who that One True God is all people should come to know.  He very well knew his own place, being lower than angels and being a son of God, the Most High without Jesus could do nothing.

He must have been special. Though the religious leaders despised him but the people wondered who this man could be and where curious for what they could hear from others about miracles he could perform.

Sites of Christianity in the Galillee - Ruins of the ancient Great Synagogue at Capernaum (or Kfar Nahum) on the shore of the Lake of Galilee, Northern Israel.jpg

Capernaum synagogue

Jesus went from one place to an other telling about his heavenly Father, the Only One True God of Israel. He taught people the truth of God and God’s kingdom was his theme. He also healed people of their diseases and of the bad effects of their bad lives. Those actions he did, got many curious about this personage and word got around the entire Roman province of Syria. People brought anybody with an ailment, whether mental, emotional, or physical. Jesus healed them, one and all. More and more people came, the momentum gathering. Besides those from Galilee, crowds came from the “Ten Towns” across the lake, others up from Jerusalem and Judea, still others from across the Jordan. (Matthew 4:23-25)

Mount of Beatitudes, seen from Capernaum

When he was in the region of Capernaum again there were a lot of people who had come to see him and who where eager to hear what he had to tell.  Jesus saw all those crowds, coming from different places, following him and went up the mountain or hill (the Greek word can mean either) the Mount of Beatitudes.

Some commentators see here an intended contrast to Sinai, where the Law was given. However, there are no grounds, implicit or explicit, for identifying the mountain as a “New Sinai.” {Newman, B. M., & Stine, P. C. (1992). A handbook on the Gospel of Matthew (p. 103). New York: United Bible Societies.}

From Matthew’s choice of verbs we can imagine that the situation was all about a moment of teaching, Jesus tutoring. It does not matter so much if Matthew and Luke wrote about the same or of a different occasion where Jesus taught about the kingdom of heaven, its subjects and their life.

There have been and are today scholars who regard the sermons recorded in Mt and Lk as collections of sayings spoken on different occasions, and maintain that they do not represent any connected discourse ever delivered by Jesus. In their view the Sermon is either a free compilation by the evangelists or a product of apostolic teaching and oral tradition.
The prevailing opinion among NT scholars is, however, that the gospel accounts represent a genuine historical discourse. The Sermon as recorded in Mt bears such marks of inner unity of theme and exposition as to give the appearance of genuineness. That Jesus should deliver a discourse of this kind accords with all the circumstances and with the purpose of His ministry. Besides, we know that in His teaching He was accustomed to speak to the multitudes at length, and we should expect Him to give early in His ministry some formal exposition of the kingdom, the burden of His first preaching. That such a summary of one of His most important discourses should have been preserved is altogether probable. {Miller, R. B. (1915). Sermon, on the Mount, The. In J. Orr, J. L. Nuelsen, E. Y. Mullins, & M. O. Evans (Eds.), The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia (Vol. 1–5, p. 2733). Chicago: The Howard-Severance Company.}

In any case even when it is a summary it is a teaching every Christian should seriously take at heart. Jesus was not afraid to talk at length, but this discourse could easily be delivered in a few minutes.

There is evidence that the account in Mt 5–7 contains some sayings not included in the original discourse. This view is confirmed by the fact that a number of the sayings are given in Luke’s Gospel in settings that appear more original. It is easy to believe that related sayings spoken on other occasions may have become associated with the Sermon in apostolic teaching and thus handed down with it, but if the discourse were well known in a specific form, such as that recorded in Mt, it is hardly conceivable that Luke or anyone else would break it up and distribute the fragments or associate them with other incidents, as some of the sayings recorded in both Gospels are found associated in Lk. {Miller, R. B. (1915). Sermon, on the Mount, The. In J. Orr, J. L. Nuelsen, E. Y. Mullins, & M. O. Evans (Eds.), The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia (Vol. 1–5, p. 2733). Chicago: The Howard-Severance Company.}

Because there is written that the disciples came to sit by Jesus many think Jesus was mainly addressing them. Even when this is the apparent meaning of the account of both evangelists, the separation from the multitudes and the direction of Jesus his words to the disciples seem clear, and the distinction appears intentional on the part of the writer. However, it must be observed that in the closing comments on the Sermon the presence of the multitudes is implied. In Luke’s account the distinction is less marked; being the night of prayer in the mountain, the choice of the twelve apostles, the descent with them into the presence of the multitude of his disciples and a great number of people from Judaea, Jerus and the coast country, the healing of great numbers, and, finally, the address. While the continued presence of the multitudes is implied, the plain meaning of the words,

“And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said,”

is that his address was intended especially for the latter.

This view is borne out by the address itself as recorded in both accounts. Observe the use of the second person in the reference to suffering, poverty and persecution for the sake of the Son of Man. Further the sayings concerning the “salt of the earth” and “the light of the world” could hardly have been addressed to any but His disciples. The term disciple, however, was doubtless employed in the broader sense by both evangelists. This is clearly the case in Matthew’s account, according to which the Twelve had not yet been appointed. {Miller, R. B. (1915). Sermon, on the Mount, The. In J. Orr, J. L. Nuelsen, E. Y. Mullins, & M. O. Evans (Eds.), The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia (Vol. 1–5, p. 2733). Chicago: The Howard-Severance Company.}

Today we should look at those texts also as a lesson to all those who want to call themselves “Christian” which means “to be a follower of Christ“. Christians too should be disciples of Christ Jesus and should follow the words of the Nazarene master teacher. Not especially being a digest of Christ his teaching the account in Matthew 5 delivers a short of the attitudes a Christian should take.

Today because so many people calling themselves Christian, but more following human doctrines instead of keeping to the Biblical doctrines, may find Jesus’ words very hard to understand and even harder to follow in our modern culture which preaches that happiness or luck comes from material wealth, absence of sorrow, and which teaches revenge or retaliation and exorbitant punishments far in excess of the wrong suffered. Lots of people do find it right to punish wrongdoers and even would not mind if their life was taken away, though on other occasions they are totally against women taking contraceptives considering this murder or killing an unborn life.

The writer who records the most challenging command Jesus ever gave his followers:

“Be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.”

looks at the teaching of Jesus on our behaviour and living and presents an ethic code for his disciples and a measure for the behaviour of all believers.

Each time Jesus opens with the word, which is recorded in Greek as “makarioi”, “blessed” or “happy”, which occurs nine times in verses 3–12. Many also call it “beatitudes”. Each beatitude having three parts: an ascription of blessing (happiness), a specific virtue to be cultivated (the practice of each produces a positive result), and a promise relating to the kingdom (reward or special comfort as a reason for the promised happiness).

In the sermon we find that the poor in spirit, those who mourn, the gentle, those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, the merciful, the pure in heart, the peacemakers, those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, those who receive insults, are falsely accused and are persecuted on account of the Messiah may count on it that they are all blessed.

Certainly in Christendom we can find many true believers in Christ, those who accept Jesus for whom he really is, a man of flesh and blood who put his will aside to do the Will of the One God Who sent him to this world. Very often those real Christians are spit at and very often it are the trinitarian Christians who take on a very un-christian attitude to those believers. Those name Christians who prefer to keep to human doctrines and want to keep to the pagan rites and festivals, are often the worst in their attitude to the real or non-trinitarian Christians. Look around you and hear how your surroundings react to such Christians as the Jehovah’s Witnesses, Christadelphians or others who spread the Good News by giving pamphlets and by talking to people on the streets or by going from door to door. Often those who laugh at such Christians are not the gentle, and often they have more interest in the looks of people and the material wealth of themselves and others, instead of looking for the spiritual wealth.

In the world we can see many who sincerely love God and want to prefer to worship Him alone, who are therefore being harassed or molested. Be them Jews, Christians or Muslims, those who not like to take part in the pagan rituals, like Halloween, Christmas, Easter, are often looked at with a bad eye, or even spit on. They are laughed at, being considered compliant meek, soft ones and not by the time. To be meek does not mean to be weak. Jesus with his words concerning the meek ones looks at “meekness” meaning gentle restraint. it  Holds in a person can be showing gentlenessmildness, forbearance, submissiveness, humility or humbleness, modesty, submission and trying to bring peacefulness, sometimes even with acquiescence. We should remember that there it is about those who dare to take on an attitude which does not insist on one’s own rights but is giving itself for others, always ready to waive its privileges in the interests of others. “The meek” person is willing to wait for God’s timing being sure that God’s promises will become a reality and that God shall provide better times for all those who live according to God His commandments. That is our sacred hope we may find in Christ his offering, opening the gates to the Kingdom of God.

As Christian we should be taking every effort to follow Christ, to become in unity with him and his teaching, doing our utmost best to obey our heavenly Father. Living according to God’s commandments we can live with the promise to be able to live in the kingdom here on earth (“inherit the earth”). Though we should be well aware that this is not promised to the pushy, proud, ambitious, and domineering and to scourge those who do not believe in God or those who prefer to live differently than us.

Those who are humble and willing to undergo all the suffering in name of Christ or those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, may look forward for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. They or we may rejoice, and be glad, for our reward in heaven shall be great, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before us. (Matthew 5:3-12)

Jesus Christ in Capernaum

Jesus Christ in Capernaum (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Jesus knew or knows we are not perfect, but that does not mean we should be happy with who we are at a certain moment. Every day we should work at ourselves and strive to become better. It is quite ready to love those who love us, but what about loving those who hate us? Concerning doing good, many unbelievers are doing good, so what would be the difference between a non-believer and a Christian? How many name Christian today we do hear speaking low about other coloured people or about people of an other religion? How many so called Christians do not despise other Christians and other believers or atheists and want them away from their community or surroundings. Lots of name Christians do not welcome others.

So many people consider them higher than others or more special. Often they consider themselves perfect or faultless and are not interested in changing their own world view, their mindset, their inclination or habit, their ethos and their assumptions. Lots of them even do not want to challenge themselves in any way and do not want to see that nobody is foolproof. Today we do find lots of so called Christians who are against the refugees and who wrong or oppress strangers, though they should know that is against the Will of God (Exodus 22:20-21). They are not interested in the war victims, the orphans and widow, though a lover of God should stand up for them and defend them (Isaiah 1:16-17). Several people who call themselves Christian should better ask themselves what this really should mean and should check if they can come under that denominator.

Christianity is all a matter of “love“.

Jesus asks his followers to consider the aspects of real love and of the will to work at the inner self, the way how to react to others and daring to put your own will aside to be there for others. Looking at the habits that have entered our life, Jesus requires to examine ourself and to become aware of our attitude we should take on in life.

God requires of us to worship Him as the Only One True God of gods and to keep His commandments, doing justice and to offer loving kindness or mercy to others, walk humbly with God. Jesus requires of us also to honour his heavenly Father and to worship Him alone. He also requires us to become like him and to hunger and thirst for righteousness, work for peace, and stand in solidarity with those who are persecuted; to be merciful and comfort mourners; to be humble in spirit, meek, and pure in heart.

So let us listen very carefully to the Bible text in “Commentary Matthew 5:1-12 Nazarene Mountain teachings: Blessed and legal commentaries” and work at ourselves to become more like Christ fulfilling the Wish of God.

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Nazarene Commentary Matthew 4:23-25 – Kingdom Preaching and Healing Draws Crowds

There is more happiness in giving than there is in receiving

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Commentary Matthew 5:1-12 Nazarene Mountain teachings: Blessed and legal commentaries

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Additional reading

  1. Being Religious and Spiritual 8 Spiritual, Mystic and not or well religious
  2. Salvation, trust and action in Jesus #2 What you must do
  3. Words to inspire and to give wisdom
  4. A season of gifts
  5. Wishing lanterns and Christmas
  6. Are you being swept along by the world
  7. Let us become nothing, and Christ everything
  8. Outflow of foundational relationship based on acceptance of Jesus
  9. the Bible – God’s guide for life #8 Looking to Jesus #1 Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus
  10. The meek one riding on an ass
  11. When having found faith through the study of the Bible we do need to do works of faith

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Further reading

  1. Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount
  2. Sermon from Matthew 5
  3. What Love Says and Does
  4. Loved Are We
  5. Beatitudes
  6. Beatitudes / Blessed are: (Matthew 5:3-12)
  7. Blessed Are… – Sermon on Matthew 5:1-12
  8. What Does God Require? A Christian Manifesto (Matt 5:1-12, Micah 6:1-8)
  9. What does the Lord require…?
  10. Blessed are the merciful: 4 Epiphany A
  11. Children’s Sermon: Matthew 5:4 (Beatitudes)
  12. Sermon for January 29, 2017
  13. Sermon for 29 January 2017 on Matthew 5:1-12
  14. NBFMC Sermon Review (1/15/2017) – ‘Sermon on the Mount’ Series: “Being Salt and Light”
  15. NBFMC Sermon Review (1/22/2017) – ‘Sermon on the Mount’ Series: “Jesus and The Law”
  16. NBFMC Sermon Review (2/05/2017) – ‘Sermon on the Mount’ Series: “Lust and Relationships”
  17. 4th Sunday, Year A | Being peacemakers in a divided society
  18. Fourth Sunday in Ordinary Time (January 29th, 2017)
  19. 4th Sunday After Epiphany, January 29, 2017
  20. 5th Sunday Ordinary Time Year A 2017
  21. Sermon on the Mount: Part 1
  22. Sermon on the Mount Part 1: Beatitudes
  23. Sermon on the Mount: Part 2
  24. 2017.01.15 Sermon On The Mount Part 1
  25. Bible Study: Insights on the Sermon on the Mount: The Beatitudes Part 1
  26. Bible Study: Insights on the Sermon on the Mount: The Beatitudes Part 2
  27. Bible Study: Insights on the Sermon on the Mount: The Beatitudes Part 3
  28. Bible Study: Insights on the Sermon on the Mount: The Light
  29. True Worship: Justice, Kindness, Walk Humbly
  30. Sunday Devotional: Who are our ‘neighbors’ and our ‘enemies’? How are we to ‘love’ them?
  31. Blocking your own witness
  32. How to deal with others
  33. What Jesus Says When You’ve Been Burned
  34. “I’m telling you that anyone who is so much as angry with a brother or sister is guilty of murder.” ~~Jesus
  35. Reconciling Jesus
  36. Be Perfect
  37. Radical Love in the Face of Injustice
  38. “Make something happen!”: The restless spirit
  39. Giving and Getting It All
  40. Day 33 -This Little Light of Mine
  41. Be Nice to Me
  42. A Godly Response To Ungodliness
  43. Our Relationship to the World
  44. The Love Question
  45. Love?
  46. A Life Well-Lived
  47. “No & Yes”
  48. Truth, love, and justice
  49. Salt and Light: Matthew 5
  50. We’re Salt & Light: But are we?
  51. Anger and murder
  52. “An ‘Eye for eye, tooth for tooth.’ Is that going to get us anywhere?” ~~Jesus
  53. Blessed are the Refugees
  54. What Does the Lord Require? :: Prayers of the People
  55. The Joy of Mercy
  56. “You are God’s field, God’s building”
  57. Evangelize: Downtown Boise With Love
  58. …I’m gonna let it shine
  59. A toddler’s tale
  60. The Beatitudes are Like Yogurt
  61. Why does Jesus say “the poor in spirit” are blessed?
  62. An Accurate Measurement for Your Life
  63. Authentic Christianity

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Matthew 1:1-17 The Genealogy of Jesus Christ

Matthew 1:1-17 – The Genealogy of Jesus Christ

Luke 3:23-38

MT1:1 A bible[1] of a genealogy[2] of Jesus[3] Christ,[4] son of David, son of Abraham:[5]

MT1:2 Abraham[6] generated[7] Isaac,[8] Isaac generated Jacob,[9] Jacob generated Judah[10] and his brothers,[11] MT1:3 Judah generated Perez[12] and Zerah[13] by Tamar,[14] Perez generated Hezron,[15] Hezron generated Ram,[16] MT1:4 Ram generated Amminadab,[17] Amminadab generated Nahshon,[18] Nahshon generated Salmon,[19] MT1:5 Salmon generated Boaz[20] by Rahab,[21] Boaz generated Obed[22] by Ruth,[23] Obed generated Jesse,[24] MT1:6 Jesse generated King David.[25] David generated Solomon[26] by Uriah’s woman,[27] MT1:7 Solomon generated Rehoboam,[28] Rehoboam generated Abijah,[29] Abijah generated Asa,[30] MT1:8 Asa generated Jehoshaphat,[31] Jehoshaphat generated Jehoram,[32] Jehoram generated Uzziah,[33] MT1:9 Uzziah generated Jotham,[34] Jotham generated Ahaz,[35] Ahaz generated Hezekiah,[36] MT1:10 Hezekiah generated Manasseh,[37] Manasseh generated Amon,[38] Amon generated Josiah,[39] MT1:11 Josiah generated Jeconiah[40] and his brothers upon the Babylonian deportation.[41] MT1:12 After the Babylonian deportation Jeconiah generated Shealtiel,[42] Shealtiel generated Zerubabbel,[43] MT1:13 Zerubabbel generated Abiud,[44] Abiud generated Eliakim,[45] Eliakim generated Azor,[46] MT1:14 Azor generated Zadok,[47] Zadok generated Achim,[48] Achim generated Eliud,[49] MT1:15 Eliud generated Eleazar,[50] Eleazar generated Matthan,[51] Matthan generated Jacob,[52] MT1:16 Jacob generated Joseph[53] Mary’s[54] man[55] who generated Jesus,[56] the one called “Christ.”[57] MT1:17 Therefore all the generations from Abraham until David[58] were fourteen generations; and from David until the Babylonian deportation[59] were fourteen generations; and from the Babylonian deportation until the Christ[60] were fourteen generations.[61]

 

Folio 27r from the Lindisfarne Gospels contain...

Folio 27r from the Lindisfarne Gospels contains the incipit Liber generationis of the Gospel of Matthew. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

[1] Bible: The Greek is BIBLOS. Or, KJV: book; WMS: family tree; KNX: record of ancestry.

[2] Genealogy: The Greek is GENESEOS. Or, generation (KJV).

[3] Jesus: The Greek is IESOU meaning, “Yah Saves.” There is no “J” in Greek.

[4] Christ: The Greek is KHRISTOU and means one christened or anointed. A Hebrew bias word would be, Messiah.

[5] Son of David, son of Abraham: The two most important links to his forefathers.

[6] Abraham: One of the most important persons in the Bible; indeed, one of the most important persons in the modern world, adored by Jews, Christians, and Muslims. His name occurs over 290 times. The name is a most common name of males among Jews, Christians, and Muslims. The name means “Father of a Multitude” and first occurs at Genesis 17:5 where his name is changed from “Abram” meaning “Father of Rejoicing” (Father’s Joy). The first occurrence of Abram is at Genesis 11:26. This form of the name occurs over 60 times.

[7] Generated: Or, “was the father of”; “fathered.” The Greek is EGENNESEN.

[8] Isaac: The name occurs over 140 times with the first occurrence at Genesis 17:19. It is a name given by an angel of Yahweh even as was the name Jesus.

[9] Jacob: The name occurs 400 times and means “Grabbing the Heel” occurring first at Genesis 25:26.

[10] Judah: The name occurs 870 times and means “Praised” occurring first at Genesis 29:35. It is the root of the term “Jew.”

[11] Brothers: The foundations of the tribes of Israel. The account is recorded in Genesis 31.

[12] Perez: The name occurs 20 times and means “Perineal Rupture.” It occurs first at Genesis 38:29.

[13] Zerah: The name occurs 20 times and means “Shining” or “Rising” occurring first in the above context at Genesis 38:30. Apparently it is a common name as others earlier are so named.

[14] Tamar: One of four women named in the genealogy of Jesus Christ. Her name means “Palm Tree” and occurs 30 times regarding different women, the first at Genesis 38:6.

[15] Hezron: The name means “courtyard” or “settlement” and occurs first at Genesis 46:9 for a total of 20 times.

[16] Ram: His name means “High” (see 1 Chronicles 2:9) and is presented as Arni in Luke’s genealogy (Luke 3:33).

[17] Amminadab: The name occurs 16 times and means “Noble” or “Generous” occurring first at Exodus 6:23.

[18] Nahshon: Occurs 13 times beginning at Exodus 6:23 and means “Serpent.”

[19] Salmon: The name occurs about 6 times, first at Ruth 4:20.

[20] Boaz: The name occurs 30 times, first at Ruth 2:1, meaning “Strong.”

[21] Rahab: Meaning, “Wide” or “Spacious” – the second woman mentioned in the genealogy, a Gentile harlot whose name occurs 19 times, first at Joshua 2:1.

[22] Obed: Meaning “Servant” and occurring first at Ruth 4:17 for a total of 35 times.

[23] Ruth: The name occurs first at Ruth 1:4 for a total of 19 times. A Gentile, the third woman to be mentioned in the genealogy. Her name means “God is King.”

[24] Jesse: The name, meaning “Yahweh (causes) forgets,” occurs 53 times with the first at Ruth 4:17.

[25] David: A king of Israel. Meaning “Beloved” and occurring over 1200 times, the first at Ruth 4:17.

[26] Solomon: A king of Israel. The name means “Peace” and occurs 320 times with the first at 2 Samuel 5:14.

[27] Uriah’s woman: Bathsheba is not mentioned though alluded to. Here Matthew honors the loyal and courageous Gentile soldier. Like other languages the Greek has no word for “wife.” It is “woman” and the context determines whether it is a “wife” or a “woman.” Uriah’s name occurs 30 times with the first occurrence at 2 Samuel 11:3. His name means “Yah is my Light” and is likely his Hebrew name after converting from the Hittites.

[28] Rehoboam: A king of Israel whose name occurs 55 times and means “Widen the People.” The first occurrence is 1 Kings 11:43.

[29] Abijah: A king of Judah. The name means “Yah is my Father” and occurs 37 times, the first at 1 Samuel 8:2.

[30] Asa: The third king of Judah. The name occurs 63 times and appears first at 1 Kings 15:8.

[31] Jehoshaphat: A king of Judah. The name occurs 83 times and means “Yahweh is Judge” occurring first at 2 Samuel 8:16. A name associated with the Plains of Megiddo (Armageddon).

[32] Jehoram: A king of Judah. The name means “Yahweh is Exalted” and occurs 83 times, the first at 1 Kings 22:50.

[33] Uzziah: A king of Judah. His name means “My Strength is Yahweh” and occurs 34 times with the first occurrence at 2 Kings 15:13.

[34] Jotham: A king of Judah. His name means “Yah Perfects” and occurs 27 times with the first occurrence at 2 Kings 15:5. There are other men with this name.

[35] Ahaz: A king of Judah. His name means “Yahweh Grasps” and occurs 47 times with the first occurrence at 2 Kings 15:38. The henpecked husband of Jezebel.

[36] Hezekiah: A king of Judah. His name means “Yah Strengthens” and occurs 139 times with the first occurrence at 2 Kings 16:20. A strong associate of Isaiah.

[37] Manasseh: A king of Judah. His name means “Causing Forgetfulness” (It is an ancient name – Genesis 41:51) and occurs 155 times with the first occurrence at 2 Kings 20:21. Manasseh is thought to have martyred Isaiah and yet becomes one of the greatest examples of repentance and forgiveness.

[38] Amon: A king of Judah. His name means “Faithful” and occurs 21 times with the first occurrence at 2 Kings 21:18.

[39] Josiah: A king of Judah. His name means “Yah Heals” and occurs 31 times with the first occurrence at 2 Kings 21:24. Others are so named. Josiah is a good example of a youth dedicated to God with great love for the Word.

[40] Jeconiah: A king of Judah. His names means “Yah Establishes” and occurs 13 times with the first occurrence at 1 Chronicles 3:16.

[41] Babylonian deportation: Thought by some to be around 611-607 BC.

[42] Shealtiel: His name means “Requested of God” and occurs 15 times with the first occurrence at 1 Chronicles 3:17.

[43] Zerubabbel: A governor of Judah upon return from Babylonian captivity around 537 BC. His name means “Seed of Babel” and occurs 28 times with the first occurrence at 1 Chronicles 3:19.

[44] Abiud: His name means “Dignified Father” and only occurs here. Some think this is the same as “Joda” in Luke 3:26, others do not.

[45] Eliakim: His name means “My God Raises” and occurs 15 times with the first occurrence at 2 Kings 18:18.

[46] Azor: From the genealogy of Joseph. From here the records would be based on Matthew’s research. His name means “One Offering Help” and only occurs here.

[47] Zadok: An ancestor of Joseph. The name means “Righteous” and belongs to numerous persons in the Bible. The name occurs 56 times

[48] Achim: An ancestor of Joseph. His name means “Yah Establishes.” This is the only occurrence of the name.

[49] Eliud: An ancestor of Joseph his name means “God of Dignity.” This is the only occurrence of his name.

[50] Eleazar: An ancestor of Joseph. His name means “God Helps” and appears 79 times as the names of other men.

[51] Matthan: The great-grandfather of Joseph. His name only occurs here.

[52] Jacob: The grandfather of Joseph. The name means “Surplantor” and occurs 409 times in the Bible.

[53] Joseph: The foster father of Jesus the Nazarene. His name means “Yah Increases” and occurs 264 times in the Bible. Joseph, husband of Mary, is mentioned 29 times in the Christian Bible. A carpenter by trade, possibly he died in the early life of Jesus.

[54] Mary’s: Mary is a form of Miriam meaning “Rebellious.” The name Mary occurs 68 times in the Christian Bible. There are six Marys in the Bible. M’Clintock and Strong’s Cyclopaedia (1881, Vol. III, p. 774): “In constructing their genealogical tables, it is well known that the Jews reckoned wholly by males, rejecting, where the blood of the grandfather passed to the grandson through a daughter, the name of the daughter herself, and counting that daughter’s husband for the son of the maternal grandfather.”

[55] Man: The Greek is ANDRA and “husband” is inferred by the context.

[56] Jesus: This is the name given by the angel of Yahweh in Luke’s account. The name means “Yah Saves” and occurs 1109 times in the Christian Bible. Jesus is the Latin form of the Greek IESOUS, which corresponds to the Hebrew Yeshua or Yehohshua and means “Yahweh Is Salvation.”

[57] Christ: The designation is the Greek KHRISTOS and means one christened or anointed. The title occurs 748 times in the Christian Bible. It occurs most often in the Letter to the Romans.

[58] Abraham until David: Roughly from 2,000 to 1000 BC or about 1,000 years and about 70 years per “generation.”

[59] David until the Babylonian deportation: Roughly 500 years or 35 years per generation.

[60] Deportation until the Christ: Roughly about 500 years or 35 years per generation.

[61] Generations: For a total of 42 generations between Abraham and Jesus Christ.

This text of the Gospel of Matthew is a new version, the 21st Century Version of the Christian Scriptures [NCMM], as an additional part of Nazarene Commentary 2000©. This rendering by Mark Heber Miller may be considered a literal version with limited paraphrase.

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Extra BS notes

Iesou => Jesus = “Hail Zeus”, the name given to the Nazarene Jew at the Council of Nicaea in 325 to come to terms with the three-headed greek-roman gods. Up until about 360, theological debates mainly dealt with the divinity of the son, which had to be the seame one as the son-god of the Romans and the Greeks. The worshipping of that son and the use of the statues in the community should be allowed for all the sorts of worshippers, so that the market vendors could sell their statues at liberty to any worshipper. Jeshua, Joshua (/ˈɒʃə/) or Jehoshua (Hebrew: יְהוֹשֻׁעַ Yĕhôshúa or Hebrew: יֵשׁוּעַ Yĕshúa; Aramaic: ܝܫܘܥIsho; Greek: Ἰησοῦς, Arabic: يوشع بن نونYūshaʿ ibn Nūn, Turkish: Yuşa) Yeshua (ישוע, with vowel pointing יֵשׁוּעַyēšūă‘ in Hebrew) which means “Jehovah saves/Jehovah is salvation” or “the Help(ipa) from Jehovah” or “From Jehovah comes salvation”, for the politicians had to become the second person of their tri-une godhead.  The main god Zeus (Ancient Greek: Ζεύς) had to be the “Father of Gods and men” (πατὴρ ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε, patḕr andrōn te theōn te) and as such should be the god of Greeks, Romans and Christians because Jupiter (Latin: Iuppiter; /ˈjʊpɪtɛr/; genitive case: Iovis; /ˈjɔːvɪs/) or Jove is the king of the gods and the god of sky and thunder in myth.

By the time of the 4° Century CE lots of false teachers had managed to introduce the Roman teachings of their gods back into the teachings of their followers. Lots of people found it easier to adapt to the new religion because it had adapted itself to their faith. for them it was than much easier to accept Jesus to be the King of kings, to be the god of light, the god of thunder, the god of miracles, the god of enlightenment, etc.

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Preceding articles:

  1. The Advent of the saviour to Roman oppression
  2. Story of Jesus’ birth begins long before the New Testament
  3. Nazarene Commentary to Zechariah and Elizabeth
  4. Nazarene Commentary to An Angel Appearing to a Priest
  5. Nazarene Commentary to Struck Dumb For Disbelief
  6. Nazarene Commentary to Elizabeth Pregnant
  7. Nazarene Commentary Luke 1:46-56 – Mary Magnifies God
  8. Nazarene Commentary Luke 1:57-66 – Elizabeth Gives Birth To John
  9. Nazarene Commentary Luke 1:67-80 – Zechariah’s Prophecy
  10. With child and righteousness greater than the law
  11. Nazarene Commentary Luke 2:1-7 – A Firstborn’s Birth In Bethlehem
  12. Nazarene Commentary Luke 2:8-14 – Angels and Shepherds in the Night
  13. Nazarene Commentary Luke 2:15-20 – Shepherds Find the Infant Christ
  14. Nazarene Commentary Luke 2:21-24 – Presenting the Baby to God
  15. Nazarene Commentary Luke 2:25-35 – Simeon’s Blessing and Warning
  16. Nazarene Commentary Luke 2:36-38 – Anna’s Thanks before Those Waiting
  17. Nazarene Commentary Luke 2:39-40 – The Young Child Grows
  18. Nazarene Commentary Luke 2:41-50 – Twelve Year Old Jesus in the Temple

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  • 5 Elements of the Christmas Story (virtuousgirls.wordpress.com)
    The angel Gabriel arrives to give Mary a special message. His arrival signifies that God is about to do something and do something big! God is a God of action. He is always busy doing good. Even when it seems that God is silent, He is at work behind the scenes.From the end of the Old Testament to the start of the New Testament, 400 years passed during which God did not communicate with His people Israel. It was not because He had forgotten them or abandoned them. They had turned away from Him, but He had not given up on them.
  • The Nativity According to Matthew (davidscommonplacebook.wordpress.com)
    Remember, though, that Bethlehem was a small village in this time with a likely population of a few hundred. It is doubtful that more than half a dozen children were killed, not enough to make it into any other sources we have for Herod’s rule. Herod was certainly ruthless enough to order such a massacre. He had no trouble killing members of his own family if he thought they threatened his rule. In fact, Herod being an Idumean (or Edomite) and not a Jew, was a foreigner and so was as despised by many Judeans as a Roman governor would have been. If he had heard that there was a potential rival to his throne, even a child, that the Jews might rally around, he would have wasted no time in disposing of that rival.
  • Don’t Be Afraid (josephelonlillie.com)
    Joseph was told not to be afraid, not because  God was going to take away all the fearful things but because the Messiah was coming into the world…into his family.” JE Lillie
  • Matthew 1:21-23 (inspirationsbyerika.wordpress.com)
    She will give birth to a son, and you are to name Him Jesus, because He will save His people from their sins.”
  • Will Our Children Have Faith? (mymorningmeditations.com)
    It may seem strange to consider Judaism a missionary religion. Yet the Pharisees are described as “compass[ing] sea and land to make one proselyte.” (Matthew 23:15) Rabbinic Judaism, the product of these Pharisees, saw in Abraham and Sarah the models for those who converted non-Jews to Judaism, speaking of them as “making souls.” (Cf. Gen. 12:5)
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    There are also plenty of Christians whose children leave the faith. It can be truly said that God has no grandchildren. We each negotiate our own relationship with our Creator, regardless of who our parents are or what they believe and practice.
  • Massacre of the Innocents (nation.com.pk)
    The Gospel of Matthews narrates the horrific Biblical account of the killing of infants by the then Roman appointed Jewish king of Israel, Herod, at the time of the birth of Jesus. As it turns out, a prophecy in the Old Testament, made by Jeremiah the prophet, spoke of the birth of a new king of Jews (Hazrat Isa A.S.), ‘who would be born on the night that a star comes out of Jacob’. When Jewish astrologers of the time, the Magi, informed Herod of the coming of this event, he ordered that every child under the age of two be killed in and around the town of Bethlehem. Herod had hoped that this Massacre of the Innocents would achieve two goals: 1) it would preserve the future reign of Herod’s progeny, and 2) it would wipe out the existence, message, and purpose of the promised Messiah. Herod failed in achieving both these objectives. Per the Divine Will, just before the Massacre of Innocents started, Joseph and Mary (Hazrat Maryam A.S.) took the child, and escaped to Egypt. And thus the prophet and his mission were preserved, only to return to Israel ten years later and proclaim the truth of God.
    Two thousand years later, five thousand kilometers away from the towns of Jerusalem and Bethlehem, in the Army Public School, Peshawar, another Massacre of the Innocents took place on Tuesday.
  • Seeking Good Soil- Dec 22 (boyslumber.wordpress.com)
  • Field Notes (whitehousepost.com)
    We write to grow beyond ourselves—beyond the confines of our bodies, our minds, our time.
  • The Difference Between Grace and Mercy (codybateman.org)
    We deserve nothing from God. God does not owe us anything. Anything good that we experience is a result of the grace of God (Ephesians 2:5). Grace is simply defined as unmerited favor. God favors, or gives us good things that we do not deserve and could never earn
  • Herod (en.wikipedia.org)

Different approach in organisation of services #1

Based in a Catholic country

The Belgian Bible Students and the Belgian Free Christadelphians both started a new year like the Catholic Church in Belgium and the schools, universities and clubs started a new year.

For the Catholic Church and for us there is the promise to the young girl Miriam (Mary/Maria) which let us look at the beginning of a new era, the time of salvation at hand. We, in contrast with our brethren and sisters from the Central Fellowship, like the CBM and CIL Christadelphians, start already now with reading about the Glad Tidings and the beginnings of the New Testament. The members of the Belgian Free Christadelphians in their ecclesiae follow the Bible Reading Plan by Robert Roberts and start only on the 1st of January with Genesis 1 & 2 plus Matthew 1 & 2.

Because there are so many Catholics in this country we like to show them from their readings, their religious year readings, what the Bible really says. Because every year they choose an other Gospel author as their main writer which they will follow, we also do take that writer his writings to put in the spotlight. It is a matter of coming closer to them and to have a better play on the ball with their readings and their traditions.

Different traditions

About those traditions, the Bible Students and several Amended Christadelphians may have a different feeling, because some Central Christadelphians join the pagan Christian festival and celebrate Christmas and Boxing Day. For us the real birth of Christ,on the 17th of October 4BCE is an other good reason to start in September/October with the new ‘church year’. But we do have to abstain from the pagan based holidays, like Christmas and the Catholic and some Protestants their Easter. The Easter we do have to celebrate and which the Free Christadelphians in Belgium also keep to is the remembrance day installed by Jesus Christ before he was going to die, on the 14th of Nisan.
Like the Belgian Catholics we may find that there is a time of advent in the Autumn, a preparation time to receive and celebrate the Good News of the one who brought us the Kingdom of God. Last year we looked at Luke and this year we shall therefore have a closer look to the Book of Matthew, the 1st book of the New Testament. There are more allusions to the Old Testament in this Gospel than in the others. It was clearly written for Jewish Christians, the purpose being to prove that Jesus was the Messiah foretold in the Old Testament and therefore it is also a very good book to introduce to those who do not know Jesus or to those who have a wrong view of this Nazarene man.

This year the Free Christadelphians in Belgium, like us, looked back at the awful year they had, and showed their good spirit to stand up again and to go forwards through the breakers which dash against our coast. The ecclesia Brussel-Leuven also found it wise to give an idea how the Christadelphian movement came into being and how it developed.

In the Gospel of Matthew is written how the Lord Jesus himself announced the work of Harvest of the Gospel Age.

“Let both grow together until the harvest. At that time I will tell the harvesters: First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles to be burned; then gather the wheat and bring it into my barn.’”” (Matthew 13:30 NIV)

Adolf Daens, Flemish Jesuit priest from Aalst who is especially known for his socio-political involvement after he joined the diocesan clergy. He created the Daensist movement from which originated in 1893 the Christene Volkspartij inspired by Leo XIII's encyclical Rerum Novarum.

Adolf Daens (1839–1907) Flemish priest from Aalst. Daens was a Jesuit from 1859 to 1871 but is especially known for his socio-political involvement after he joined the diocesan clergy. He created the Daensist movement from which originated in 1893 the Christene Volkspartij inspired by Leo XIII’s encyclical Rerum Novarum. The Christene Volkspartij forced the radicalisation and democratisation of the Catholic party.

Sowing the seeds in the 19° century

Dr. John Thomas (1805–1871) founder of the Christadelphian movement, a Restorationist religion with doctrines similar in part to some 16th-century Antitrinitarian Rationalist Socinians and the 16th-century Swiss-German pacifist Anabaptists. - Dr. John Thomas (1805-1871) grondlegger van de Christadelphian beweging, een herstellers van religie groepering met doctrines vergelijkbaar voor een deel met een aantal 16e-eeuwse Antitrinitarische Rationalistische Socinianen en de 16e-eeuwse Duits-Zwitserse pacifistische wederdopers of Anabaptisten.

Dr. John Thomas (1805–1871) founder of the Christadelphian movement, a Restorationist religion with doctrines similar in part to some 16th-century Antitrinitarian Rationalist Socinians and the 16th-century Swiss-German pacifist Anabaptists.

Brother John Thomas in the 19° century tried to sow the seeds. He found many listening ears. One of them was Brother Charles Taze Russell who visited Antwerp and Brussels in 1891. Already at that time the fresh new country seemed to struggle with the Gospel Faith. The Roman Catholic Church was a very strong bastion with her hand in the political system and favouring the rich instead of helping the poor, priest Adolf and his brother Pieter Daens, or Pie Donsj for those from Aalst, an exception.

Brother Charles met there a Christendom that was ignorant of biblical truth. The fear of the clergy and of the fire of hell, doctrine that has no foundation in the Scripture, kept people away from opening the Bible.  But the Catholic Church had taken care that the people would not come to see the truth, by forbidding them to read the Bible. Mass was done in Latin and the readings as such, in that language, did not say so much to the people, who had not studied enough to get to know Latin and Greek.

The Bible translations in Dutch, French or German were forbidden and blacklisted.

Walloon grocery and mining

Because there was so much French spoken Russell did find it a good idea to have a modest Swiss forestry worker named Adolphe Weber to proclaim “the good news of great joy” in the French speaking countries of Europe. Adolphe Weber began the translation in French of books of the “present truth” and published in Swiss, French and Belgian daily newspapers advertisements referring to the first volume of the studies in the Scriptures and some booklets.

Location in the municipality of Charleroi

Jumet is a section of the Belgian town of Charleroi within the Walloon region in the province of Hainaut. It was a commune of its own before the merger of the communes in 1977. – Location in the municipality of Charleroi

In 1901, a grocer named Jean-Baptiste Tilmant (father) working in Jumet-Gohissart, city located near Charleroi, answered one of these advertisements and asked for some literature. As a result, a small group of bible students started meetings at his house in 1902 and used material from Russell.

Urged by his desire to know more about the truth, Jean-Baptiste Tilmant wrote to the Swiss brother asking to receive more information. As an answer to his demand, Brother Weber came to Charleroi during his missionary tour, to strengthen the faith of this small group.
In 1903, the periodical “lighthouse of Zion Tower” was published in French for the first time. The light of truth began to
shine so brightly in this mining area. Indeed, each Sunday morning, a small group of Biblestudentsastheywerecalledat the time, were going “in the fields” to sow the seeds of truth contained in this eight pages periodical; they waited for instance at the exit of churches. That is how the two first editions of “Zion’s Watch Tower” were largely distributed.

Borderareas

The Borinage is an area in the Walloon province of Hainaut in Belgium

The small group of Jumet Gohissart pushed away the limits of its territory to the south in the French part of the country. Some time later, the truth of God’s Kingdom also expended among the Flemish population.

In the month of august 1904, ten years before the First World War, these brave messengers of the Good News went to Denain in France, to offer booklets to people getting out from a Baptist temple. In Belgium and France the non-trinitarian Baptists mostly were not openly known, because of the fear of persecution.
The results of their activity was that two years later, a congregation started near Denain in Haveluy.
Jean Baptiste Tilmant and his friends continued to bravely preach the biblical truth and other groups appeared to face this big growth, a deposit of books was opened at brother’s Tilmant house in Jumet Gohisart and in 1906 a bible student community was founded in Denain.
The “Lighthouse” of August 1904, page 64, mentions for the first time the name and books from “Dawn”; (It has to be Volume I of the Studies in the Scriptures); subscriptions to the “Lighthouse” and request for free booklets and papers.
In 1906 the leaflets “Do you Know?” and the “Wage of sin” two other booklets and Volume 1 were to be published in Dutch and delivered in Brussels.
In 1908 Heinrich Brinkhoff published the first edition of The Watchtower in Dutch: De Wachttoren

Throwing pearls to pigs

Around 1910, François Caré who had known the truth in France went to Liège to a protestant friend named Edouard Verdière. He could not help it speaking with him about the truth. He wanted to help him leaving the false religion. His friend was so opposed to the message of brother Caré that at the end he finished by telling him
“ I don’t want to argue with you any longer , I don’t want to throw pearls to pigs “
After these words, he went to bed , these words bothered Mr Verdière all night long. The next morning, he asked brother Caré to tell him what he meant. He told him that he will no longer speak about the truth to him because he did not appreciate the “pearls” he was offering him. After this explanation, his friend became more conciliating so that after his return to France brother Caré started to send him regularly periodicals. He also dispatched a few volumes of Studies in the Scriptures. It did not last long before Edouard Verdière accepted the Truth and even began to speak in public. In another district of Belgium, light began to break through the darkness.

From Catholicism to Protestantism to coming in the Truth

The Rosary (from Latin rosarium, meaning “Crown of Roses” or “garland of roses” , in its most commonly known format as the Dominican rosary, is a form of prayer used especially in the Catholic Church or a string of prayer beads used to count the component prayers

In the coalmine where he worked, Edouard Verdière had a colleague named Léonard Smets searching the truth. He was a sincere catholic; he diligently attended religious services with his family. He used to pray with a rosary. This man from Flemish origin lived in Heure-le Romain near Vivegnis (Liège). In 1900, a protestant offered him a Bible saying, “I have the Book of God”. Another day, at the confessional, Léonard Smets confessed to the priest that he was reading the Holy Scriptures. The priest said that if he still wanted to receive absolution for his sins he had to give back his Bible. From that day on, Léonard did not attend the service any-more. He thought,

“If they are sincere, they will come to meet me, because they have to come and catch back the lost sheep”.
However, the priest never came to see him. Léonard Smets began to attend the protestant temple.
File:Collegiale-Thann-p1010106.jpg

A confessional is a small, enclosed booth used for the Sacrament of Penance, often called confession, or Reconciliation. It is the usual venue for the sacrament in the Roman Catholic Church. – Traditional confessional in Saint-Thiébaut Church, Thann, France

Even on his working place, in the coalmine, Smets was reading the New Testament. One day, Vedière noticed it. He was curious to know which his religion was; he began to sing a protestant hymn. “I was protestant”, answered brother Verdière “but I have something better for you.” He offered him a copy of the “watchtower of Zion” and witnessed with all his strength of the truth. It happened in 1912. Léonard Smets did not keep this truth for himself; he shared it with a Flemish colleague named Joseph Poelmans, father of seven children. He was disillusioned by the teachings of  Catholicism and chose Protestantism. However when he read the periodical that Smets gave him, he recognised the accent of truth.

Later, the three coalminers Verdière, Smets and Poelmans questioned the protestant minister of religion of Herstal (Liège) about the doctrine of immortality, trinity and Hell. Instead of helping them, the pastor was very angry and threw them out. They realised he was not better than the catholic priest, so they decided to meet and to study the Scripture with the help of the books they received from France.
In 1908 5000 “watch Towers” were distributed in Belgium.
In 1911 Brother Russell could only stop for a few minutes in Liège where dear brethren Pétré and some others were waiting to greet him on the train: sister Miss Peerkings (an English sister living in Liège where she learned about the Truth) served as an translator. With the same train, Brother Russell arrived in Charleroi where he took the road to arrive in Denain in the evening.
Joseph Franklin Rutherford (1869–1942), also known as "Judge" Rutherford, president of the incorporated Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, who played a primary role in the organization and doctrinal development of Jehovah's Witnesses. - Joseph Franklin Rutherford (1869-1942), ook wel bekend als "Rechter" Rutherford, voorzitter van het Wachttorengenootschap, die een primaire rol in de organisatie en leerstellige ontwikkeling van Jehovah's Getuigen had.

Joseph Franklin Rutherford (1869–1942), also known as “Judge” Rutherford, president of the incorporated Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, who played a primary role in the organization and doctrinal development of Jehovah’s Witnesses.

In 1912, there were seven municipalities: Haine-Saint-Paul, Flémalle-Haute, Engis, Amay, Ampsin, Liège and JumetGohissart. Each of these groups was organizing monthly meetings and was welcoming Brother Weber from the Swiss office for periodical visits.

At Pentecost on June 26th and 27th 1912 there was a a general meeting or their first general assembly in Jumet Gohissart.

Brother Rutherford was in Jumet on Monday 22nd September for a private meeting.

The group also grew strongly in the most northern part of France and in 1913 more than 1,000 people attended a lecture by Joseph Franklin Rutherford when he visited Denain. On August 31, 1913 70 Belgian supporters visited a conference in Paris where Russell was present.

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To be continued: Different approach in organisation of services #2

Dutch version / Nederlandse versie: Andere aanpak in de organisatie van de diensten # 1

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Please do find out more about the Christadelphians:

  1. Not all christians are followers of a Greco-Roman culture
  2. Two new encyclopaedic articles
  3. Who are the Christadelphians
  4. What are Brothers in Christ
  5. Discipleship way of life on the narrow way to everlasting life
  6. Christadelphian people
  7. Christadelphians or Messianic Christians or Messianic Jews
  8. About the Belgian Free Christadelphians
  9. What Christadelphians teach
  10. Small churches of the few Christadelphians
  11. Priority to form a loving brotherhood
  12. 19° Century London Christadelphians
  13. Breathing and growing with no heir
  14. Commitment to Christian unity
  15.  Parts of the body of Christ
  16. What part of the Body am I?
  17. The Church, Body of Christ and remnant Israel synonymous
  18. United people under Christ
  19. Fellowship
  20. The Ecclesia
  21. The Ecclesia in the churchsystem
  22. The ecclesia or Christadelphian church
  23. Our relationship with God, Jesus and each other
  24. Our ecclesia or Christadelphian-church
  25. Intentions of an Ecclesia
  26. An ecclesia in your neighbourhood
  27. Communion and day of worship
  28. Christadelphians today
  29. Small churches of the few Christadelphians
  30. Who Celebrates Easter as Religious Holiday
  31. Eostre, Easter, White god, chocolate eggs, Easter bunnies and metaphorical resurrection
  32. Harvest in Belgium
  33. Biblestudents & T.C.Russell
  34. About the Belgian Biblestudents
  35. What the Belgian Biblestudents believe
  • 37 “Theses” Nailed to the Front Door of the First Baptist, Evangelical, Protestant Church (blackchristiannews.com)
    Some may think that it is prestigiousto be invited to meet with the Pope and to go and actually meet with the Pope. But it is not. In fact, it is foolishness and dangerous. And it flies in the face of what we have learned from church history about the thousands of people whose bloodwas shed because they opposed false Catholic teachings. We believe that this is a Satanic attempt to soften up the true church of Christ so that the Pope can, in the future, gain influence over Baptists, Evangelicals, and Protestants, and get them toparticipate in doing things that are contrary to Christ and the Bible.Many scholars believe that the “Great Whore” of Revelation is the Catholic Church situated in Vatican City in Rome. According to Christian apologist Dave Hunt, “There is only one city on the earth which, in both historical and contemporary perspectives, passes every test John gives, including its identification as Mystery Babylon. That city is Rome, and more specifically, Vatican City…The first thing we are told about the woman is that she is a ‘whore’… Against only one other city in history could a charge of fornication be leveled. That city is Rome, and more specifically Vatican City.”
  • Event Transcript: Religion in Latin America (pewforum.org)
    Latin America is home to more than 425 million Catholics – nearly 40% of the world’s total Catholic population – and the Roman Catholic Church now has a Latin American pope for the first time in its history. Yet identification with Catholicism has declined throughout the region, according to a major new Pew Research Center survey that examines religious affiliations, beliefs and practices in 18 Latin American countries and one U.S. territory (Puerto Rico).Historical data suggest that for most of the 20th century, from 1900 through the 1960s, at least 90% of Latin America’s population was Catholic. Today, the Pew Research survey shows, 69% of adults across the region identify as Catholic. In nearly every country surveyed, the Catholic Church has experienced net losses from religious switching, as many Latin Americans have joined evangelical Protestant churches or rejected organized religion altogether.
  • Vatican lifts ban on married priests for Eastern Catholic churches in U.S., Canada, Australia… (catholicculture.org)
    The Vatican has lifted a longstandingbanonthe ordination of married men to the priesthood in the Eastern Catholic churches.The tradition and discipline of the Eastern churches allowsforthe ordination of married men to the priesthood. (Bishopsmust be unmarried, however, and once ordained, a priest cannot marry.) The Vatican has repeatedly approved this tradition, while insistingonthe importance of priestly celibacy in the Latin rite.However, in the late 19th century, with the arrival of many Byzantine Catholic immigrants in Canada, Latin-rite prelates complained thatthe presence of married Catholic priests could create a “grave scandal.” The Vatican eventually ruled that the Eastern churches could not ordain married men in the countries where their communities forma minority of the Catholic population. The rule has historically applied primarily to Canada, the US, and Australia.With a decree approved by Pope Francis, and signed on June 14 by Cardinal Leonard Sandri, the Congregation for the Eastern Churches has now rescinded that ban. Catholic bishops of the Eastern churches serving in eparchies (dioceses) in the West are explicitly authorized to ordain married men.
  • Catholic ‘cannibalism’ (cruxnow.com)
    One evening a couple of years ago, I saw a bloodstained Eucharistic host.It was displayed in a home in Worcester, Massachusetts, about a five-minute drive down the street from my house. The host was the sixth Eucharistic phenomena associated with the late Audrey Santo — a young woman who was left mute and motionless after an accident in 1987.Up until her death in 2007, “Little Audrey,” as she was called, became the focal point for intense devotion as a “victim soul” who offered up her own sufferings for the salvation of others. Her case also attracted intense criticism, particularly given the claims about supernatural happenings in her presence.
  • Priests as Husbands and Fathers? (nytimes.com)
    This week, Pope Francis announced plans to visit the United States in 2015. The trip will be watched for signs of how U.S. bishops are adapting to the shift in tone coming from the Vatican. Not only has Pope Francis called for an open discussion on the Catholic Church’s views on gays and divorce, he’s also talked about priestly celibacy — a policy that a growing number of Catholics are pushing to change. If clerical marriage became more common, how would the Catholic Church change?
  • Victims of historic child sex abuse speak out, after Catholic Church refuses to accept “liability” for the crimes of their priests (secularnewsdaily.com)
    The Catholic Church is refusing to accept “liability” for long-term sex abuse that went on at the Mirfield Junior Seminary, despite paying out £120,000 to eleven victims of child sex abuse.
  • Cleric urges girls, women to shun abortion (dailypost.ng)
    Olanrewaju, who is also a former Parish Priest of Saints Joachim and Anne Catholic Church,Ijegun, Lagos, gave the advice in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN).He spoke at the end of a rally on `’Walk for Life” organised by the churchtosensitise public on the dangers of abortion to human life.Olanrewaju said: “abortion, in any form, is an irreparable harm done to the innocent.“Any female, who procures a completed abortion, incurs excommunication by the commission of the offence as provided by Canon Law of the Catholic Church.

    “Human life must be respected and recognised by the civil society and the state from the moment of conception as an embryo until death, “ he told NAN.

    The cleric also urged relevant authorities to provide appropriate sanctions for “every deliberate termination of human life”.

  • Florida High School Implements ShoreTel Mobility on iPads (shoretel.com)
    Archbishop Edward A. McCarthy High is a Roman Catholic college preparatory school of the Archdiocese of Miami, Florida. Located in nearby Southwest Ranches, with a student enrollment over 1,500, the high school is among the top private schools in the U.S. On the cutting edge of technology, McCarthy High School has a one-to-one iPad program to enhance the student learning environment.  Within the school’s progressive tech-savvy learning environment has been the ability to quickly reach teachers, anywhere anytime. Classrooms were not equipped with desk phones and the estimates to install them and wire the buildings were cost prohibitive. Also, the existing phone system and infrastructure were due for upgrades.
  • The Third Way ~ curated by Tom Cutts (UTS’83) (utsalumni.org)

    The Third Way: Homosexuality and the Catholic Church. A 40-minute documentary film focusing on the Catholic Church’s teachings regarding Homosexuality.

    “Original Sin for all of us, for every human being on this planet, has disoriented our desires. We often find ourselves hungry for things that do not satisfy the ache.”

Hebraic Roots Bible Matthew Chapter 28

File:Resurreccion de jesus.png

A messenger of יהוה came down out of heaven said to the women, “Do not be afraid, for I know that you seek יהושע who was impaled. He is not here, for He was raised, as He said. Come, see the place where the Master lay. ” – Miryam from Maḡdala or Mary Magdalene – Arkangel Siete

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1 But after the Sabbaths, at the dawning into the first of the Sabbaths (feast of first fruits), Mary the Magdalene and the other Mary came to look upon the grave.
2 And, behold! A great earthquake occurred! For descending from Heaven and coming near, a Cherub of Yahweh rolled away the stone from the door and was sitting on it.
3 And his face was as lightning and his clothing white as snow.
4 And those keeping guard were shaken from the fear of him, and they became as dead.
5 But answering, the Cherub said to the women, You must not fear, for I know that you seek Yahshua who has been crucified.
6 He is not here, for He was raised, as He said. Come see the place where He was lying.
7 And going quickly say to His disciples that He was raised from the dead. And behold! He goes before you into Galilee. You will see Him there.
Behold! I told you.

8 And going away from the tomb quickly, with fear and great joy, they ran to report to His disciples.
9 But as they were going to report to His disciples, behold, Yahshua also met them, saying, Peace unto you! And coming near, they grabbed His feet and worshiped Him.
10 Then Yahshua said to them, Do not fear. Go tell your brothers that they may go into Galilee, and there they will see Me.

11 And they, having gone, behold, some of the guard coming into the city reported to the chief priests all things that occurred.
12 And being assembled with the elders, and taking counsel, they gave enough silver to the soldiers, 13 saying, Say that his disciples came and stole him by night, while we slept.
14 And if this is heard by the governor, we will persuade him and he will not make trouble for you.
15 And taking the silver, they did as they were instructed. And this report was spread by the Jews until today.

16 But the eleven disciples went into Galilee, to the mount where Yahshua appointed them.
17 And seeing Him, they worshiped Him. But some of them doubted.

18 And coming up Yahshua talked with them, saying, All authority in Heaven and on earth was given to Me.

19 Then having gone, disciple all nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son, 20 and the Holy Spirit teaching them to observe all things, whatever I commanded you. And, behold, I am with you all the days until the completion of the age. Amen.

*

Preceding:

Death of Christ on the day of preparation

Hebraic Roots Bible Matthew Chapter 27

Restoration Scriptures True Name Edition Matthew Chapter 27

After the Sabbath after Passover, the resurrection of Jesus Christ

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  • The Evolution of the Resurrection (vridar.wordpress.com)
    the fact that the Gospel resurrection scenes show a distinct development of details according to the relative dates of the Gospels. Look at how each one appears to build on or surpass what had been written before.
    +
    Few scholars are prepared to seriously consider the possibility that Luke and Acts as we know them were products of the mid second century. (There was certainly an earlier version of Luke’s gospel, but there is reason to doubt that in its early form it contained the resurrection details we read in it today. I have posted on this in reviews of Tyson’s work and others on this blog.)
    +
    Jesus himself scares them out of their wits by suddenly appearing out of nowhere. Luke’s portrayal of emotional responses is a little more realistic than what we read in John. Jesus then reassures them all by inviting them to touch him, though they seem too coy to actually go that far. He even says they can touch him because “a spirit has not flesh and bones — as you see I have”. So he orders some fish and honeycomb for dinner and then eats it all up while they watch. So he presumably had a stomach and an appetite, too.
  • He is not here, He is risen, just as He said (prhayz.com)
    On the third day, a Sunday, some women (Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, Joanna and Salome are all mentioned in the gospel accounts) went to the tomb at dawn to anoint the body of Jesus.
    +
    After his resurrection, Jesus appeared to the women near the tomb and afterwards at least twice to the disciples while they had gathered at a house in prayer. He visited two of the disciples on the road to Emmaus, and he also appeared at the Sea of Galilee while some of the disciples were fishing.
  • Happy Easter, He Is Risen! (voiceofthepersecuted.wordpress.com)
    emptytomb
  • Our Hope (investinginachild.com)
  • He Is Risen! – Matthew 28: 1-20 (foragingsquirrel.com)
  • Book of Matthew: (altruistico.wordpress.com)
    The style of the book is  exactly what would be expected of a man who was once a tax  collector. Matthew has a keen interest in accounting (18:23-24;  25:14-15). The book is very orderly and concise.  Rather than write in  chronological order, Matthew arranges this Gospel through six  discussions.
  • Reflections: Got doubts? (goerie.com)
    In the days following the resurrection of Jesus, some of his disciples had their doubts about whether it really happened.
    +

    During my season of doubting and searching for truth, I learned that it all comes down to Jesus and the resurrection. The Bible says, “If Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile. … But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead!” (1 Corinthians 15:17, 20).

     

    If Jesus was not resurrected, then he was just another good man who died, and his teachings are nice but not necessarily true. But if Jesus rose from the grave, everything he taught about himself, about God, about heaven and hell, it’s all true!

  • Messianic Fellowships (roshpinaproject.com)
    There are many folk, both Jews and Gentiles, who have already taken on these new expressions wholeheartedly. In many cases it has been just a ‘dip in the water’, perhaps an occasional Passover service in the Church hall, or Hebrew lessons at the local synagogue. But others have gone further. Messianic fellowships have been founded, where Jews and Gentiles meet together, with an emphasis given to a Hebraic expression of faith in the teaching, liturgy and worship. They tend to still be predominantly Gentile in the UK, with typically no more than 30% of the membership being from a Jewish background.
  • The Empty Tomb (crosspointecc.wordpress.com)
  • He’s Risen! (Easter Sunday Reflections) (markconner.typepad.com)
  • Resurrection Sunday (gtoddsblog.wordpress.com)
  • He IS Alive.. (ourchristianwalkinfaith.wordpress.com)

Hebraic Roots Bible Matthew Chapter 27

"Give us Barabbas!" (from The Bible ...

“Give us Barabbas!” (from The Bible and its Story Taught by One Thousand Picture Lessons, 1910). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

1 And early morning occurring, all the chief priests and the elders of the people took counsel together against Yahshua, so as to put Him to death.
2 And binding Him, they led Him away and delivered Him to Pontius Pilate the governor.
3 Then Judas, the traitor, seeing that He was condemned, repenting, returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders,  4 saying, I sinned, betraying innocent blood. But they said, What is it to us? You see to  it. 5 And tossing the silver pieces into the sanctuary, he left. And going away he hanged himself.
6 And taking the pieces of silver, the chief priests said, It is not lawful to put them into the treasury, since it is the price of blood.
7 And taking counsel, they bought of them the field of a potter, for burial for strangers. 8 So that field was called Field of Blood until today.
9 Then was fulfilled that spoken through Jeremiah the prophet, saying, And I took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of Him who had been priced, on whom they of the sons of Israel set a price, 10 and gave them for the field of a potter, as Yahweh directed me. (Zech.112, 1)

11 And Yahshua stood before the governor. And the governor questioned Him, saying, Are You the King of the Jews? And Yahshua said to him, You have said it.
12 And when He was accused by the chief priests and the elders, He answered nothing.
13 Then Pilate said to Him, Do You not hear how many things they testify against You?
14 And He did not answer him, not even to one word, so that the governor greatly marveled.

15 And at a feast, the governor customarily released one prisoner to the crowd, whom they wished.
16 And they had then a notable prisoner, Bar-abbas.
17 Then they, having been assembled, Pilate said to them, Whom do you wish I may release to you, Barabbas, or Yahshua being called Messiah? 18 For he knew they delivered Him up through envy.
19 But as he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, saying, Let nothing be to you and that just one. For I have suffered many things today by a dream because of Him.
20 But the chief priests and the elders persuaded the crowds, that they should ask for Bar-abbas, and to destroy Yahshua.
21 And answering, the governor said to them, From the two, which do you wish that I release to you? And they said, Barabbas.
22 Pilate said to them, What then should I do to Yahshua being called Messiah? They all say to him, Crucify Him!
23 But the governor said, For what badness did He do? But they the more cried out, saying, Crucify!
24 And seeing that nothing is gained, but rather an uproar occurs, taking water, Pilate washed his hands before the crowd, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this righteous one; you do as you please.
25 And answering, all the people said, let His blood be on us and on our children.
26 Then he released Barabbas to them. But having scourged Yahshua with whips, he delivered Him up that He might be crucified.

27 Then taking Yahshua into the praetorium, the soldiers of the governor gathered all the cohort against Him.
28 And stripping Him, they put a scarlet cloak around Him.
29 And they wove a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and a reed in His right hand. And they bowed down upon their knees before Him and they were mocking at Him and saying, ”Peace, King of the Jews.”
30 And spitting at Him, they took the reed and struck at His head.

31 And when they had mocked Him, they stripped off His cloak, and they put His garments on Him and led Him away to crucify Him.
32 And going out, they found a man, a Cyrenean, named Simon. They compelled this one, that he carry His cross beam.

33 And coming to a place called Golgotha, which is called, the Skull(head), 34 they gave Him vinegar mingled with gall to drink. And having tasted, He would not drink.
35 And having crucified Him, they divided His garments, casting a lot, that might be fulfilled that spoken by the prophet, “They divided My garments to themselves, and they cast a lot over My clothing.” (Ps 22:18)

36 And sitting down, they guarded Him there.
37 And they placed over His head the reason for His death in writing, THIS IS YAHSHUA, THE KING OF THE JEWS.

38 Then two bandits were crucified with Him, one off the right, and one off the left of Him.
39 But those passing by, blasphemed Him, shaking their heads, 40 and saying, You the one razing the sanctuary and building it in three days, if You are the Son of Elohim, come down from the torture stake.
41 And in the same way, the chief priests with the scribes and elders, mocking, said, 42 He saved others; He is not able to save Himself. If He is the King of Israel, let Him come down now from the torture stake and we will  believe Him.
43 He trusted on Yahweh. Let Him rescue Him now, if He desires Him.
For He said, I am Son of Yahweh.
44 And also the bandits crucified with Him defamed Him, saying the same.

45 And from the sixth hour there  was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour.
46 And about the ninth hour, Yahshua cried out with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani; that is, “My El, My El, why did You honor Me to be here?”
47 And hearing, some of those standing there said, This one calls Elijah.
48 And at once, one of them running and taking a sponge, and filling it with “vinegar,” put it on a reed and “gave drink to Him.” (Ps 69:21)
49 But the rest said, Let be; let us see if Elijah is coming to save Him.
50 And crying again with a loud voice, Yahshua released His spirit.
51 And, behold! The veil of the sanctuary was torn into two from above as far as below. And the earth quaked, and the rocks were sheared!
52 And the tombs were opened, and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised.
53 And coming forth out of the tombs after His resurrection, they entered into the holy city and were seen by many.
54 But the centurion and those with him guarding Yahshua, seeing the earthquake and the things taking place, they feared exceedingly, saying, Truly this One was Son of Elohim.
55 And many women were there, watching from afar off, those who followed Yahshua from Galilee, ministering to Him; 56 among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of Jacob and Hosea, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee.

57 And evening having come, a rich man from Arimathea (Joseph by name) who also himself was a disciple of Yahshua,
58 coming up to Pilate, this one asked for the body of Yahshua. Then Pilate commanded the body to be given.
59 And taking the body, Joseph wrapped it in a shroud of fine linen, 60 and he laid it in his new tomb which was hewn in rock. And they rolled a large boulder and they placed it upon the entrance of the tomb. And they departed.
61 And there was Mary Magdalene and the other Mary, sitting across from the grave.

62 And on the next day, which was after the sunset, the chief priests and the Pharisees were gathered with Pilate, 63 saying, Sir, we have recalled that that deceiver while living said, After three days I will rise.
64 Therefore, command that the grave be secured until the third day, that His disciples may not come by night and steal Him away, and may say to the people, He is raised from the dead. And the last deception will be worse   than the first.
65 And Pilate said to them, ”You have the guards. Go and take precautions as you know.”
66 And they departed and took precautions by the grave and set a seal upon that stone together with the guards.

*

  • Good Friday (covestudents.wordpress.com)
    Let us take time on this Good Friday to reflect and remember the sacrifice of our Father in heaven, and the love of a Savior who died so that we may have life!
  • The House of Yahweh Announces Sighting of the New Moon of Green Ears of Barley that Officially Sets the Feast of Passover and Unleavened Bread (prweb.com)
    The House of Yahweh in Abilene, Texas announces the sighting of the first new moon of green ears of barley which officially sets the Feast of Passover and Unleavened Bread.The group says the Priests of The House of Yahweh at Abilene sighted this first moon at 7:55 p.m. on March 12th, 2013. They say by sighting this new moon, it officially sets The Feast of Passover and Unleavened Bread. The Feast begins with the First High Holy day which will be on March 27th, 2013 and continues through April 2nd, 2013. Yahshua’s Memorial will be celebrated on March 25th, 2013.
  • Jesus goes on trial (myeverydaygod.com)
    For many surrounding Jesus the day before and of His crucifixion, it was all about power. The religious leaders were jealous of Jesus’ authority and sway with the people, and feared losing their standing. Pilate needed to maintain order and power, and gave in to the crowds to pacify them and secure his reputation with Rome. The disciples argued about who would be the greatest in the kingdom during the Passover feast.
  • Crucify Him! (the song) (terribradyblog.com)
    I would Never scream, “Crucify Him!” If I were there, how could I possibly say that I would rather have Pilate release a prisoner and kill the Son of God instead? Barabbas was known for robbery, which in those days often meant terrorism and/or bloody insurrection. (Mark 15:7) I would Never have chosen to release him, knowing that with my words, I could have voted for Pilate to release Jesus, a man who never sinned, instead!
  • Matthew 27:1-14 (sisterspray4me.com)
    Judas threw the silver coins down in the Temple and went out and hanged himself.
  • Pilate granted the crowd’s wish and ordered Jesus’ crucifixion (prhayz.com)
    The whole crowd answered, “Let the responsibility for his death fall on us and on our children!”
  • “Who was Pontius Pilate?” (altruistico.wordpress.com)
    Pontius Pilate was  the Roman governor of Judea from A.D. 26-36, serving under Emperor Tiberius. He  is most known for his involvement in condemning Jesus to death on a  cross.Outside of the four Gospels, Pilate is mentioned by Pliny the  Younger, Philo, and Josephus. In addition, the “Pilate Stone,” discovered in  1961 and dated c. A.D. 30, includes a description of Pilate and mentions him as  “prefect” of Judea. Pilate is also mentioned in the apocryphal writings, but  these were all written at much later dates.
  • My Name Is… Barabbas (crossroadsny.wordpress.com)
    The name Barabbas means “son of a father or master” & some other translators have defined the name Barabbas to mean “son of shame”.  Isn’t that true with us all? Every one of us is a son/daughter of the Father, of the Master; and every one of us starts life as a son/daughter of shame.Jesus Christ took the place of Barabbas.  Jesus went to the cross instead of Barabbas. And by going to the cross in place of Barabbas, He went to the cross instead of us.
  • They mock, spit and beat him (crosspointecc.wordpress.com)
    They dressed him in a purple robe, and they wove thorn branches into a crown and put it on his head. Then they saluted him and taunted, “Hail! King of the Jews!” And they struck him on the head with a reed stick, spit on him, and dropped to their knees in mock worship.

The chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused Him. And Herod with his men of war set Him at nought, and mocked Him, and arrayed Him in a gorgeous robe, and sent Him again to Pilate. The same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were at enmity between themselves.

The Anointed One and the first day of No Fermentation


*
Then, when he went to Caesarea Philippi, Jesus asked his disciples, ‘Who are people saying the Son of Man is?’  And they replied, ‘Some say you’re John the Baptist, others EliJah, and still others say you are JeremiAh or one of the Prophets.’  And he asked, ‘But, who do you say that I am?’  And Simon Peter answered: ‘You’re the Anointed; the Son of the Living God.’  Then Jesus said to him, ‘You are blest, Simon, son of JonAh, because this wasn’t shown to you by flesh and blood, but by my Father in the heavens.  ‘I also tell you this: You are Rock (Peter); but I will build my congregation on this bedrock so that the gates of the place of the dead won’t overpower it.  I will give you the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in the heavens. And whatever you set free on the earth will be set free in the heavens.’  Then he sternly warned the disciples not to tell anyone that he is the Anointed One.  And that’s when Jesus (the Anointed) started showing his disciples that he would have to go to JeruSalem and suffer many things at [the hands of] the elders, Chief Priests, and scribes. Then he would be killed, but [he would be] raised on the third day.
(Matthew 16:13-21 2001)Then, starting on the road to JeruSalem, Jesus took the twelve disciples off privately and explained this to them:  ‘Look, we’re going up to JeruSalem where the Son of Man will be betrayed to the Chief Priests and scribes, and they will condemn him to death.  Then they will hand him over to the ethnics, who will make fun of him, whip him, and impale him. But on the third day, he will be raised!’
(Matthew 20:17-19 2001)Well, when they got close to JeruSalem and arrived at BethPhage on the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two disciples ahead,  telling them, ‘Go to the village, the one that’s across from us, and you will immediately find a burro that’s tied with its colt. Untie them and bring them to me.  And if anyone says anything, just tell him that the Lord needs them, and he will immediately send them with you.’  The reason why this happened is so the thing spoken through the Prophet might be fulfilled, ‘Tell this to the daughter of Zion:
Look! Your King is coming to you!
[He’s] gentle and comes riding the colt of a burro;
The son of an animal that labors.’  So, the disciples went and did just as Jesus told them.  They brought the burro and its colt, put a robe [over its’ back], and he sat on it.  And as most of the crowd spread their robes on the road, others cut branches from the trees and spread them on the road.  Then, part of the crowd walked ahead of him, and the rest who followed behind were shouting: ‘[God] save the Son of David! Praise the one who comes in Jehovah’s Name… may [God] in the highest places save him!’  Well, when he entered JeruSalem, the whole city was stirred up [as people asked], ‘Who is this?’  But the crowd [that was with Jesus] answered, ‘He’s Jesus, the Prophet from NazarEth of GaliLee!’
(Matthew 21:1-11 2001)Now, when Jesus had finished saying all these things, he told his disciples:  ‘You know that the Passover will be here in just two days, and the Son of Man is going to be betrayed and hung on a pole.’  Then the Chief Priests and the peoples’ elders gathered in the courtyard of the High Priest (who was called CaiAphas)  to discuss sneaky ways to grab Jesus and kill him.  However, they decided not [to do it] at the festival, because that would have created a commotion among the people.
(Matthew 26:1-5 2001)

It was on the first day of No Fermentation that the disciples came to Jesus and asked, ‘Where do you want us to prepare for you to eat the Passover?’  And he said: ‘Go into the city to (a certain person), and tell him that the Teacher says, My appointed time is near, so I will celebrate the Passover with my disciples in your home.’  Then the disciples did just as Jesus ordered and got things ready for the Passover.  It was that evening, while [Jesus] was reclining at the table  eating with the twelve disciples, that he said: ‘I tell you the truth; One of you will betray me.’  And deeply saddened at this, they all asked him, ‘Lord, it isn’t me, is it?’  And he answered, ‘One who has dipped his hand in this bowl with me will betray me.  Indeed, the Son of Man will go, just as it was written about him. But woe to the one through whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would be better for him if he had never been born!’  Then Judas (the one who was about to betray him) asked, ‘That isn’t what I am, is it Rabbi?’ And [Jesus] replied, ‘You said it yourself.’  Then, as they ate, Jesus took a loaf, and after giving thanks, broke it and gave it to the disciples saying: ‘Take some and eat it, because this is my body.’  He also took a cup [of wine], and after giving thanks, gave it to them saying, ‘All of you drink from it,  because this is my blood of the New Sacred Agreement, which will be poured out for many to forgive [their] sins.  But I tell you that I definitely won’t drink of this product of the vine anymore, until that day when I will drink it new with you in the Kingdom of my Father.’  Finally, after singing songs of praise, they went out to the Mount of Olives.  [It was there that] Jesus said to them: ‘All of you will be stumbled [by what will happen to] me tonight, because it’s written: I will beat the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.  But after I wake up, I will go ahead of you into GaliLee.’  However, Peter said to him: ‘Although all the others may be stumbled, I’ll never be trapped!’  Then Jesus said: ‘I tell you the truth; Before a rooster crows tonight, you will have denied knowing me three times.’  But Peter said: ‘Even if I have to die with you, I’ll never deny knowing you!’ And all the other disciples said the same thing.  Then Jesus went with them to the spot called GethSemane (the Oil Press), and he told his disciples: ‘Sit here while I go over there to pray.’
(Matthew 26:17-36 2001)

Now, when you meet together in one place, it isn’t to eat the Lord’s Supper,  for, you’re all [bringing] your own meals to eat before you partake. So, who knows who’s still hungry and who’s already had too much to drink?  Don’t you have homes where you can eat and drink? Or do you condemn the congregation of God and shame those who are poor? What should I say to you? Should I praise you? In this, I don’t praise you.  I received this from the Lord and I’ve also shared it with you… that the Lord Jesus (on the very night that he was going to be handed over) took a loaf,  and after giving thanks, broke it and said, ‘This is my body [which is given] for you. Keep on doing this in memory of me.’  And after supper, he did the same thing with the cup, saying, ‘This cup is the new Sacred Agreement of my blood. Keep on doing this… and as often as you drink it, think of me.’  So, as often as you eat the loaf and drink from the cup, you keep proclaiming the death of the Lord until he arrives.  But whoever eats the loaf and drinks the cup of the Lord unworthily, will be held responsible to the Lord’s body and blood.  So, each man should prove what he is first; then he can eat from the loaf and drink from the cup.  For, those who eat and drink, eat and drink judgment on themselves if they don’t judge [the worthiness of] their bodies.  That’s why many of you are weak and unhealthy, and quite a few are asleep!  However, if we would judge ourselves, we wouldn’t have to be judged.  Yet, when we are judged, we have to be disciplined by the Lord, so we aren’t condemned along with the world.  So, my brothers; When you come together to eat, wait for each other!  And if anyone is hungry, let him eat at home, so you don’t meet for judgment. As for the rest of the matters; I’ll straighten them out when I get there.
(1 Corinthians 11:20-34 2001)



File:Amandus Vaandel Confrerie Sacrament detail.jpg

Last Supper – Embroidery ca 1890 by Amandus Vaandel

+

Please do find to read:

  1. 1 -15 Nisan
  2. Deliverance and establishement of a theocracy
  3. Day of remembrance coming near
  4. 14 Nisan a day to remember #1 Inception
  5. 14 Nisan a day to remember #2 Time of Jesus
  6. 14 Nisan a day to remember #3 Before the Passover-feast
  7. 14 Nisan a day to remember #4 A Lamb slain
  8. 14 Nisan a day to remember #5 The Day to celebrate
  9. Around the feast of Unleavened Bread
  10. High Holidays not only for Israel
  11. Observance of a day to Remember
  12. Festival of Freedom and persecutions

+++

  • Jesus is anointed (myeverydaygod.com)
    Six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany where Lazarus was, the one Jesus had raised from the dead. So they gave a dinner for Him there; Martha was serving them, and Lazarus was one of those reclining at the table with Him. Then Mary took a pound of fragrant oil—pure and expensive nard—anointed Jesus’ feet, and wiped His feet with her hair. So the house was filled with the fragrance of the oil.
  • Jesus celebrates Passover (myeverydaygod.com)
    Tonight we spread a blanket on the floor, cut a slab of homemade bread, poured a glass of juice and celebrated Communion.My husband Matt took the bread and blessed it. He broke off pieces that he gave to each of us. We talked about what the bread symbolized, Jesus’s broken body, and how when we eat it, we must remember and thank God for His amazing sacrifice for us.
  • Carissimi; Sunday’s Mass: Palm Sunday (frjeromeosjv.wordpress.com)
    Palm Sunday would be in any case a great and holy day, as it commemorates the last triumph of Our Lord Jesus Christ on earth and opens the Holy Week.
  • Feet and Bread (bongodogblog.com)
    Holy week? I haven’t been digging any holes lately.
  • “The Bible” Mini-Series recap Ep.8 Betrayal (outersparkle.com)
    In the week before Passover, Jerusalem is full of pilgrims, celebrating the Israelites’ liberation from slavery in Egypt. The desire for freedom from their oppressors, the Romans, burns strong. Now, Jesus makes his entrance riding on a donkey – a declaration that he is the Messiah. The crowd rejoices. But High Priest Caiaphas recoils in horror – any unrest and Pilate will shut down the Temple. Now, Jesus confounds all in a protest against hypocrisy by turning on the money- changers in the Temple.
  • New Palm Sunday Narrative W/imagery on Audio (toolsforspirituallivingbarbarahsblog.com)
    The Anointing at Bethany is one of the examples FutureChurch gives of gospels that focus on women moved out of their chronological order to a weekday, when most of a church’s congregation is not present.  As a result, the role of women in church history is marginalized, and  efforts to regain equality between women and men in church leadership is resisted to the highest levels.
    +
    As you read about The Anointing At Bethany notice how it illustrates Jesus’ support of women disciples’ desire to learn about God; how the story contrasts the concern of Mary for Jesus with those of Judas for money.
  • Tree of Jesus Life, the Suffering Christ, Passion Week (jharbin77.wordpress.com)
    ‘Behold your King is coming to you,
    Gentle, and mounted on a donkey,
    Even on a colt, the foal of a beast of burden.’”
  • The Lord has Need of Them – remix (mrbnd.wordpress.com)
    So, a few decades ago there was a popular hymn in church. It actually dates back to the late 1800′s. it was called “When the Roll is Called Up Yonder.” It actually carries a fine message.
  • The Gospel of Luke – The Time of Testing (friarmusings.wordpress.com)
    Throughout Luke, Jesus is portrayed as entering prayer before key moment – and this holds true here also.
    +
    After the Passover feast, Jesus and his disciples go “to the Mount of Olives” (22:39). Luke situates this dramatic prayer of Jesus on that mountain where Judaism expected the end of the world to take place.  Luke has streamlined and simplified Mark’s account of the agony in the garden. The scene is focused on Jesus and not the disciples (as Luke does not include Jesus’ repeated trips back to the apostles).
  • Palm Sunday (pastorjohnkeller.org)
    Are you a follower who shouts Hosanna or a stone-cold skeptic that keeps your mouth shut? Or a stone that longs to sing?

14 Nisan a day to remember #2 Time of Jesus

14 Nisan a day to remember

Two days before the Passover

Two days after that Jesus sat on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple and Peter, James, John, and Andrew had asked him privately to tell them when the things of the end times would be coming and what the sign that these things are all about to be fulfilled would be, a woman anointed Jesus his body beforehand for the burying.

Brooklyn Museum - With Passover Approaching, J...

With Passover Approaching, Jesus going up to Jerusalem

“1 Now after two days was [the feast of] the passover and the unleavened bread: and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might take him with subtlety, and kill him: 2 for they said, Not during the feast, lest haply there shall be a tumult of the people.” (Mark 14:1-2 ASV)

“12 And on the first day of unleavened bread, when they sacrificed the passover, his disciples say unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and make ready that thou mayest eat the passover? 13 And he sendeth two of his disciples, and saith unto them, Go into the city, and there shall meet you a man bearing a pitcher of water: follow him; 14 and wheresoever he shall enter in, say to the master of the house, The Teacher saith, Where is my guest-chamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples? 15 And he will himself show you a large upper room furnished [and] ready: and there make ready for us. 16 And the disciples went forth, and came into the city, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover. 17 And when it was evening he cometh with the twelve.” (Mark 14:12-17 ASV)

Like all other Jews Jesus and his disciples went to prepare the Passover.  When evening came, Jesus arrived with the twelve at the upperroom. While they were reclining at the table eating, he said, “I tell you the truth; one of you will betray me — one who is eating with me.” They were saddened, and one by one they said to him, “Surely not I?”  “It is one of the Twelve,” he replied, “one who dips bread into the bowl with me.  The Son of Man will go just as it is written about him. But woe to that man who betrays the Son of Man! It would be better for him if he had not been born.”

The disciples knew this was preparation day for the Passover celebration! It was not the Passover itself but the preparation, one day before Passover, but part of the celebration days! That evening Jesus did something remarkable which made the 14th of Nisan even more special. While they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, “Take it; this is my body.” Then he took the cup, gave thanks and offered it to them, and they all drank from it.  “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many,” he said to them. “I tell you the truth; I will not drink again of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it anew in the kingdom of God.”

“21 For the Son of man goeth, even as it is written of him: but woe unto that man through whom the Son of man is betrayed! good were it for that man if he had not been born. 22 And as they were eating, he took bread, and when he had blessed, he brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take ye: this is my body. 23 And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave to them: and they all drank of it. 24 And he said unto them, This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many. 25 Verily I say unto you, I shall no more drink of the fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God. 26 And when they had sung a hymn, they went out unto the mount of Olives.” (Mark 14:21-26 ASV)

Knowing the hour had come, Preparation Day and the Breaking of the Bread

Later on the apostles remembered that day and also took the breaking of the bread as an action to be done in remembrance of Jesus.

“23 For I received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus in the night in which he was betrayed took bread; 24 and when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, This is my body, which is for you: this do in remembrance of me. 25 In like manner also the cup, after supper, saying, This cup is the new covenant in my blood: this do, as often as ye drink [it], in remembrance of me. 26 For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink the cup, ye proclaim the Lord’s death till he come. 27 Wherefore whosoever shall eat the bread or drink the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner, shall be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord. 28 But let a man prove himself, and so let him eat of the bread, and drink of the cup. 29 For he that eateth and drinketh, eateth and drinketh judgment unto himself, if he discern not the body.” (1 Corinthians 11:23-29 ASV)

File:1578 Meister des Hausbuchs Das Abendmahl anagoria.JPG

The Last Supper (outside of a wing from Speyer Altar) – Master of the Housebook (fl. between 1475 and 1500)

“Now before the feast of the passover, Jesus knowing that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto his Father, having loved his own that were in the world, he loved them unto the end.” (John 13:1 ASV)
“They lead Jesus therefore from Caiaphas into the Praetorium: and it was early; and they themselves entered not into the Praetorium, that they might not be defiled, but might eat the passover.” (John 18:28 ASV)
“Now it was the Preparation of the passover: it was about the sixth hour. And he saith unto the Jews, Behold, your King!” (John 19:14 ASV)
“The Jews therefore, because it was the Preparation, that the bodies should not remain on the cross upon the sabbath (for the day of that sabbath was a high [day]), asked of Pilate that their legs might be broken, and [that] they might be taken away.” (John 19:31 ASV)

Since the disciples knew that Nisan 14 was “preparation day,” that is why they came to Jeshua after sunset, at the beginning of Nisan 14, and asked him where he wanted them to prepare for the upcoming Passover, which would of course be Nisan 15, after the Passover lambs were slain in the “evening” of Nisan 14, toward sunset, “at the going down of the sun” [as it descended in the afternoon sky present tense, not past tense] (Deuteronomium 16:6).

“but at the place which Jehovah your god shall choose to place his name in, there you shall sacrifice the passover at evening, at the going of the sun, at the time that you came out of Egypt.” (Deuteronomy 16:6 MKJV)

If Passover was indeed the beginning of Nisan 14, then the disciples waited until the very “Last Minute” to even ask Jeshua about making preparations for the Passover! Such a theory does not make sense and would not be according the Jewish custom. Mary (Miriam, Maria), the mother of Jesus belonged to the Essenes, a sect of Second Temple Judaism, which was very devout. They had a strong the belief in communality and commitment to a strict observance of Sabbath and holy days. The Essenes chose not to possess slaves, but served each other and held communal meetings, meals and religious celebrations. The Nazarean – they were Jews by nationality – acknowledged Moses and believed that he had received laws which all had to be observed and taken seriously. Jeshua the Nazarene (better known today as Jesus) brought up by his mother was also used to keep those holy days and took the preparation for them also serious.

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Preceding article: 14 Nisan a day to remember #1 Inception

Next: 14 Nisan a day to remember #3 Before the Passover-feast

Dutch version / Nederlandse versie: 14 Nisan een dag om te herinneren #2 In Jezus tijd

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Please do find also to read:
  1. 1 -15 Nisan
  2. Pesach
    Pesach, or Passover, is a major holiday in Jewish tradition, and is one of the three pilgrimage holidays, along with Sukkot and Shavuot.
  3. Korban Pesach
    The Passover sacrifice (Hebrew: korban Pesakh קרבן פסח ), also known as the “sacrifice of Passover“, the Paschal Lamb, or the Passover Lamb, is the sacrifice that the Torah mandates to be brought on the eve of Passover, and eaten on the first night of the holiday with bitter herbs and matzo.
  4. Around the feast of Unleavened Bread
  5. Observance of a day to Remember
  6. A new exodus and offering of a Lamb
  7. Day of remembrance coming near
  8. Bread and Wine
  9. Jesus memorial
  10. Anointing of Christ as Prophetic Rehearsal of the Burial rites
  11. A Great Gift commemorated
  12. Servant of his Father
  13. Slave for people and God
  14. A Messiah to die
  15. Manifests for believers #4 Eucharist
  16. Not bounded by labels but liberated in Christ
  17. Not making a runner
  18. Worship and worshipping
  19. Peter Cottontail and a Bunny laying Eastereggs

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  • Preparations for the Passover Meal – Luke 22: 7-13 (shalommysticwind.wordpress.com)
    The story of the preparations for the Passover Meal is itself introductory to the account of the Last Supper in Luke 22: 14-23.
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    The sacrificing of the Passover lamb (Lk 22: 7b) was not done on the first day of the Unleavened Bread (that is, on 15th of Nisan) but on the previous day (that is, on 14th of Nisan). In Luke 22: 7a therefore, “the day of Unleavened Bread” by itself would mean “the first day of Unleavened Bread,” namely, 15th of Nisan, but the addition in Luke 22: 7b would point to 14th of Nisan.
  • Conspiracy of Jews against Jesus – Luke 22: 1-2 (shalommysticwind.wordpress.com)
    Luke identifies the feast of the Passover with the feast of the Unleavened Bread; and the Lukan time reference is more generic as compared with the Markan precise dating. The Passover feast, which was celebrated on 14th – 15th of Nisan, was the solemn, yearly commemoration of the Exodus of Israel from Egypt. The feast of the Unleavened Bread, originally a harvest festival, was held from 15th to 21st of Nisan. Eventually these two feasts were closely linked together and were virtually identified, and the celebration lasted from 15th to 21st of Nisan.
  • Yeshua’s One Year Ministry. (workofheartandsoul.wordpress.com)
    Yeshua’s ministry on this earth was approx. one year-long {or possibly even exactly 70 weeks going by the book of Daniel prophecies} and not the 3.5 years that many churches claim. The premise for this is that the Passover Lambs were to be 1-year-old and lamb’s are born in the spring. One year later they would still be young and in the prime of their life, when they are sacrificed. 3.5 year old male sheep are called Rams, not lambs. ;)  Now Yeshua was not a 1-year-old when he was executed, but His ministry was. And you couldn’t be a “Rabbi” until you were in your 29th year of age. (Eastern cultures your count age from birth, so you are born 1-year-old. And with Yeshua’s birthday being Nisan 1, he would be in his 29th year when He became a Rabbi and called disciples to follow Him.)
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    Events of Yeshua…

Yeshua’s had the seder and Pesach meal with his disciples in the upper room, on the proper day given by God! Which began at sunset that Tuesday night. Yeshua was then taken from the Gathsemene, tried at night (illegally), brought before Pilate,  flogged and beaten.

Passover: In Bible Times

  • Red Letter Year: 2/25 (mikeraburn.com)
    On the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread, when the Passover lamb is sacrificed, Jesus’ disciples asked him, “Where do you want us to go to prepare the Passover meal for you?”
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    Sharing this meal with Judas shows us what loving one’s enemy looks like, what the Gospel itself looks like when put into practice.
  • Symbols and Signs – The First day of the Year # 9 (cfcspn.com)
    An eight-day celebration staring with the sacrifice, the feast of unleavened bread is to be celebrated forever, and as a memorial to mark this festive event. It is to be a  mark of the past and the symbol of the future laid out for the nation, upon the return of their King.  It is a show of victory in the face of their enemies that there is a God in Israel, a God capable of delivering His people from the most powerful of enemies.
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    Signs and Symbols — Passover # 2

    It was God’s shadow of an event to come in the far future, one they were to prepare for, when God would send to die on behalf of the world a son according to the promise made to Adam. The day and date of this event was never to be forgotten, for upon the fulfillment the day, the nation were to recognize the man and savior God sent to die on behalf of the world.

  • Knowing what is when no one else does (evanlaar2013.wordpress.com)
    Jesus did a “word of knowledge
  • Matthew 25-26 (mybiblereadingplan.wordpress.com)
    And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.

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