Matthew 22:23-28 – Sadducees Question on the Resurrection
|| Mark 12:18-23; Luke 20:27-33
MT22:23 On that same day the Sadducees approached Jesus. Not believing in the resurrection, they asked Jesus, MT22:24 “Teacher, Moses said that if a man should die without children his brother should take in marriage his woman and raise up his brother’s seed. [Deuteronomy 25:5] MT22:25 Now we had seven brothers and the first one died without children and so his woman was released to his brother. MT22:26 This happened also with the second, the third, and finally all seven brothers. MT22:27 In the end the woman died. MT22:28 Therefore, in the resurrection to which of the seven will the woman belong? For all seven had her.”
 Sadducees: See the notes on Matthew 3:7.
 Resurrection: The Greek is ANASTASEI means again + stand. A synonym for it is raised up. Research the word resurrection. For a thorough considering see Where are the Dead?
 Moses said: The Sadducees only accepted the five books of Moses as inspired of God. They allude to Deuteronomy 25:5. Compare also Ruth 1:11; 3:13. This is called “brother-in-law marriage” and though it may seem quaint to a modern western world the need to preserve the family, tribe, and nation were obsessive to the Israelites. Jesus himself is the product of such a relationship (see the book of Ruth).
 Seed: The Greek is SPERMA.
 His woman: Or, “wife.” See notes elsewhere under wife.
Matthew 22:1-6 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Parable of Invitation to a Marriage
Matthew 22:7-10 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Invitations after City’s Destruction
Matthew 22:11-13 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: King’s Inspection and Marriage Garments
Matthew 22:14 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Many Invited – Few Chosen
Matthew 22:15-22 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Caesar’s Things and God’s Things
Matthew 5:31-32 – 3. The Nazarene’s Commentary on Deuteronomy 24:1
MT5:31 “But, it was said: ‘Whoever releases his woman, let him give her a divorce certificate.’ [Deuteronomy 24:1] MT5:32 But, I tell you: Any man who divorces his woman except on account of fornication causes her to commit adultery. Any who marry the divorced woman commit adultery.
 Give her a divorce certificate: For the second time the context deals with women and the attitude of men toward them. This is a revolutionary idea (Matthew 2:14-16; Mark 10:11, 12; Luke 16:18; 1 Corinthians 7:10, 11). Much of the Nazarene’s teachings lead to the emancipation of women. In Mark’s account (Mark 10:12) women are included in this matter of divorce. Female divorce was not covered in the Law of Moses nor in most legislation of nations. Compare the response of the male disciples of the Nazarene at Matthew 19:3-12 where they suggest its better not to marry at all if the only grounds for divorce was adultery. Note Paul’s encouragement of celibacy without condemning marriage (1 Corinthians ch 7).
 Woman: The Greek is GYNAIKA and like many languages there is no word for “wife” and the married woman is implied by the context.
 Fornication: This is the Greek PORNEIAS which is rooted in “to buy” and first implies prostitution but later includes all forms of sexual improprieties which one might “buy” from a harlot. In the Law of Moses engaged couples who had intercourse were not stoned to death, but the male had to marry the girl, pay a price to her father, and give up his rights of divorce. PORNEIA is the root of “pornography.” The word occurs three times in Matthew (Matthew 5:32, 15:19, 19:9) and occurs once in Mark 7:21. The Apostolic Body warns the Non-Jews of it at Acts 15:20, 29. Paul uses the word most often in seven of his letters. The glorified Christ warns of it in his letters to the “angels” at Revelation 2:14, 20. Revelation 21:8 and 22:15 may infer “fornication” occurs during the 1,000 years, outside of the New Jerusalem. The Nazarene teaches that “fornication” is one of those things which ‘defile’ a person (Matthew 15:9; Mark 7:21). “Fornication” may include unnatural sexual practices as shown by Jude 6, 7.
Nazarene Commentary Matthew 5:27-30 – 2. The Nazarene’s Commentary on Exodus 20:14
Object of first woe
Hebraic Roots Bible 1 Corinthians 6:15-20 – Flee fornication and be joined to our Master
Next: Matthew 5:33-37 – 4. The Nazarene’s Commentary on Numbers 30:3
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