Matthew 10:5-10 – Jesus’ Orders: Territory, Theme, Trust
MT10:5 Jesus sent these twelve giving these orders, saying, “You should not enter the Gentile road, nor enter a city of the Samaritans. MT10:6 But, only approach the lost sheep of House of Israel. MT10:7 Go forth preaching, saying, ‘The Realm of Heaven has drawn near.’ MT10:8 Cure those sick, raise those dead, cleanse lepers, exorcise demons. You received free, give free. MT10:9 Do not procure gold or silver or copper for your purses MT10:10 nor pouches for your trip – nor two undergarments, nor sandals, nor staff. For the worker is worthy of his food.
 Sent these twelve: The formation of an official group of representatives (which is what “apostle” means).
 Orders: The Greek is PAR-ANGLEILAS and is rendered: KJV: commanded; MOF: instructions. These are not suggestions but precise directives. The Nazarene has his reasons for these evangelizing orders.
 Only approach the lost sheep: Their territory is limited to Israel. The prophet Daniel indicated a special period of grace for the Jews. This ran from 29 to 36 AD, seven years (Daniel 9:27). Jesus says of himself that he was sent “only to the lost sheep of Israel.” (Matthew 15:24) Jesus also later assures the apostles that they will never finish preaching to all Israel before Psalm 110:1 and Daniel 7:13 are fulfilled (Matthew 10:23).
 The Realm of Heaven has drawn near: Or, “the kingdom of the heavens” – meaning either the seat of government as found in the Messiah or the realm of profession within the Nazarene’s congregation.
 Raise those dead: Though there is no evidence of this occurring during the life of Jesus, it does occur after the Messiah’s ascension. Luke 9:2 does not include these words.
 Give free: The evangelist who heals is not to receive payment for curing. Though Jesus goes on to state “the worker deserves his food” it is left at that – not an opulent life-style.
 Not procure gold: Jesus has a precise reason for this to be explained after his resurrection (Luke 22:25). It becomes a test of faith to rely solely on the Father.
 Pouches: Or, NJB: haversack; NEB: pack.
 Worker is worthy of his food: In Luke 10:7 this is “wages.” This is the only statement by Jesus directly quoted by Paul, which he does twice (1 Corinthian 9:14; 1 Timothy 5:8). The “worker” in the “fields of the Lord” is worthy or deserving of some help (Galatians 6:6). However, after the manner of Jesus and Paul this does not mean living a life-style above the sheep in general.
Matthew 10:1-4 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Twelve Given Authority
Matthew 10:1-4 – Calling of the apostles – by Calvin
- Where Are They Now?
- Matthew 10丨John Calvin
- Matthew 10丨C. H. Spurgeon
- Matthew: January 31
- Matthew 10, Jesus sends out the twelve, not peace, but a sword.
- You Summon and Send Us, three prayers based on Matthew 10
- The Virtue of Cosmopolitanism