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Posts tagged ‘John the Baptist’

Luke 1 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Luke 1:8-17 – An Angel Appears to a Priest

Luke 1:8-17 – An Angel Appears to a Priest

LK1:8 Now [something] happened while Zechariah was serving as priest before The God when it was the turn for his [priestly] division. LK1:9 Then according to the ritual of the priesthood it was his turn to burn incense[1] when he entered the temple of the LORD. LK1:10 Outside the throng of worshippers were praying at the time of the offering of incense. LK1:11 Suddenly YHWH’s angel[2] appeared on the right side of the altar of incense [in the Holy Place]. LK1:12 Now when Zechariah saw the angel he was startled and he began to tremble in fear. LK1:13 Then the angel said to him: “Do not to be frightened, Zechariah! For your prayer has been heard and your wife Elizabeth shall bear you a son and you will call his name ‘John’.[3] LK1:14 And you will become filled with joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth. LK1:15 For he will be great in YHWH’s sight[4] and he will not drink wine or strong drink.[5] [Numbers 6:3] He will be filled with holy Pneuma even while in his mother’s womb. LK1:16 He will restore many of the children of Israel[6] to YHWH their God. LK1:17 He will be a forerunner before [the Messiah] in the inspiration and power of Elijah – to restore the hearts of fathers to their children [Malachi 4:5, 6] and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous – to get ready YHWH’s people[7] prepared for [Messiah].”

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[1] His turn to burn incense: Something rotated in the priestly divisions. In the first compartment of the Temple called the Holy Place there was an incense altar before the curtain to the Most Holy. [Exodus 25:1, 2, 6; 35:4, 5, 8, 27-29; 30:34-38]

[2] YHWH’s angel: A Hebraism where the Greek could suggest YHWH originally occurred here.

[3] ‘John’: Meaning “Jehovah Has Favored” or “God’s Gift.” One of the most common names in the Western world, occurring as Juan, Yves, Ivan, Sean, etc.

[4] YHWH’s sight: It is possible the Tetragram originally occurred here.

[5] He will not drink wine or strong drink: That is, a Nazarite from birth by God’s choosing like Samson. [Numbers 6:3; Judges 13:7]

[6] He will ‘restore many of the children’ of Israel: The phrase is borrowed from Malachi 4:5-6. This foretold “restoration” by Elijah was that of Israel to their God and also between Hebrew fathers and sons.

[7] To get ready YHWH’s people: The allusion to Malachi 4:5-6 gives an inspired interpretation to the prophecy. Peter alludes to a similar “restoration” at Acts 3:21. John the Baptist would go ahead of Christ by six months to prepare Israel for Messiah’s appearance by a baptism of repentance. All of Jesus’ apostles and early disciples were most likely disciples of John first.

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Preceding

Luke – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Introduction to the Third Gospel

Luke 1 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Luke 1:1-4 – A Factual and Logical Statement

Luke 1 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Luke 1:5-7 – Zechariah and Elizabeth

Matthew 9:14-17 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Bridegroom and Fasting

Matthew 11:2-6 Encouragement for John and Reproach for cities 2 Imprisoned Baptist Encouraged

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Additional reading

Truth, doubt or blindness

Mark 9 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 9:9-13 – Elijah Has Come

Mark 9:9-13 – Elijah Has Come

|| Matthew 17:14-21;[1] Luke 9:34-42

MK9:9 Now as the descended the mountain Jesus ordered the disciples never to tell anyone[2] what they had seen until the Son of Humankind [Daniel 7:13] was raised up from the dead. MK9:10 So they kept this to themselves,[3] discussing with one another what this ‘rising up again from the dead’[4] meant. MK9:11 Then they asked Jesus: “Why do the Bible Copyists say that Elijah must come first?” MK9:12 Now Jesus answered them:[5] “For a certainty Elijah must come first [Malachi 4:1] and will restore everything. [Malachi 4:5, 6] How is it written regarding the Son of Humankind [Daniel 7:13] suffering many things [Psalm 22:6; Isaiah 53:3] and then being rejected? [Isaiah 53:3; Psalm 118:22] MK9:13 But, I tell you: Elijah has already come![6] And they did to him whatever they wanted, just as it was written.”

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[1] Matthew 17:14-21: For details see notes in Nazarene Commentary 2000 on Matthew.

[2] Never to tell anyone: Something like Paul’s own experience. [2 Corinthians 12:4] Peter writes of the experience at 2 Peter 1:16-19.

[3] So they kept this to themselves: This silence on where they went with the Nazarene could have caused the following argument of who was the greatest.

[4] Rising up again from the dead: The subject of the resurrection of Messiah in the Hebrew Bible is obscure and it is only until after Pentecost that Psalm 16:10 is used as the main proof of such. It is likely Isaiah 53:10, 12 also could be used.

[5] Jesus answered them: In his answer, Jesus alludes to several verses from the Hebrew Bible, though these probably escaped the disciples at the time, as it would most Christians today.

[6] Elijah has already come: Jesus’ own inspired interpretation of Malachi applies it to John the Baptist.

 

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Preceding

Mark 9 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 9:1-8 – The Transfiguration

Matthew 17:14-21 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Faith the Size of a Mustard Seed

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Additional reading

  1. When you believe Jesus is God, do you think he died?
  2. When you believe Jesus is God: who do you think is the mediator? #2 Firstborn from the dead our advocate
  3. The resurrected Lord

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Related

  1. Aug 6, 2021: Feast of the Transfiguration of the Lord (B)
  2. Coming Down the Mountain
  3. A Glimpse of Glory

Mark 6 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 6:21-29 – A Birthday Beheading

Mark 6:21-29 – A Birthday Beheading

|| Matthew 14:3-12;[1] Luke 3:19, 20

MK6:21 When an opportune day arrived, Herod held a feast on his birthday[2] for his officials, commanders, and the leading men of Galilee. MK6:22 Now the daughter of Herodias entered and danced, and she pleasured Herod and all his guests. So the king said to the young girl: “Ask me whatever you want, and I will give it to you.” MK6:23 Herod made an oath to her: “Whatever you ask me, I will give you, up to half my realm.” MK6:24 Now the young girl left and went to her mother Herodias, asking: “What shall I ask for?” Her mother said: “The head of John the Baptist!” MK6:25 So right away the young girl returned to the king, asking: “I want you to give me right now the head of John the Baptist on a plate.” MK6:26 Now this caused the king to be sorry about his oath, not only because of his guests, but also he did not want to break his word to her. MK6:27 Right away the king sent the captain of his bodyguards and commanded the head be brought to him. The captain left and beheaded John in his prison cell. MK6:28 Then he brought his head on a plate and gave it to the young girl, and she gave it to her mother. MK6:29 Now when John’s disciples heard of this they came and removed the body and put it in a tomb.

[1] Matthew 14:3-12: For details see notes in Nazarene Commentary 2000 on Matthew.

[2] Birthday: Herod was a circumcised Jew. [See history on this matter.] He celebrates his birthday, the second of two such mentioned in the Bible. [Genesis 40:20]

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Preceding

Mark 6 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 6:1-6 – A Prophet Without Honor

Mark 6 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 6:7-13 – Apostles Sent Out by Twos

Mark 6 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 6:14-20 – King Herod Marvels About Jesus

Matthew 14:1-13 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: John Beheaded

Mark 6 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 6:14-20 – King Herod Marvels About Jesus

Mark 6:14-20 – King Herod Marvels About Jesus

|| Matthew 14:1, 2;[1] Luke 9:7-9

MK6:14 Now when king Herod heard about Jesus – for his name had spread throughout the country – he said: “John the Baptist has risen from the dead! That is why he is able to do these miracles!” MK6:15 Others were saying: “It is Elijah!” [Malachi 4:5] But still others: “He is the Prophet!” [Deuteronomy 18:15] Or, “He is like an ancient prophet!” MK6:16 However, when Herod heard about Jesus, he said: “It is John whom I beheaded! He has risen from the dead!” MK6:17 For Herod had been the one who arrested John and imprisoned him because of his marriage to Herodias, for he had married the wife of his brother Philip. MK6:18 Because John had told Herod: “It is against the Law [of Moses] to have your brother’s wife.” MK6:19 For this reason Herodias had it in for John and wanted him killed but lacked the power. MK6:20 But Herod had deep regard for John, knowing he was a righteous and holy man. So he protected John and having heard him [preach] he was at a loss what to do, though he continued to listen to him gladly.

[1] Matthew 14:1, 2: For details see notes in Nazarene Commentary 2000 on Matthew.

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Preceding

Mark 6 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 6:1-6 – A Prophet Without Honor

Mark 6 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 6:7-13 – Apostles Sent Out by Twos

Matthew 14:1-13 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: John Beheaded

Mark 1 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 1:14-15 – Kingdom Has Drawn Near

Mark 1:14-15 – Kingdom Has Drawn Near

|| Matthew 4:12-17[1]

MK1:14 Later, after John had been thrown into prison, Jesus came into Galilee proclaiming the Good News of the God. MK1:15 He said: “The appointed time has drawn near, and the Kingdom of the God[2] has drawn close. Repent and continue to believe in the Good News.”

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[1] Matthew 4:12-17: For details see notes in Nazarene Commentary 2000 on Matthew.

[2] God: As in most other occurrences the article precedes God. Here the Greek is TOU THEOU [of the God], elsewhere it is HO THEOS or TON THEON. [See notes on John 1:1]

Divine: Or, KJV: God; GDS: divine; MOF: divine. The Greek is KAI THEOS EN HO LOGOS. This THEOS (god) is not the same as TON THEON (The God) of the former phrase. The Greek, unlike English and other languages, only has the definite article (HO = the). When the article occurs it indicates a specific thing; when it is lacking (anarthrous) it means one of many or a type. Many view THEOS here as an adjective describing a quality of the Logos. More than a dozen translators have rendered this “a god” ÿÿ whereas another half dozen have used “divine.” ÿÿ Some Trinitarian scholars give a severe paraphrase here: BAR: and the nature of the Word was the same as the nature of God; NEB: what God was the Word was. These do not solve the problem but create even greater mystery and confusion. The argument between Trinitarians and Unitarians will continue as it has in the past.

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Preceding

Mark 1 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 1:1-8 – The Beginning of the Good News

Mark 1 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 1:9-11 – An Approved Son Baptized

Nazarene Commentary Luke 3:3-6 – John Preaches Baptism of Repentance

Mark 1 – Additional Bible Students notes on Mark 1:9-11 – An Approved Son Baptized

Mark 1 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Mark 1:12-13 – Tempted by the Devil

 

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Related

  1. May 2, 2020. Day 123: Repent and believe in the gospel.
  2. A Year of Listening to Jesus 1/21
  3. Some Good News for Christmas

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