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Posts tagged ‘Naos = shrine – sanctuary – temple’

Matthew 27 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Final Hours: Trial, Execution and Burial – #10 Matthew 27:51-54 – Temple Curtain Torn in Earthquake

Matthew 27:51-54 – Temple Curtain Torn in Earthquake

|| Mark 15:38, 39; Luke 23:47

MT27:51 Now the curtain of the Sanctuary was torn in two[1] from the top down. The earth was shaken and rocks were cracked open. MT27:52 The tombs were opened and many dead bodies of [ancient] saints were raised[2] and became visible. MT27:53 And persons left the tombs[3] and entered the holy city. MT27:54 But the centurion and those observing Jesus, having experienced the earthquake and the other things happening, became very frightened. They said, “Surely this person was a Son of God!”[4]

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[1] Curtain of the Sanctuary was torn in two: Between the Most Holy and the Holy of Herod’s temple was a curtain protecting the inner sanctuary. The Greek for “sanctuary” (or, Divine Habitat) is NAOU (Research NAOS). Many see this as God’s judgment on the Temple while others see it pointing to the way to heaven being opened. Compare Hebrews 9:3 and Hebrews 10:20. Both Mark 15:38 and Luke 23:45 mention the event.

[2] Many dead bodies of [ancient] saints were raised: Or, KJV: the graves were opened; and many of the bodies of the saints which slept arose; BER: bodies of the buried saints arose. Note that neither Mark nor Luke mention this while recording the earthquake and rending of the Sanctuary curtain. Some understand this to refer to a resurrection of the godly men of old. Nothing is reported elsewhere on such an idea. It is more likely that the earthquake cracked open ancient rock tombs spilling and exposing the dead. Jesus is described as “the firstborn of the dead” and he was yet to be resurrected Sunday morning (Colossians 1:18; Revelation 1:5). Compare 1 Corinthians 15:20-23.

[3] Persons left the tombs: Part of the crowd of pilgrims trying to get back into Jerusalem before the Sabbath began at sundown. Luke 23:48 adds, “And all the crowds that were gathered together there for this spectacle, when they beheld the things that occurred, began to return (to Jerusalem).” As these persons returned they observed the corpses exposed by the earthquake.

[4] A Son of God: The Greek is THEOU HUIOS or NASB: a Son of God. Luke 23:47 adds, “The army officer began to glorify God, saying: ‘Really this man was righteous.’”

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Preceding

Death of Christ on the day of preparation

Matthew 27 – The Final Hours: Trial, Execution and Burial – Bible Students Intro

Matthew 27 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Final Hours: Trial, Execution and Burial – #1 Matthew 27:1-2 – Priests Hand Jesus Over to Pilate

Matthew 27 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Final Hours: Trial, Execution and Burial – #2 Matthew 27:3-10 – Judas Hangs Himself

Matthew 27 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Final Hours: Trial, Execution and Burial – #3 Matthew 27:11-14 – “Are You King of the Jews?”

Matthew 27 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Final Hours: Trial, Execution and Burial – #4 Matthew 27:15-23 – Barabbas or Jesus?

Matthew 27 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Final Hours: Trial, Execution and Burial – #5 Matthew 27:24-26 – “His Blood Come Upon Us!”

Matthew 27 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Final Hours: Trial, Execution and Burial – #6 Matthew 27:27-31 – Jesus Afflicted by Troops

Matthew 27 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Final Hours: Trial, Execution and Burial – #7 Matthew 27:32-37 – Executed at Golgotha

Matthew 27 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Final Hours: Trial, Execution and Burial – #8 Matthew 27:38-44 – The Mob’s Abuse

Matthew 27 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Final Hours: Trial, Execution and Burial – #9 Matthew 27:45-50 – Jesus Expires During a Darkness

In the death of Christ, the son of God, is glorification

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Additional reading

  1. Did the Inspirator exist
  2. The meek one riding on an ass
  3. Yeshua a man with a special personality
  4. A Messiah to die
  5. Why Did Christ Die on the stake
  6. History’s Most Famous Execution
  7. Lost senses or a clear focus on the one at the stake
  8. The seven last sayings of Christ discussed in the new edition of the Christadelphian
  9. Dying for or instead
  10. After darkness a moment of life renewal
  11. For those who believe Jesus is God
  12. Do you believe in One God
  13. When you believe Jesus is God, do you think he died?
  14. Jesus the “God-Man”: Really?
  15. Who was Jesus?
  16. Christ begotten through the power of the Holy Spirit
  17. For Getting to know Jesus
  18. The sent one from God
  19. Believing what Jesus says
  20. Gospel of Thomas and Nature of Jesus
  21. Glory of only One God Who gives His Word
  22. OT prophesies and the NT fulfillment of them
  23. Preexistence in the Divine purpose and Trinity
  24. History of the acceptance of a three-in-one God
  25. 1691 years ago on June the 20th in 325
  26. How do trinitarians equate divine nature
  27. A season of gifts
  28. Can we not do what Jesus did?

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Related articles

  1. Matthew 27:33-54
  2. Will Jesus complete God’s mission and goals?
  3. A Curtain Torn
  4. Three Veils
  5. The Torn Veil
  6. A Book of Hope
  7. June 7, 2020. Day 159: And the curtain was torn in two.
  8. The Difference Between God’s Sacrifice and Man’s (Forsyth)

Matthew 27 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Final Hours: Trial, Execution and Burial – #2 Matthew 27:3-10 – Judas Hangs Himself

Matthew 27:3-10 – Judas Hangs Himself

MT27:3 Then Judas his betrayer, having seen that the judgment went against Jesus, felt remorse[1] and tried to return the thirty pieces of silver[2] [Zechariah 11:12, 13] to the religious hierarchy and Jewish elders. MT27:4 He told them, “I have sinned by betraying righteous blood.”[3] But those leaders said, “How does this involve us?[4] You take care of that problem.” MT27:5 After throwing the silver pieces into the Sanctuary,[5] Judas left and went and hanged himself.[6] MT27:6 However, having picked up the silver coins, the religious hierarchy said: “It is not lawful[7] to cast the silver coins into the temple-treasury since it is blood-money.” MT27:7 After they took counsel they bought with the silver coins the Field of the Potter for the burial of unknown strangers.[8] MT27:8 To this day[9] this field is called ‘Field of Blood.’[10] MT27:9 Thus what was spoken by the prophet Jeremiah[11] was fulfilled: “And they took the thirty pieces of silver as how they put a price upon or estimated the value of one from among the sons of Israel. MT27:10 And they gave the silver money for the potter’s field just as YHWH ordered me.” [Zechariah 11:12]

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[1] Felt remorse: Or, KJV: repented; RHM: smitten with remorse; TAY: deeply regretted.

[2] Thirty pieces of silver: This was the price of a slave (Exodus 21:32).

[3] Righteous blood: Or, KJV: innocent blood.

[4] How does this involve us: Or, RIEU: Why should we care; MOF: it is your affair, not ours.

[5] Sanctuary: The Greek is NAON or the Divine Habitat. There is disagreement on this exact location. Some, like Thayer’s, believe this to be the Holy Place, or first compartment behind huge doors. It is possible that where Judas met with the Jewish priests and elders was within offices around the Temple. He could well have thrown the coins under the front doors or even an open door to the Temple proper. Research the word NAOS for details.

[6] Hanged himself: Some suggest this was from a tree over a cliff which proceeded to break casting Judas’ body down to the ground where it burst open. Compare Acts 1:18.

[7] It is not lawful: The hypocrisy is unthinkable that they would consider what was legal or lawful to do with blood-money that they had paid for the betrayal of Jesus. A similar hypocrisy is shown in removing the body of Jesus before the Sabbath for it was not lawful to leave a body hanging on the Sabbath!

[8] Unknown strangers: Or, RIEU: foreigners; WEY: people not belonging to the city.

[9] To this day: This would seem to prove Matthew was composed before the complete destruction of Jerusalem.

[10] Field of Blood: Or, NEB: Blood Acre.

[11] The prophet Jeremiah: The quote is actually from Zechariah 11:12. There are three explanations why Matthew credits Jeremiah with the quote: a) Jeremiah led off the section of the Prophets; b) one ancient text uses “Zechariah” in a margin (Syh) and Syp,s omits “Jeremiah”; and, c) it is possible and suggested by some that Jesus has formed a conflate (a compound paraphrase) of Zechariah 11:12 and Jeremiah 18:2, 3 and thus the reference to Jeremiah as the prophetic source. For notes on Zechariah 11:12 when used as a “proof text” regarding the Trinity research Zechariah 11:12 in Nazarene Commentary.

 

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Preceding

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #13 Matthew 26:59-68 – False Witnesses and the Charge of Blasphemy

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #14 Matthew 26:69-75 – Peter’s Denial

Matthew 27 – The Final Hours: Trial, Execution and Burial – Bible Students Intro

Matthew 27 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Final Hours: Trial, Execution and Burial – #1 Matthew 27:1-2 – Priests Hand Jesus Over to Pilate

 

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judas hangs himselff

When Judas Iscariot, the traitor, learned that Jesus had been condemned to die, he repented & took the thirty silver coins back to the chief priests & the elders (214). “I have sinned by betraying an innocent man to death!” cried Judas. One of the chief priests dismissed him, saying: “That’s not our problem.” The looks on their faces told Judas that all the Jewish religious leaders were agreed. In anguish & frustration, Judas threw the coins down on the temple floor & left the temple. Overwhelmed with grief, Judas went outside the city & hanged himself.

Related articles

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  2. Broken Beyond Repair
  3. Judgment For Judas

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #13 Matthew 26:59-68 – False Witnesses and the Charge of Blasphemy

Matthew 26:59-68 – False Witnesses and the Charge of Blasphemy

|| Mark 14:55-65; Luke 22:63-71

MT26:59 But the religious hierarchy[1] and the entire Sanhedrin Court[2] were seeking false testimony against Jesus[3] so that they might execute him. MT26:60 They discovered none who would come forward as pseudo evidentiary.[4] But at last two ‘witnesses’ came forward. MT26:61 One person claimed, “[Jesus] said, ‘I can tear down this Sanctuary[5] of The God and within three days reconstruct[6] it.’” MT26:62 Now the chief priest Caiaphas rose and said to Jesus, “Have you no answer? What about these testimonies against you?” MT26:63 However, Jesus remained silent.[7] Then the chief priest Caiaphas told Jesus, “I put you under oath down here before the Living God[8] so that you should tell us if you are the Messiah, the Son of The God.”[9] MT26:64 Jesus said to the priest, “You said it.[10] Yet I tell all of you: In the future[11] all of you will see the Son of Humankind sitting on the right-hand[12] of the Power and returning[13] upon the clouds of the sky.” [Daniel 7:13; Psalm 110:1] MT26:65 At that the chief priest Caiaphas ripped his outer garments, screaming, “He blasphemed![14] Why do we need witnesses? See, you just heard the blasphemy! MT26:66 How does it seem to you?” But, these answered, ‘He is liable to death!’ MT26:67 Then they all spit into his face and hit him with their fists. Others slapped Jesus, MT26:68 asking, “Prophesy[15] to us, ‘Messiah’! Who just slapped you?”

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[1] Religious hierarchy: The Greek is HARCHIEREIS from which “hierarchy” comes.

[2] Sanhedrin Court: Or, BECK: the whole Jewish court. Research Sanhedrin for notes elsewhere.

[3] Seeking false testimony against Jesus: Or, RIEU: were casting about for evidence against Jesus; NEB: some allegation against Jesus on which a death-sentence could be based.

[4] Pseudo evidentiary: The Greek is PSEUDO-MARTYRON. Or, KJV: false witnesses. Mark 14:59 adds, “But neither on these grounds was their testimony in agreement.”

[5] Sanctuary: The Greek is NAON a Divine Habitat and refers to the inner shrine of the Temple. Research temple or NAOS. Or, KJV: temple; RHM: shrine; GDSP: sanctuary.

[6] Reconstruct: Or, RIEU: build it. This charge is taken from John 2:19.

[7] Jesus remained silent: In fulfillment of Isaiah 53:7.

[8] I put you under oath down here before the Living God: This is the adjuration formula inferred in Leviticus 5:1. Or, KJV: I adjure you; RHM: I put thee on oath; NEB: I charge you.

[9] The Messiah, the Son of The God: The high priest has in mind Psalm 2:1, 7 and whether Jesus claims to be the Anointed One of that Psalm. Peter quotes this Psalm at Acts 4:24-26 and Paul refers to it in a Jewish synagogue (Acts 13:33-35).

[10] You said it: A Hebraism meaning “Yes.” In English it remains a positive statement to this day. Or, KNX: your own lips have said it; MON: I am he; GDSP: it is true. And, thus the response from the priest.

[11] In the future: Or, RIEU: the time has come; NEB: from now one, you will see; BER: shortly you shall see; MOF: in the future you will all see. It is possibly a Hebraism which means, “You will live to see…” or, “you will still be alive when such and such is fulfilled.”

[12] The Son of Humankind sitting on the right-hand: This is a conflate or compound paraphrase of Daniel 7:13 and Psalm 110:1 – a combination which appears several times. Note Daniel 7:13 refers to the ascension to heaven of “a son of man” and is seen from Daniel’s heavenly perspective (Daniel 7:15).

[13] Returning: The Greek word in both Daniel 7:13 (LXX) and here is a form of ERCHOMENON which may meaning coming, leaving, returning. It is virtually a synonym for PAROUSIA judging from the uses in Matthew 24, Mark 13, and Luke 21. It seems to some that it is possible Jesus is referring to his foretold ascension to heaven as Daniel 7:13 predicts. On these details see commentaries in Nazarene Apocalypse© under Daniel 7:13 or ERCHOMENON (Parousia). Compare the parallel readings at Mark 14:62 and Luke 22:69. See how this was fulfilled in Acts 7:54-57 and note who was present then (John 6:62; Acts 1:9-11).

[14] He blasphemed: The priest realizes the answer of Jesus is, “Yes.”

[15] Prophesy: Note that the word PROPHETEUSON may be used in a broader since of speaking rather than just predicting something. Mark 14:65 adds, “… to spit on him and to cover his whole face and hit him with their fists.” Luke 22:65 adds, “And they went on saying many other things in blasphemy against him.”

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Preceding

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #1 Matthew 26:1-2 – Two Days Before Execution

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #2 Matthew 26:3-5 – Plotting to Seize Jesus

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #3 Matthew 26:6-13 – A Woman to Be Remembered

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #4 Matthew 26:14-16 – The Price of Betrayal

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #5 Matthew 26:17-19 – Passover Preparations

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #6 Matthew 26:20-25 – The Last Passover

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #7 Matthew 26:26-30 – Keep Doing This in My Memory

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #8 Matthew 26:31-35 – How All Will Be Stumbled This Night

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #9 Matthew 26:36-39 – Garden Prayer

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #10 Matthew 26:40-47 – Two More Prayers for the Cup to Pass

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #11 Matthew 26:48-56 – Betrayal by Judas and Arrest of Jesus

Matthew 26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Last days of Jesus Christ #12 Matthew 26:57-58 – To Caiaphas

Matthew 24:1-2 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Desolation, Oppression and the Parousia – The Setting

CHAPTER TWENTY-FOUR:
DESOLATION, OPPRESSION, AND THE PAROUSIA

[“Prove Yourselves Ready!”]
(Key word: Oppression)

[Often called “the Little Apocalypse” we have here combined the parallels in Mark chapter 13 and Luke chapter 21.]

Matthew 24:1-2 – The Setting

|| Mark 13:1, 2; Luke 21:5, 6

MT24:1 And having gone out from the Temple[1] Jesus was going his way and his disciples came toward him to show him the buildings of the Temple. {MK13:1 and one of his disciples asked him: “Teacher, see what kind of stones (LK21:5 it is adorned with fine stones and dedicated things) and what kind of buildings!”} MT24:2 But Jesus responded: “Do you see all these great buildings? Listen to this truth: Everything you see will be thrown down[2] and not a stone left upon a stone!”

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[1] Temple: Here the Greek word is HIERON meaning the entire Temple complex (see Thayer’s and Vine’s) and not NAOS which is always the innermost shrine itself. One must understand how dear the Temple was to the heart of these Jewish disciples.

[2] Thrown down: These words are very similar to Daniel 8:13 and may be the source of the Nazarene’s prophecy.

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Note about

  1. Naos: shrine where a god resides (Matthew 12:4; 1 Corinthians 3:16; 6:19; 2 Corinthians 6:16)
  2. Hieron: God’s House a House of prayer; term for the Tabernacle of Moses: House, Sanctuary, and Temple (Isaiah 56:7; Matthew 12:4; 21:3) ; Temple [courtyard] – temple compound (Luke 2:27)

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Preceding

Matthew 13:47-50 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Parable of the Dragnet

Matthew 23:37-39 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Jerusalem, Jerusalem – Your House Is Abandoned!

Matthew 24 about temples or Houses of God and the end of the age

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  3. Study Guide for Matthew 24
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  5. Apocalypse Talks: Temporary Temples
  6. Matthew 24:1 // Reboot – The end of times
  7. The Summer Is Near

Matthew 23:33-36 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Treatment of Future Prophets

Matthew 23:33-36 – Treatment of Future Prophets

|| Luke 11:49-51

MT23:33 “Serpents, born of vipers,[1] how will you escape the judgment of Gehenna?[2] MT23:34 Because of this, look! I am sending to you prophets, wise persons, and scribes.[3] You will kill some of them, others you will impale, and still others you will scourge in your synagogues.[4] You will persecute from city to city.[5] MT23:35 As a result there will come upon you all the righteous blood poured out on earth – from the blood of righteous Abel[6] to the blood of Zechariah (son of Barachiah)[7] whom your murdered between the Divine Habitat[8] and the altar. MT23:36 I tell you this truth: all this will come upon this generation!

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[1] Serpents, born of vipers: Or, birthed by viperous mothers; KJV: generation of vipers; RSV: brood of vipers; LAM: seed of scorpions. Compare GENNEMATA in verse 33 with GENEAN in verse 36.

[2] Gehenna: See notes else where on Gehenna. Or, PME: the rubbish heap.

[3] Prophets, wise persons, and scribes: These would be Christian prophets, wise ones, and scribes. Or, RIEU: wise and learned men; NOR: scholars; NEB: prophets, sages, and teachers; BECK: who are wise and know the Bible.

[4] You will kill some of them, others you will impale, and still others you will scourge in your synagogues: See the responsibility of the Jews in the Book of Acts (Acts 5:40; 7:54-60; 22:19). Note how Jesus foretells the same in the next chapter (See notes on Matthew 24:9; Mark 13:9).

[5] You will persecute from city to city: Or, WEY: chase from town to town; NEB: hound from city to city. Note Saul’s authority in Acts 9:1-3. Note Jesus’ counsel to his apostles at Matthew 10:23.

[6] Abel: See Genesis 4:10. Jesus classes these religious clergy with Cain. So there is a type of persecutor from the beginning. There is a bloodguilt on such a class of persons. Luke 11:50 adds, “… from the founding of the world.”

[7] Zechariah (son of Barachiah): Some think this is the same Zechariah of 2 Chronicles 24:17-22, 25. Others view the phrase Abel to Zechariah as a way of saying “Genesis to Revelation.”

[8] Divine Habitat: The Greek is NAOU and is often rendered either “temple” or “sanctuary.” Luke 11:51 uses “house” indicating that the NAOS is the Temple proper.

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Preceding

Matthew 23:1-12 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Prominence and Humility

Matthew 23:13-14 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Shutting Up the Kingdom

Matthew 23:15 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Woe 2: Evangelists of Gehenna

Matthew 23:16-22 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Woe 3: Blind Guides and Gold

Matthew 23:23-24 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Woe 4: A Disregard for Justice and Mercy

Matthew 23:25-26 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Woe 5: Greed and Uncleanness

Matthew 23:27-28 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Woe 6: Whitewashed Graves

Matthew 23:29-32 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Woe 7: The Only Good Prophet Is a Dead Prophet!

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