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Posts tagged ‘Passover meal’

The Most important weekend of the year 2018

Soon we shall gather to remember two major instances in the history of the People of God. The first remembrance is the liberation from the slavery in Egypt, where God gave enough signs so that people could come to recognise Who is the Most High God above all gods. The second celebration is that of the Jewish master teacher Jeshua (Jesus Christ) who came together at the upper room to remember the Exodus from Egypt but also to install a special moment, namely bringing some symbols in the light of the evening.

Some disciples close to this master teacher had seen how their master had come typically to the Jews in the end of their age as Prophet, (teacher) as Priest (“when he offered up Himself,” `Heb_7:27`.) and as King. (When he rode into their city at the close of his ministry.) But those disciples could see how the moment of glory was very short and how their Jewish brethren did not receive their master in any of these forms.

For a short time they had walked with him and had witnessed miracles. For them it was clear they had some one in front of them who was

“a teacher sent from God“.

They looked up at him, but still expected him to be  a warrior who would defeat the Romans and would become their “King” or ruler.

The Jewish “Feast of Passover” commenced on the fifteenth day of their month Nisan and lasted seven days. Though before that day, there was the the killing of the lamb on the 14th of Nisan, which shall be this coming Friday, March 30, Erev Pesach or Fast of the First born, followed by Nisan 15, 5778 or Pesach 1.

Having the Friday and Saturday the remembrance moments of the liberation of the Jews and the Gentiles, we should jubilate. You could think we should be sad, because Jesus would be slaughtered as a lamb, but we do know that by his offering we were bought free. By his offering at the stake freedom came over mankind, him making an end to the curse of death. And that should bring happiness in our hearts, also three days later mankind got the proof that a man could get out of the dead.

In case Jesus would have been God we would not have any proof that man could resurrect from the death. But now with this man of flesh and blood, the world could see how God had lifted him and has given him a very special place.

Jesus had told his disciples a lot about how to behave and how to treat others, like the homeless, the poor, the needy and how to handle the material provisions, wealth, prosperity, riches, but also poverty and to be prepared to live a life for God. They had heard strange things, like that it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God. They also had heard that when when their master, the Son of Man, would be sitting on his glorious throne, they who had followed him would also come to sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.  (Matthew 19:27-30)

They were so convinced they would come to see that kingdom in their lifetime, but that night this man talked about his death, him leaving them. He took bread and spoke about this being his body. They knew Jesus did not turn the bread into his literal flesh and the wine into his real blood. Jesus’ fleshly body was still intact when he offered this bread and wine. Jesus’ apostles were not really eating his literal flesh and drinking his blood, for that would have been cannibalism and a violation of God’s law. (Genesis 9:3, 4; Leviticus 17:10)

According to Luke 22:20, Jesus said:

“This cup means the new covenant by virtue of my blood, which is to be poured out in your behalf.”

The apostles never thought that the cup presented to them literally would have become “the new covenant”. They knew that would be impossible, since a covenant is an agreement, not a tangible object.

Hence, both the bread and the wine have to be looked at as only symbols. The bread symbolizes Christ’s perfect body. Jesus used a loaf of bread left over from the Passover meal. The loaf was made without any leaven, or yeast. (Exodus 12:8) The Bible often uses leaven as a symbol of sin or corruption. The bread therefore represents the perfect body that Jesus sacrificed. It was free of sin.​—Matthew 16:11, 12; 1 Corinthians 5:6, 7; 1 Peter 2:22; 1 John 2:1, 2.

The red wine represents Jesus’ blood. That blood makes valid the new covenant. Jesus said that his blood was poured out

“for forgiveness of sins.”

Jesus made it clear that humans can become clean in God’s eyes and can enter into the new covenant with Jehovah. (Hebrews 9:14; 10:16, 17) Jesus was convinced that God would accept his offering and consider his act as a covenant, or contract.

Let us come together Friday night to remember that special sent one from god who was willing to give his life for our sins.

 

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Preceding articles

Preparing for the most important weekend of the year 2018

Voorbereiding op het belangrijkste weekend van het jaar 2018

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Additional reading

  1. Commemorating the escape from slavery
  2. First month of the year and predictions
  3. Entrance of a king to question our position #2 Who do we want to see and to be
  4. Seven Bible Feasts of JHWH
  5. Preparation for Passover
  6. The Atonement in Type and Antitype 1 Sacrifices and High Priests
  7. The Atonement in Type and Antitype 2 Going forth to Jesus
  8. 9 Adar and bickering or loving followers of the Torah preparing for Pesach
  9. Making sure we express kedusha for 14-16 Nisan
  10. This day shall be unto you for a memorial and you shall keep it a feast to the Most High God
  11. Days of Nisan, Pesach, Pasach, Pascha and Easter
  12. Yom Hey, Eve of Passover and liberation of many people
  13. 8 Reasons Christian Holidays Should Not Be Observed
  14. Shabbat Pesach service reading 1/2
  15. Who Would You Rather Listen To?
  16. Solution for Willing hearts filled with gifts
  17. Celebrations pointing to events of ultimate meaning
  18. Most important day in Christian year
  19. Thinking about fear for the Loving God and an Invitation for 14 Nisan

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Related

  1. The Symbol of Blood in Christianity & Upcoming Easter Special
  2. Bread and Cup
  3. Remembering Passover
  4. My Christian testimony: leaving behind the new age deception
  5. Everything Jesus had to say about the homeless, wealth, prosperity, poverty, riches, the poor, the needy and giving
  6. Nisan 14 Sundown March 30, 2018
  7. The Last Supper: What did they eat?
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For the Will of Him who is greater than Jesus

File:Alexandr Ivanov 055.jpg

Christ in Gethsemane. The Angel – 1850, Alexander Andreyevich Ivanov (1806–1858)

“14 When the hour came, he took his place at the table, and the apostles with him. 15 He said to them, “I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; 16 for I tell you, I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” 17 Then he took a cup, and after giving thanks he said, “Take this and divide it among yourselves; 18 for I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” 19 Then he took a loaf of bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 20 And he did the same with the cup after supper, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.” (Luke 22:14-20 NRSV)

“6  Now these things occurred as examples for us, so that we might not desire evil as they did. 7 Do not become idolaters as some of them did; as it is written, “The people sat down to eat and drink, and they rose up to play.” 8 We must not indulge in sexual immorality as some of them did, and twenty-three thousand fell in a single day. 9 We must not put Christ to the test, as some of them did, and were destroyed by serpents. 10 And do not complain as some of them did, and were destroyed by the destroyer. 11 These things happened to them to serve as an example, and they were written down to instruct us, on whom the ends of the ages have come.” (1 Corinthians 10:6-11 NRSV)

“31 The days are surely coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah. 32 It will not be like the covenant that I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt—a covenant that they broke, though I was their husband, says the LORD. 33 But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the LORD: I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 34 No longer shall they teach one another, or say to each other, “Know the LORD,” for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, says the LORD; for I will forgive their iniquity, and remember their sin no more. 35  Thus says the LORD, who gives the sun for light by day and the fixed order of the moon and the stars for light by night, who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar— the LORD of hosts is his name: 36 If this fixed order were ever to cease from my presence, says the LORD, then also the offspring of Israel would cease to be a nation before me forever.” (Jeremiah 31:31-36 NRSV)

“15  For this reason he is the mediator of a new covenant, so that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance, because a death has occurred that redeems them from the transgressions under the first covenant. 16 Where a will is involved, the death of the one who made it must be established. 17 For a will takes effect only at death, since it is not in force as long as the one who made it is alive. 18 Hence not even the first covenant was inaugurated without blood. 19 For when every commandment had been told to all the people by Moses in accordance with the law, he took the blood of calves and goats, with water and scarlet wool and hyssop, and sprinkled both the scroll itself and all the people, 20 saying, “This is the blood of the covenant that God has ordained for you.” 21 And in the same way he sprinkled with the blood both the tent and all the vessels used in worship. 22 Indeed, under the law almost everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins. 23  Thus it was necessary for the sketches of the heavenly things to be purified with these rites, but the heavenly things themselves need better sacrifices than these. 24 For Christ did not enter a sanctuary made by human hands, a mere copy of the true one, but he entered into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God on our behalf. 25 Nor was it to offer himself again and again, as the high priest enters the Holy Place year after year with blood that is not his own; 26 for then he would have had to suffer again and again since the foundation of the world. But as it is, he has appeared once for all at the end of the age to remove sin by the sacrifice of himself. 27 And just as it is appointed for mortals to die once, and after that the judgment, 28 so Christ, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin, but to save those who are eagerly waiting for him.” (Hebrews 9:15-28 NRSV)

“1  Since the law has only a shadow of the good things to come and not the true form of these realities, it can never, by the same sacrifices that are continually offered year after year, make perfect those who approach. 2 Otherwise, would they not have ceased being offered, since the worshipers, cleansed once for all, would no longer have any consciousness of sin? 3 But in these sacrifices there is a reminder of sin year after year. 4 For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins. 5 Consequently, when Christ came into the world, he said, “Sacrifices and offerings you have not desired, but a body you have prepared for me; 6 in burnt offerings and sin offerings you have taken no pleasure. 7  Then I said, ‘See, God, I have come to do your will, O God’ (in the scroll of the book it is written of me).” 8 When he said above, “You have neither desired nor taken pleasure in sacrifices and offerings and burnt offerings and sin offerings” (these are offered according to the law), 9 then he added, “See, I have come to do your will.” He abolishes the first in order to establish the second. 10 And it is by God’s will that we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.” (Hebrews 10:1-10 NRSV)

“39  He came out and went, as was his custom, to the Mount of Olives; and the disciples followed him. 40 When he reached the place, he said to them, “Pray that you may not come into the time of trial.” 41 Then he withdrew from them about a stone’s throw, knelt down, and prayed, 42 “Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me; yet, not my will but yours be done.” 43 Then an angel from heaven appeared to him and gave him strength. 44 In his anguish he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat became like great drops of blood falling down on the ground.” (Luke 22:39-44 NRSV)

“34 And said to them, “I am deeply grieved, even to death; remain here, and keep awake.” 35 And going a little farther, he threw himself on the ground and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him. 36 He said, “Abba, Father, for you all things are possible; remove this cup from me; yet, not what I want, but what you want.”” (Mark 14:34-36 NRSV)

“29 Jesus answered them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he has sent.” 30 So they said to him, “What sign are you going to give us then, so that we may see it and believe you? What work are you performing? 31 Our ancestors ate the manna in the wilderness; as it is written, ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat.’” 32 Then Jesus said to them, “Very truly, I tell you, it was not Moses who gave you the bread from heaven, but it is my Father who gives you the true bread from heaven. 33 For the bread of God is that which comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.” 34 They said to him, “Sir, give us this bread always.” 35 Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to me will never be hungry, and whoever believes in me will never be thirsty. 36 But I said to you that you have seen me and yet do not believe. 37 Everything that the Father gives me will come to me, and anyone who comes to me I will never drive away; 38 for I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him who sent me. 39 And this is the will of him who sent me, that I should lose nothing of all that he has given me, but raise it up on the last day. 40 This is indeed the will of my Father, that all who see the Son and believe in him may have eternal life; and I will raise them up on the last day.”” (John 6:29-40 NRSV)

“7 In the days of his flesh, Jesus offered up prayers and supplications, with loud cries and tears, to the one who was able to save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission. 8 Although he was a Son, he learned obedience through what he suffered; 9 and having been made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him, 10  having been designated by God a high priest according to the order of Melchizedek.” (Hebrews 5:7-10 NRSV)

“8 he humbled himself and became obedient to the point of death— even death on a cross. 9 Therefore God also highly exalted him and gave him the name that is above every name, 10 so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bend, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, 11 and every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.” (Philippians 2:8-11 NRSV)

“25 “Very truly, I tell you, the hour is coming, and is now here, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live. 26 For just as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have life in himself; 27 and he has given him authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of Man. 28 Do not be astonished at this; for the hour is coming when all who are in their graves will hear his voice 29 and will come out—those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation. 30 “I can do nothing on my own. As I hear, I judge; and my judgment is just, because I seek to do not my own will but the will of him who sent me. 31  “If I testify about myself, my testimony is not true. 32 There is another who testifies on my behalf, and I know that his testimony to me is true.” (John 5:25-32 NRSV)

“28  You heard me say to you, ‘I am going away, and I am coming to you.’ If you loved me, you would rejoice that I am going to the Father, because the Father is greater than I. 29 And now I have told you this before it occurs, so that when it does occur, you may believe. 30 I will no longer talk much with you, for the ruler of this world is coming. He has no power over me; 31 but I do as the Father has commanded me, so that the world may know that I love the Father. Rise, let us be on our way.” (John 14:28-31 NRSV)

“1  “I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinegrower. 2 He removes every branch in me that bears no fruit. Every branch that bears fruit he prunes to make it bear more fruit. 3 You have already been cleansed by the word that I have spoken to you. 4 Abide in me as I abide in you. Just as the branch cannot bear fruit by itself unless it abides in the vine, neither can you unless you abide in me. 5 I am the vine, you are the branches. Those who abide in me and I in them bear much fruit, because apart from me you can do nothing.” (John 15:1-5 NRSV)

“9  As the Father has loved me, so I have loved you; abide in my love. 10 If you keep my commandments, you will abide in my love, just as I have kept my Father’s commandments and abide in his love. 11 I have said these things to you so that my joy may be in you, and that your joy may be complete. 12 “This is my commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you. 13 No one has greater love than this, to lay down one’s life for one’s friends. 14 You are my friends if you do what I command you. 15 I do not call you servants any longer, because the servant does not know what the master is doing; but I have called you friends, because I have made known to you everything that I have heard from my Father. 16 You did not choose me but I chose you. And I appointed you to go and bear fruit, fruit that will last, so that the Father will give you whatever you ask him in my name.” (John 15:9-16 NRSV)

“45 When he got up from prayer, he came to the disciples and found them sleeping because of grief, 46 and he said to them, “Why are you sleeping? Get up and pray that you may not come into the time of trial.” 47  While he was still speaking, suddenly a crowd came, and the one called Judas, one of the twelve, was leading them. He approached Jesus to kiss him; 48 but Jesus said to him, “Judas, is it with a kiss that you are betraying the Son of Man?” 49 When those who were around him saw what was coming, they asked, “Lord, should we strike with the sword?” 50 Then one of them struck the slave of the high priest and cut off his right ear. 51 But Jesus said, “No more of this!” And he touched his ear and healed him. 52 Then Jesus said to the chief priests, the officers of the temple police, and the elders who had come for him, “Have you come out with swords and clubs as if I were a bandit? 53 When I was with you day after day in the temple, you did not lay hands on me. But this is your hour, and the power of darkness!”” (Luke 22:45-53 NRSV)

“I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will strike your head, and you will strike his heel.”” (Genesis 3:15 NRSV)

“13 The God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, the God of our ancestors has glorified his servant Jesus, whom you handed over and rejected in the presence of Pilate, though he had decided to release him. 14 But you rejected the Holy and Righteous One and asked to have a murderer given to you, 15 and you killed the Author of life, whom God raised from the dead. To this we are witnesses. 16 And by faith in his name, his name itself has made this man strong, whom you see and know; and the faith that is through Jesus has given him this perfect health in the presence of all of you. 17 “And now, friends, I know that you acted in ignorance, as did also your rulers. 18 In this way God fulfilled what he had foretold through all the prophets, that his Messiah would suffer.” (Acts 3:13-18 NRSV)

“29 But Peter and the apostles answered, “We must obey God rather than any human authority. 30 The God of our ancestors raised up Jesus, whom you had killed by hanging him on a tree. 31 God exalted him at his right hand as Leader and Savior that he might give repentance to Israel and forgiveness of sins. 32 And we are witnesses to these things, and so is the Holy Spirit whom God has given to those who obey him.”” (Acts 5:29-32 NRSV)

“3 how can we escape if we neglect so great a salvation? It was declared at first through the Lord, and it was attested to us by those who heard him, 4 while God added his testimony by signs and wonders and various miracles, and by gifts of the Holy Spirit, distributed according to his will. 5  Now God did not subject the coming world, about which we are speaking, to angels. 6 But someone has testified somewhere, “What are human beings that you are mindful of them, or mortals, that you care for them? 7 You have made them for a little while lower than the angels; you have crowned them with glory and honor, 8 subjecting all things under their feet.” Now in subjecting all things to them, God left nothing outside their control. As it is, we do not yet see everything in subjection to them, 9 but we do see Jesus, who for a little while was made lower than the angels, now crowned with glory and honor because of the suffering of death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone. 10  It was fitting that God, for whom and through whom all things exist, in bringing many children to glory, should make the pioneer of their salvation perfect through sufferings. 11 For the one who sanctifies and those who are sanctified all have one Father. For this reason Jesus is not ashamed to call them brothers and sisters, 12 saying, “I will proclaim your name to my brothers and sisters, in the midst of the congregation I will praise you.” 13 And again, “I will put my trust in him.” And again, “Here am I and the children whom God has given me.”” (Hebrews 2:3-13 NRSV)

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Preceding: On the first day for matzah

Servant for the truth of God

The Anointed One and the first day of No Fermentation

In Dutch / In het Nederlands: Voor de Wil van Hem die groter is dan Jezus

In French / En Français:  Pour la Volonté de Celui qui est plus grand que Jésus

In German / In Deutsch: Für den Willen dessen, der größer ist als Jesu

  • Cup (Lent #44) (bigrubberbandball.wordpress.com)
    A new commandment shared with a towel and basin, a new covenant offered in a cup.
  • The Betrothal of Christ (tamimyer.wordpress.com)
    During the Passover meal, He used both the gesture and the words of the traditional Jewish betrothal: drinking from a cup of wine and then handing it to His followers, He said, “This is my blood of the covenant.”
  • Day 88: 2 Samuel 4-7; The Ark and The Covenant (orcministries.wordpress.com)
    Well, if you have been reading the stories of David over the past week or so you have seen that all that David does, he does following what God tells him to.  Even today, as the now rightful king of all of Israel, David still inquires of God as to whether he should attack the Philistines.
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    God establishes a covenant with Adam, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Moses… each time we hear the covenant it evolves a little bit.  With Adam, we hear that humanity will not be left in sin but one will come to save us from our sins.
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    We have come now to the “Davidic Covenant.”  This is the latest building and addition to the covenant.  We read here that God’s covenant with David is an everlasting covenant and that David’s house will rule over Israel.  We also find out here the family line of the coming savior.  First we found out he would come as a human through Adam.  We then learned that He would come from the people of Israel.  Now we learn that the coming “Messiah” would be “of the house and line of David.”  We also learn that this is how God will keep his covenant with David, placing who we now know as Jesus as King and Lord of this world and of all things!
  • The Christ Hymn (conjecturesguilty.wordpress.com)

14 Nisan a day to remember #3 Before the Passover-feast

Just before the festival of Pesach

File:Rylands Haggadah, The Preparation for the Seder (above) and The Celebration of the Seder (below).jpg

Illumination from the Rylands Haggadah in the John Rylands Library in Manchester. The Preparation for the Seder (above) and The Celebration of the Seder (below). – Date 14th century – Source John Rylands Library – Author unknown

The disciples of the Messiah were wise, intelligent, capable men — specially chosen by the Messiah himself to be apostles, the leaders of his Church! It is inconceivable that they would wait till after sunset, after the 14th of Nisan began, to prepare for the Passover, if it was to occur that very night!
The New Testament verifies this fact. We read in the gospel of John, that the night Jeshua sat down with his disciples for a final dinner, which occurred at the beginning of Nisan 14, that this was “Before the Feast of the Passover” (John 13:1).

“1 Now before the Feast of the Passover, Jesus knowing that His hour had come that He should depart out of this world to the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end. 2 And during supper, the devil having already put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, [the son] of Simon, to betray Him, 3 [Jesus,] knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands, and that He had come forth from God, and was going back to God, 4 *rose from supper, and *laid aside His garments; and taking a towel, He girded Himself about.” (John 13:1-4 NAS)

This meal was not the “Passover,” but rather was called simply “supper” (John 13:2, 4). If this meal was such an important event as the Passover meal, then we have an incredible anomaly, because during a Passover meal nobody gets up to leave half-way through the celebration, and certainly nobody would even think of leaving the Passover meal to “go shopping” for groceries! In fact, during the Passover celebration, there would no stores be open of any kind, anywhere! Clearly the apostles thought Judas was going to make further preparations, like going to buy some things. Notice the account in John:

“26 Jesus therefore *answered, “That is the one for whom I shall dip the morsel and give it to him.” So when He had dipped the morsel, He *took and *gave it to Judas, [the son] of Simon Iscariot. 27 And after the morsel, Satan then entered into him. Jesus therefore *said to him, “What you do, do quickly.” 28 Now no one of those reclining [at the table] knew for what purpose He had said this to him. 29 For some were supposing, because Judas had the money box, that Jesus was saying to him, “Buy the things we have need of for the feast”; or else, that he should give something to the poor.” (John 13:26-29 NAS)

Before the feast of the Passover, while they were at the supper

If this meal was the Passover, as many contend, then it is strikingly strange that the disciples would have assumed Judas was leaving the Passover celebration, before it was finished, in order to go shopping for groceries! The very idea is preposterous. No one in their right mind would have even considered leaving the Passover in order to go grocery shopping– certainly not.

Judas Iscariot (right), retiring from the Last Supper, painting by Carl Bloch, late 19th century

“1 Jesus having perceived, before the feast of the passover, that his time to remove out of this world to his Father, was come; and having loved his own, who were in the world, he loved them to the last. 2 Now while they were at the supper, (the devil having already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray him,) 3 Jesus, though he knew that the Father had subjected everything to him, and that he came from God, and was returning to God; 4 arose from supper, and laying aside his mantle, girt himself about with a towel.” (John 13:1-4 LO)
“13 You call me the Teacher and the Master; and you say right; for so I am. 14 If I, then, the Master and the Teacher, have washed your feet; you also ought to wash one another’s feet. 15 For I have given you an example, that you should do as I have done to you. 16 Most assuredly, I say to you, the servant is not greater than his master, nor is the apostle greater than he who sends him. 17 Happy are you, who know these things, provided you practice them. 18  I speak not of you all. I know whom I have chosen: but the scripture must be fulfilled, “He that eats at my table, has lifted up his heel against me.” 19 I tell you this now, before it happen; that when it happens, you may believe that I am [the Messiah]. 20 Most assuredly, I say to you, he that receives whomsoever I send, receives me; and he that receives me, receives him who sent me. 21 After uttering these words, Jesus was troubled in spirit, and declared, saying, Most assuredly, I say to you, one of you will betray me. 22 Then the disciples looked one upon another, doubting of whom he spoke. 23 Now one of his disciples, one whom Jesus loved, was lying close to his breast: 24 Simon Peter, therefore, made a sign to him, to inquire whom he meant. 25 He, then, reclining on Jesus’ bosom, said to him, Master, who is it? 26 Jesus answered, It is he to whom I shall give this morsel, after I have dipped it. And having dipped the morsel, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.
27 After receiving the morsel, Satan entered into him. And Jesus said to him, What you do, do quickly. 28 But none at the table knew, why he gave this order.
29 Some imagined, because Judas had the purse, that Jesus had signified to him to buy necessaries for the festival; or, to give something to the poor. 30 When Judas had taken the morsel, he immediately went out: and it was night. 31  When he was gone, Jesus said, the Son of Man is now glorified, and God is glorified by him.” (John 13:13-31 LO)

Observing the Law of God

The disciples of Jeshua were like Jesus observant Jews who obeyed Jehovah God’s Laws! This passage proves also that the disciples knew that this meal was not the “Passover” but that the Passover was still a day away! For they thought that Judas was being sent out to get groceries for preparation for the upcoming “Feast” — which had to refer to the “Feast of the Passover,” as verse one of this chapter so plainly says!

English: Passover plate with symbolic foods: m...

Passover plate with symbolic foods: maror, egg, haroset, karpas, zro’ah, dish of salt water (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This is the reason why we do not call our Memorial the Passover, because it is not but it is well one of the memorial days of the Passover celebration or the Feast of Pascha.

The 14th of Nisan was the day when preparations were made for the actual Passover Feast which was celebrated on the 15th of Nisan. This makes why there is a difference of one day in our celebration and that of the Jewish community. We do start our main commemoration one day earlier, because Nisan the 14th became the remembrance day of the instalment of the New Covenant, the “Blood of the New Testament” and the remembrance of the Lamb of God, Jesus Christ.

“Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.” (Luke 22:1 ASV)
“And the day of unleavened bread came, on which the passover must be sacrificed.” (Luke 22:7 ASV)

“17 And he received a cup, and when he had given thanks, he said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves: 18 for I say unto you, I shall not drink from henceforth of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come. 19 And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he brake it, and gave to them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me. 20 And the cup in like manner after supper, saying, This cup is the new covenant in my blood, [even] that which is poured out for you.” (Luke 22:17-20 ASV)
“28 But ye are they that have continued with me in my temptations; 29 and I appoint unto you a kingdom, even as my Father appointed unto me, 30 that ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom; and ye shall sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.” (Luke 22:28-30 ASV)
“35 And he said unto them, When I sent you forth without purse, and wallet, and shoes, lacked ye anything? And they said, Nothing. 36 And he said unto them, But now, he that hath a purse, let him take it, and likewise a wallet; and he that hath none, let him sell his cloak, and buy a sword. 37 For I say unto you, that this which is written must be fulfilled in me, And he was reckoned with transgressors: for that which concerneth me hath fulfilment.” (Luke 22:35-37 ASV)

“26  And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it; and he gave to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. 27 And he took a cup, and gave thanks, and gave to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; 28 for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many unto remission of sins. 29 But I say unto you, I shall not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom. 30 And when they had sung a hymn, they went out unto the mount of Olives.” (Matthew 26:26-30 ASV)

John clearly says so! So do Matthew and Mark. Luke also corroborates this fact (Luke 22:1, 7). Neither Jeshua nor his disciples would have waited till the very last moment to begin preparation for Passover. Therefore, it could not have been at the beginning of Nisan 14. If it were, then Nisan 14 could not be called the “preparation day,” or “preparation of the Passover.” That would be ridiculous. How could Nisan 14 be the “preparation” of the Passover, if the Passover occurred just after the day began, after sunset? The whole rest of the day, then, and all the daylight hours, morning and afternoon, of Nisan 14, would then be after the Passover, because the sprinkling had to be done before the night or the beginning of the day!

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Preceding articles: 14 Nisan a day to remember #1 Inception

14 Nisan a day to remember #2 Time of Jesus

Next: 14 Nisan a day to remember #4 A Lamb slain

Dutch version / Nederlandse versie: 14 Nisan een dag om te herinneren #3 Voor het Overgangsfeest

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Find also
  1. Pesach
    Pesach, or Passover, is a major holiday in Jewish tradition, and is one of the three pilgrimage holidays, along with Sukkot and Shavuot.
  2. Jesus memorial
  3. Observance of a day to Remember
  4. The high calling of God in Christ Jesus
  5. Around the feast of Unleavened Bread
  6. Observance of a day to Remember
  7. Day of remembrance coming near
  8. Manifests for believers #4 Eucharist
  9. A new exodus and offering of a Lamb
  10. 1 -15 Nisan
  11. Slave for people and God
  12. Servant of his Father
  13. A Great Gift commemorated
  14. Anointing of Christ as Prophetic Rehearsal of the Burial rites

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Of interest concerning the preparation days and Christ his death:

Preparation day: Now it was the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, “Behold, your King!” King James Bible (Cambridge Ed.) a.o. compared

Be careful, we do not agree with all dates or ideas given in those articles.

  1. Solving the Three Day Three Night Mystery
    There isn’t any way you can put three days and three nights between Friday afternoon and Sunday morning.
    +
    The special Sabbath John referred to is the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and it’s a date specific holy day; always observed on the 15th of the month they call Nisan, which corresponds to March/April on our calendar. So the first thing we learn is that the special Sabbath mentioned in John 19:31 wasn’t a Saturday.
  2. Yet Another Three Day Three Night Question
    So if He died on a Thursday how did we start to celebrate His death on Friday?
  3. The Week With Two Sabbaths
    There were two consecutive Sabbaths that week that prohibited any work. Luke is talking about the special Sabbath that began at sundown Thursday called the Feast of Unleavened Bread.
  4. Three Days Three Nights Follow Up
    If Jesus died on Thursday (Passover), and if at sundown immediately the feast of Unleavened Bread began, and if at sundown Friday the regular Sabbath started (Saturday), what day did the women buy and prepare the spices to anoint the body of Jesus?
  5. Passover Confusion?
    Why does it sound like Jesus and the disciples are celebrating Passover on the first day of the Feast of Unleaven which begins the day after passover?
    +
    “The next day, the one after Preparation Day …” Preparation day is the name they gave to Passover, the 14th, because it was the day they got everything ready for the big Feast of Unleavened Bread, celebrated on the 15th, when no work could be done. This tells us that Jesus was crucified on Passover. {Our remak: Preparation day is not the same as Passover}
  6.  The Festival Sabbaths and Preparation day

    On the Temple calendar, which began the day at sunrise, the Sabbath rest was not interchangeable with the calendar day. Sabbaths are reckoned evening to evening, thus overlapping two days. Also, the Sabbath is not necessarily synonymous with Saturday, but with an ordained rest, and that rest might not fall on Saturday.
    What does Scripture say about there being Sabbath days that are tied to festivals, but not necessarily to the seventh day of the week, Saturday? The laws of these religious festivals are found in the twenty-third chapter of Leviticus. There it states, “on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation.” (Lev. 23:3) Here, Sabbath equals holy convocation. There are also seven fast and festival days that are described as holy convocations. Jewish dates are here given according to the sunrise calendar.
    On Nisan 14/15, “on the first day (of Passover week) you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.” (Lev. 23:7)
    On Nisan 20/21, “on the seventh day (of Passover week) is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.” (Lev. 23:8)

  7. Preparation day of Passover
    The title ‘Preparation Day’ is referred to 6 times in the New Testament. (Matt 27:62; Mark 15:42; Luke 23:54; John 19:14,31,42.)
  8. Passover, A seven-day festival
    What most call ‘the day of Passover’ isn’t really a day at all; it’s a seven-day festival. For notice the first instructions from God on this, as found at Exodus 12:2, 3, 5-8 (LXX), ‘This will be your first month. It is to be the first one [in your] year.
    +
    The Seven Days of PassoverSo from the above, we can see that the seven days of Passover started after sundown on Nisan 14. That evening (the first full moon nearest the spring equinox) is when the Israelites were to begin a week of eating meals with fermentation-free bread. Then, on the following afternoon (which was the same day), the lamb was to be led to the Temple as a sacrifice; and the portions that were not offered to God and the Priest were taken home for the feast. So, the lamb was slaughtered at the end of the first day, then it was roasted and eaten after sunset that evening, which was the start of the second day.

    +
    Nisan 14 – The Day of Preparation
    Thereafter, God’s people gave names to each of these days. Nisan 14 was referred to as ‘Preparation,’ because that’s when the people were to prepare the lamb for the Passover feast. These lambs were traditionally kept inside the home and tied to a bedpost for four days prior to the Passover festival. It was then sacrificed late in the afternoon of Nisan 14. So, Nisan 15 was called Passover, because it was the day when the actual Feast was to be held, according to God’s Law (see Numbers 28:17).

    Unfortunately, many Christians don’t understand God’s Laws concerning the Passover, or His Laws about the offering of sacrifices in general. For, many believe that Jesus and his Apostles ate the Passover Feast on the 14th day, and many also believe that Passover was just one day. However, notice that when Jesus sent his Apostles off to ‘prepare’ for the Passover, he didn’t say anything about a lamb. All he told them was to prepare a room (see Mark 14:12-16). No, the Jews couldn’t just go to a local market to buy a pound of lamb for the Passover. Rather, what Jews call the ‘Paschal Lamb’ had to be offered by each family or group personally at the Temple, where it was sacrificed by a Priest, who then offered up its fat and its blood to God, and who also received his portion of the meat (the breast and right shoulder). And no, Jesus would not have sent someone else to present his sacrificial lamb to God.

    So, it was the on day before the Passover Feast, Nisan 14th, that Jesus instituted his ‘evening meal.’ As the account tells us; they just ate unfermented bread, a ‘sop,’ and bitter herbs (no lamb). This was appropriate, because it was the day that he (Jesus) as ‘God’s Lamb’ was to be slaughtered… at about the same time that IsraEl’s Passover lambs were being slaughtered at the Temple.

  9. Proof Jesus Died Just Before the Passover Feast in 33 AD
    The high days in the Passover feast week, are the first and last days of the 7 Passover feast days of eating unleavened bread. The first high day could start any day of the week, due to the fact that the month of Nissan would start on the day that two witnesses would see the new moon show up, and that day of the week varied each year. They would kill the Passover lamb on the 14th day of Nissan, and the unleavened bread would be eaten from the 15th on for 7 days. The 2nd high day, was the 7th day or last day of the 7 day Passover feast. For that Passover the year Jesus died, the first high day was said by John to have been the same day as the Sabbath.
    +
    It is possible to find all years where the first high day fell on
    the Sabbath to verify which years are possible candidates for the
    year of Jesus’s death. As it turns out, between the years 27AD
    and 38AD, there are only 2 years where the high day fell on a Sabbath
    and those two years are 33AD and 36AD. So given this, during the
    period of 32AD to 36AD (after John started preaching plus Jesus’s
    preaching, yet before Pilate’s rule ended), the only years possible
    for Jesus to have died in, are 33 AD and 36 AD.
  10. 10 proofs passover is a memorial
    Throughout history a debate has raged concerning the proper timing of Yahweh’s Passover. Many observe the Passover on the 14th of the first month (Abib) and the Feast of Unleavened Bread on the 15th. Others believe that both the Passover and the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread are on the 14th. Still others observe the Passover and first day of the Feast on the 15th of Abib. Why so much confusion? It need not be.
    This study will harmonize both Old and New testaments to show that the two observances are clearly separate and distinct.
    +
    Scriptures proclaim that the 14th of Abib marks the Passover memorial, while the 15th of Abib starts the Feast of Unleavened Bread. But two particular deviations from this truth exist. One is that the Passover is the first high Sabbath of the Feast of Unleavened Bread and falls on the 14th of Abib. The second is also that the Passover is the first high day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, but occurs on the 15th of Abib.
    +
    The Passover symbolizes a day of suffering and pain, while the Feast of Unleavened Bread is a time of joy.
  11. The Day of Crucifixion and time of resurrection
    Is the Wednesday Crucifixion a fact or a fable? Wednesday Crucifixionists firmly believe that it is a Biblical fact. To support it, they appeal not only to the sign of Jonah examined in the previous chapter, but also to a second key text, namely, John 19:14, where the day of Christ’s Crucifixion is designated as “the day of Preparation of the Passover.”
    The conclusion drawn from John 19:14 is that Christ was crucified, not on a Friday—the Preparation day for the Sabbath—but on a Wednesday—the Preparation day for the annual ceremonial Passover Sabbath, which that year supposedly fell on a Thursday. Thus, all the references to the “Preparation day” of Christ’s Crucifixion (Matt 27:62; Mark 15:42; Luke 23:54; John 19:31, 42) are interpreted in the light of John 19:14 as meaning Wednesday—the day preceding the Passover Sabbath (Thursday)—rather than Friday—the day preceding the regular seventh-day Sabbath.

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  • How to Explain The Feast of The Passover and The Lord’s Supper to Children (expertscolumn.com)
    Every year, the Feast of the Passover is celebrated. Children may ask what it is all about. Here is a simple to explain the event to children and to those who wish to know the origins of the Passover Feast.
  • Preparations for the Passover Meal – Luke 22: 7-13 (shalommysticwind.wordpress.com)
    The story of the preparations for the Passover Meal is itself introductory to the account of the Last Supper in Luke 22: 14-23. Except for certain redaction changes, the Lukan passage is a reproduction of its parallel in Mark 14: 12-16. Already in Luke 22: 1 the evangelist had identified the feast of the Unleavened Bread and the feast of the Passover, an identification which is not entirely wrong.
  • Nissan 1. Happy New Year! (workofheartandsoul.wordpress.com)
    {March 11, 2013 @sunset} Tonight starts God’s “New Year” or beginning of the Biblical calendar for Holidays and “Kings”. We begin again the cycle of the Biblical Feast, starting with Passover soon. YEAH!
  • Open-Handed; scripture and questions for March 17 (plymouthspirit.wordpress.com)
    Six days before the Passover Jesus came to Bethany, the home of Lazarus, whom he had raised from the dead.
  • Conspiracy of Jews against Jesus – Luke 22: 1-2 (shalommysticwind.wordpress.com)
    Luke identifies the feast of the Passover with the feast of the Unleavened Bread; and the Lukan time reference is more generic as compared with the Markan precise dating. The Passover feast, which was celebrated on 14th – 15th of Nisan, was the solemn, yearly commemoration of the Exodus of Israel from Egypt. The feast of the Unleavened Bread, originally a harvest festival, was held from 15th to 21st of Nisan. Eventually these two feasts were closely linked together and were virtually identified, and the celebration lasted from 15th to 21st of Nisan. According to the evangelists, the events of Jesus’ passion are connected with the national Jewish feast of the Passover. The Christian expression “Paschal Mystery” in reference to the mystery of Jesus’ passion, death, and resurrection, is derived from the Greek word for ‘Passover’ – “Pascha.” The Passion of Jesus is thus understood as his own Passover, his ‘exodus’ from this world to the Father (God) (cf. Lk 9: 31).
  • Jesus. He is worthy of it all. (charissavincent.wordpress.com)
    Six days before the Passover celebration began, Jesus arrived in Bethany, the home of Lazarus—the man he had raised from the dead.
    +
    Jesus was worthy of it all, and so much more. How is it that Jesus’ very own disciples, the people who were with him all the time, the people who Jesus shared incredible wisdom and kingdom secrets with, how was it that they did not understand this act of honour. And yet for Mary there wasn’t even a slight hesitation.
  • 5th Sunday of Lent 17.3.13 John 12.1-8 (preachersfriend.wordpress.com)
    This simple account of an all-too-imaginable incident can take us to the place of deep devotion, or make us recoil with horror at the meanness of human nature. Maybe we need to do both.
  • Anointing of Christ as Prophetic Rehearsal of the Burial rites
    Eight days after his birth Jesus was anointed for the first time at his circumcision, the traditional Jewish celebration to take up the child in the community of the Jewish people, Israel, the People of God. Six days before the Pascha /Pesach or Passover when the “crucifixion” was to take place we find Jesus with […]

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