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Posts tagged ‘Passover Sacrifice’

Preparing for 14 Nisan

Mankind received God’s commandments so that they could have something to hold on to and have some guidance to build up their life.

Man had chosen to go his own way. Lots of people thought they could do without God,though as soon as time proved too difficult for them they were always fast to ask God for help or even for blaming Him for their problems.

On several occasions God came to help man. For the liberation of the Egyptian slavery God asked them to cleanse themselves and to remember that night of slaughtering the lambs.

V09p551001 Passover

Passover (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Many years later when the Holy Temple stood in Jerusalem, every Jew had to be in a state of Tohorah or ritual purity in time for the bringing of the Passover offering in the Temple. Today, though we’re unable to fulfil the Temple-related rituals in practice. In a way we should fulfil them spiritually by studying the given laws in the Torah. As such, Jews for example study and read the section of Parah (treatise in the Mishnah and the Tosefta, included in the order Tohorot) in preparation for the upcoming festival of Passover.

We do have to struggle here on earth with the restrictions and challenges of our world. Though we try to build up our life, when we love God we want to do that according to the bible, God’s infallible Word. These coming days, coming closer to 14 Nisan, we should take time to question ourselves if we could manage to live according to the Will of God.

Let us wonder if we really all the time believed in only One God, or did our thoughts wander about some other gods? Did we do no get carried away by idols? Did we keep a regular day of rest and did we take a regular time to think about God and to praise Him? Have we shown the respect we should show to our parents, teachers and those above us, but also to those lower than us? Where we ,at all times be willing to share our love with others? Where we willing to forgive the people who did something wrong against us?

These coming days the above questions should be in our head and have us to examine the attitude we took over the year against others.

Always remembering that when we are lovers of God we should not be part of this world but part of the Body of Christ, living up to the Will of God, which we can get to know by reading the Bible regularly. Only that way we can stay on the path of purity.

“9  [Beth] How can a young man keep his way pure? By living according to your word.

10  I seek you with all my heart; do not let me stray from your commands. 11  I have hidden your word in my heart that I might not sin against you. 12  Praise be to you, O LORD; teach me your decrees. 13  With my lips I recount all the laws that come from your mouth. 14 I rejoice in following your statutes as one rejoices in great riches. 15 I meditate on your precepts and consider your ways. 16 I delight in your decrees; I will not neglect your word.

17  [Gimel] Do good to your servant, and I will live; I will obey your word. 18  Open my eyes that I may see wonderful things in your law. 19  I am a stranger on earth; do not hide your commands from me.” (Psalms 119:9-19 NIV)

Today those commandments are not hidden for us. They are at our disposal.
It is that Word of God we should allow us to cleanse us. As spiritual water it should run over us and wash down all the dirt which may have come over us. Every day, over and over again, we should let ourselves be inspired by that heavenly Word that purifies those who are willing to give themselves in the Hands of the Most High. Allowing ourselves being guided by that Word of God, we shall find the right directives for our actions and attitudes, thereby keeping us steady on the right path.

When we do come to the memorial meeting of 14 Nisan, (April 10, 2017) we should be clean to come before our Most High, to show our gratefulness for the ransom offer His only begotten son gave. Let us prepare for that special occasion.

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Preceding articles

Christians, secularism, morals and values

Pesach and a lot of brokenness in the world

On the first day for matzah

14 Nisan a day to remember #3 Before the Passover-feast

14 Nisan a day to remember #4 A Lamb slain

14 Nisan a day to remember #5 The Day to celebrate

 

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Additional reading

  1. What shall I render unto the Lord for all His benefits
  2. Getting fate in your change to positiveness
  3. Flowing out from a genuine spiritual “heart”
  4. Cleanliness and worrying or not about purity
  5. Making sure we express kedusha for 14-16 Nisan
  6. Reciting the Aleinu as a warning against temptation of idolatry
  7. What Does The Bible Say About….Fornication?
  8. Sukkoth, Gog, Magog, Armageddon, a covenant and Jerusalem
  9. Christianity like Judaism God’s call to human responsibility
  10. Without God no purpose, no goal, no hope
  11. See God’s wonderworks and hear His Voice
  12. Commemorating the escape from slavery
  13. Festival of Freedom and persecutions
  14. Seven Bible Feasts of JHWH
  15. Holidays, holy days and traditions
  16. Redemption #4 The Passover Lamb
  17. Remember the day
  18. Shabbat Pesach service reading 1/2
  19. Shabbat Pesach service reading 2/2
  20. Easter holiday, fun and rejoicing
  21. Why we do not keep to a Sabbath or a Sunday or Lord’s Day #2 Testimony
  22. Why we do not keep to a Sabbath or a Sunday or Lord’s Day #3 Days to be kept holy or set apart
  23. Yom Hey, Eve of Passover and liberation of many people
  24. A Passover for unity in God’s community
  25. A Great Gift commemorated
  26. Anointing of Christ as Prophetic Rehearsal of the Burial rites
  27. A Messiah to die
  28. An unblemished and spotless lamb foreknown
  29. The Song of The Lamb #5 Revelation 5
  30. The Song of The Lamb #7 Revelation 15
  31. This day shall be unto you for a memorial and you shall keep it a feast to the Most High God
  32. Exodus 9: Liar Liar

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Further reading

  1. ‘Choose purity…are you asking me or telling me?’
  2. How can you be an ardent lover of truth?
  3. Purity
  4. Pursing Purity
  5. How to Overcome the Sin in Your Life
  6. A Healthy spiritual heart
  7. Today’s fragrance: keeping your ways pure
  8. Available
  9. Core values part 2
  10. Passport to Purity
  11. “Pure In Heart And Life” 03/21
  12. The Window Cleaner
  13. Pleasure of God, Part 2
  14. The Rosary- Bind it upon thy fingers, write it upon the tables of thy heart

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14 Nisan a day to remember #4 A Lamb slain

The Day that the Lamb was slain

Nisan 14 was the day the leavening was put out, and the day the Passover lambs were slain, in late afternoon — at the very same time Jeshua expired on the tree! Therefore, Jeshua perfectly fulfilled the typology of the “Passover sacrifice.” Not only was he slain for our sins, but he was slain at the very moment the Passover lambs were being slain at the Temple! He was indeed the perfect Passover sacrifice for our sins (1 Corinthians 5:7).

On the night of Nisan 14, 33 C.E., Jesus and his apostles sang Jehovah’s praises together in an upper room of a house in Jerusalem. (Matthew 26:30) It was fitting that he would conclude his meeting with them in that way. From the beginning of his earthly ministry to the end, Jesus praised his Father and zealously made His name known. (Matthew 4:10; 6:9; 22:37, 38; John 12:28; 17:6) After singing praises with Jesus, the apostle John saw his Master and two criminals being put to death on torture stakes. Roman soldiers broke the legs of the two criminals to hasten their deaths. However, they did not break Jesus’ legs, as he was already dead. In his Gospel, John identified that development as a fulfillment of another part of Psalm 34: “Not a bone of his will be crushed.”

File:Michelangelo, Christ on the Cross.jpg

Christ on the Cross – circa 1541 Michelangelo Buonarroti

“Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.” (Matthew 4:10 ASV)
“After this manner therefore pray ye. Our Father who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name.” (Matthew 6:9 ASV)

“37 And he said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. 38 This is the great and first commandment.” (Matthew 22:37-38 ASV)

“Father, glorify thy name. There came therefore a voice out of heaven, [saying], I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again.” (John 12:28 ASV)

“I manifested thy name unto the men whom thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them to me; and they have kept thy word.” (John 17:6 ASV)

“32 The soldiers therefore came, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other that was crucified with him: 33 but when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs: 34 howbeit one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and straightway there came out blood and water. 35 And he that hath seen hath borne witness, and his witness is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye also may believe. 36 For these things came to pass, that the scripture might be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken.” (John 19:32-36 ASV)

“He keepeth all his bones: Not one of them is broken.” (Psalms 34:20 ASV)

Holy convocations we are to proclaim and celebrate at the time appointed for them

But on the other hand there is also the writing:

“4  These are the set feasts of Jehovah, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their appointed season. 5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, is Jehovah’s passover.” (Leviticus 23:4-5 ASV)

“1  And Jehovah spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the first month of the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying, 2 Moreover let the children of Israel keep the passover in its appointed season. 3 In the fourteenth day of this month, at even, ye shall keep it in its appointed season: according to all the statutes of it, and according to all the ordinances thereof, shall ye keep it. 4 And Moses spake unto the children of Israel, that they should keep the passover.” (Numbers 9:1-4 ASV)
“16 And in the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, is Jehovah’s passover. 17 And on the fifteenth day of this month shall be a feast: seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten.” (Numbers 28:16-17 ASV)

“5 ‘Your lamb shall be an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats. 6 ‘And you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to kill it at twilight. {“Twilight” of the 14th doesn’t happen until 24 hours later, just before the 14th turns into the 15th!} 7 ‘Moreover, they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses in which they eat it. 8 ‘And they shall eat the flesh that [same] night {of the 14th to the 15th}, roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.” (Exodus 12:5-8 NAS)

So you could either say the day to be celebrated the instalment of the New Covenant, could also be on the day before the 14th, thus 13 Nisan (as some say). But as you can get from Numbers the 15th of Nisan was the big feast, so the gathering on the 14th of Nisan was the night Jesus was together with his close friends to have the prescribed 14 Nisan meal.

But as Jesus being the Passover Lamb, having died on that day, and the day the early Christian church also continued to observe Passover, on the 14th of Nisan, as Jesus Christ did himself all through his life, until the Roman festival of Easter (named after the Babylonian idol Ishtar, and later, eastre, the Anglo-Saxon goddess of light, or spring) was officially enforced upon the Christian-professing world by the Roman Empire, we consider that we can take 14 Nisan as the day to remember Jesus his Last Supper and Jesus his death.

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Preceding article: 14 Nisan a day to remember #3 Before the Passover-feast

Next: 14 Nisan a day to remember #5 The Day to celebrate

Dutch version / Nederlandse versie: 14 Nisan een dag om te herinneren #4 Een Gedood Lam

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Please do find also on this subject:
  1. 1 -15 Nisan
  2. 14 Nisan a day to remember #1 Inception
  3. 14 Nisan a day to remember #2 Time of Jesus
  4. Around the feast of Unleavened Bread
  5. Pesach
  6. Seven days of Passover
  7. Day of remembrance coming near
  8. A new exodus and offering of a Lamb
  9. Observance of a day to Remember
  10. Altered to fit a Trinity
  11. Jesus memorial
  12. Bread and Wine
  13. Ransom for all
  14. Swedish theologian finds historical proof Jesus did not die on a cross
  15. Jesus is risen
  16. Risen With Him
  17. Peter Cottontail and a Bunny laying Eastereggs

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  • The Seven Feasts of Israel: (Part I) (bibletim.wordpress.com)
    If you are a born again Christian you have, and continue, to celebrate these feasts to this day, and I am going to show you how! Let us not forget that our Lord Himself celebrated these feasts!
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    The seven feasts are Passover, Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, Pentecost (Feast of Harvest or Feast of Weeks), Trumpets, Atonement, and Tabernacles. They are mentioned in several places in scripture, but for the purposes of our study, we will look at them as outlined in Leviticus chapter 23. Also, it is of benefit for you to notice the order in which these feasts were given by God. Nothing of God is happenstance! He is always methodical and organized.
  • The Seven Feasts of Israel (Part II) (bibletim.wordpress.com)
    fifteenth day “The Feast of Unleavened Bread.”
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    Unleavened bread has its roots in Exodus 16:31, it was called manna by the Israelites and was in fact the “Bread from heaven.” The manna appeared on the ground every morning to sustain the lives of Israel, except on the Sabbath.
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    The Jewish Passover ceremony consists of breaking, burying, and then resurrecting a piece of the matzoh. God performed this exact ceremony with the burial of Jesus, our precious piece of unleavened bread, and on the exact day of the feast! Jesus was buried at the beginning of the Feast of Unleavened Bread since His body was interred at sundown of Passover day, the beginning of the fifteenth day of the first month.
  • The Seven Feasts of Israel (Part III) (bibletim.wordpress.com)
    They were to bring the early crops of the spring planting (“First Fruits”) to the Temple priest to be waved before the Lord on their behalf. This was to be done on the morrow after the Sabbath, or Sunday.
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    We have come to call this feast “Easter”, after the Babylonian goddess, Ishtar, the pagan goddess of fertility. We even continue to worship the objects of fertility- the rabbit, the egg, the new costumes (going to buy a new Easter ensemble), etc., but the celebration was to be over God’s replanting of the earth in the spring. The worship of false gods has its roots in Ancient Babylon.
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    We miss a very important biblical truth by not using the proper term given to the feast, “First Fruits.” “First” implies a second, third, fourth, and so on, and that is the real meaning of the feast. We do not only celebrate the resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ on First Fruits, but even more so the resurrection of the entire church! We shall all be resurrected and go to heaven, just as our Lord did! Consider the Apostle Paul’s words under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit”
  • Symbols and Signs – The First Month (cfcspn.com)
    Israel acted upon the command of God, and through their obedience, they found God’s favor, and were delivered from the powers of darkness, the life and bondage of sin. Through the blood of the lamb, and God’s approval they met the requirements of grace and was saved on that day, the fourteenth day of the first month of Nisan.
  • How to Explain The Feast of The Passover and The Lord’s Supper to Children (expertscolumn.com)
    Every year, the Feast of the Passover is celebrated. Children may ask what it is all about. Here is a simple to explain the event to children and to those who wish to know the origins of the Passover Feast.
  • Symbols and Signs – The First day of the Year # 9 (cfcspn.com)
    Over time this day and week would become a cultural event, and losing its meaning, many would come to forget its purpose. The Passover was the mark of the first day of the year and a pointer to the coming Messiah, and the way He should die delivering the world from the powers of darkness.

    The Messiah came, died as He hung on the cross, as the nation cried “crucify Him,” and forgetting the law, and the purpose of the Passover, they rejected their savior. However, the power of the Passover was not lost, nor was the mystery of God hidden in His festivals. The secret of the Lord is with the righteous, and it is to His people He has revealed the events to come, and their season.

    We are every closer to the end of days, and are told to ready ourselves by our savior and Lord Jesus Christ. He was that Passover Lamb sent to redeem the world, and the hour hand of God, the reason for the seasons, and the one who will at the appointed time, bring each day to pass.
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    Signs and Symbols – A Table in the Desert (cfcspn.com)

  • Conspiracy of Jews against Jesus – Luke 22: 1-2 (shalommysticwind.wordpress.com)
    The feast of the Unleavened Bread, originally a harvest festival, was held from 15th to 21st of Nisan. Eventually these two feasts were closely linked together and were virtually identified, and the celebration lasted from 15th to 21st of Nisan. According to the evangelists, the events of Jesus’ passion are connected with the national Jewish feast of the Passover. The Christian expression “Paschal Mystery” in reference to the mystery of Jesus’ passion, death, and resurrection, is derived from the Greek word for ‘Passover’ – “Pascha.” The Passion of Jesus is thus understood as his own Passover, his ‘exodus’ from this world to the Father (God) (cf. Lk 9: 31).

 

14 Nisan a day to remember #1 Inception

14 Nisan a day to remember

The last day in the life of Jeshua, Jesus Christ

The day Jesus (the Nazarene Jeshua) was led from Caiaphas into the Praetorium  the Jewish priests didn’t enter into the Praetorium, that they might not be defiled, but might eat the Passover (Pesach/Pessah). (John 18:28) Earlier in the day, when darkness had come to enter Jesus and his closest friends had come together in an upperroom in the city Jerusalem. Between the two evenings Jesus and his disciples had kept to the tradition and to the Law of God to prepare to slay the Passover Lamb.

Giotto's depiction of Jesus before Caiaphas in...

Giotto’s depiction of Jesus before Caiaphas in the morning based on Luke 22 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Jesus had remembered that Jehovah had spoken to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt that this month Nisan had to be to them the beginning of months. So for the People of God it became the first month of the year. On the tenth day of this month, the people in the time of Moses when they were still slaves in Egypt had take to them every man a lamb, according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household; and if the household was too little for a lamb, then he and his neighbour next to his house to take one according to the number of the souls. The people of Moses had to choose a lamb without blemish, a male a year old. They had to keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month; and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel then had to kill it at evening. Next they had to take some of the blood, and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel, on the houses in which they were going to eat the flesh, roasted with fire, and unleavened bread and with bitter herbs. It was not eaten raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted with fire; with its head, its legs and its inner parts and nothing of it was to remain until the morning. That which remained of it until the morning had to be burned with fire or put on the Sheol (hell, the burning place for corpses out of a town).

“1 And Jehovah spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth [day] of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household: 4 and if the household be too little for a lamb, then shall he and his neighbor next unto his house take one according to the number of the souls; according to every man’s eating ye shall make your count for the lamb. 5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old: ye shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats: 6 and ye shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month; and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at even. 7 And they shall take of the blood, and put it on the two side-posts and on the lintel, upon the houses wherein they shall eat it. 8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9 Eat not of it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roast with fire; its head with its legs and with the inwards thereof. 10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; but that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.” (Exodus 12:1-10 ASV)

The Call of the Most High to evade the plague of death

God had ordered Moses to call for all the elders of Israel, and to tell them to draw out and to take lambs according to their families, and kill the lambs as a Passover. Because God had to pass those doors which had the strip of the bunch of hyssop, dipped in the lamb’s blood, at the lintel and the two doorposts. The blood of the Lamb was the sign for Jehovah that those houses could be passes through to strike the Egyptians. When he sees the blood on the lintel, and on the two doorposts, Jehovah passed over the door, and did not allow the destroyer to come in to their houses to strike them.

The Egyptian Firstborn Destroyed (illustration...

The Egyptian Firstborn Destroyed (illustration from the 1728 Figures de la Bible) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

For all God’s People it is important to remember that night when God saved the children of Israel. Jehovah demanded to observe this thing for an ordinance to them and to their sons forever. Being it “forever” means that it still should happen today in the 21st century. God told them at the time of Moses that it shall happen when they had come to the land which Jehovah was going to give them, according as He had promised, that they shall keep this service. He told them that it will happen, when their children ask them, ‘What do you mean by this service?’  That they shall say, ‘it is the sacrifice of Jehovah’s Passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he struck the Egyptians, and spared our houses.’”

“21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out, and take you lambs according to your families, and kill the Passover. 22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side-posts with the blood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning. 23 For Jehovah will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side-posts, Jehovah will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you. 24 And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever. 25 And it shall come to pass, when ye are come to the land which Jehovah will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service. 26 And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, What mean ye by this service? 27 that ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of Jehovah’s Passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped.” (Exodus 12:21-27 ASV)

God went through the land of Egypt in that night of the first month of the new year, and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and animal, at places where there was no blood on the houses were killed. No plague came onto the people who listened to the ordinance of God.

A commandment by the Most High for a day to remember

“You shall observe this rite as a perpetual ordinance for you and your children.” (Exodus 12:24 NRSV)

Because God demanded to be that day to be for a memorial, which every believer had to keep it, a feast to Jehovah, the only One God. Throughout their generations they kept it a feast by an ordinance forever, and as such Jesus also celebrated on the 14th of Nisan. The first day there had to be to them a holy convocation not to eat leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day. Jesus his family and his disciples observed the feast of unleavened bread. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, they did not consume unleavened bread.

The Passover lambs were to be killed in the evening of Nisan 14. That means toward the end of Nisan 14, or late afternoon. The “evening” of a day is not its beginning, but its ending, before sunset (see Exodus 12:18, Leviticus 23:32). In these verses, notice that the Feast of Unleavened Bread begins at the “evening” of the 14th of Nisan (leading into the high holy day of the 15th); likewise, the Day of Atonement, which is the tenth day of Tishri, began “in the ninth day of the month at even” (Leviticus 23:32).

“In the first [month], on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.” (Exodus 12:18 ASV

“12 “I have heard the grumbling of the Israelites. Tell them, ‘At twilight you will eat meat, and in the morning you will be filled with bread. Then you will know that I am the LORD your God.’” 13 That evening quail came and covered the camp, and in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp. 14 When the dew was gone, thin flakes like frost on the ground appeared on the desert floor. 15 When the Israelites saw it, they said to each other, “What is it?” For they did not know what it was. Moses said to them, “It is the bread the LORD has given you to eat.” (Exodus 16:12-15 NIV)

The Angel of Death and the First Passover (ill...

The Angel of Death and the First Passover (illustration from the 1897 Bible Pictures and What They Teach Us by Charles Foster) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

“27 “The tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. Hold a sacred assembly and deny yourselves, and present an offering made to the LORD by fire. 28 Do no work on that day, because it is the Day of Atonement, when atonement is made for you before the LORD your God. 29 Anyone who does not deny himself on that day must be cut off from his people. 30 I will destroy from among his people anyone who does any work on that day. 31 You shall do no work at all. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live. 32 It is a sabbath of rest for you, and you must deny yourselves. From the evening of the ninth day of the month until the following evening you are to observe your sabbath.” 33 The LORD said to Moses, 34 “Say to the Israelites: ‘On the fifteenth day of the seventh month the LORD’s Feast of Tabernacles begins, and it lasts for seven days. 35 The first day is a sacred assembly; do no regular work. 36 For seven days present offerings made to the LORD by fire, and on the eighth day hold a sacred assembly and present an offering made to the LORD by fire. It is the closing assembly; do no regular work. 37 (“‘These are the LORD’s appointed feasts, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies for bringing offerings made to the LORD by fire—the burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings required for each day.” (Leviticus 23:27-37 NIV)

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Continues: 14 Nisan a day to remember #2 Time of Jesus

Dutch version / Nederlandse versie: 14 Nisan een dag om te herinneren #1 Oorsprong

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Please also do find:
  1. 1 -15 Nisan
  2. Day of remembrance coming near
  3. Observance of a day to Remember
  4. Around the feast of Unleavened Bread
  5. A new exodus and offering of a Lamb
  6. A Great Gift commemorated
  7. Not making a runner
  8. Not bounded by labels but liberated in Christ
  9. No Other Name (But Jesus)
  10. Bread and Wine
  11. Peter Cottontail and a Bunny laying Eastereggs

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Additional reading:

Pesach

Dough baked it into matzah, unleavened bread

  1. Pesach
    Pesach, or Passover, is a major holiday in Jewish tradition, and is one of the three pilgrimage holidays, along with Sukkot and Shavuot. These are the holidays on which the whole Jewish people would come to Jerusalem in ancient times, when the Holy Temple was there, and would offer animal and grain sacrifices. Since the destruction of the Temple, a few of the holiday traditions have been retained, without the pilgrimage and the sacrifices, and many new traditions have been added.Pesach, which starts on the 15th day of the Hebrew month of Nisan (usually in April), lasts for seven days and is celebrated to commemorate the exodus from Egypt – one of the main stories in the history of the Jewish people and in western culture in general.
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    Another name for Pesach is the Holiday of Unleavened Bread. The story of the exodus from Egypt relates that the Israelites left Egypt hurriedly and the dough they had prepared had no time to rise, so they baked it into matzah, unleavened bread.
  2. Pesach: Passover  Pesach (in Hebrew)
    Pesach, known in English as Passover, is one of the most commonly observed Jewish holidays, even by otherwise non-observant Jews. According to the 2000-01 National Jewish Population Survey (NJPS), 67% of Jews routinely hold or attend a Pesach seder, while only 46% belong to a synagogue.Pesach begins on the 15th day of the Jewish month of Nissan. It is the first of the three major festivals with both historical and agricultural significance (the other two are Shavu’ot and Sukkot). Agriculturally, it represents the beginning of the harvest season in Israel, but little attention is paid to this aspect of the holiday. The primary observances of Pesach are related to the Exodus from Egypt after generations of slavery. This story is told in Exodus, Ch. 1-15. Many of the Pesach observances are instituted in Chs. 12-15.
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    “Pesach” is also the name of the sacrificial offering (a lamb) that was made in the Temple on this holiday. The holiday is also referred to as Chag he-Aviv Chag he-Aviv (in Hebrew), (the Spring Festival), Chag ha-Matzot Chag ha-Matzot (in Hebrew), (the Festival of Matzahs), and Z’man Cheiruteinu Z'man Cheiruteinu (in Hebrew), (the Time of Our Freedom) (again, all with those Scottish “ch”s).
  3. Korban PesachThe Passover sacrifice (Hebrew: korban Pesakh קרבן פסח ), also known as the “sacrifice of Passover“, the Paschal Lamb, or the Passover Lamb, is the sacrifice that the Torah mandates to be brought on the eve of Passover, and eaten on the first night of the holiday with bitter herbs and matzo. According to the Torah, it was first offered on the night of the IsraelitesExodus from Egypt. Although practiced by Jews in ancient times, the ritual is today only practiced by Samaritans at Mount Gerizim.
  4. Jewish Encyclopedia article on the Passover Offering
  5. What is PassoverThe eight-day festival of Passover is celebrated in the early spring, from the 15th through the 22nd of the Hebrew month of Nissan. It commemorates the emancipation of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt.
    +
    At the stroke of midnight of 15 Nissan in the year 2448 from creation (1313 BCE), G‑d visited the last of the ten plagues on the Egyptians, killing all their firstborn. While doing so, G‑d spared the Children of Israel, “passing over” their homes—hence the name of the holiday. Pharaoh’s resistance was broken, and he virtually chased his former slaves out of the land. The Israelites left in such a hurry, in fact, that the bread they baked as provisions for the way did not have time to rise. Six hundred thousand adult males, plus many more women and children, left Egypt on that day, and began the trek to Mount Sinai and their birth as G‑d’s chosen people.
    +
    search for chametz + burning of the chametz + matzah + recitation of the Haggadah, a liturgy that describes in detail the story of the Exodus from Egypt. The Haggadah is the fulfillment of the biblical obligation to recount to our children the story of the Exodus on the night of Passover.
  6. Making the Seder Memorable
    Seder night is the family education experience par excellence.
  7. The Passover Seder
  8. Matzah
  9. People in History:  Moses MO’SES (mo’zez). The deliverer, leader, lawgiver, and prophet of Israel. The name in Heb. is mosheh (“drawn out”), but the original is Egyptian ms’, a “child,” a “son,” reflecting that Pharaoh’s daughter simply named him “child” (cf. Thutmose, Ahmose, etc., in which the same element appears frequently in Egyptian names). Thutmose “Son of Thot,” etc. Moses belonged to the tribe of Levi, and was the son of Amram by his wife Jochebed. The other members of the family were Aaron and Miriam, his elder brother and sister.
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    Moses was a leader so inspired by God that he was able to build a united nation from a race of oppressed and weary slaves. In the covenant ceremony at Mount Sinai, where the Ten Commandments were given, he founded the religious community known as Israel. As the interpreter of these covenant laws, he was the organizer of the community’s religious and civil traditions. His story is told in the Old Testament– in the books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
  10. Moses Leads the People Out of Egypt (Exodus 14)God made a promise to Abraham that he would have an uncountable number of descendants – more than the stars in the sky! For exactly 430 years, Abraham’s descendants, the Israelites, had been slaves in the land of Egypt. Pharaoh was the ruler of Egypt. God sent Moses to Pharaoh to tell him to let God’s people go.
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    Pharaoh would not listen to God. God sent terrible plagues upon the land of Egypt.
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    The last plague that God sent was by far the worse plague. God sent the death angel to kill the first-born child of every family and the firstborn of every animal. The Bible says that there was loud crying in Egypt for there was not a household without someone dead. During the night, Pharaoh summoned Moses and told him to leave Egypt. This is exactly what God said would happen. Moses and all the Israelites left in a hurry. Their bread did not even rise, and this is why Jewish people today still celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread.
  11. Yom Kippur, Day of Atonement, holiest and most important holiday in Judaism
    It is a day of fasting and prayer that is celebrated on the 10th of the Hebrew month of Tishrei, 10 days after Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year. Yom Kippur marks the end of the “Ten Days of Repentance” or the “High Holidays,” and grants Jews a last opportunity to obtain forgiveness and absolution for their sins in the previous year.
    +
    Yom Kippur is not directly connected with any specific historical event, although some believe that on this day Moses came down from Mt. Sinai with the second set of tablets engraved with the Ten Commandments and God forgave the Israelites for the sin of the Golden Calf. This is a holiday ordained in the Torah, where it is called a Shabbat of Solemn Rest, a day on which no productive work can be done, just like on Shabbat.

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  • Preparations for the Passover Meal – Luke 22: 7-13 (shalommysticwind.wordpress.com)
    Except for certain redaction changes, the Lukan passage is a reproduction of its parallel in Mark 14: 12-16. Already in Luke 22: 1 the evangelist had identified the feast of the Unleavened Bread and the feast of the Passover, an identification which is not entirely wrong.
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    The present Lukan periscope (Lk 22: 7-13) clearly indicates that the Last Supper is a Passover Meal (cf. Lk 22: 7, 8, 11, and 13). The parallel passages in Matthew 26: 17-19 and Mark 14: 12-16 also present Jesus’ meal with his disciples as a Passover Meal held on the 14th or 15th night of Nisan.
  • Conspiracy of Jews against Jesus – Luke 22: 1-2 (shalommysticwind.wordpress.com)
    According to the evangelists, the events of Jesus’ passion are connected with the national Jewish feast of the Passover. The Christian expression “Paschal Mystery” in reference to the mystery of Jesus’ passion, death, and resurrection, is derived from the Greek word for ‘Passover’ – “Pascha.” The Passion of Jesus is thus understood as his own Passover, his ‘exodus’ from this world to the Father (God) (cf. Lk 9: 31).
  • Symbols and Signs – The First Month (cfcspn.com)
    According to the plan of God for His people, and as a symbol of the Lord’s Day, God told Israel they are to sacrifice the lamb on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, and that they are to eat unleavened bread for seven days. The eight day would have been a Sabbath, and on that day, they were to rest from all their labor.Rest was the symbol of God’s coming day of redemption, rest from the fear of death and deliverance from the power of sin. The Passover celebration is a sign to the nation, that through the memorial of the day they may identify their Messiah. However, as a part of God’s plan, and that He might bring the Gentiles into the relationship, and covenant of Israel, and fulfilling the promise  made to Abraham, Israel rejected their savior, and we as Gentiles accepting Christ has become the sons of Abraham.
  • Exodus Chapter 12 (maryrubow.wordpress.com)
    The Lord instructs Moses and Aaron, as the priesthood leaders of the Israelites, to consider this time the first month of their year, also known as Abib (according to the footnote, which references Exodus 34:18 and Exodus 13:4). They probably had been marking time as the Egyptians did, so this was how the Lord wanted time to be recognized and recorded for the Israelites.
    +
    As someone who is not Jewish, but who has been adopted into a tribe of Israel, through my own covenants with God, I wonder why I have never thought to recognize the dates which celebrate these amazing things. I believe that the law of Moses was fulfilled through the atonement of Jesus Christ, but that doesn’t mean that we shouldn’t still recognize the glorious deliverance that the Lord provided for these people.
  • Exodus 12. God establishes the passover (bummyla.wordpress.com)
    And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.
  • Signs and Symbols – A Table in the Desert (cfcspn.com)
    Due to the fall of humanity Judgment came upon the world, and no one is safe from this universal judgment as we are all descendants of Adam the first man created in the image of God, and a man who rebelled against the will of God. And thrown out of the kingdom, he was sentenced to death; and as his children born in his house, we are counted as cursed children falling under the curse and judgment of death that was passed unto Adam our ancestor. However, God had promised to deliver him from this judgment, God declaring on behalf of man grace and mercy; however, for the enemy there would be no recall of judgment, he will remain under the curse forever.
  • Exodus Chapter 13 (maryrubow.wordpress.com)
    The Israelites began their journey from Egypt, with Moses as their prophet and leader. They had been given some instruction as far as the passover and how to handle the pascal lamb and unleavened bread. This was a time for the Lord to establish His laws with his people, who had been in bondage for over 400 years.
  • Red Letter Year: 2/22 (mikeraburn.com)
    Like Hemingway, Mark’s brevity contributes to the tension. An anonymous woman pours out her life savings onto Jesus’ head (nard came in an lidless alabaster container, it only opened by breaking, an early example of one-time use disposable packaging). Not because she knows he is about to die. Jesus provides that interpretation of her act.

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