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Posts tagged ‘Sabbath’

Seven full weeks or seven completed Sabbaths and ascension of Jesus

Leviticus / Wayyiqra 23:15, 16     

Comparing Differences in the Translations between The Scriptures, HRV, and Restoration Scriptures:

THE SCRIPTURES  Leviticus / Wayyiqra 23:15, 16 —   “AND FROM THE MORROW AFTER THE SABBATH, FROM THE DAY THAT YOU BROUGHT THE SHEAF OF THE WAVE OFFERING, YOU SHALL COUNT FOR YOURSELVES: SEVEN COMPLETEDSABBATHS.  UNTIL THE MORROW AFTER THE SEVENTH SABBATH YOU COUNT FIFTY DAYS, THEN YOU SHALL BRING A NEW GRAIN OFFERING TO YHWH.”

Brooklyn Museum - The Resurrection (La Résurrection) - James Tissot

17 Nisan the Resurrection of Jeshua, Jesus Christ – La Résurrection – between 1886 and 1894, James Tissot (1836–1902) – Brooklyn Museum

RESTORATION SCRIPTURES  BY M. KONIUCHOWSKY:  Leviticus / Wayyiqra 23:15, 16 —   “AND YOU SHALL COUNT FROM THE NEXT DAY AFTER THE SHABBAT, FROM THE DAY THAT YOU BROUGHT THE SHEAF OF THE WAVE OFFERING;  SEVEN FULLWEEKS:  UNTIL THE NEXT DAY AFTER THE LAST WEEK SHALL YOU NUMBER FIFTY DAYS, AND YOU SHALL OFFER A NEW GRAIN OFFERING TO YHWH.”

HRV BY JAMES TRIMM:  Leviticus / Wayyiqra 23:15, 16 —   “AND YOU SHALL COUNT UNTO YOU FROM THE MORROW AFTER THE DAY OF REST, FROM THE DAY THAT YOU BROUGHT THE SHEAF OF THE WAVING;  SEVEN WEEKS SHALL THERE BE COMPLETE;  EVEN UNTO THE MORROW AFTER THE SEVENTHWEEK SHALL YOU NUMBER FIFTY DAYS; AND YOU SHALL PRESENT A NEW MEAL-OFFERING UNTO YHWH.”

According to “traditional” Rabbinical understanding,
Abib 16, or the 2nd day of Matsah, is the time that the Kohen Gadol waved the sheaf/omer of grain (First-fruits offering).
When did Yahusha ascend to Abba to do this?  Not Abib 16, as Rabbinical Judaism teaches is the time of the Wave Sheaf Offering.  We see that Yahusha became our Wave Sheaf Offering, and would not allow Miryam of Migdal to touch

Him, because He had not yet performed this (Yoch. 20:17).  

Yahusha did it on the first day of the week, and it was not on Abib 16.
His resurrection represented the wave-sheaf offering.
Later that same day, He allowed His talmidim to touch Him (Yoch. 20:27).
Yahusha is the sheaf of first-fruits, and could not “wave” Himself before Yahuah until He resurrected.
His resurrection was at the end of the weekly Shabbat.  
Then on the first day of the week, the “morrow after the Sabbath”, He performed the wave-offering, Himself.
50 days later, another “morrow after the seventh Shabbat”, comes Shabuoth, often called “Pentecost” (count-fifty).  
On Abib 16, or the 2nd day of Matsah, our Kohen Gadol was in the Earth, fulfilling the sign of Yonah.
It’s incredible to see how Yahusha timed His last Passover meal, 3 days and 3 nights in the tomb,
then resurrected to become the wave offering Himself on the “morrow after the Sabbath”. 
I hope that one day both Moshe K. and James Trimm will see the literal words of Lev. 23:15,16 further 
confirm what actually took place when the words were fulfilled by Yahusha, our first-fruits omer/sheaf offering! 

SHEBA SHABATHOTH TAMIMOTH (seven Sabbaths complete/intact) at Wayyiqra 23:15 is rendered “seven complete Sabbaths” in its literal form by many, and others follow the idea of

seven completeweeks“.   If these “weeks” were truly intact weeks of day 1 through day 7, then
there is no difference in the outcome.  As you know,  Rabbinical Judaism’s interpretation allows for
“weeks” to represent any 7-day grouping, so the day of Shabuoth can “float”, and occur on any day of the week.
With this interpretation, they have to overlook the literal words “HASHABBATH HASHABIYOTH” (seventh Sabbath) at 23:16. 
While we can make some compromises with how to bring some words over to our English, it’s a
huge stretch to make the word “HASHABBATH” to mean “week” (23:16).  Yahuah stated it two ways so that 
this special anniversary of Israel’s marriage to Him would have a self-checking test.   The day after the
seventh Sabbath will always fall on the 1st day of the week.   I’ve always seen this as a miniature form of
Jubilees, 49 (7×7) years + 1 making a total of 50 years, as Shabuoth counts up to the 50th day, after 7 intact weeks. 
This also makes the Sabbatical “years” a type of reflection of the intact week of 7 “days”.   To interpret a “week” to mean anything but “THE” week, allows for us to count-off ANY set of 7 days and call that a “week”  (i.e., the 4th day through the 3rd day  –  as in “a week from today”).  This kind of treatment of the term may be comfortable with our modern world, however it is not able to be justified by any example seen in Scripture.   A “month” is 29.5 days, and when Yahuah speaks of a month, He’s talking about the
real month, not a “group” of 29.5 days that we can slide around any way we like.  The moon defines what a month is, as the sun defines what a day is.  The week was shown to Israel with the manna for 40 years, but has no other reference point than the weekly Sabbaths.   If we allow ourselves to ignore the Sabbath as the reference point for what a “week” is, then we’ve departed from reality.   I only wish to stay with what is the SAFEST interpretation, checking ALL the words carefully.  I could not, in good conscience, ignore the situation that exists here, since how a person interprets the words will establish the High Sabbaths.

23:15: The text in the original Hebrew clearly gives us certain directions, however some translate the words in such a way that two possible interpretations can be made. Are we to believe the text means “Seven WEEKS” or “seven Sabbaths complete”? Yahuah uses the words “sheba (seven) Shabbathoth (Shabbaths) tamimoth (finished, intact)” at 23:15 (which Moshe Koniuchowsky and James Trimm take down as “seven full weeks“, but to many of us it means seven “intact” Sabbaths). These 7 Sabbaths are literally a whole “week” of fully-intact Sabbaths, and they are “complete” or “intact” because they are made up of THE seven days, and there are seven of them. The word “Shabbathoth” is written as shin-beth-tau-waw-tau (Sabbathoth, in contrast to shin-beth-ayin-waw-tau (shabuoth). If it really means “seven full weeks“, the Scripture would have used the word “shabuoth”, not “Shabbathoth” (compare Daniel 9:25). The idea of “complete” or “full” really means: thorough / closed / fully concluded, finished, intact. The Hebrew word for “complete” or “full” here is TAMIM + oth (pluralized) and means intact, perfect, without defect, entire, FINISHED, come to an end.

23:16: This can cause confusion, but the greatest difference in our interpretation is in verse 16, where it should read “up to the day after the seventh Sabbath”. “Seventh Sabbath” is the literal translation of the Hebrew words “haShabbath haShebiyoth”. “Shebiyoth” is the ordinal number “seventh”, where the root is sheba, meaning seven (which also means “perfect” or “complete”). “HaShabbath” is literally “the Sabbath“, not “week”.

I’ll say it again for emphasis: “HaShabbath” is spelled hay-shin-beth-tau, and means “the Shabbath”, not “week“.

The Hebrew word for “week” is shabua, and the plural of shabua is SHABUOTH. “Until the next day after the last week” (Moshe’s view of verse 16) to me would read:

“up to the day after the seventh Sabbath you count fifty days”.

In other words, you’ll find that you’ve counted fifty days when you’ve counted up to the day AFTER the seventh Shabbath, because 7 x 7 = 49 (seven complete or “intact” weeks of Shabbathoth).

The fiftieth day will be the appointed time, or mo’ed, which falls the day after the seventh Shabbath (haShabbath haShebiyoth). So, in our interpretation it will always fall on the 1st day of the week. Not knowing what the “week” is makes it very difficult for people – Israel had this problem too.

Observing the Sabbath-closing havdalah ritual ...

Observing the Sabbath-closing havdalah ritual in 14th-century Spain. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Yahuah’s “week” is always THE week, not any group of seven days starting at some arbitrary point. If we pull a starting-point out of our hat, we stand a chance to be out-of-synch. The “week of days” was being “remembered” by the nation of Israel after their captivity for 430 years, and the manna conditioned them to the correct pattern. This is why Yahuah used the word “tamimoth”, as this removes all doubt that He emphatically meant THE Sabbath that “concluded intact” each week of the seven days. The real key to understanding this concept largely rests on this word, “tamimoth”. It means “intact” because the week of Sabbaths is “intact”. It’s literally a whole “week” of Sabbaths, thus they are “complete”. If we don’t know what the original words are and take the translator’s at face value, we could be observing the moed’im (festival days of Yahuah) at different times, and not walk in unity.

At Daniel 9:25, the translators often correctly write “seven sevens” from the Hebrew words SHABUA SHABUIM, and these refer to seven “weeks” (sevens) of years. So, here we have a comparison to look at for distinctions in the words – but one must see the original Hebrew to make these distinctions. We must PROVE (test) all things we walk in from Scripture.

Without being unkind or judgmental of our brothers James’ and Moshe’s interpretations, we would hope they would look at this again and see if there is any way to improve it. If they are correct, then we will have to change! Rebellion is not in their heart, nor yours, nor mine. But, what I’ve learned is that when we see something differently than another brother does, and we then treat them as if they are corrupt and that we would have nothing to do with them, then we are in the worst danger of all. What if Yahuah made several things purposely to be able to be seen in two different ways, then sat back to see which individuals would be hateful and judgmental toward the other view? When Yahusha returns, He will set everything right again. We’ll know when the Sabbatical years are, and when the Jubilee year is. We’ll know whether the Rosh Chodesh is a “dark moon” or a “sliver – sighted” moon. Suppose that a person was correct about every detail, and interpreted everything flawlessly according to the intentions of Yahuah – yet they were severe, mean and unloving to others who also did their best to observe Yahuah’s Torah and held to the Testimony of Yahusha. I’m convinced that the one who loves is the one that has learned what Torah is established to accomplish. The one who cannot accept, but hates his brother because he expects perfection, may be in greatest danger of losing the race.

Compare Lev. / Wayyiqra 23:15,16 in various versions, especially our “blue” Scriptures above.

I’ll acknowledge that translators have a tremendous task to perform, andthe work by Moshe and James
is certainly superb.   On some fine points, there will always be differences.   The Kohlenberger
Hebrew-English Interlinear is inconsistent in how they bring many words into our English.
shin-beth-tau-waw-tau they also render as “weeks“, while other translators render it “Sabbaths“.
It is certainly the “feast of weeks”, not the “feast of Sabbaths”  — a point Moshemade to me quite well.
At Debarim 16:9, the word “shabuoth” (shin-beth-ayin-tau) is used, and these we are to count  When Yahuah uses the term “week”, the only consistent, sane interpretation of what it consists of is provided at Genesis/Bereshith chapters 1 & 2.   At Debarim 16:10, Yahuah refers to this mo’ed as “Chag Shabuoth” (Feast of Weeks), however here we don’t have the complete details of how the feast is calculated, as we find at Wayyiqra 23.  But, a “week” needs to be understood as THE week, not any grouping of 7 days we pull out of our imagination.

The day of Shabuoth will be determined by how these words are translated and understood, as well as what day is used as the starting point.  Personally, I feel the literal translation of our blue Scriptures is the safest to follow on these two highly critical verses.  If I’m wrong, I’ll change and fall on the forgiveness of Yahusha.  If I guide one person into any error because I did not thoroughly check the original words and intentions provided in the Hebrew Scriptures, the guilt falls more heavily on me as their teacher.  We still love all the brothers and sisters whose consciences follow the alternate interpretation.

Lew White from Fossilized customs

Strawberry Islands Messianic Publishing / TORAH INSTITUTE

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Biblestudents Editorial Note:

On the 14th of Nisan Jesus died at the same time as the lambs were slaughtered in the temple and as such became the Lamb of God, the Peace offering for our sins. Later in the day he was put in sheol (the hell) which is the tomb or sepulchre where he stayed buried for three days. Like Jonah stayed for three days in the vowels of the whale, Jesus stayed three days in the grave until he was taken out of death by his Father. As such the resurrection was on the 17th of Nisan, according the wording of the Holy Scriptures.

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  • Even Resurrection Pauses For Sabbath Rest (godspace.wordpress.com)
    For the Jews Sabbath also carries with it a sense of longing and promise. It is the culmination of their week, that day on which they hoped to glimpse God’s eternal world and on this Sabbath rest 2,000 years ago they did glimpse it, though they did not know it.
    As Jesus entered Hades and released those who had died, the first signs of God’s resurrection world emerged in expectation of the fullness of God coming into the world on Easter morning.
  • When Was Jesus Crucified? (verse4psalm37.wordpress.com)
    Most Gentile believers, including me, have been taught that Christ was crucified on Friday, put in the tomb before sundown, and raised from the dead before sunrise on the first day of the week (Sunday).  Here’s the problem.
    Jesus indicated that He would be in the tomb three days and three nights  Do the math.  It doesn’t add up.  The key is in the Sabbath.  The regular Sabbath is from sundown Friday to sundown Saturday.  But in Leviticus, you’ll find more than one Sabbath during Passover.  In fact, two”special” Sabbaths are observed in addition to the regular Sabbath.  (However, sometimes a special Sabbath falls on the regular Sabbath.)
  • The Shabbat dinner – JUST TRY IT!!! Honor the Sabbath – a blessing for Christians too (prepareforthelamb.wordpress.com)
    Honoring the Sabbath is actually a blessing given to you from the Lord. You can take it or leave it. However, before you knock it down, I suggest you try it. I spent all my life believing church arguments and people’s arguments against Sabbath- until the Lord spoke clearly into my heart. Five instructions, He gave me that day. The fourth was “Honor my Sabbath”. I was shocked and argued back, but decided to search it out and find it. It was much more than I had previously thought.
  • The Fourth Commandment – The Holy Sabbath (plowingthefields.wordpress.com)
    God rested when He finished creation. He asks us to rest, too. He didn’t create us to be so busy that we never take time to sit quietly before Him. He wants a relationship with us. We can only do that when we actually spend time with Him.
  • The Sabbath Is A Gift From Jesus (gospelbondservant.com)
    The Sabbath is a true gift of God to humanity (Mark 2:27).  It was the first complete day that Adam and Eve spent as children of God and their first day as a married couple (Gen. 2:1-3).  On Sabbath we stop worrying about our daily struggles (Ex. 20:8-11).  We do not just rest: any day of the week would do as a day of rest.  The difference between this day and any other day is that the Sabbath offers a rest not for inactivity but rather to undertake different activities similar to the first Sabbath in Eden.  Sabbath is the moment to catch our breath (Ex. 31:17) as we change activities.
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    Sabbath is also a day of re-creation.  When everything in life seems to be disintegrating, Sabbath calls us back to Eden.  And once again the Lord turns and creates everything from nothing.  Where we are weak, we can become strong.  Chaos turns into order; fear becomes joy; uncertainty is replaced by certainty and trust; God’s justice puts injustice and oppression into their corner; guilt is transformed into pardon.
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    The Sabbath is a day of delightful communion with God and one another.  It is a symbol of our redemption in Christ, a sign of our sanctification, a token of our allegiance, and a foretaste of our eternal future in God’s kingdom.
  • The First Fruits of Our Ressurection (jacksonandrew.com)
    All of the seven festivals are divided into three sections and timed around three different seasons of harvests. At First Fruits, barley is harvested; at Pentecost, wheat is harvested; and in the fall, at the Festival of Tabernacles, fruit and corn are harvested.
  • He Is Arisen…Exactly On Time! (savedbygraceblogdotcom.wordpress.com)
    As Jesus made His entry to Jerusalem right on time as prophesied in Daniel, so His death, burial and resurrection occurred just exactly as GOD planned.right on time! Jesus was crucified and died on Passover.  He was buried before the Sabbath (Saturday) that occurred during that Passover.  The day following the Sabbath (Sunday) during Passover is called the Feast of First Fruits.  The day was the seventeenth of Nisan, on the Jewish calendar.

After the Sabbath after Passover, the resurrection of Jesus Christ

File:Gospel of Matthew Chapter 17-2 (Bible Illustrations by Sweet Media).jpg

Resurrection of Jesus – Biblical illustration of Gospel of Matthew Chapter 17 by Jim Padgett,

 


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“1  and when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the [mother] of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him. 2 and very early in the morning, the first [day] of the week, they came to the sepulcher at the rising of the sun: 3 and they said among themselves, who shall roll away for us the stone from the door of the sepulcher?” (Mark 16:1-3 Webster)

“the first [day] of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, to the sepulcher, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulcher.” (John 20:1 Webster)

“and if this shall come to the governor’s ears, we will persuade him, and secure you.” (Matthew 28:14 Webster)

“1  now upon the first [day] of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the sepulcher, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain [others] with them. 2 and they found the stone rolled away from the sepulcher. 3 and they entered in, and found not the body of the lord Jesus. 4 and it came to pass, as they were much perplexed at this, behold, two men stood by them in shining garments. 5 and as they were afraid, and bowed down [their] faces to the earth, they said to them, why seek ye the living among the dead? 6 he is not here, but is risen. remember how he spoke to you when he was yet in Galilee, 7 saying, the son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again. 8 and they remembered his words, 9 and returned from the sepulcher, and told all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest.” (Luke 24:1-9 Webster)

“39 but he answered and said to them, an evil and adulterous generation seeketh for a sign, and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40 for as Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly: so shall the son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth {sheol/hell}. ” (Matthew 12:39-40 Webster)

“23 him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of god, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain: 24 whom god hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be held by it. 25 for David speaketh concerning him, I saw the lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved: 26 therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also, my flesh shall rest in hope: 27 because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thy holy one to see corruption: 28 thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou wilt make me full of joy with thy countenance. 29 men, brethren, let me freely speak to you concerning the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulcher is with us to this day. 30 therefore being a prophet, and knowing that god had sworn to him with an oath, that from the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; 31 he seeing this before, spoke of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither did his flesh see corruption. 32 this Jesus hath god raised up, of which we all are witnesses. 33 therefore being by the right hand of god exalted, and having received from the father the promise of the holy spirit, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear. 34 for David did not ascend into the heavens, but he saith himself, the LORD said to my lord, sit thou on my right hand, 35 until I make thy foes thy footstool. 36 therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that god hath made that same Jesus whom ye have crucified, both lord and Christ.” (Acts 2:23-36 Webster)

“3 concerning his son Jesus Christ our lord, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh. 4 and declared [to be] the son of god, with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead:” (Romans 1:3-4 Webster)

“1  moreover, brethren, I declare to you the gospel which I preached to you, which also ye have received, and in which ye stand; 2 by which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached to you, unless ye have believed in vain. 3 for I delivered to you first of all, that which I also received, that Christ died for our sins, according to the scriptures; 4 and that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures: 5 and that he was seen by Cephas, then by the twelve: 6 after that he was seen by above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain to this present, but some have fallen asleep. 7 after that he was seen by James; then by all the apostles. 8 and last of all he was seen by me also, as by one born out of due time. 9 for I am the least of the apostles, who am not worthy to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of god.” (1 Corinthians 15:1-9 Webster)

“3 Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the sepulcher. 4 so they ran both together: and the other disciple outran Peter, and came first to the sepulcher. 5 and he stooping down, saw the linen cloths lying; yet he went not in. 6 then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulcher, and seeth the linen cloths lying; 7 and the napkin that was about his head, not lying with the linen cloths, but wrapped together in a place by itself. 8 then went in also that other disciple who came first to the sepulcher, and he saw, and believed. 9 for as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead.” (John 20:3-9 Webster)

“11  but Mary stood without at the sepulcher weeping: and as she wept she stooped down [to look] into the sepulcher, 12 and seeth two angels in white, sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain. 13 and they say to her, woman, why weepest thou? she saith to them, because they have taken away my lord, and I know not where they have laid him. 14 and when she had thus said, she turned herself about, and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus. 15 Jesus saith to her, woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou? she, supposing him to be the gardener, saith to him, sir, if thou hast borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away. 16 Jesus saith to her, Mary. she turned herself, and saith to him, Rabboni, which is to say, master. 17 Jesus saith to her, touch me not: for I have not yet ascended to my father: but go to my brethren, and say to them, I ascend to my father and your father, and [to] my god and your god. 18 Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the lord, and [that] he had spoken these things to her.” (John 20:11-18 Webster)

“28  ye have heard that I said to you, I go away, and come [again] to you. if ye loved me, ye would rejoice, because I said, I go to the father: for my father is greater than I. 29 and now I have told you before it cometh to pass, that when it hath come to pass, ye may believe. 30 hereafter I will not talk much with you: for the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me. 31 but that the world may know that I love the father; and as the father gave me commandment, even so I do. arise, let us go hence.” (John 14:28-31 Webster)

“25 these things have I spoken to you in proverbs: but the time cometh when I shall no more speak to you in proverbs, but I shall show you plainly concerning the father. 26 at that day ye will ask in my name: and I say not to you, that I will pray the father for you: 27 for the father himself loveth you, because ye have loved me, and have believed that I came from god.
28  I came forth from the father, and am come into the world: again, I leave the world, and go to the father.” (John 16:25-28 Webster)

“13 and no man hath ascended to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, [even] the son of man who is in heaven. 14 and as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the son of man be lifted up: 15 that whoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.” (John 3:13-15 Webster)

“15 I pray not that thou shouldst take them out of the world, but that thou shouldst keep them from the evil. 16 they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.
17  sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth. 18 as thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world. 19 and for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also may be sanctified through the truth.” (John 17:15-19 Webster)

“19  then the same day at evening, being the first [day] of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in the midst, and saith to them, peace [be] to you. 20 and when he had so said, he showed to them [his] hands and his side. then were the disciples glad when they saw the lord. 21 then said Jesus to them again, peace [be] to you: as [my] father hath sent me, even so I send you.” (John 20:19-21 Webster)

“1  the spirit of the lord GOD [is] upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to publish good tidings to the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to [them that are] bound; 2 to proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our god; to comfort all that mourn; 3 to appoint to them that mourn in Zion, to give to them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they may be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he may be glorified.” (Isaiah 61:1-3 Webster)

“search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.” (John 5:39 Webster)

“the LORD thy god will raise up to thee a prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like to me; to him ye shall hearken.” (Deuteronomy 18:15 Webster)

“18 and Jesus came, and spoke to them, saying, all power is given to me in heaven and upon earth. 19 go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the father, and of the son, and of the holy spirit. 20 teaching them to observe all things whatever I have commanded you: and lo, I am with you always, [even] to the end of the world. amen.” (Matthew 28:18-20 Webster)

“1  thou therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus. 2 and the things that thou hast heard from me among many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others also.” (2 Timothy 2:1-2 Webster)

“hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast heard from me, in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus.” (2 Timothy 1:13 Webster)

“24 but Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came. 25 the other disciples therefore said to him, we have seen the lord. but he said to them, except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe.
26  and after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: [then] came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, peace [be] to you. 27 then saith he to Thomas, reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust [it] into my side; and be not faithless, but believing. 28 and Thomas answered and said to him, my lord and my god. 29 Jesus saith to him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed [are] they that have not seen, and [yet] have believed.” (John 20:24-29 Webster)

“(for we walk by faith, not by sight:)” (2 Corinthians 5:7 Webster)

“8 whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see [him] not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable, and full of glory: 9 receiving the end of your faith, [even] the salvation of [your] souls.
10  concerning which salvation the prophets have inquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace [that should come] to you: 11 searching what, or what manner of time the spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. 12 to whom it was revealed, that not to themselves, but to us they ministered the things which are now reported to you by them that have preached the gospel to you, with the holy spirit sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.” (1 Peter 1:8-12 Webster)

“and when she had thus said, she turned herself about, and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus.” (John 20:14 Webster)

“and as they were thus speaking, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith to them, peace [be] to you.” (Luke 24:36 Webster)

“43 and he took [it], and ate before them. 44 and he said to them, these [are] the words which I spoke to you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and [in] the prophets, and [in] the psalms, concerning me. 45 then he opened their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures, 46 and said to them, thus it is written, and thus it behooved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: 47 and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. 48 and ye are witnesses of these things. 49 and behold, I send the promise of my father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye are endued with power from on high.
50  and he led them out as far as to Bethany: and he lifted up his hands, and blessed them. 51 and it came to pass, while he was blessing them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven. 52 and they worshiped him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy: 53 and were continually in the temple, praising and blessing god. amen.” (Luke 24:43-53 Webster)

“19  so then after the lord had spoken to them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of god. 20 and they went forth, and preached every where, the lord working with [them], and confirming the word with signs following. amen.” (Mark 16:19-20 Webster)

“30 moreover, whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
31  what shall we then say to these things? if god [is] for us, who [can be] against us? 32 he that spared not his own son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things? 33 who will lay any thing to the charge of god’s elect? [it is] god that justifieth: 34 who [is] he that condemneth? [it is] Christ that died, or rather that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of god, who also maketh intercession for us. 35 who shall separate us from the love of Christ? [shall] tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? 36 as it is written, for thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter. 37 but in all these things we are more than conquerors, through him that loved us. 38 for I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, 39 nor hight, nor depth, nor any other creature, will be able to separate us from the love of god which is in Christ Jesus our lord.” (Romans 8:30-39 Webster)

*

Preceding:

Death of Christ on the day of preparation

Imprisonment and execution of Jesus Christ

For the Will of Him who is greater than Jesus

 On the first day for matzah

Servant for the truth of God

The Anointed One and the first day of No Fermentation

In other languages:

German version / Deutsch: Nach der Sabbat nach dem Passahfest, die Auferstehung von Jesus Christus

+

Please also do find:
  1. Servant of his Father
  2. Slave for people and God
  3. Jesus begotten Son of God #18 Believing in inhuman or human person
  4. The Seed Of The Woman Bruised
  5. Self inflicted misery #3 A man given to suffer for us
  6. Jesus begotten Son of God #20 Before and After
  7. Anointing of Christ as Prophetic Rehearsal of the Burial rites
  8. On the Nature of Christ
  9. Jesus begotten Son of God #4 Promised Prophet and Saviour
  10. Deliverance and establishement of a theocracy
  11. The son of David and the first day of the feast of unleavened bread
  12. 14 Nisan a day to remember #1 Inception
  13. 14 Nisan a day to remember #2 Time of Jesus
  14. 14 Nisan a day to remember #3 Before the Passover-feast
  15. 14 Nisan a day to remember #4 A Lamb slain
  16. 14 Nisan a day to remember #5 The Day to celebrate
  17. 14-15 Nisan and Easter
  18. Around the feast of Unleavened Bread
  19. A Holy week in remembrance of the Blood of life
  20. High Holidays not only for Israel
  21. Festival of Freedom and persecutions
  22. Timely Growth
  23. A Messiah to die
  24. Impaled until death overtook him
  25. Swedish theologian finds historical proof Jesus did not die on a cross
  26. Why 20 Nations Are Defending the Crucifix in Europe
  27. Christ having glory
  28. Kingdom Visions of a Man, Throne and Great crowd
  29. Salvation, trust and action in Jesus #3 as a Christian
  30. Self inflicted misery #6 Paying by death
  31. How are the dead?

  32. Not bounded by labels but liberated in Christ
  33. The Soul confronted with Death
  34. How is it that Christ pleased God so perfectly?
  35. A Living Faith #8 Change
  36. Let me keeep to “first importance” things
  37. Jesus begotten Son of God #2 Christmas and pagan rites
  38. A Great Gift commemorated
  39. Proclaiming shalom, bringing good news of good things, announcing salvation
  40. Jesus is risen

  41. Risen With Him

+++

  • The Significance of the Resurrection – Jesus Arose Where He Died (darrellcreswell.wordpress.com)
    Death is an all encompassing word, powerful by definition, feared by most, yet totally incapacitated by the resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ. The Blood of Christ revives our spirit, restores our inheritance, and renews our life. In Christ our rebirth is a great resuscitation that overcomes and redefines death; opening the pathway to an eternity with our Redeemer.
  • The Resurrection of Jesus X 4 (thisisrealmedia.com)
    There is no greater story than the resurrection of Jesus Christ.  It is the story that means the most to all Christians.  It is the story of a wonderful redeemer, who loved mankind enough to die for us.
  • The Power of His Resurrection (zionsgate.wordpress.com)
    We would all have loved to be there on the road to Emmaus that day, walking with the resurrected Jesus himself as he detailed the different prophecies that concerned his death and resurrection. Still, the apostles and other New Testament writers do a good job of filling us in. The Old Testament is filled with prophecies and types of Jesus’ suffering and death and resurrection as payment for the sins of the world, and the New Testament points those out.
  • The Glory of Easter Part 2 (thepuritaninprada.wordpress.com)
    “The happy ending of the Resurrection is so enormous that it swallows up even the sorrow of the Cross.” – Tim Keller
    +
    The Resurrection is not a consolation for suffering, the Resurrection is not even a removal of suffering, the Resurrection swallows suffering.” –  Tim Keller – The Hope of Glory
    +

    Christ swallowed our suffering and it became a part of him and made him greater. And this is the Glory of the Cross, it shows that everything that you have ever been through will only make you greater in the end.  It means all your sorrows, pains, heartbreaks, disappointments, injustices, suffering, agony will somehow only make you greater in the end through the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. That’s a defeat!

  • The Resurrection of Jesus Christ (jlue.wordpress.com)
    For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures, and that He was seen by Cephas, then by the twelve.
  • -Re: Easter and The Resurrection of Jesus Christ (answersforthefaith.com)
    On my Apologetica page I have posted links to two timely short but excellent articles and one video on the Resurrection of Jesus Christ and Easter:

    <-On Easter and The Resurrection of Jesus >

    Then on my Bible Q& A page I have listed a number of key questions and answers for the Easter season:

    <-Easter Questions and Answers>

  • Holy Trifecta: Good Friday, Passover, Resurrection Sunday (rightistblog.wordpress.com)
    This weekend, Christians around the world will gather to remember the death and rejoice in the resurrection of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.  Over two thousand years ago, Christ died on the cross at Calvary as the payment for the sins of all people.  He was placed in the tomb, and three days later, conquered death and rose from the dead!  This weekend, as we gather with our families and loved ones, let us not forget what Christ’s triumph over death means: everlasting life for all those who believe.
  • When Was Jesus Crucified? (verse4psalm37.wordpress.com)
    I’m convinced that Christ was in the tomb three days and three nights.  To begin with, a day on the Hebrew calendar is from sundown to sundown (Genesis 1: 5), while a day on the Gregorian calendar is from midnight to midnight.  So the Last Supper/Passover meal was held after sundown (Tuesday on the Gregorian calendar; Wednesday on the Hebrew calendar.)   Jesus died on the cross at 3 p.m.  Wednesday.  He was placed in the tomb before sundown because the following day was a special Sabbath, the first day of the  Feast of Unleavened Bread.  Therefore, Christ was in the grave Thursday, Friday, and Saturday.  He arose from the dead before dawn on the first day of the week (Sunday).  (For a timeline, click on http://www.centuryone.com).
  • Even Resurrection Pauses For Sabbath Rest (godspace.wordpress.com)
    Even resurrection pauses for Sabbath rest, in the Episcopal Relief and Development Lenten guide this morning, that today, for the Jews is indeed the sabbath day. This full day of Jesus time in the grave is the day into which all their hope and longing for the future is poured. A day to look forward with anticipation to the day when God does indeed make all things news.
  • “The Resurrection” (bradneel610.wordpress.com)
    Jesus really did die on the cross for our sins, was buried, and three days later rose.

    I’m so thankful that my hope and joy does not rest in an Easter bunny. But a risen King.

  • Pesach

    I imagine that the death of Jesus was still sad in heaven even though they knew the whole plan. Suffering is sorrowful. I don’t really know what was happening while Jesus was dead so I won’t try to guess here.

Death of Christ on the day of preparation

File:Christ after death,photo Jerusalam.JPG

Photograph of the central part of a mosaic in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, on the outer wall of the Catholicon behind the Stone of Unction. The mosaic depicts Jesus being taken down from the cross, and his body being anointed prior to placing in the tomb. – Photo by SreeBot


*

“The Jews answered him, We have a law, and according to [our] law he ought to die, because he made himself Son of God.” (John 19:7 Darby)

“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only-begotten Son, that whosoever believes on him may not perish, but have life eternal.” (John 3:16 Darby)

“and behold, a voice out of the heavens saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I have found my delight.” (Matthew 3:17 Darby)

“17 And he went out, bearing his cross, to the place called [place] of a skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha; 18 where they crucified him, and with him two others, [one] on this side, and [one] on that, and Jesus in the middle.
19  And Pilate wrote a title also and put it on the cross. But there was written: Jesus the Nazaraean, the King of the Jews. 20 This title therefore many of the Jews read, for the place of the city where Jesus was crucified was near; and it was written in Hebrew, Greek, Latin. 21 The chief priests of the Jews therefore said to Pilate, Do not write, The king of the Jews, but that *he* said, I am king of the Jews. 22 Pilate answered, What I have written, I have written.” (John 19:17-22 Darby)

“23 The soldiers therefore, when they had crucified Jesus, took his clothes, and made four parts, to each soldier a part, and the body-coat; but the body-coat was seamless, woven through the whole from the top. 24 They said therefore to one another, Let us not rend it, but let us cast lots for it, whose it shall be; that the scripture might be fulfilled which says, They parted my garments among themselves, and on my vesture they cast lots. The soldiers therefore did these things.” (John 19:23-24 Darby)

“They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.” (Psalms 22:18 Darby)

“And having crucified him, they part his clothes amongst [themselves], casting lots on them, what each one should take.” (Mark 15:24 Darby)

“28 After this, Jesus, knowing that all things were now finished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, says, I thirst. 29 There was a vessel therefore there full of vinegar, and having filled a sponge with vinegar, and putting hyssop round it, they put it up to his mouth. 30 When therefore Jesus had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished; and having bowed his head, he delivered up his spirit.” (John 19:28-30 Darby)

“And Jesus, having cried with a loud voice, said, Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit. And having said this, he expired.” (Luke 23:46 Darby)

“1  For the law, having a shadow of the coming good things, not the image itself of the things, can never, by the same sacrifices which they offer continually yearly, perfect those who approach. 2 Since, would they not indeed have ceased being offered, on account of the worshippers once purged having no longer any conscience of sins? 3 But in these [there is] a calling to mind of sins yearly. 4 For blood of bulls and goats [is] incapable of taking away sins. 5 Wherefore coming into the world he says, Sacrifice and offering thou willedst not; but thou hast prepared me a body. 6 Thou tookest no pleasure in burnt-offerings and sacrifices for sin.
7  Then I said, Lo, I come (in [the] roll of the book it is written of me) to do, O God, thy will. 8 Above, saying Sacrifices and offerings and burnt-offerings and sacrifices for sin thou willedst not, neither tookest pleasure in (which are offered according to the law); 9 then he said, Lo, I come to do thy will. He takes away the first that he may establish the second; 10 by which will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. 11 And every priest stands daily ministering, and offering often the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. 12 But *he*, having offered one sacrifice for sins, sat down in perpetuity at [the] right hand of God, 13 waiting from henceforth until his enemies be set [for the] footstool of his feet. 14 For by one offering he has perfected in perpetuity the sanctified.” (Hebrews 10:1-14 Darby)

“31  The Jews therefore, that the bodies might not remain on the cross on the sabbath, for it was [the] preparation, (for the day of that sabbath was a great [day],)demanded of Pilate that their legs might be broken and they taken away. 32 The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first and of the other that had been crucified with him; 33 but coming to Jesus, when they saw that he was already dead they did not break his legs, 34 but one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and immediately there came out blood and water. 35 And he who saw it bears witness, and his witness is true, and he knows that he says true that ye also may believe.” (John 19:31-35 Darby)

“4 I have glorified *thee* on the earth, I have completed the work which thou gavest me that I should do it; 5 and now glorify *me*, *thou* Father, along with thyself, with the glory which I had along with thee before the world was.
6  I have manifested thy name to the men whom thou gavest me out of the world. They were thine, and thou gavest them me, and they have kept thy word. 7 Now they have known that all things that thou hast given me are of thee; 8 for the words which thou hast given me I have given them, and they have received [them], and have known truly that I came out from thee, and have believed that thou sentest me.” (John 17:4-8 Darby)

“In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth any of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof.” (Exodus 12:46 Darby)

“12 They shall leave none of it until the morning, nor break a bone thereof: according to every ordinance of the passover shall they hold it. 13 But a man that is clean, and is not on a journey, and forbeareth to hold the passover, that soul shall be cut off from among his peoples; because he presented not the offering of Jehovah at its set time: that man shall bear his sin.” (Numbers 9:12-13 Darby)

“17 [The righteous] cry, and Jehovah heareth, and delivereth them out of all their troubles. 18 Jehovah is nigh to those that are of a broken heart, and saveth them that are of a contrite spirit. 19 Many are the adversities of the righteous, but Jehovah delivereth him out of them all: 20 He keepeth all his bones; not one of them is broken.” (Psalms 34:17-20 Darby)

“36 For these things took place that the scripture might be fulfilled, Not a bone of him shall be broken. 37 And again another scripture says, They shall look on him whom they pierced.
38  And after these things Joseph of Arimathaea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly through fear of the Jews, demanded of Pilate that he might take the body of Jesus: and Pilate allowed it. He came therefore and took away the body of Jesus.” (John 19:36-38 Darby)

“And I will pour upon the house of David and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem the spirit of grace and of supplications; and they shall look on me whom they pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for an only [son], and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for [his] firstborn.” (Zechariah 12:10 Darby)

“Behold, he comes with the clouds, and every eye shall see him, and they which have pierced him, and all the tribes of the land shall wail because of him. Yea. Amen.” (Revelation 1:7 Darby)

“45 Now from [the] sixth hour there was darkness over the whole land until [the] ninth hour; 46 but about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? 47 And some of those who stood there, when they heard [it], said, This [man] calls for Elias. 48 And immediately one of them running and getting a sponge, having filled [it] with vinegar and fixed [it] on a reed, gave him to drink. 49 But the rest said, Let be; let us see if Elias comes to save him.
50  And Jesus, having again cried with a loud voice, gave up the ghost. 51 And lo, the veil of the temple was rent in two from the top to the bottom, and the earth was shaken, and the rocks were rent, 52 and the tombs were opened; and many bodies of the saints fallen asleep arose, 53 and going out of the tombs after his arising, entered into the holy city and appeared unto many. 54 But the centurion, and they who were with him on guard over Jesus, seeing the earthquake and the things that took place, feared greatly, saying, Truly this [man] was Son of God.” (Matthew 27:45-54 Darby)

“38  And after these things Joseph of Arimathaea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly through fear of the Jews, demanded of Pilate that he might take the body of Jesus: and Pilate allowed it. He came therefore and took away the body of Jesus. 39 And Nicodemus also, who at first came to Jesus by night, came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds [weight]. 40 They took therefore the body of Jesus and bound it up in linen with the spices, as it is the custom with the Jews to prepare for burial. 41 But there was in the place where he had been crucified a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had ever been laid. 42 There therefore, on account of the preparation of the Jews, because the tomb was near, they laid Jesus.” (John 19:38-42 Darby)

“Now on the morrow, which is after the preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees came together to Pilate,” (Matthew 27:62 Darby)

“And when it was already evening, since it was [the] preparation, that is, [the day] before a sabbath,” (Mark 15:42 Darby)

“50  And behold, a man named Joseph, who was a councillor, a good man and a just 51 (this [man] had not assented to their counsel and deed), of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews, who also waited, [himself also,] for the kingdom of God 52  — he having gone to Pilate begged the body of Jesus; 53 and having taken it down, wrapped it in fine linen and placed him in a tomb hewn in the rock, where no one had ever been laid. 54 And it was preparation day, and [the] sabbath twilight was coming on. 55 And women, who had come along with him out of Galilee, having followed, saw the sepulchre and how his body was placed. 56 And having returned they prepared aromatic spices and ointments, and remained quiet on the sabbath, according to the commandment.” (Luke 23:50-56 Darby)

“See, for Jehovah hath given you the sabbath; therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread for two days. Abide every man in his place: let no man go from his place on the seventh day.” (Exodus 16:29 Darby)

“Remember the sabbath day to hallow it.” (Exodus 20:8 Darby)

“Keep the sabbath day to hallow it, as Jehovah thy God hath commanded thee.” (Deuteronomy 5:12 Darby)

*

Preceding: Imprisonment and execution of Jesus Christ

For the Will of Him who is greater than Jesus

 On the first day for matzah

Servant for the truth of God

The Anointed One and the first day of No Fermentation

Dutch version / Nederlandse versie: Jezus vindt de dood op Golgota op voorbereidingsdag

French version / Version en Français: La Mort du Jésus Christ sur le Jour de Préparation

German version / Deutsch: Jesu Tod auf Golgatha am 14 Nisan

+

Please also do find:
  1. Servant of his Father
  2. Slave for people and God
  3. Jesus begotten Son of God #18 Believing in inhuman or human person
  4. The Seed Of The Woman Bruised
  5. Self inflicted misery #3 A man given to suffer for us
  6. Jesus begotten Son of God #20 Before and After
  7. Anointing of Christ as Prophetic Rehearsal of the Burial rites
  8. On the Nature of Christ
  9. Jesus begotten Son of God #4 Promised Prophet and Saviour
  10. Deliverance and establishement of a theocracy
  11. The son of David and the first day of the feast of unleavened bread
  12. 14 Nisan a day to remember #1 Inception
  13. 14 Nisan a day to remember #2 Time of Jesus
  14. 14 Nisan a day to remember #3 Before the Passover-feast
  15. 14 Nisan a day to remember #4 A Lamb slain
  16. 14 Nisan a day to remember #5 The Day to celebrate
  17. 14-15 Nisan and Easter
  18. Around the feast of Unleavened Bread
  19. A Holy week in remembrance of the Blood of life
  20. High Holidays not only for Israel
  21. Festival of Freedom and persecutions
  22. Timely Growth
  23. A Messiah to die
  24. Impaled until death overtook him
  25. Swedish theologian finds historical proof Jesus did not die on a cross
  26. Why 20 Nations Are Defending the Crucifix in Europe
  27. Christ having glory
  28. Kingdom Visions of a Man, Throne and Great crowd
  29. Salvation, trust and action in Jesus #3 as a Christian
  30. Self inflicted misery #6 Paying by death
  31. Not bounded by labels but liberated in Christ
  32. The Soul confronted with Death
  33. Impaled until death overtook him
  34. Swedish theologian finds historical proof Jesus did not die on a cross
  35. Why 20 Nations Are Defending the Crucifix in Europe
  36. How is it that Christ pleased God so perfectly?
  37. A Living Faith #8 Change
  38. Let me keeep to “first importance” things
  39. Jesus begotten Son of God #2 Christmas and pagan rites
  40. A Great Gift commemorated
  41. Proclaiming shalom, bringing good news of good things, announcing salvation

+++

  • Jesus Christ, Our Passover (fredswolfe.wordpress.com)
    Jesus was dead in the grave with no consciousness for 3 full days and 3 full nights = 72 hours. There is no way in Hell to fit 3 full days and 3 full nights between Sunset Friday and Sunrise Sunday. Therefore, there is no such thing as Good Friday! Jesus Christ, our Passover Lamb,was sacrificed for us and was buried on a Wednesday around sunset beginning the 1st night (Thursday). At dawn Thursday began the first day. At sunset Thurs. began the 2nd night of Friday, then Friday day; thenFri at sunset began the 3rd night, Saturday; then Saturday at sunset completed the 3 days and 3 nights. Sunset Sat. began Sunday night:Jn 20:1 The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.KJV
  • Passover: A Time To Remember (jacksonandrew.com)
    I am thankful that today, we can celebrate this feast without the sacrifice of a life for our sins, as Christ, our Passover Lamb, has once and for all, become the substitute… and with Him, God is well pleased. Don’t forget to remember or you are doomed to return to what once enslaved you.
  • Dave Hunt : Scripture reveals the answer Of .Crucifixion Week (ioan17.wordpress.com)
    the rabbis had determined not to arrest Jesus during Passover,
    +The fourteenth of Nisan began at sunset Wednesday evening. That night, Jesus and His disciples had the “last supper” in the upper room where they were preparing to eat the Passover the following night.
    +Shortly before noon, Jesus, scourged and beaten, was led out of the city to “the place of the skull.” By noon, the One whom Jerusalem, in fulfillment of prophecy, had hailed as its long-awaited Messiah, was hanging naked on the center cross between two thieves.
  • G-dfearers Participation In Shabbat, And Pesach According To Toby Janicki (paradoxparables.justparadox.com)
    Gentile believers have been brought near to the commonwealth of Israel. Although this does not make Gentile Christians into Jews, they share in the spiritual heritage of the nation of Israel.

    “Our Master Yeshua chose the wine and the matzah of a Passover Seder to represent his body and blood. More than just learning about and celebrating the concept of freedom from oppression and exile, for disciples of Messiah, the seder celebrates Yeshua’s atoning death and resurrection while remaining firmly grounded and centered on God’s deliverance of the Jewish people from Egypt.” Toby Janicki
    +
    “Although the imagery to “celebrate the festival” is clearly metaphorical, it could really only be understood by readers who were in fact literally celebrating Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread, complete with some level of abstention from leaven.” Toby Janicki

  • Happy Passover! (jewishvoice.wordpress.com)
    we as people of faith can celebrate being saved from certain death when we apply the blood of Yeshua our Messiah to our lives and repent of those sins that kept us in our own personal bondage.To help you celebrate this wonderful occasion, we have put together some Passover resources so that you can be educated and inspired by the beauty of this holy feast.

Jesu Tod auf Golgatha am 14 Nisan

 

File:Thoerl Pfarrkirche St Andrae Passion 10 Dornenkroenung 08022013 271.jpg

König der Juden – „Dornenkrönung“ (Fresko von Thomas von Villach aus dem Jahr 1527) an der Nord-Wand der Pfarrkirche Heiliger Andreas in Thörl-Maglern-Greuth, Gemeinde Arnoldstein, Bezirk Villach Land, Kärnten / Österreich / EU – Photo: Johann Jaritz


*

“Die Juden antworteten ihm: Wir haben ein Gesetz, und nach [unserem] Gesetz muß er sterben, weil er sich selbst zu Gottes Sohn gemacht hat.” (Johannes 19:7 ELB)

“Denn also hat Gott die Welt geliebt, daß er seinen eingeborenen Sohn gab, auf daß jeder, der an ihn glaubt, nicht verloren gehe, sondern ewiges Leben habe.” (Johannes 3:16 ELB)

“Und siehe, eine Stimme kommt aus den Himmeln, welche spricht: Dieser ist mein geliebter Sohn, an welchem ich Wohlgefallen gefunden habe.” (Matthäus 3:17 ELB)

“17 Und sein Kreuz tragend, ging er hinaus nach der Stätte, genannt Schädelstätte, die auf hebräisch Golgatha heißt, 18 wo sie ihn kreuzigten, und zwei andere mit ihm, auf dieser und auf jener Seite, Jesum aber in der Mitte.
19  Pilatus schrieb aber auch eine Überschrift und setzte sie auf das Kreuz. Es war aber geschrieben: Jesus, der Nazaräer, der König der Juden. 20 Diese Überschrift nun lasen viele von den Juden, denn die Stätte, wo Jesus gekreuzigt wurde, war nahe bei der Stadt; und es war geschrieben auf hebräisch, griechisch und lateinisch. 21 Die Hohenpriester der Juden sagten nun zu Pilatus: Schreibe nicht: Der König der Juden, sondern daß jener gesagt hat: Ich bin König der Juden. 22 Pilatus antwortete: Was ich geschrieben habe, habe ich geschrieben.” (Johannes 19:17-22 ELB)

“23 Die Kriegsknechte nun nahmen, als sie Jesum gekreuzigt hatten, seine Kleider (und machten vier Teile, einem jeden Kriegsknecht einen Teil) und den Leibrock. Der Leibrock aber war ohne Naht, von oben an durchweg gewebt. 24 Da sprachen sie zueinander: Laßt uns ihn nicht zerreißen, sondern um ihn losen, wessen er sein soll; auf daß die Schrift erfüllt würde, welche spricht: “Sie haben meine Kleider unter sich verteilt, und über mein Gewand haben sie das Los geworfen”. Die Kriegsknechte nun haben dies getan.” (Johannes 19:23-24 ELB)

“Sie teilen meine Kleider unter sich, und über mein Gewand werfen sie das Los.” (Psalmen 22:18 ELB)

“Und als sie ihn gekreuzigt hatten, verteilen sie seine Kleider, indem sie das Los über dieselben warfen, was jeder bekommen sollte.” (Markus 15:24 ELB)

“28 Danach, da Jesus wußte, daß alles schon vollbracht war, spricht er, auf daß die Schrift erfüllt würde: Mich dürstet! 29 Es stand nun daselbst ein Gefäß voll Essig. Sie aber füllten einen Schwamm mit Essig und legten ihn um einen Ysop und brachten ihn an seinen Mund. 30 Als nun Jesus den Essig genommen hatte, sprach er: Es ist vollbracht! und er neigte das Haupt und übergab den Geist.” (Johannes 19:28-30 ELB)

“Und Jesus rief mit lauter Stimme und sprach: Vater, in deine Hände übergebe ich meinen Geist! Und als er dies gesagt hatte, verschied er.” (Lukas 23:46 ELB)

“1  Denn da das Gesetz einen Schatten der zukünftigen Güter, nicht der Dinge Ebenbild selbst hat, so kann es nimmer mit denselben Schlachtopfern, welche sie alljährlich ununterbrochen darbringen, die Hinzunahenden vollkommen machen. 2 Denn würde sonst nicht ihre Darbringung aufgehört haben, weil die den Gottesdienst Übenden, einmal gereinigt, kein Gewissen mehr von Sünden gehabt hätten? 3 Aber in jenen Opfern ist alljährlich ein Erinnern an die Sünden; 4 denn unmöglich kann Blut von Stieren und Böcken Sünden hinwegnehmen. 5 Darum, als er in die Welt kommt, spricht er: “Schlachtopfer und Speisopfer hast du nicht gewollt, einen Leib aber hast du mir bereitet; 6 an Brandopfern und Opfern für die Sünde hast du kein Wohlgefallen gefunden.
7  Da sprach ich: Siehe, ich komme (in der Rolle des Buches steht von mir geschrieben), um deinen Willen, o Gott zu tun.” 8 Indem er vorher sagt: “Schlachtopfer und Speisopfer und Brandopfer und Opfer für die Sünde hast du nicht gewollt, noch Wohlgefallen daran gefunden” (die nach dem Gesetz dargebracht werden), sprach er dann: 9 Siehe, ich komme, um deinen Willen zu tun”. (Er nimmt das Erste weg, auf daß er das Zweite aufrichte.) 10 Durch welchen Willen wir geheiligt sind durch das ein für allemal geschehene Opfer des Leibes Jesu Christi. – 11 Und jeder Priester steht täglich da, den Dienst verrichtend und oft dieselben Schlachtopfer darbringend, welche niemals Sünden hinwegnehmen können. 12 Er aber, nachdem er ein Schlachtopfer für Sünden dargebracht, hat sich auf immerdar gesetzt zur Rechten Gottes, 13 fortan wartend, bis seine Feinde gelegt sind zum Schemel seiner Füße. 14 Denn durch ein Opfer hat er auf immerdar vollkommen gemacht, die geheiligt werden.” (Hebräer 10:1-14 ELB)

“31  Die Juden nun baten den Pilatus, damit die Leiber nicht am Sabbath am Kreuze blieben, weil es Rüsttag war (denn der Tag jenes Sabbaths war groß), daß ihre Beine gebrochen und sie abgenommen werden möchten. 32 Da kamen die Kriegsknechte und brachen die Beine des ersten und des anderen, der mit ihm gekreuzigt war. 33 Als sie aber zu Jesu kamen und sahen, daß er schon gestorben war, brachen sie ihm die Beine nicht, 34 sondern einer der Kriegsknechte durchbohrte mit einem Speer seine Seite, und alsbald kam Blut und Wasser heraus. 35 Und der es gesehen hat, hat es bezeugt, und sein Zeugnis ist wahrhaftig; und er weiß, daß er sagt, was wahr ist, auf daß auch ihr glaubet.” (Johannes 19:31-35 ELB)

“4 Ich habe dich verherrlicht auf der Erde; das Werk habe ich vollbracht, welches du mir gegeben hast, daß ich es tun sollte. 5 Und nun verherrliche du, Vater, mich bei dir selbst mit der Herrlichkeit, die ich bei dir hatte, ehe die Welt war.
6  Ich habe deinen Namen geoffenbart den Menschen, die du mir aus der Welt gegeben hast. Dein waren sie, und du hast sie mir gegeben, und sie haben dein Wort bewahrt. 7 Jetzt haben sie erkannt, daß alles, was du mir gegeben hast, von dir ist; 8 denn die Worte, die du mir gegeben hast, habe ich ihnen gegeben, und sie haben sie angenommen und wahrhaftig erkannt, daß ich von dir ausgegangen bin, und haben geglaubt, daß du mich gesandt hast.” (Johannes 17:4-8 ELB)

“In einem Hause soll es gegessen werden; du sollst nichts von dem Fleische aus dem Hause hinausbringen, und ihr sollt kein Bein an ihm zerbrechen.” (2 Mose 12:46 ELB)

“12 sie sollen nichts davon übriglassen bis an den Morgen, und sollen kein Bein an ihm zerbrechen; nach allen Satzungen des Passah sollen sie es feiern. 13 Der Mann aber, der rein und nicht auf dem Wege ist, und es unterläßt, das Passah zu feiern, selbige Seele soll ausgerottet werden aus ihren Völkern; denn er hat die Opfergabe Jehovas nicht zur bestimmten Zeit dargebracht; selbiger Mann soll seine Sünde tragen.” (4Mose 9:12-13 ELB)

“17 Sie schreien, und Jehova hört, und aus allen ihren Bedrängnissen errettet er sie. 18 Nahe ist Jehova denen, die zerbrochenen Herzens sind, und die zerschlagenen Geistes sind, rettet er. 19 Viele sind der Widerwärtigkeiten des Gerechten, aber aus allen denselben errettet ihn Jehova; 20 Er bewahrt alle seine Gebeine, nicht eines von ihnen wird zerbrochen.” (Psalmen 34:17-20 ELB)

“36 Denn dies geschah, auf daß die Schrift erfüllt würde: “Kein Bein von ihm wird zerbrochen werden”. 37 Und wiederum sagt eine andere Schrift: “Sie werden den anschauen, welchen sie durchstochen haben”.
38  Nach diesem aber bat Joseph von Arimathia, der ein Jünger Jesu war, aber aus Furcht vor den Juden ein verborgener, den Pilatus, daß er den Leib Jesu abnehmen dürfe. Und Pilatus erlaubte es. Er kam nun und nahm den Leib Jesu ab.” (Johannes 19:36-38 ELB)

“Und ich werde über das Haus Davids und über die Bewohner von Jerusalem den Geist der Gnade und des Flehens ausgießen; und sie werden auf mich blicken, den sie durchbohrt haben, und werden über ihn wehklagen gleich der Wehklage über den Eingeborenen, und bitterlich über ihn leidtragen, wie man bitterlich über den Erstgeborenen leidträgt.” (Sacharja 12:10 ELB)

“Siehe, er kommt mit den Wolken, und jedes Auge wird ihn sehen, auch die ihn durchstochen haben, und wehklagen werden seinetwegen alle Stämme des Landes. Ja, Amen.” (Offenbarung 1:7 ELB)

“45 Aber von der sechsten Stunde an kam eine Finsternis über das ganze Land bis zur neunten Stunde; 46 um die neunte Stunde aber schrie Jesus auf mit lauter Stimme und sagte: Eli, eli, lama sabachthani? das ist: Mein Gott, mein Gott, warum hast du mich verlassen? 47 Als aber etliche der Dastehenden es hörten, sagten sie: Dieser ruft den Elias. 48 Und alsbald lief einer von ihnen und nahm einen Schwamm, füllte ihn mit Essig und steckte ihn auf ein Rohr und tränkte ihn. 49 Die Übrigen aber sagten: Halt, laßt uns sehen, ob Elias kommt, ihn zu retten!
50  Jesus aber schrie wiederum mit lauter Stimme und gab den Geist auf. 51 Und siehe, der Vorhang des Tempels zerriß in zwei Stücke, von oben bis unten; und die Erde erbebte, und die Felsen zerrissen, 52 und die Grüfte taten sich auf, und viele Leiber der entschlafenen Heiligen wurden auferweckt; 53 und sie gingen nach seiner Auferweckung aus den Grüften und gingen in die heilige Stadt und erschienen vielen. 54 Als aber der Hauptmann und die mit ihm Jesum bewachten, das Erdbeben sahen und das, was geschah, fürchteten sie sich sehr und sprachen: Wahrhaftig, dieser war Gottes Sohn!” (Matthäus 27:45-54 ELB)

“38  Nach diesem aber bat Joseph von Arimathia, der ein Jünger Jesu war, aber aus Furcht vor den Juden ein verborgener, den Pilatus, daß er den Leib Jesu abnehmen dürfe. Und Pilatus erlaubte es. Er kam nun und nahm den Leib Jesu ab. 39 Es kam aber auch Nikodemus, der zuerst bei Nacht zu Jesu gekommen war, und brachte eine Mischung von Myrrhe und Aloe, bei hundert Pfund. 40 Sie nahmen nun den Leib Jesu und wickelten ihn in leinene Tücher mit den Spezereien, wie es bei den Juden Sitte ist, zum Begräbnis zuzubereiten. 41 Es war aber an dem Orte, wo er gekreuzigt wurde, ein Garten, und in dem Garten eine neue Gruft, in welche noch nie jemand gelegt worden war. 42 Dorthin nun, wegen des Rüsttags der Juden, weil die Gruft nahe war, legten sie Jesum.” (Johannes 19:38-42 ELB)

“Des folgenden Tages aber, der nach dem Rüsttage ist, versammelten sich die Hohenpriester und die Pharisäer bei Pilatus” (Matthäus 27:62 ELB)

“Und als es schon Abend geworden, (dieweil es Rüsttag war, welches der Vorsabbath ist)” (Markus 15:42 ELB)

“50  Und siehe, ein Mann, mit Namen Joseph, der ein Ratsherr war, ein guter und gerechter Mann, 51 dieser hatte nicht eingewilligt in ihren Rat und in ihre Tat, von Arimathia, einer Stadt der Juden, der [auch selbst] das Reich Gottes erwartete; 52 dieser ging hin zu Pilatus und bat um den Leib Jesu. 53 Und als er ihn abgenommen hatte, wickelte er ihn in feine Leinwand und legte ihn in eine in Felsen gehauene Gruft, wo noch nie jemand gelegen hatte. 54 Und es war Rüsttag, und der Sabbath brach an. 55 Es folgten aber die Weiber nach, welche mit ihm aus Galiläa gekommen waren, und besahen die Gruft und wie sein Leib hineingelegt wurde. 56 Als sie aber zurückgekehrt waren, bereiteten sie Spezereien und Salben; und den Sabbath über ruhten sie nach dem Gebot.” (Lukas 23:50-56 ELB)

“Sehet, weil Jehova euch den Sabbath gegeben hat, darum gibt er euch am sechsten Tage Brot für zwei Tage; bleibet ein jeder an seiner Stelle, niemand gehe am siebten Tage von seinem Orte heraus.” (2 Mose 16:29 ELB)

“Gedenke des Sabbathtages, ihn zu heiligen.” (2 Mose 20:8 ELB)

“Beobachte den Sabbathtag, ihn zu heiligen, so wie Jehova, dein Gott, dir geboten hat.” (5Mose 5:12 ELB)

*

Vorhergehend:

Inhaftierung und Hinrichtung von Jesus Christus

Für den Willen dessen, der größer ist als Jesus

Diener um der Wahrheit willen Gottes

Der Gesalbte und der erste Tag des Festes der ungesäuerten Brote

Am ersten Tag für Mazza

Vergeleich:

Nederlandse versie: Jezus vindt de dood op Golgota op voorbereidingsdag

Version Français: La Mort du Jésus Christ sur le Jour de Préparation

English version: Death of Christ on the day of preparation

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Please do also find to read:

14-15 Nisan and Easter

  • Passover: A Time To Remember (jacksonandrew.com)
    The Passover, the Festival of Unleavened Bread, and the Festival of First Fruits commemorate a succession of historical events that are recorded in the Book of Exodus.
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    The basis for a Christian interpretation of the first of the Seven Festivals as the decisive component in God’s plan for redemption pivots upon the identification of Jesus with the paschal lamb (Ross 2002, 409).
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    And not only has Passover been connected to the death of Christ, but also to the Lord’s Supper, which is also obviously a symbolic pre-enactment of Christ’s death as well as an re-enactment celebrated by the Church since that time.
  • Orthodox Easter: What’s up with that? – Part 2 (volokh.com)
    Easter is this Sunday, March 31. But Orthodox Easter, celebrated by most branches of the Eastern Orthodox Church (including the Russian Orthodox Church) and some Oriental Orthodox churches, is May 5 this year, a full five weeks after Easter as celebrated by Western Christian churches. (As a footnote, you may listen to Rimsky-Korsakov’s Russian Easter Overture at this site.) The five-week difference has happened recently in 2002, 2005, and 2008. But in 2001, 2004, 2007, 2010, and 2011, Western and Orthodox Easter fell on the same day. And in 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012, Orthodox Easter was one week after Western Easter. What’s up with that?
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    As an initial matter, note that Easter Sunday is the day when Jesus Christ rose from the dead, and the Gospels say that happened when he came to Jerusalem to celebrate Passover. So in principle, you could think that Easter happens at Passover — more precisely, on 14 Nisan, the day before Passover starts on 15 Nisan. (See also various verses in chapter 19 of the Gospel according to John.) Now the Jewish calendar is a complicated thing, but the bottom line is that 15 Nisan is always on a full moon after the spring equinox. How do they guarantee that this happens? Intercalation, that’s how. Because Jewish months are lunar, the folks in charge of the calendar stick in a whole nother month, called Adar II, before Nisan just to ensure that Passover is on a full moon after the equinox.So why not tie Easter to Passover and celebrate it whenever 14 Nisan would fall in the Jewish calendar? The Christians who believed you should do this were called Quartodecimans, or “fourteeners” if you will. Various Christian communities followed the “14 Nisan” rule and just asked their local Jews when Passover started, but after controversies in the second and third centuries, Christians ended up settling the matter at the Council of Nicaea in 325.The Nicene rule separated the Christian computation method from the Jewish one. In the first place, there was a concern over being in spring: though these days, 15 Nisan is always a full moon after the spring equinox, sometimes Easter ended up being celebrated before the equinox, apparently, said the bishop of Alexandria, “through negligence and error” on the part of the Jewish calendrical authorities.

Minimizing the power of God’s Force the Holy Spirit

The early days of Christianity

1.2.       Considered as a danger

1.2.2.                    Minimizing the power of God’s Force the Holy Spirit

The “chosen family, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people having a special possession” (1 Peter 2:9) tried to hold itself straight and to keep their doctrines pure. They performed their Christian administration of the Last Sacraments under quite difficult circumstances.  Paul brought it as follows under words: “We become in each respect harassed, troubled on every side, yet not distressed; we see a way out of them. We are cruelly attacked, but not without hope; we are made low, but we are not without help” (2 Corinthians 4:8, 9).

One only has to read the first chapters from the book Acts of the Apostles to see how much enthusiasm and joy there was, even despite persecution (Acts 2:44-47; 4:32-34; 5:41; 6:7).  But in the course of ten years the situation changed, and many Jewish Christians did not keep up their speed in the race and obviously were going to take life a little more slowly. A state of lassitude and tiredness, of unfulfilled expectations, postponed hope, conscious not coming up the mark and actual disbelief came over the believers. They were Christians, but received little appreciation for the magnificence of their vocation. For some of them, Gods promises appeared unreal and a bridge too far.

During the first century, the future for the organized Christian municipality looked gloomy. Jesus had predicted that it would be as if a level strewn wheat field with bad seeds, so that the wheat would not be able to be distinguish with the weeds. For fear that by chance while taking out the false teachers they could be rooting up also the normal believers with them. (Matthew 13:24-30). And so it happened also.  At the end of the first century, when the elderly apostle Johannes functioned, as the last impediment, against corruption, the waste blossomed already (2 Thessalonians 2:6; 1 John 2:18). Not long after the death of the apostle arose a separate class from clergymen that suppressed the herd and clothed themselves with distinguishing attire. The waste spread as gangrene.

From the days of the apostles until now the root of the whole fabric and dominion of clericalism is there. Philosophy and heterodoxy, no doubt, did much to corrupt the church and lead her to join hands with the world: but the order of the clergy and all that belongs to it must be founded on the Jews’ religion. It is more than probable, however, that many may have been persuaded then, as many have been since, that Christianity is a continuation of Judaism, in place of being its perfect contrast. The Judaizing teachers boldly affirmed that Christianity was merely a graft on Judaism. But throughout the epistles we everywhere learn that some belong to the old, and the other to the new creation; that the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

Cuadro de la Trinidad en Percile

Representation of Three Gods: god the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Ghost - La Trinidad - Santuario della Santissima Trinità - Vallepietra RM - Photo RoyFokker

Paul had warned the Hebrews to prevent that nobody there would ever develop in them a godless, unbelieving heart, because himself withdrawing of the living God. As well as appeared the other warnings of the other apostles sometimes a measure for nothing. Some who came in the municipalities, begun to bring their belief convictions in the terms of the Greek philosophy to expression, to make what they preached more acceptable for the men of the world. Gradually pagan doctrines came into the system, as the Holy Trinity and the inherent immortality of the soul, and became a part of a sullied form of Christianity. This led to the giving up of the hope in the Millennium.

The danger that there threatened became more and more reality and sin and waste came more in the community. For that reason Paul had reminded the municipalities to always remain watchful and to admonish each other. [1] From among the communities themselves came men who wanted to give wrong teaching, turning away the disciples after them. In subtle manner they ascribed to their own opinions and teachings a same or even yet higher value than the Holy Scriptures. When the occasion appeared for this purpose, this renegade church put itself available to serve even the interests of the political state. (Acts 20:30; 2 Peter 2:1, 3)[2]. To protect the community it was considerable to hold the feeling of unity high, as that is also today still important. Paul’s expression “take heed” emphasizes the necessity to be watchful (Hebrews 3:12, 13).  The early Christians got the warning that also today still goes on to have no flaw at belief and Bible so that we in would not develop something wrong in our heart, and we shall not withdraw us from God instead shall be able to approach him (James 4:8).

Then and now, it comes to it that the members of the community dare to trust each other, support each other but also dare to admonish. We need the heat of brotherly contact. “Who isolates himself, will be indulging his own desires; against all practical wisdom, defying all sound judgement, will he burst out” (Proverbs 18:1). The necessity of such contact moves Christians in this time to visit regular municipality assemblies, larger meetings and conferences.

One had to bring up interest for “the width and length and height and depth” of the truth, and according to go forward to maturity. (Ephesians 3:18, Hebrews 6:1, 2 Timothy 4:7).

Gathering on the Day of Atonement or Yom Kippur - Drawing Jewish Encyclopedia

Some Jews and heathens that stepped over to Christianity appeared in flaw to remain to increase their observations. They became slow in the accepting of the increased light with relation to the Law and the circumcision (Acts 15:27-29; Galatians 2:11-14; 6:12, 13). Some handled perhaps still large value on traditional practices as the weekly Sabbath and the solemn annual Yom Kippur or Day of reconciliation. (Colossians 2:16, 17; Hebrews 9:1-14).

Already in the first century the apostle Paul had warned Timothy that “godless men and cheats” would creep in the Christian municipality and would mislead many (2 Timothy 3:13).[3] This large waste began after the death of the apostles (Acts 20:29, 30).

Epikur

Epicurus - Epikouros Bust - Herculaneum, Villa dei Papiri, Sala 8, National Archaeological Museum, Naples, Italy

Some Christians maintained perhaps narrow ties with people, which stood under influence of the Greek philosophies, including that of the epicurean. The epicureans were supporters of the Greek philosopher Epicurus, who lived from 341 until 270 b. C. T. He taught that enjoyment was the only or most high good in life. On the other hand he taught that enjoyment best can be reached by behaving in life with administration, courage, self-control and justice. He argued not the chasing of immediate and brief enjoyment, but of enjoyment that the whole life lasts. Because of this the epicurean can be compared with men that practised coarse sin, violated virtuousness. (Compare Titus 1:12). The epicureans for instance practised moderation in their chase of enjoyment. They attached more value to the on desire feelings of the mind than to physical enjoyment.

The Apostolic Fathers, as they are called, such as Clement, Polycarp, Ignatius, and Barnabas, were, at first, the immediate followers of the inspired apostles. They had listened to their instructions, laboured with them in the gospel, and probably had been familiarly acquainted with them. But, notwithstanding the high privileges which they enjoyed as scholars of the apostles, they very soon departed from the doctrines which had been committed to them, especially as to church government. They seem to have completely forgotten — judging from the Epistles which bear their names — the great New Testament truth of the Holy Spirit’s presence in the assembly.

Their vanity claims that it is only given to a certain elite to be able to understand the Word of God and to explain it, simply ignores the strength of God in His consignment of the Holy Spirit or Pneuma concerning all people who wish to approach God.

File:San Saba - santa Balbina interno 1000904.JPG

4th century congregation house: Santa Balbina in Rome, Italy - interno. Photo by Lalupa.

The new teachers of the church seem also to have forgotten the beautiful simplicity of the divine order in the church. There were only two orders of office-bearers — elders and deacons. The one was appointed to attend to the temporal, the other to the spiritual need of the assembly of the saints. Elder, or bishop, simply means overseer, one who takes a spiritual oversight. He may have been “apt to teach,” or he may not; he was not an ordained teacher, but an ordained overseer. And as for the institutions of divine appointment, we only find in the New Testament, Baptism and the Lord’s Supper or the “Breaking of the Bread”. Nothing could be simpler, more plain, or more easily understood, as to all the directions given for faith and practice, but there was no room left for the exaltation and glory of man in the church of God. The Holy Ghost had come down to take the lead in the assembly, according to the word of the Lord, and the promise of the Father; and no Christian, however gifted, believing this, could take the place of leader, and thus practically displace the Holy Spirit. But, from the moment that this truth was lost sight of, men began to contend for place and power, and of course the Holy Spirit had no longer His right place in the assembly or congregation.

Scarcely had the voice of inspiration become silent in the church, than we hear the voice of the new teachers crying loudly and earnestly for the highest honours being paid to the bishop, and a supreme place being given to him. Not a word about the Spirit’s place as sovereign ruler in the church of God. This is evident from the Epistles of Ignatius, said to have been written A.D. 107. Many great names, we are aware, have questioned their authenticity; and many great names contend that they have been satisfactorily proved to be genuine. Real ministry is of the Lord and of Him alone. This is what we have to note in view of what took place on the very threshold of Christianity. Christ only is the true Head of the church. It is a grave and solemn thing for anyone to interfere with Christ’s claims on the service of His servant. To touch this is to set aside responsibility to Christ, and to overthrow the fundamental principle of Christian ministry.

Priesthood was the distinguishing characteristic of the Jewish dispensation; ministry, according to God, is characteristic of the Christian period. Hence the utter failure of the professing church, when it sought to imitate Judaism in so many ways, both in its priesthood and its ritualism. If a priestly order, with rites and ceremonies, be still necessary, the efficacy of the work of Christ is called in question. In fact, though not in words, it strikes at the root of Christianity. But all is settled by the word of God.[4] “But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins, for ever sat down at the right hand of God; from henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool. For by one offering He hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified…. Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin. We also have a great Cohen, a high priest, over god’s household.” (See Heb. 10: 1-25)

Ministry, then, is a subject of the highest dignity and the deepest interest. It testifies to the work, the victory, and the glory of Jesus, that the lost may be saved. It is the activity of God’s love going out to an alien and ruined world, and earnestly beseeching souls to be reconciled to Him. [5] “God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto Himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them, and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation. Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us…” (2 Cor. 5: 19-21)

The church alas! soon found that to hinder ministry, as it is set before us in the word of God, and to introduce a new order of things, did not hinder divisions, heresies, and false teachers springing up. From this time — the beginning of the second century, and before it — the church was greatly disturbed by heresies; and as time rolled on, things never grew better, but always worse. [6]


[1]  “Brothers, be on guard that at some time a wicked and unbelieving heart never come to exist in you, leading to apostasy from a Living God. Rather, encourage one another every day as long as we call it “Today.” Do this so that none of you ever become hardened by the seduction of sin.” (Hebrews 3:12-13 MHM)

[2]  “But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who secretly shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.” (2 Peter 2:1 KJBPNV)

“And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingers not, and their damnation slumbers not.” (2 Peter 2:3 KJBPNV)

[3] “Yes, and all that will live godly in the Messiah Yahshua shall suffer persecution. But evil men and seducers shall grow worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.” (2 Timothy 3:12-13 KJBPNV)

[4] Miller’s Church History

[5] Miller’s Church History

[6] Miller’s Church History

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Please do find the Dutch version: Gelieve de Nederlandstalige versie te vinden onder:   Minimaliseren van Gods Kracht de Heilige Geest

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Please do find more on Judaism and Christianity:

  1. Seeing the world through the lens of his own experience
  2. Judaism & Catholicism Universal ‘churches’

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Please do find articles on Jesus as the Cornerstone of the community:

  1. Video: Who was Jesus?
  2. Who is Jesus #2 Jesus Christ, man who died
  3. Who is Jesus #4 Clear statements that our heavenly Father is his “God”
  4. Who is Jesus #6 Jesus prays to God
  5. Who is Jesus #8 Father greater than Jesus
  6. Who is Jesus #9 100% or not
  7. Who is Jesus #12 Conclusion
  8. Da Vinci Code: Was Jesus Human or Divine?
  9. Jesus son of God
  10. Christian thought: acknowledge that Jesus is the Son of God
  11. Jesus Christ the same yesterday, today and forever
  12. Christ begotten through the power of the Holy Spirit
  13. The Victor
  14. How is it that Christ pleased God so perfectly?
  15. The builder of the Kingdom
  16. Can we not do what Jesus did?
  17. The increasing rejection of the teaching of Christ
  18. For those who have not the rudiments of an historical sense

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Other articles of interest:

  1. How did the Trinity Doctrine Develop
  2. Historical Development of Trinity
  3. How the Doctrine of the Trinity came to the Church
  4. Trinity function
  5. Trinity versus Tritheism
  6. Why the trinity was accepted in Europe
  7. The Pagan Influence of The catholic church ……The Pagan Trinity, and Saint B
  8. Summary on trinity
  9. Holy Sabbath
  10. A man with an outstanding personality
  11. Misleading Pictures
  12. A small company of Jesus’ footstep follower
  13. Quit griping about your church
  14. Rebirth and belonging to a church
  15. An ecclesia in your neighborhood
  16. Making church
  17. Parish, local church community – Parochie, plaatselijke kerkgemeenschap
  18. Intentions of an Ecclesia
  19. He has given us the Pneuma, the force, from Him
  20. The radiance of God’s glory and the counsellor
  21. Millions of Christians leaving conventional churches to meet in homes
  22. Working for God
  23. Efeziërs 2:21-22 Church no longer holds a central place in many Christian lives
  24. Prefering to be a Christian

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  • What Does the Qur’an Say About the Jewish and Christian Scriptures (paulmarcelrene.wordpress.com)
    On many occasions I have heard Muslims attack the Bible. Some seem keen to slander it anyway they can. But what does the Qur’an say about it? This article examines what the whole Qur’an says about the Jewish and Christian scriptures. The Qur’an used is according to Imam Hafs and translated by Abdullah Yusuf Ali (AYA) or Mohammed Pickthall (MP).
  • Historical Jesus [Der historische Jesus] (consensuspatrum.wordpress.com)
    How do we know that the life of Jesus is not just a story that the Church made up?Tacitus, a Roman historian who wrote Annals in 115 CE, is considered one of the more accurate historians of the ancient world.
    He wrote: “To dispel the rumor that the fire was started by Nero, Nero substituted as culprits, and treated with the most extreme punishments, some people, popularly known as Christians, whose disgraceful activities were notorious. The originator of that name, Christus, had been executed when Tiberius was Emperor, by order of the procurator Pontius Pilatus. But the deadly cult, though checked for a time, was now breaking out again not only in Judea, the birthplace of this evil, but even throughout Rome, where all the nasty and disgusting ideas from all over the world pour in and find a ready following.” (Annals 15:44). This means there were a significant number of Christians in Rome in 64AD, only 30 years after the Crucifixion of Christ.
  • Jews reclaim Jesus as one of their own (religion.blogs.cnn.com)
    The relationship between Jews and Jesus has traditionally been a complicated one, to say the least.As his followers’ message swept the ancient world, Jews who did not accept Jesus as the Messiah found themselves in the uncomfortable, and sometimes dangerous, position of being blamed for his death.
    +
    Rabbi Shmuley Boteach, a media personality who recently launched a bid for a U.S. House seat, argues in his own new book, “Kosher Jesus,” that “Jews have much to learn from Jesus – and from Christianity as a whole – without accepting Jesus’ divinity. There are many reasons for accepting Jesus as a man of great wisdom, beautiful ethical teachings, and profound Jewish patriotism.”
    +The flurry of recent Jewish books on Jesus – including this month’s publication of “The Jewish Gospels: The Story of the Jewish Christ” by Daniel Boyarin – is part of a trend of Jews taking pride in Jesus, interfaith expert Edward Kessler said.”In the 1970s and 1980s, Christian New Testament scholars rediscovered the Jewish Jesus. They reminded all New Testament students that Jesus was Jewish,” said Kessler, the director of the Woolf Institute in Cambridge, England, which focuses on relations between Jews, Christians and Muslims.
  • He Is Not Here: For He Is Risen! (pastorbobcrowder.wordpress.com)
    The early church, persecuted to the point of imprisonment and death should have failed.  The message they carried triggered division.  Their leader was murdered and yet He was resurrected.  Many saw him and heard him speak after He rose from the dead.  The Roman guards were paid off to tell a lie.And yet, His followers flourished.
  • Sunday of the Publican & the Pharisee… (thehandmaid.wordpress.com)
    Saint Paul says that we will have practiced the Apostles’ Faith when we “…have carefully followed my doctrine [and] manner of life….” Let us not think we are true, Apostolic Christians because we can speak ‘about’ the Faith reasonably well. For what Saint Paul means by ‘follow,’ surely  involves a manner of living, a consistent, day-in-and-day-out  application of the consequences that come from holding convictions  learned from the Apostles.
  • Only One Church United in Doctrine? – Part 2 of 2 (godsbreath.wordpress.com)
    The Church at Corinth was still recognized as being “of Christ” (1 Cor. 3:23), and yet “carnal” and “babes”. They were divided among themselves in which they were instructed to be joined together speaking the same thing in the same mind and the same judgment. The Apostle Paul was guided by Christ’s Spirit to correct doctrine and their motives. Therefore, unity in doctrine is possible being commanded by the Spirit of Christ.
    +
    Christians can be united by teaching as the Apostle Paul does here to unite. We must always go to Christ, to His words, to His Spirit, to His revelation to His Apostles and prophets (cf. Gal. 1:11-12, Eph. 2:19, 3:3-5, 2 Pet. 3:2, Jude 17). Following the command for unity, Paul noted that they had rejected Christ in pursuing wisdom over the words of His Apostles.

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