The Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible created by Jews seeking a place of legitimacy for diaspora Jewishness and faith among the traditions of Hellenistic culture, was a monumental religious and cultural achievement.
This Greek Old Testament, in its original form and revised versions, provided the scriptural basis for Judaism in the Greek-speaking diaspora, enabled the emergence and spread of Christianity, and influenced translations of the Bible into African and European languages. Over time, however, the Septuagint’s relevance faded for Jews, and the Hebrew text eventually reasserted its dominance within Judaism. This led many to neglect the Septuagint as an authentic witness to the biblical tradition. But the Septuagint remained important, inspiring biblical writings and further translations into Latin, Coptic, and Armenian. In combination with the Qumran biblical texts, it provides yet further indication of the multivocal state of the Hebrew Bible around the turn of the eras and proves to be a text of continuous interest for biblical scholarship and cultural-historical studies.
Siegfried Kreuzer’s Introduction to the Septuagint presents, in English, the most extensive introduction of the Septuagint to date. It offers comprehensive overviews of the individual biblical writings, including the history of research, current findings and problems, and perspectives for future research. Additionally, this survey presents a history of the Septuagint in its Greco-Hellenistic background, theories of its genesis, the history of its revisions, its lore in antiquity, and an overview of the most important manuscripts and witnesses of the convoluted transmission history of the text. The text includes extensive bibliographies that show the ongoing interest in Septuagint studies and provide a reliable basis for future studies.
A collaboration representing multiple nationalities, professional perspectives, and denominational traditions, this dependable guide invites newcomers and experts alike to venture into the rich world of one of the most influential works of literature in history.
> Find the book by Kreuzer: Introduction to the Septuagint
Matthew 21:42-44 – “The Stone the Builders Rejected”
|| Mark 12:10, 11; Luke 20:17, 18
MT21:42 Jesus continued speaking to them: “Did you never read in the Scripture, ‘A Stone which the builders rejected has become a head-corner. This [head-corner stone] originates with YHWH and it is an awesome [head-corner] in our eyes.’ [Psalm 118:22, 23] MT21:43 Because of this I tell you: the Kingdom of The God will be removed from you and given to a nation producing [Kingdom] fruitage. MT21:44 And the person who falls upon this Stone will be shattered; but whoever [the Stone] falls on will be smashed.”
 In the Scripture: This must irritate these theologians who prided themselves in their reading of Scripture. Jesus quotes Psalm 118:22, 23. This is significant for this psalm is sung as a hymn following the Passover. Compare also Isaiah 28:16.
 A head-corner: Or, KJV: head of the corner; NASB: chief corner-stone.
 Originates with: Or, KJV: this is the Lord’s doing.
 YHWH: The Tetragram occurs here in the Hebrew Text as well as the Jewish Greek Septuagint. It is doubtful Jesus uttered the noma sagrada though some believe he did.
 It is an awesome [head-corner] in our eyes: NEB: and it is wonderful in our eyes.
 Will be removed from you: Fleshly Israel will lose the “kingdom” promised to them (Exodus 19:5). Compare 1 Peter 2:4-10.
 A nation producing [Kingdom] fruitage: Or, RIEU: a people who produce the kingdom’s fruitage; WMS: to a people who will pay a fair rent for it. There is another “nation” who will receive the “kingdom.”
 Whoever [the Stone] falls on will be smashed: This may be a paraphrase of Isaiah 8:14. There is disagreement on the authority of this verse. Compare Daniel 2:34, 44 (Luke 20:18).
Matthew 21:1-3 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Sent Ahead for a Donkey
Matthew 21:4-5 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Your King Is Coming upon a Donkey
Matthew 21:6-9 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Blessed the One Coming in God’s Name!
Matthew 21:10-11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Who Is This?
Matthew 21:12-14 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Temple Cleansed
Matthew 21:12-14 – From a den of thieves to a house of prayer
Matthew 21:15-17 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Out of the Mouth of Babes
Matthew 21:18-22 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: A Cursed Fig Tree a Lesson in Faith
Matthew 21:23-27 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Question of Authority
Matthew 21:28-32 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Parable of Two Children
Matthew 21:33-41 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Parable of the Vineyard
- Matthew 21:42