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Posts tagged ‘Simon Kephas’

The Climax of Matthew’s story

With chapter 28 we come to the end of Matthew’s report of his Nazarene teacher Jeshua ben Josef, whom he at first had not yet recognised as the future king of this earth (the king of the Jews). First he had thought this Nazarene was going to liberate them from the Romans and be their king in their age.

Often they had wondered what their master meant when he talked about events to come. Many things he said also did not become clear until God had left His Pneuma come over them.

The apostles did know that the Hebrew Scriptures explained everything that they had to know, but they were pleased that their rabboni took all the time to explain the things which were not yet so clear for them or where there was much dispute between them and the Pharisees.

For many people it was and it still is

 “seeing is believing”

and they had seen incredible things, which they also did not always understand how these things could happen. Their master assured them he could not do those things without his heavenly Father, Who is much greater than him and all other gods.

“Therefore, Jesus answered them: “I tell you this truth: The Son is unable to do anything from himself unless he sees something the Father is doing. For whatever that One may do, it is possible the Son also may do likewise.” (Joh 5:19 mhm)

“You apostles heard that I said to you, ‘I am departing and I am returning to you apostles.’ If you loved me you would certainly rejoice, because I am going toward the Father, because the Father is greater than me.” (Joh 14:28 mhm)

Several times they had seen that Jesus had done miracle works, and each time Jesus had told the people to whom he had done it, not to thank him but to thank God. In modern times this should have those who think Jesus is God already wonder why Jesus said not to thank him but God. Also, Jesus his mentioning that God is greater than him should raise questions about the possibility that Jesus would be God.

The one in whom they had put so much hope now had died and by his death, all their expectations seemed to have crashed. (Again for those who think that Jesus is God, should wonder if He then faked His death and for what cause, because God cannot die but Jesus did.) Mary, the mother of Jesus and Mary Magdalene were witnesses of that horrible death of Christ. They were close to the stake on which Jesus was nailed like a criminal.

All the time they had seen Jesus humble and presenting himself as a servant of God, saying he was not here to be served, but also telling them he was been authorised by God.

“Just as the Son of Humankind came not to be served but to serve and to sacrifice his soul as a ransom in the place of many.”” (Mt 20:28 mhm)

God cannot be seen, but this Son of Humankind was seen by lots of people, to whom he told he was coming to declare his heavenly Father the Only One True God, the God of Israel Who is One. With his death, there came an end for all those people to see this great storyteller. All were assured it was finished now with this man. But that is without counting on God and without believing in the prophecies which tell a totally different story.

Naturally, the Romans were afraid that Jesus body would disappear and that the followers of that Nazarene would then tell he rose from the dead. Pilate had agreed that Jesus could be buried but listened also to the Pharisees who were afraid something could happen with that killed man. On the day after the preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, and said that they remembered that when that preacher was still alive ‘that deceiver’ had said that after three days he would rise again.  Therefore, they hoped that Pilate would give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, lest the disciples come and steal him away and say to the people that their master has risen from the dead. As such the last deception will be worse than the first. For that reason, Pilate ordered to have guards making sure nobody could or would temper with that son of man.
Pilate ordered the grave to make it as secure as those guards know how and set a seal on the stone which was very heavy and blocked the entrance to the tomb.

“62 On the next day–after Preparation–the religious hierarchy and Pharisees assembled together before Pilate, 63 saying, “Lord, we remember that plotter said when he was alive, ‘After three days I will be raised up.’ 64 So, command that the grave be secured until the third day so none of his disciples can come and steal his body and then claim to the people, ‘Jesus was raised up from the dead.’ Then the final plot will be worse than the first.” 65 Pilate said to them: “You have a custodial guard. Go and make the security as you know how.” 66 These went their way and secured the grave, sealing the stone with the custodial guards.” (Mt 27:62-66 mhm)

The women who came to the grave were very surprised and could not think what would have happened to their master. Their mentioning to have found an empty tomb spread very quickly. This also because some of the guards came into the city and reported to the chief priests all that had happened. And when they had assembled with the elders and counselled together, the religious hierarchy gave a large sum of money to the soldiers, for them to tell the people that the Nazarene his disciples came by night and stole him away while they were asleep. From Matthew’s storyline, we hear that the Pharisees were also willing to protect the guards in case the governor would want to punish them for not being on guard. The guards did not mind the money and did as they had been instructed. This way this story was widely spread among the Jews, as it will be to the day Matthew wrote his book.

“11  While the women were on their way, look! some of the custodial guards entered the city of Jerusalem and reported back to the religious hierarchy everything that had happened. 12 Now in a conference with the Jewish elders they took counsel. They agreed to give plenty of money to the soldiers, 13 telling them, “Say that his disciples came in the night and stole his body while you were sleeping. 14 And if this ever reaches the governor we will convince him and you need not fear.” 15 Those soldiers took the silver money and did as they were told. And just so the rumor spread around among the Jews down to this very day.” (Mt 28:11-15 mhm)

Matthew, in his gospel book, had looked at the family tree of their master and had given a review of all those happenings which should get us to think about the role of that man about whom was spoken already much in the ancient Hebrew writings. Matthew gave a picture from John’s preaching and baptism of Jesus. He also showed how Jesus was tested and how a higher position was offered to him, which he refused, because it is only given to God to give such positions. Often Jesus was surrounded by crowds, who could hear him tell lots of stories. He gave them sermons that should make them think about how to treat others as well as how to relate to God. For Matthew, it had become clear that the true treasures were to be sought in heaven. Therefore, he wrote down how Jesus advised seeking the Kingdom, but also how he warned to be careful and to be aware of the difficulties to go through the narrow gate.

All those things Matthew wrote down so that people could come to see that their master was the one spoken about in the Garden of Eden. (Later on, Jesus good friend John would go deeper into that in his gospel.) Matthew by those few years had come to see and understand that Jesus was that promised man coming from the root of King David.

In his gospel he not only shows how the 12 apostles were called but also how they got ministerial instructions. Following those instructions not to fear but to go out in the light and to preach from the housetops, the writing of his gospel was part of that preaching work, making sure people could come to know the full story.

“26 So, you should not fear them. For there is nothing concealed which will not be revealed, and nothing hidden which will not become known.27 What I tell you in the dark, tell in the light; and, what your ear hears, preach on the housetops.28 Do not fear those who kill the body but are unable to kill the soul. Rather, continue to fear the One capable of destroying both soul and body in Gehenna. (Mt 10:26-28 mhm)

“16  Now the eleven disciples traveled to Galilee to the mountain where Jesus had arranged to meet them. 17 When they saw Jesus they bowed to the ground before him but some doubted. 18 Upon approaching Jesus he said to them, “All authority in heaven and upon earth was given to me.19 Therefore, go your ways and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing persons in the name of the Father, the Son and the holy Pneuma.20 Teach them to observe everything I commanded you. And, look! I am with you apostles until the consummation of the Age.” (Mt 28:16-20 mhm)

There was now enough to teach about and for. Now all stories Jesus had told them seemed to fit and all the references to the scrolls made sense.

With the last chapter of his gospel Matthew comes to present the “bomb”, the full reason why it is so important to believe in his master. With everything Jesus had said, people should be able to come to see the things to God and to understand how Jesus Christ fits in the Plan of God. Woe to the scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites who can be found in every period of time.

“27 “WOE to you hypocritical Scribes and Pharisees because you are like whitewashed graves which outside seem to appear beautiful but within are full of the bones of the dead every uncleanness!28 Just so you also give the appearance to others of righteousness but inside you are filled with hypocrisy and lawlessness!29 “WOE to you hypocritical Scribes and Pharisees because you build the graves of the prophets and decorate the memoriums of the righteous.30 You also claim, ‘If we had lived in the days of our forefathers we would never have been guilty of the blood-letting of the prophets.’31 So you provide evidence against yourself that your are sons of those who murdered the prophets.32 Now, live up to the example your forefathers!33 “Serpents, born of vipers, how will you escape the judgment of Gehenna? 34  Because of this, look! I am sending to you prophets, wise persons, and scribes. You will kill some of them, others you will impale, and still others you will scourge in your synagogues. You will persecute from city to city.35 As a result there will come upon you all the righteous blood poured out on earth–from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah (son of Barachiah) whom your murdered between the Divine Habitat and the altar.36 I tell you this truth: all this will come upon this generation! (Mt 23:27-36 mhm)

The prophet Jesus was impaled, but now the good news could come to mankind. Jesus had an open heart for all and gave himself as a ransom, so that all people could come under the grace of salvation. The price Jesus paid made it able to become free.

Through Christ’s death people now could bcome adopted as a child of God

What the ladies came to see was something the whole world had to hear. All over should the cries be heard:

Jesus is risen

At that time, just after the burial of their master they did not yet understand the impact of this all.

“10 Now these included Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James and also the others with them. They told the apostles everything, 11 but all their words seemed like a lot of foolishness to them and so they did not believe them. 12 [[However Peter rose and ran to the memorial tomb. He bent forward and saw only the linen wrappings. Then he left wondering what had happened.]]” (Lu 24:10-12 mhm)

Event after the event made the good news spread and they come to believe that the impossible had become possible.

“33 That very hour they got up and returned to Jerusalem and found the eleven apostles assembled together with other disciples. 34 They told them, “The Master has truly risen and he has appeared to Simon!” 35 And so they began to explain everything that happened while on the road and how Jesus had revealed himself to them by the breaking of the bread.” (Lu 24:33-35 mhm)

Having seen that Jesus came back from the dead, was now evidence that everything he had told was a word of truth, given by instruction and inspiration of God. For Matthew and the other disciples of Christ it had become clear that they had to do with the Prophetic truth, Jesus being in line with king David, being the sent one from and anointed one of God, or the Christ.

We too should come to see who Jesus really was and is; and why we should honour him for what he has done. We also should come to see and understand how this rising of Christ is an example of what can happen to us. Jesus is the first one of the new world or the first for the newborn generation. With him, we can find hope in a renewed world and a restored paradise. With Matthew’s account, we should have a full picture of the 2° Adam. The 28th chapter being the culmination or the climax to which all the previous chapters and also several Old Testament books point at.

Now we come to learn that it is possible that a man can step out of death. In case Jesus would be God, then naturally we still would not have any proof of such thing. But here it is given to us, even while the Romans did everything to have people believe that what believers said happened to be false. But in such case they would not be willing to risk their life. They were sure that something magical happened and were prepared to die for telling the truth. The Nazarene had told he was the resurrection and the life and that those who would believe in him were going to live, even though when they died.

“25 Jesus said to Martha: “I am the Resurrection and the Life. The person who continues to believe in me, though dying, will live.26 Also, everyone living who continues to believe in me, will never die throughout all future periods of time. Do you believe this?” (Joh 11:25-26 mhm)

The fact that it were first women who discovered the empty grave is in a way also interesting, because for Jews women had low status and legally didn’t qualify to be witnesses. But here Matthew notates them to have been the first witnesses. If the disciples were manufacturing or embellishing this story, undoubtedly they would not given those women the honour and would have claimed that men had discovered the empty tomb, because their testimony would have been considered much more credible. Recording the then-embarrassing fact that women first saw the tomb empty is just one more indication that the biblical writers were committed to accurately recording what had actually happened.

Historically it was clear for everybody that somehow the guarded grave had become empty. The Romans and the higher hierarchy with the Pharisees wanted Jesus death but not heaving him disappeared. The Jewish leaders wouldn’t have taken the body because this would give their Jewish brethren who followed Jesus reason to say he was risen out of the dead. A lot of people wanted the Nazarene Jew Jeshua (Jesus) to stay dead. For them, instead of stealing or doing a way with the body it would have been even nicer to parade through the streets with Jesus’ corps. Parading with Jesus’ lifeless body down the main streets of Jerusalem would have instantly killed the growing Jewish movement of Nazoreers (or Jewish sect The Way).

For the apostles, that body of their master having disappeared would be a disaster. It would give them nothing in their hands to prove that Jesus was who he said and that could happen all the things he had said would happen.
We may be sure, in case they had taken away the body, they would have told so under torture, because keeping such a lie and to die for such a charade would be asked too much.

A deliberate cover-up, a plot to perpetrate a lie about the raising of Christ, could not have survived the violent persecution of the apostles and their followers. In later years we also could find hundreds of people who were cast to the lions and got to fight for their life, whilst they could be free when they denied the story of the resurrection of their lord.

Throughout the years following this event told in the last chapter of Matthew, thousands of people refused to renounce the lordship of Christ.

Peter and John also had come to the grave and had checked it out for themselves. They too saw it was empty. But they, with others, came to see their master again. Over a period of forty days this man who had been impaled appeared alive a dozen different times to more than 500 individuals  —  to men and women, to believers and doubters, to tough-minded people and tenderhearted souls, to groups, to individuals, sometimes indoors and sometimes outdoors in broad daylight.

Doctor Luke would later write down what happened further with their master and with them who now came to believe even stronger than they did before. But until today the gospel of Matthew is the opening book of a new era, the Messianic Time, by which he showed that Jesus is really that promised son of God, who did all the time the Will of God, to be His humble servant and faithful slave.

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Preceding

Matthew 20:24-28 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Authority Not the Way – Serve Others

Matthew 27 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Final Hours: Trial, Execution and Burial – #9 Matthew 27:45-50 – Jesus Expires During a Darkness

Death of Christ and Silent or Black Saturday #1 Abandonment and burial

Death of Christ and Silent or Black Saturday #3 A sincere man or an imposter

Matthew 28 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Risen Christ appears #1 Matthew 28:1 – Two Marys Visit the Grave

Matthew 28 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Risen Christ appears #2 Matthew 28:2-4 – An Angel Rolled Away the Stone

Matthew 28 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Risen Christ appears #3 Matthew 28:5-7 – “Jesus Was Raised Up!”

Matthew 28 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Risen Christ appears #4 Matthew 28:8-10 – The Two Marys Met by the Risen Christ

Matthew 28 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Risen Christ appears #5 Matthew 28:11-15 – The False Report the Body Was Stolen

Matthew 28 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Risen Christ appears #6 Matthew 28:16-19 – The King’s Commission

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Further reading

  1. When you believe Jesus is God, do you think he died?
  2. Jesus the “God-Man”: Really?
  3. The saviour Jesus his human side
  4. The son of man given authority by God
  5. Servant of his Father
  6. The night before Jesus his execution
  7. Lost senses or a clear focus on the one at the stake
  8. Looking for a primary cause and a goal that can not offer philosophers existing beliefs
  9. Redemption #4 The Passover Lamb
  10. A Messiah to die
  11. Celebrations pointing to events of ultimate meaning
  12. A perfect life, obedient death, and glorious resurrection
  13. Why Did Christ Die on the stake
  14. Through Christ’s death you can be adopted as a child of God
  15. Death and Resurrection of Christ
  16. Why think that (3) … Jesus rose from the dead
  17. Jesus is risen
  18. Today’s Thought “God’s servant will succeed! He will be raised up, exalted, highly honoured!” (Weekend of 2020 June 27-28)
  19. The resurrected Lord
  20. Proof of the resurrection of Christ
  21. Do you purpose that your mouth will not transgress
  22. Eostre, Easter, White god, chocolate eggs, Easter bunnies and metaphorical resurrection
  23. Let me keep to “first importance” things
  24. A Living Faith #8 Change

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Additional relevant articles

  1. Crucifixion, Burial and Resurrection of Jesus
  2. The Empty Tomb of Jesus by Lee Strobel
  3. Contemporary Scholarship and the Historical Evidence for the Resurrection of Jesus Christ by William Lane Craig
  4. What are the arguments for the historicity of the empty tomb?
  5. The Resurrection Argument That Changed a Generation of Scholars – Gary Habermas at UCSB – YouTube
  6. The Historical Evidence for the Resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth That Even Non-Christian Scholars Believe
  7. Risen
  8. A Case for the Resurrection of Jesus (Pint 1)
  9. A Case for the Resurrection of Jesus (Pint 2)
  10. A Case for the Resurrection (Pint 3): Scourging
  11. The Doctrine of the Literal Physical Resurrection by Martyn Lloyd Jones
  12. Did Jesus Christ Rise from the Dead by Ravi Zacharias?
  13. Was Jesus’ resurrection a hoax and His death a sham by Lee Strobel?
  14. What are the Circumstantial Evidence FOR the Resurrection by Lee Strobel?
  15. Evidence FOR the Resurrection of Jesus Christ by Lee Strobel
  16. The Evidence for the Resurrection by Sir Norman Anderson
  17. Thoughts on the Resurrection
  18. No Resurrection No Christianity by John Young with David Wilkinson
  19. Did Jesus appear bodily after His death?
  20. Words for the Way VI: Pastoral notes for locked down times -The Road the Emmaus Recognising Christ

Matthew 16:13-20 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Building a Hades-Proof Congregation

Matthew 16:13-20 – Building a Hades-Proof Congregation

|| Mark 8:27-30; Luke 9:18-21

MT16:13 Upon arriving in the area of Caesarea Philippi[1] Jesus asked his disciples, “Whom do people say[2] the Son of Humankind is?” MT16:14 The disciples answered, “Some: John the Baptist;[3] others: Elijah;[4] still others: Jeremiah[5] or one of the prophets.” MT16:15 Jesus asked them, “But, you [disciples], who do you think me to be?”[6] MT16:16 Simon Peter responded, “You are the Messiah,[7] the Son of The Living God!”[8] MT16:17 Jesus replied to Peter: “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-jonah,[9] because flesh and blood did not reveal this to you,[10] rather it was my heavenly Father. MT16:18 And so I tell you: You are Peter[11] and upon this rock[12] I will build my Church[13] and the gates of Hades[14] will never triumph[15] over it! MT16:19 I will give you[16] [Peter] the keys of the Realm[17] of Heaven. What ever you [Peter] bind on earth[18] will be bound[19] in heaven, and whatever you release[20] upon earth will be released in heaven.” MT16:20 Then Jesus gave the disciples a rebuke[21] so that they would tell no one that he was the Messiah.[22]

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[1] Caesarea Philippi: After 70 AD, General Titus held gladiatorial shows here. He used captured Jews as victims [The Jewish War, VII, 23, 24 (ii, 1)]. The name was changed (after 70 AD) to its older name Paneas. In Arabic this became Banyas. The use of Caesar Philippi would argue the Gospel of Matthew would have had to be written before 70 AD. See the book The Jesus Papyrus. Josephus describes a deep cave filled with still water that is the spring source of the Jordan river. It was turned into royal gardens.

[2] Whom do people say: What is the talk or gossip among the crowds? The time has approached for Jesus to begin to declare himself more clearly to his disciples.

[3] John the Baptist: Compare Matthew 14:2 and Luke 9:7. Herod thought John so great he may well return from the dead.

[4] Elijah: Jesus is to explain this later. Compare Malachi 4:5.

[5] Jeremiah: Some Jews thought Jeremiah had taken the Ark of the Covenant and hid it on Mount Nebo. Tradition had it before Messiah appeared Jeremiah would return with the Ark (See 2 Maccabees 2:1-12; 2 Esdras 2:18).

[6] Who do you think me to be: After more than a year or two of association with Jesus he asks for their opinion as to his identity. Peter speaks for the apostles.

[7] You are the Messiah: Or, the Christ, that is, The Christened (Anointed) One. Likely the original in Hebrew would have been Ma·shi’ach. This designation is drawn from Psalm 2:1, Isaiah 61:1, and Daniel 9:26.

[8] The Son of The Living God: Nowhere does Peter suspect that Jesus was God Himself. Everywhere he is the “Son of The God” – the same conclusion reached by John 20:31. Peter writes later about a further confirmation of the Sonship of Christ (2 Peter 1:17). The idea of God’s Son is drawn largely from Psalm 2:6, 7 and Psalm 89:26 (Compare 2 Samuel 7:14).

[9] Simon Bar-jonah: Or, Son of Jonah. The “Bar” in place of “Ben” hints to an Aramaic original. Peter’s full name in Aramaic. “Simon” is related to the Hebrew root “hear” or “listen.”

[10] Reveal this to you: The Greek for “reveal” is APECALYPSEN. This could have been revealed to Peter by understanding, for example, Psalm 2:1, 7 (a text he later quotes in Acts 4:24f) where the Christ is also the Son of God. Additionally, he had been eyewitness to the miracles of Jesus.

[11] You are Peter: The Greek is the masculine “Rock.” Or, NEB: Peter, the Rock; TCNT: Peter, a rock.

[12] This rock: Or, TCNT: Your name is Peter, a rock, and upon this Rock I will build my Church; WMS: your name from now on is to be Peter, Rock, and on a massive rock like this I will build my Church; MON: you are Petros (a rock), and on this petra (rock) I will build my church. The Greek has PETRA here, the feminine of Petros. Some view this as Peter (Barclay), other’s Christ (Augustine). The Catholic view is that the Church would be built upon the rock Peter. Some Protestants make much of the masculine and feminine differences of the two words (PETROS, PETRA). However, the context seems directed at Peter in these verses; and, the facts in Acts indicate Peter’s prominence in presenting the Evangel to first the Jews, then the Samaritans, and, finally, the Non-Jews (Galatians 2:7).

[13] I will build my Church: The Greek ECCLESIA is recognizable throughout Europe as the word for a “church.” Some render it “congregation” or “assembly.” The word means EK(=out)KALEO(=call). The old Scottish word “church” is from KIRK an Anglicization of the Greek KYRIOS (Lord).

[14] The gates of Hades: Research the word HADES for details. Or, KJV: hell; GDSP: powers of death; LAM: doors of Sheol. Compare 1 Corinthians 15:50-55.

[15] Never triumph: Or, KJV: no prevail; GDSP: not subdue; WMS: never overthrow; WEY: no triumph over.

[16] I will give you: The Greek “you” is singular and refers to Peter. Note the immediate context is the rock upon which Jesus will build his Church.

[17] The keys of the Realm: Not the keys of heaven as in the mistaken traditional picture. Rather, it refers to the door into the Church, or the realm of profession. Some take these keys as three in number and reference their use in Acts chapters 2, 8, and 10 – the Jews, Samaritans, and Non-Jews as the first members of the church or kingdom of Christ (Colossians 1:13).

[18] What ever you [Peter] bind on earth: An example of this is seen in the cases of the lying materialists Ananias and Sapphira (Acts chapter 5).

[19] Bound: Or, KJV: bind; RIEU: forbid; MOF: prohibit.

[20] Release: Or, KJV: loose; RIEU: allow; MOF: permit; TCNT: allow. Compare John 20:23 and Matthew 18:18.

[21] A rebuke: Or, KJV: strictly charged; KNX: strictly forbade; BECK: warned; NEB: strict orders. It is not a mere suggestion. Another rebuke, even more stern, is about to happen.

[22] Tell no one that he was the Messiah: Though the disciples understand the fundamental truth that Jesus is the Messiah and the Son of God they still do not comprehend other prophetic truths which will now be explained. The Nazarene wanted people to arrive at their own conclusions without a public proclamation. The disciples were not yet ready to explain all that being the Messiah meant as the account goes on to demonstrate in Peter’s case. Jesus gives this warning several times (Matthew 8:4; Mark 7:36; 8:30; 9:9; Luke 5:14; 8:56; 9:21)..

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Preceding

Matthew 16 Asking for signs from heaven

Matthew 16 Calvin’s view

Matthew 16 Spurgeon’s view

Matthew 16:1-4 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Signs of the Times

Matthew 16:5-12 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Watch Out for the Leaven of False Teaching

Matthew 2:16-18 – Slaughter of the Innocents

Matthew 13:44 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Parable of the Treasure

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Additional reading

  1. A rich history of ancient and Biblical Jordan to explore
  2. Self inflicted misery #4 To whom to listen
  3. Self inflicted misery #5 A prophet without a hedge around him
  4. Jesus begotten Son of God #3 Messiah or Anointed one
  5. Jesus begotten Son of God #16 Prophet to be heard
  6. The saviour Jesus his human side
  7. Marriage of Jesus 8 Wife of Yahweh
  8. Memorizing wonderfully 31 Son of David and God’s Kingdom
  9. Servant of his Father
  10. Anointing of Christ as Prophetic Rehearsal of the Burial rites
  11. United people under Christ
  12. Congregate, to gather, to meet
  13. Congregation – Congregatie
  14. Meeting – Vergadering
  15. Democratic principles for the church of today
  16. Intentions of an Ecclesia

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Related

  1. A sheep or not a sheep?
  2. Do You love Me?
  3. Ministry of Congregating
  4. All you, people
  5. In the Congregation
  6. Church?
  7. Bearing Witness
  8. DNA in a Congregation
  9. The Beauty of “The Church”
  10. Counting the cost: Mark 14
  11. Study | Church Beginnings
  12. 1A. Called To Be a Disciple
  13. 3. Confessed Jesus To Be the Christ
  14. Fact vs Fiction: Who was the Apostle Peter?
  15. Simon Called Peter
  16. Jesus Commissions Peter
  17. Peter the First Pope?
  18. Simon Peter and Pope Peter the same?
  19. The ‘Simon Peter’ Paradox
  20. Simon Peter is Cool
  21. 1B. Appointed To Be an Apostle
  22. Michael Kok: Hinderance to Petrine Authorship of 1 Peter
  23. The Calling and Ministry of Peter – A Night of Worship/Illustrated Sermon
  24. Study | Experiencing Glory

Matthew 16 Asking for signs from heaven

Already in the previous chapters we could see how the Pharisees where interested in bringing Jesus into a bad light. We find that they again want to trick him. For the second time they wanted to test him by asking to show them a miracle [sign] from God [heaven; possibly a sign in the sky, but more likely a Jewish way of saying “from God”] (see also Mt 12:38-45 + Mt 22:23 + Mr 12:18 & Lu 20:27).

Human beings for ages made use of signs in heavens to know what weather would arise the next day. Therefore Jesus having come at Magadan, somewhere on the western side of the lake, answered them:

“·At sunset [In the evening] you say we will have good weather, because the sky is red. And in the morning you say that it will be ·a rainy day [stormy; bad weather], because the sky is red and ·dark [threatening; overcast]. You see ·these signs in [the appearance of] the sky and know ·what they mean [how to interpret them]. ·In the same way [or However; On the other hand], you ·see the things that I am doing now, but you don’t know their meaning [cannot interpret the signs of the times]. ·Evil and sinful people [An evil/wicked and adulterous generation] ·ask for [seek; demand] a miracle as a sign, but they will not be given any sign, except the sign of Jonah [see 12:40; Jon. 1:17].”

Then Jesus left them and went away and warned his apostles to be careful for the dangerous permeating power of the influence of the Pharisees and the Sadducees.

Only a few weeks before, and not more than a few miles away, Jesus had severely censured the Pharisees as hypocrites and violators of God’s word {#Mt 15:6,7} and had spoken of them as blind guides of the people, unworthy of notice. Yet the dissembled hostility here indicated was not first awakened by that censure, for they had already accused him of being in league with Beelzebub. {#Mt 12:24}

Pharisees and Sadducees were groups in Jewish religious and political life absolutely opposed to each other, but they are frequently mentioned together in the Gospel, {# Mt 3:7 16:1,6,11,12 22:34 } united in their opposition to Jesus. {cf. # Joh 7:32 }

The Scribes and Pharisees had asked a sign from him in #Mt 12:38, and were refused. Now the Pharisees and Sadducees make a similar demand specifically for a ‘sign from heaven’ (so also #Mr 8:11), and get {#Mt 16:4 } exactly the same refusal as before. {#Mt 12:39 } They might be thinking of such signs as when Moses gave bread from heaven, {#Ps 78:23 ff.; #Joh 6:30 f. } Joshua made the sun and moon stand still, Samuel brought thunder and rain in time of harvest, Elijah repeatedly called down fire from heaven, and at Isaiah’ s word the shadow went back on the dial; comp. #Joe 2:30 ff. Origen conjectures that they regarded signs on earth as wrought in Beelzebul. {#Mt 12:24 } Probably some Jews really expected celestial signs of Messiah’s approach; but the present request was made from bad motives. Jesus promised “great signs from heaven” in connection with his second coming, {#Mt 24:29 f.; #Lu 21:11,25; comp. #Re 15:1 } and predicted that the false Christs would show great signs. {#Mt 24:24 }

Jesus later also would warn for those who

shut the kingdom of heaven in people’s faces.

and for those who

tithe mint and dill and cumin, and have neglected the weightier matters of the law: justice and mercy and faithfulness. {Matthew 23:13-36}

Also today there are people who have false images of the Kingdom of God or who present false images of the Kingdom or how people would or would not be able to reach heaven. Also to day there are ‘preachers‘ or ‘clergy‘ who claim to be speakers of God, but talk about a totally different god than Jesus had and also have their teachings full of heathen and philosophical thoughts.

For those who believe the sayings of those priests and pastors Jesus in this chapter let an answer come to us, which we should take at heart. When Jesus came to the area of Caesarea Philippi [25 miles north of Lake of Galilee near Mount Hermon], he asked his followers [disciples],

“Who do people say the Son of Man is?”

First of all in his question we hear Jesus already giving an indication he is a son of man. At the time of Jesus many had heard about him and some had seen him at work, but where not quite sure who he really was. Some said Jeshua (Jesus) was John the Baptist whilst others said he was the returned Elijah, who they expected in the end times [Mal. 4:5], and still others said he was Jeremiah or one of the prophets [Deut. 18:15]. {Matthew 16:13-14}

We find Simon Peter giving the reply which should also be on our lips, namely that Jesus is

the Christ [Messiah], the Son of the living God. {Matthew 16:16}

Jesus called Simon son of Jonah blessed, because no person had taught him that. Flesh and blood did not reveal this to him but we learn that it was the heavenly Father Who showed him or revealed who Jesus is. Once again in the Word of God it is made clear that Jesus is not God. But the time seemed not yet ready to have many to know that he is also the Christ or anointed from God [Messiah].

Soon it was all going to change, because from that time on Jesus began telling [showing; making it clear to] his followers [disciples] that he had to go to Jerusalem, where the Jewish elders, the leading priests, and the teachers of the law [scribes] would make him suffer many things [greatly]. He then also told them he must be killed and then be raised from the dead on the third day. But Jeshua (Jesus the Christ) also gives some hope, because he tells them

The Son of Man will come again with his Father’s glory and with his angels. At that time, he will ·reward [repay; give back; judge] them for what they have done [Ps. 62:12; Prov. 24:12]. {Matthew 16:27}

Jesus promises that he tells them the truth, and warns

some people standing here will not die [L taste death] before they see the Son of Man [Dan. 7:13–14] coming with his kingdom.” [This may refer to the Transfiguration which follows (17:1–8), Jesus’ resurrection, or the destruction of Jerusalem in ad 70.] {Matthew 16:28}

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Preceding

Matthew 15 An argument with the Scribes – Teachers and traditions

Matthew 15 Calvin’s view

Matthew 15 Spurgeon’s view

Matthew 12:38-42 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Signs in Jonah and the Queen of the South

Matthew 13:24-30 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Parable of the Field and the Harvest

Matthew 15:1-20 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Tradition and the Heart

Matthew 15:32-39 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: 4000 Fed

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Additional reading

  1. Was Jesus Religious
  2. Looking for a shepherd for the sheep and goats

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Related

  1. Jesus warns some pharisees
  2. Live and let live – how could hat work?
  3. “Unless your righteousness exceeds that of the religious elites, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven.” ~Jesus
  4. God’s True Feelings About False Religion.

Nazarene Commentary Matthew 4:18-22 – The Calling of the First Disciples

Matthew 4:18-22 – The Calling of the First Disciples

|| Mark 1:16-20; Luke 5:1-11; John 1:35-42

MT4:18 Walking by the Sea of Galilee Jesus saw two brothers, Simon[1] (who is also called Peter[2]) and Andrew[3] his brother. They were fishermen and were casting their fishing-nets into the sea. MT4:19 And Jesus said to them, “Come here and follow me, and I will make you fishers of humans.” MT4:20 And these immediately dropped their nets[4] and they followed Jesus. MT4:21 And leaving there, Jesus saw two other brothers, James[5] the son of Zebedee and John[6] his brother. They were in the fishing boat with their father Zebedee repairing their nets. Jesus called them. MT4:22 At once these left the boat and their father and they followed Jesus.

[1] Simon: The first disciple called or invited. The name means “Listen” and occurs 80 times in the Christian Bible. Others are also called by this name.

English: Simon Peter and Andrew with Christ. M...

Simon Peter and Andrew with Christ. Mortier. In the Bowyer Bible in Bolton Museum, England. Print 3543. From “An Illustrated Commentary on the Gospel of Mark” by Phillip Medhurst. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

[2] Peter: The name means “Rock” and occurs 175 times (most often in the Book of Acts) in the Christian Bible. Peter is most often listed first in the list of the apostles.

[3] Andrew: The second called. The name means “Manly” and occurs 13 times in the Christian Bible.

[4] Immediately dropped their nets: It is possible these men were baptized disciples of John the Baptist. It is also possible Jesus had known these men as he had grown up in the area of Galilee. One notes how quickly they were willing to quit their trade and follow the Messiah.

[5] James: The names means “Surplanter” and equals Jacob and occurs 54 times in the Christian Bible. It is possible that James was a cousin or kinsman of Jesus of Nazareth.

[6] John: The name means “Yah Favors; God’s Gift” and occurs 140 times in the Christian Bible.

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Preceding

Nazarene Commentary Matthew 4:1-4 A Wilderness Temptation

Nazarene Commentary Matthew 4:5-7 – A Temptation to Test God

Nazarene Commentary Matthew 4:8-11 – A Temptation to Gain World Rule

Nazarene Commentary Matthew 4:12-17 – Galilee Saw A Great Light

Jehovah God Maker of the entire universe served by a well-trained army

Next:

Nazarene Commentary Matthew 4:23-25 – Kingdom Preaching and Healing Draws Crowds

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Additional reading

  1. Counterfeit Gospels
  2. Truth, doubt or blindness
  3. Good Morning January 25 We are theologians
  4. The Pastor Theologian
  5. Perishable non theologians daring to go out to preach
  6. A call easy to understand

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Further reading

  1. Man’s true destiny
  2. God’s Plumb Line
  3. Surrender
  4. Having Faith in God 
  5. Scripture at Sunrise 2.7.2017
  6. God’s Faithful Are Forever Blessed
  7. Only Jesus Will Give You Eternal Life
  8. Choose good over evil – February 01, 2017
  9. What is your goal in publishing Christian Pharisees?
  10. Our God is a Holy God
  11. Two Selves: One Cannot Be Improved, the Other is Perfect in Christ (Part 1)
  12. “Repent and Believe in the Good News”
  13. Repent While You Can
  14. Guilt — Why won’t it go away?
  15. Jesus sends you out for your sake
  16. Living in the Light
  17. Why A Christian Should Not Say “This” To A Non-Christian – Part II
  18. Do You Really Love Jesus?
  19. Stones Into Bread
  20. 3rd Sunday After Epiphany, January 22, 2017
  21. Third Sunday of Epiphany 2017 – Matthew 4:21-22
  22. 40 days
  23. 40 days and 40 nights
  24. Jesus Keeps Walking, God Keeps Moving
  25. Light to the Nations?
  26. Follow
  27. Follow Me
  28. Invited To Follow
  29. Immediate
  30. Repentance – Sermon on Matthew 4:12-23
  31. Jesus calls his first disciples
  32. Answering the Call (Mt 4:12-23)
  33. Called Together
  34. What Does ‘Fish for Men’ Mean?
  35. Are You Really Following?
  36. Faith & Fisherman
  37. Shout for joy, all you whose hearts are pure!

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Nach der Sabbat nach dem Passahfest, die Auferstehung von Jesus Christus

File:Alexandr Ivanov 015.jpg

Transformation – 1824, Alexander Andreyevich Ivanov (1806–1858)

 

 

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“1  Am nächsten Abend, als der Sabbat vorüber war, kauften Maria aus Magdala, Salome und Maria, die Mutter von Jakobus, wohlriechende Öle, um zum Grab zu gehen und den Leichnam von Jesus zu salben. 2 Sehr früh am Sonntagmorgen machten sie sich auf den Weg zum Grab. Die Sonne war gerade aufgegangen, als sie dort ankamen. 3 Unterwegs hatten sie sich noch gefragt: “Wer wird uns den Stein vom Eingang des Grabes wegwälzen?”” (Markus 16:1-3 NeUe)

“Früh, am ersten Wochentag, als es noch dunkel war, ging Maria aus Magdala zum Grab. Sie sah, dass der Stein, der den Eingang zur Grabhöhle verschloss, weggerollt war.” (Johannes 20:1 NeUe)

“Wenn der Statthalter davon erfährt, werden wir mit ihm reden und ihn beschwichtigen, sodass ihr nichts zu befürchten habt.”” (Matthäus 28:14 NeUe)

“1  Am ersten Tag der neuen Woche, ganz in der Frühe, nahmen die Frauen die wohlriechenden Öle, die sie zubereitet hatten, und gingen zur Felsengruft. 2 Da sahen sie, dass der Stein, der den Eingang verschlossen hatte, weggewälzt war. 3 So gingen sie in die Grabhöhle hinein, fanden den Leib von Jesus, ihrem Herrn, aber nicht. 4 Während sie noch ratlos dastanden, traten plötzlich zwei Männer zu ihnen, die in strahlend helle Gewänder gekleidet waren. 5 Die Frauen erschraken und blickten zu Boden. Doch die beiden Männer sagten zu ihnen: “Was sucht ihr den Lebendigen bei den Toten? 6 Er ist nicht hier, er ist auferstanden. Erinnert ihr euch nicht an das, was er euch in Galiläa sagte, 7 dass der Menschensohn in die Hände sündiger Menschen ausgeliefert und gekreuzigt werden muss, und dass er am dritten Tag auferstehen würde?” 8 Da erinnerten sie sich an seine Worte. 9 Sie verließen die Felsengruft und berichteten alles den elf Aposteln und den übrigen Jüngern.” (Lukas 24:1-9 NeUe)

“39 “Diese verdorbene Generation, die von Gott nichts wissen will, verlangt nach einem Zeichen!,” antwortete Jesus. “Doch es wird ihnen keins gegeben werden, nur das des Propheten Jona. 40 Denn wie Jona drei Tage und drei Nächte im Bauch des großen Fisches war, so wird der Menschensohn drei Tage und drei Nächte im Schoß der Erde sein.” (Matthäus 12:39-40 NeUe)

“23 Und diesen Mann habt ihr durch Menschen, die nichts vom Gesetz wissen, ans Kreuz nageln und töten lassen. Allerdings war es so von Gott beschlossen und vorherbestimmt. 24 Und dann hat Gott ihn aus der Macht des Todes befreit und auferweckt. Wie hätte er auch vom Tod festgehalten werden können, denn 25 schon David sagt von ihm: ‘Ich sehe den Herrn immer vor mir. Er steht mir zur Seite, damit ich nicht falle. 26 Das macht mein Herz froh und lässt mich jubelnd singen. Selbst im Grab wird mein Leib noch in Hoffnung ruhen, 27 denn du lässt mich nicht im Tod zurück, gibst deinen Frommen der Verwesung nicht preis. 28 Du hast mir den Weg zum Leben gezeigt. Vor dir zu sein, das macht mich froh.’ 29 Liebe Brüder, es sei mir gestattet ganz offen zu reden. Unser Stammvater David ist gestorben und wurde begraben. Sein Grabmal ist heute noch bei uns zu sehen. 30 Weil David nun ein Prophet war und wusste, dass Gott ihm unter Eid zugesichert hatte, einen seiner Nachkommen auf seinen Thron zu setzen, 31 hat er vorausschauend von der Auferstehung des Messias geredet. Von ihm sagte er: ‘Er wurde nicht im Tod zurückgelassen, sein Körper ist der Verwesung nicht preisgegeben worden.’ 32 Diesen Jesus hat Gott auferweckt. Wir alle sind Zeugen davon. 33 Nun hat Gott ihn auf den Platz an seiner rechten Seite erhöht. Dort hat er die vom Vater versprochene Gabe des Heiligen Geistes erhalten und ihn jetzt über uns ausgegossen – wie ihr hier sehen und hören könnt. 34 Denn David ist nicht in den Himmel aufgestiegen. Er hat ja selbst gesagt: ‘Der Herr sprach zu meinem Herrn: ‘Setz dich an meine rechte Seite, 35 bis ich dir deine Feinde zur Fußbank gemacht habe.’ 36 Ganz Israel soll nun mit Sicherheit wissen: Diesen Jesus, den ihr gekreuzigt habt, den hat Gott zum Herrn und zum Messias gemacht.”” (Apostelgescht 2:23-36 NeUe)

“3 Es ist die Botschaft von seinem Sohn, der als Mensch ein Nachkomme Davids ist 4 und sich durch die Auferstehung aus den Toten und in der Kraft des Heiligen Geistes als Sohn Gottes erwiesen hat: die Botschaft von Jesus Christus, unserem Herrn.” (Römer 1:3-4 NeUe)

“1  Ich weise euch noch einmal auf die gute Botschaft hin, die ich euch gebracht habe, liebe Geschwister. Ihr habt sie angenommen und steht darin fest. 2 Durch diese Botschaft werdet ihr gerettet, wenn ihr sie unverfälscht festhaltet und in keinem Punkt davon abweicht. Andernfalls wäret ihr vergeblich zum Glauben gekommen. 3 Ich habe euch in erster Linie das weitergegeben, was ich auch empfangen habe: Christus ist für unsere Sünden gestorben, wie es die Schriften gesagt haben. 4 Er wurde begraben und am dritten Tag auferweckt, wie es die Schriften gesagt haben. 5 Er ist dem Kephas erschienen, dann dem Kreis der Zwölf. 6 Danach erschien er mehr als 500 Brüdern auf einmal, von denen die meisten noch am Leben sind; nur einige sind entschlafen. 7 Danach erschien er dem Jakobus, dann allen Aposteln. 8 Zuallerletzt erschien er auch mir, dieser “Fehlgeburt”. 9 Denn ich bin der Geringste unter den Aposteln. Ich verdiene es gar nicht, Apostel genannt zu werden, weil ich die Gemeinde Gottes verfolgt habe.” (1 Korinther 15:1-9 NeUe)

“3 Die beiden Jünger brachen sofort auf und eilten zum Grab. 4 Sie liefen miteinander los, aber der andere Jünger war schneller als Petrus und kam zuerst an der Grabhöhle an. 5 Er beugte sich vor und sah die Leinenbinden daliegen, ging aber noch nicht hinein. 6 Als Simon Petrus ankam, ging er gleich in die Grabkammer. Er sah die Leinenbinden daliegen 7 und auch das Schweißtuch, das man dem Toten um den Kopf gebunden hatte. Es lag nicht bei dem Leinenzeug, sondern zusammengewickelt an einer anderen Stelle. 8 Jetzt ging auch der andere Jünger, der zuerst angekommen war, hinein. Er sah es sich an und glaubte. 9 Denn bis dahin hatten sie noch nicht verstanden, dass Jesus nach dem Zeugnis der Schrift von den Toten auferstehen musste.” (Johannes 20:3-9 NeUe)

“11  aber Maria stand inzwischen wieder draußen an der Grabhöhle und weinte. Weinend beugte sie sich vor, um in die Gruft hineinzusehen. 12 Auf einmal sah sie zwei weiß gekleidete Engel da sitzen, wo Jesus gelegen hatte, einer am Kopfende und der andere am Fußende. 13 “Frau, warum weinst du?,” fragten sie. Maria erwiderte: “Sie haben meinen Herrn fortgetragen und ich weiß nicht, wo sie ihn hingelegt haben.” 14 Als sie über die Schulter zurückblickte, sah sie auf einmal Jesus dastehen, erkannte ihn aber nicht. 15 Er sagte: “Frau, warum weinst du? Wen suchst du?” Sie dachte, es sei der Gärtner und sagte: “Herr, wenn du ihn fortgenommen hast, sag mir bitte, wo er jetzt liegt. Dann gehe ich und werde ihn holen.” 16 “Maria!,” sagte Jesus. Da drehte sie sich um und rief: “Rabbuni!” Das ist Hebräisch und heißt: Mein Lehrer! 17 “Lass mich los!,” sagte Jesus zu ihr. “Ich bin noch nicht zum Vater im Himmel zurückgekehrt. Geh zu meinen Brüdern und sag ihnen von mir: Ich kehre zurück zu meinem und eurem Vater, zu meinem Gott und eurem Gott.” 18 Da ging Maria aus Magdala zu den Jüngern. “Ich habe den Herrn gesehen!,” verkündete sie und richtete ihnen aus, was er ihr aufgetragen hatte.” (Johannes 20:11-18 NeUe)

“28  Denkt an das, was ich euch gesagt habe: Ich gehe weg und komme wieder zu euch. Wenn ihr mich wirklich liebt, dann werdet ihr euch für mich freuen, weil ich jetzt zum Vater gehe, denn der Vater ist größer als ich. 29 Ich habe euch das alles im Voraus gesagt damit ihr dann, wenn es geschieht, im Glauben fest bleibt. 30 Viel werde ich nicht mehr mit euch reden können, denn der Herrscher dieser Welt ist schon gegen mich unterwegs. Er wird zwar nichts an mir finden, 31 aber die Welt soll erkennen, dass ich den Vater liebe und das tue, was er mir aufgetragen hat. – Steht auf, wir wollen gehen!”” (Johannes 14:28-31 NeUe)

“25 Ich habe euch das alles in Bildern gesagt. Aber es kommt eine Zeit, in der ich nicht mehr in Rätseln zu euch rede, sondern offen über den Vater sprechen werde. 26 Dann werdet ihr ihn in meinem Namen bitten. Ich sage nicht, dass ich dann den Vater für euch bitten werde, 27 denn der Vater selbst hat euch lieb. Denn ihr liebt mich ja und glaubt, dass ich von Gott gekommen bin.
28  Ja, ich bin vom Vater aus in die Welt gekommen, und ich werde die Welt verlassen und zum Vater zurückkehren.”” (Johannes 16:25-28 NeUe)

“13 Es ist noch nie jemand in den Himmel hinaufgestiegen. Der einzige, der dort war, ist der, der aus dem Himmel herabgekommen ist, der Menschensohn. 14 Und wie Mose damals in der Wüste die Schlange für alle sichtbar aufgerichtet hat, so muss auch der Menschensohn sichtbar aufgerichtet werden, 15 damit jeder, der ihm vertraut, ewiges Leben hat.” (Johannes 3:13-15 NeUe)

“15 Ich bitte dich nicht darum, sie aus der Welt wegzunehmen, aber ich bitte dich, sie vor dem Bösen zu bewahren. 16 Sie gehören genauso wenig zur Welt wie ich.
17  Führe sie durch die Wahrheit ganz auf deine Seite! Dein Wort ist Wahrheit. 18 So wie du mich in die Welt gesandt hast, habe auch ich sie in die Welt gesandt. 19 Und für sie gebe ich mich dir hin, damit auch sie durch die Wahrheit dir hingegeben sind.” (Johannes 17:15-19 NeUe)

“19  Am Abend jenes Sonntags trafen sich die Jünger hinter verschlossenen Türen, weil sie Angst vor den Juden hatten. Plötzlich stand Jesus mitten unter ihnen und sagte: “Friede sei mit euch!” 20 Dann zeigte er ihnen seine Hände und seine Seite. Da wurden die Jünger froh, als sie den Herrn sahen. 21 “Friede sei mit euch!,” sagte er noch einmal zu ihnen. “Wie der Vater mich gesandt hat, sende ich nun euch.”” (Johannes 20:19-21 NeUe)

“1  Der Geist von Jahwe ruht auf mir, / denn Jahwe hat mich gesalbt. / Er hat mich gesandt, den Elenden gute Botschaft zu bringen / und zerbrochene Herzen zu verbinden; / den Gefangenen zu verkünden: “Ihr seid frei!” / und den Gefesselten: “Ihr seid los!”; 2 um auszurufen das Gnadenjahr Jahwes / und den Tag der Rache für unseren Gott, / um alle Trauernden zu trösten 3 und den Trauernden Zions Freude zu bringen. / Schmuck bekommen sie anstelle von Schmutz, / Freudenöl statt Trauersack, / Jubellieder statt Mutlosigkeit. / Man nennt sie “Terebinthen der Gerechtigkeit,” / eine Pflanzung Jahwes, die seine Herrlichkeit zeigt.” (Jesaja 61:1-3 NeUe)

“Ihr forscht in der Schrift, weil ihr meint, in ihr das ewige Leben zu finden, doch sie spricht ja gerade von mir.” (Johannes 5:39 NeUe)

“Einen Propheten wird Jahwe, dein Gott, aus deiner Mitte, aus deinen Brüdern, für dich erstehen lassen so wie mich. Auf ihn sollt ihr hören.” (5Mose 18:15 NeUe)

“18 Da trat Jesus auf sie zu und sagte: “Mir ist alle Macht im Himmel und auf der Erde gegeben. 19 Darum geht zu allen Völkern und macht die Menschen zu meinen Jüngern. Dabei sollt ihr sie auf den Namen des Vaters, des Sohnes und des Heiligen Geistes taufen 20 und sie belehren, alles zu befolgen, was ich euch geboten habe. Und seid gewiss: Ich bin jeden Tag bei euch, bis zum Ende der Zeit.”” (Matthäus 28:18-20 NeUe)

“1  Timotheus, mein lieber Sohn, sei stark in der Gnade, die uns in Jesus Christus gegeben ist. 2 Und die Wahrheit, die du vor vielen Zeugen von mir gehört hast, sollst du treuen und zuverlässigen Menschen anvertrauen, die fähig sind, wieder andere zu belehren.” (2 Timotheus 2:1-2 NeUe)

“Nimm die gesunden Worte, die du von mir gehört hast, als Muster für deine eigene Verkündigung, und tritt für diese Botschaft mit dem Glauben und der Liebe ein, die in Jesus Christus zu finden sind.” (2 Timotheus 1:13 NeUe)

“24 Thomas, der auch “Zwilling” genannt wurde, einer der Zwölf, war nicht dabei gewesen, als Jesus zu den Jüngern gekommen war. 25 Die anderen erzählten ihm: “Wir haben den Herrn gesehen!” Doch Thomas erwiderte: “Erst muss ich die Nagelwunden in seinen Händen sehen und mit meinen Fingern berühren und meine Hand in seine durchbohrte Seite legen. Vorher glaube ich das keinesfalls.”
26  Acht Tage später waren seine Jünger wieder beisammen. Diesmal war auch Thomas dabei. Die Türen waren verschlossen, doch plötzlich stand Jesus genau wie zuvor in ihrer Mitte und sagte: “Friede sei mit euch!” 27 Dann wandte er sich an Thomas und sagte: “Leg deinen Finger hier auf die Stelle und sieh dir meine Hände an! Gib deine Hand her und lege sie in meine Seite! Und sei nicht mehr ungläubig, sondern glaube!” 28 “Mein Herr und mein Gott!,” gab Thomas ihm da zur Antwort. 29 Jesus erwiderte: “Du glaubst, weil du mich gesehen hast. Glücklich zu nennen sind die, die mich nicht sehen und trotzdem glauben.”” (Johannes 20:24-29 NeUe)

“wir leben ja im Glauben und noch nicht im Schauen -,” (2 Korinther 5:7 NeUe)

“8 Ihn liebt ihr ja, obwohl ihr ihn noch nie gesehen habt, an ihn glaubt ihr, obgleich ihr ihn auch jetzt nicht seht, und jubelt in unsagbarer, von Herrlichkeit erfüllter Freude. 9 So werdet ihr das Ziel eures Glaubens erreichen: eure Rettung.
10  Nach dieser Rettung suchten und forschten schon die Propheten, die angekündigt haben, welches Gnadengeschenk für euch bestimmt ist. 11 Sie forschten danach, auf welche Zeit und welche Umstände der Geist von Christus, der schon in ihnen wirkte, hinwies. Er zeigte ihnen nämlich im Voraus die Leiden, die über Christus kommen und die Herrlichkeiten, die danach folgen würden. 12 Gott ließ sie erkennen, dass sie nicht sich selbst, sondern euch dienten. Euch ist das alles jetzt von denen verkündigt worden, die euch mit der guten Botschaft vertraut gemacht haben. Sie taten das in der Kraft des Heiligen Geistes, den Gott vom Himmel gesandt hat. Selbst Engel brennen darauf, Einblick in diese Dinge zu bekommen.” (1 Petrus 1:8-12 NeUe)

“Als sie über die Schulter zurückblickte, sah sie auf einmal Jesus dastehen, erkannte ihn aber nicht.” (Johannes 20:14 NeUe)

“Während sie noch erzählten, stand der Herr plötzlich selbst in ihrer Mitte. “Friede sei mit euch!,” grüßte er sie.” (Lukas 24:36 NeUe)

“43 Er nahm es und aß es vor ihren Augen auf. 44 Dann sagte er zu ihnen: “Nun ist in Erfüllung gegangen, was ich euch gesagt habe, als ich noch bei euch war: ‘Alles, was im Gesetz des Mose, in den Propheten und Psalmen über mich geschrieben steht, musste sich erfüllen.’” 45 Dann öffnete er ihnen die Augen für die Schrift und half ihnen, sie zu verstehen. 46 “So steht es geschrieben,” erklärte er ihnen, “und so musste der Messias leiden und sterben und am dritten Tag danach von den Toten auferstehen. 47 Und in seinem Namen wird man allen Völkern, angefangen in Jerusalem, predigen, dass sie zu Gott umkehren sollen, um Vergebung der Sünden empfangen zu können. 48 Ihr seid Zeugen für das alles. 49 Und seid gewiss: Was mein Vater euch versprochen hat, werde ich zu euch herabsenden. Bleibt so lange hier in der Stadt, bis ihr mit der Kraft aus der Höhe ausgerüstet worden seid.”
50  Jesus führte seine Jünger noch aus der Stadt hinaus bis in die Nähe von Betanien. Dort erhob er die Hände, um sie zu segnen. 51 Und während er sie segnete, wurde er von ihnen weggenommen und zum Himmel emporgehoben. 52 Die Jünger warfen sich vor ihm nieder. Und dann kehrten sie mit großer Freude nach Jerusalem zurück. 53 Von da an waren sie ständig im Tempel und priesen Gott.” (Lukas 24:43-53 NeUe)

“19  Nachdem der Herr mit ihnen gesprochen hatte, wurde er in den Himmel aufgenommen und setzte sich an die rechte Seite Gottes. 20 Sie aber gingen überall hin und predigten die gute Botschaft. Der Herr wirkte durch sie und bestätigte ihr Wort durch wunderbare Zeichen.” (Markus 16:19-20 NeUe)

“30 Und alle, die er dazu erwählt hat, die hat er auch berufen, und die er berufen hat, die hat er auch für gerecht erklärt, und die er für gerecht erklärt hat, denen hat er auch Anteil an seiner Herrlichkeit gegeben.
31  Was können wir jetzt noch dazu sagen? Wenn Gott für uns ist, wer könnte dann gegen uns sein? 32 Er hat nicht einmal seinen eigenen Sohn verschont, sondern ihn für uns alle ausgeliefert: Wird er uns dann noch irgendetwas vorenthalten? 33 Wer wird es wagen, diese Auserwählten Gottes anzuklagen? Gott selbst erklärt sie ja für gerecht. 34 Wer kann sie verurteilen? Jesus Christus ist doch für sie gestorben, ja noch mehr: Er ist auferweckt und sitzt an Gottes rechter Seite und tritt dort für uns ein. 35 Was kann uns da noch von Christus und seiner Liebe trennen? Bedrückung? Angst? Verfolgung? Hunger? Kälte? Lebensgefahr? Das Schwert des Henkers? 36 Es kann uns so ergehen, wie es in der Schrift heißt: “Weil wir zu dir gehören, sind wir vom Tod bedroht; man behandelt uns wie Schafe, die zum Schlachten bestimmt sind.” 37 Aber durch den, der uns geliebt hat, ist uns in all dem ein überwältigender Sieg sicher. 38 Denn ich bin überzeugt: Weder Tod noch Leben, weder Engel noch andere Mächte, weder Gegenwärtiges noch Zukünftiges, 39 weder hohe Kräfte noch tiefe Gewalten – nichts in der ganzen Schöpfung kann uns von der Liebe Gottes trennen, die uns verbürgt ist in Jesus Christus, unserem Herrn.” (Römer 8:30-39 NeUe)

*

Vorhergehend:

Jesu Tod auf Golgatha am 14 Nisan

Inhaftierung und Hinrichtung von Jesus Christus

Für den Willen dessen, der größer ist als Jesus

Diener um der Wahrheit willen Gottes

Der Gesalbte und der erste Tag des Festes der ungesäuerten Brote

Am ersten Tag für Mazza

Vergeleich:

Nederlandse versie: Na de sabbat na Pesach, de verrijzenis van Jezus Christus

Version Français: Après le sabbat après la Pesach ou Pâque, la résurrection de Jésus-Christ

English version: After the Sabbath after Passover, the resurrection of Jesus Christ

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Bucharest - Yeshua Tova - door

Bucharest – Yeshua Tova – door (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

  • Walk with Jesus: Matthew 27 He who overcame (kzlam36.wordpress.com)
    Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a clean linen shroud and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had cut in the rock. And he rolled a great stone to the entrance of the tomb and went away. Mary Magdalene and the other Mary were there, sitting opposite the tomb.
  • Good Friday or Passover? (biblethingsinbibleways.wordpress.com)
    Is Passover for the Jews and Good Friday for the Christians? Where does these days originate from? Did Yeshua(Hebrew name of Jesus) die on Good Friday? or did He die on Passover? are both these days the same? Does it even matter which day we celebrate it on, as long as we remember it?
    +
    We know that Yeshua for a fact died on the Evening of the Passover. (John 18:28, 19:14)
    .Yeshua died around the 9th Hour of the Passover day (3pm in Modern day time)
    (Mat 27:46-50, Mar 15:33-37, Luk 23:44-46)
    . Yeshua said that He will be in the Tomb for 3 days & 3 nights (Mat 12:40, 17:23, 20:19, 26:61, 27:40,63,64, Mar 8:31, 9:31, 10:34, 14:58, 15:29, Luke 9:22, 18:33, 24:7,21,46, Joh 2:19)
  • Yeshua thanks his father through prayer (rocksolidministry.wordpress.com)
    “Everything has been given to Me by My Father. No one knows the Son but the Father. No one knows the Father but the Son, and those to whom the Son wants to make the Father known.
  • Gethsemane (beautyfromchaos.wordpress.com)
    It was the evening of Passover. Yeshua had sent Shimon and Yochanan to
    prepare the meal. We had escaped the crowds that had followed us from
    Bethany after the miracle at Eleazar’s tomb, and had lined the streets
    as Yeshua rode into the city on a borrowed donkey.
  • Out of the Land of Silence (kumi07.wordpress.com)
    The accuser  seeks to destroy  through faulty thoughts or lies . He then steals  joy, peace, and contentment
    +
    Once swept clean  by the Stronger Man [see Luke 11:16-26], and filled with the Spirit of Yahweh, man’s enemies have no room in which to dwell, and leave for drier places, where the Word dwells not!
  • Not Done In A Corner (Acts 26:26) (kumi07.wordpress.com)
    Confess in your heart & believe in Yeshua as your cover or kaphar.  As “the Son” rises up in your life, He blesses you with healing, wholesomeness, & completeness.  You see, Yeshua wore the talit with tzitzit as part of His torah-observant piety.
  • Love rises (beautyfromchaos.wordpress.com)
    The path was narrow, and it was dark as I made my way down to the cave where we had buried Yeshua. I carried the embalming spices in a small bag on my back. Yeshua’s mother had told me about a night long ago, when he was just a baby and wealthy foreigners had brought him gifts, including myrrh. Someone had known even then what he was going to be, and where his nature would lead him.
    +
    I tried to take this in. Yeshua, risen from the dead. I had seen what had happened to Eleazar, but I would still have struggled to believe it without the angel standing there. Without Yeshua, the world seemed to be more mundane, to sparkle less.
  • Pass Over Now
    Now is the time to pass over from the old way to a new beginning. Now is the fullness of time where all things are united in heaven and on earth (Ephesians 1:10). Now is the time to receive all the fullness of God into your body (Eph 3:19).
  • When Was Jesus Crucified?
    Most Gentile believers, including me, have been taught that Christ was crucified on Friday, put in the tomb before sundown, and raised from the dead before sunrise on the first day of the week (Sunday).  Here’s the problem.

Jesus indicated that He would be in the tomb three days and three nights  Do the math.  It doesn’t add up.  The key is in the Sabbath.  The regular Sabbath is from sundown Friday to sundown Saturday.  But in Leviticus, you’ll find more than one Sabbath during Passover.  In fact, two”special” Sabbaths are observed in addition to the regular Sabbath.  (However, sometimes a special Sabbath falls on the regular Sabbath.)
+
I’m convinced that Christ was in the tomb three days and three nights.  To begin with, a day on the Hebrew calendar is from sundown to sundown (Genesis 1: 5), while a day on the Gregorian calendar is from midnight to midnight.  So the Last Supper/Passover meal was held after sundown (Tuesday on the Gregorian calendar; Wednesday on the Hebrew calendar.)   Jesus died on the cross at 3 p.m.  Wednesday.  He was placed in the tomb before sundown because the following day was a special Sabbath, the first day of the  Feast of Unleavened Bread.  Therefore, Christ was in the grave Thursday, Friday, and Saturday.  He arose from the dead before dawn on the first day of the week (Sunday).  (For a timeline, click on http://www.centuryone.com).

  • “Christ Is Our Passover Lamb” / The Message of the High Sabbath beginning the eve of March 25, 2013 (owprince.wordpress.com)
    Remarkably, the celebration of Easter, one of the most holy of Christian holidays, cannot be found anywhere in the Bible. In 1949 the Encyclopedia Britannica in its article on Easter stated the following regarding this day: “There is no indication of the observance of the Easter festival in the New Testament, or in the writings of the apostolic fathers.”
    +
    If you find the word Easter in your Bible, it’s actually a mistranslation that is noted in your Bible’s margin. Most recent translations of the Bible make the correction. The correct translations use the word Passover instead of Easter.

 

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