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Posts tagged ‘Tetragram’

Verkiezing van Matthias

Betrayal, Great Shelford

Het veraad door Judas. – Betrayal, Great Shelford (Photo credit: TheRevSteve)

Judas Iskariot, de zoon van Simon en de beruchte apostel die Jezus verraden heeft. De bijbel verschaft weinig rechtstreekse inlichtingen over de familie en de achtergrond van Judas. Zowel hij als zijn vader werden Iskariot genoemd (Lu 6:16; Jo 6:71). Over het algemeen wordt aangenomen dat zij — gezien deze naam — uit de Judese stad Kerioth-Hezron afkomstig waren. Als dit zo is, dan was Judas onder de twaalf apostelen de enige Judeeër, terwijl alle anderen Galileeërs waren.

Judas wordt enige tijd na het Pascha in 31 G.T., ongeveer anderhalf jaar nadat Jezus met zijn bediening was begonnen, voor het eerst in de door de evangelieverslagen verschafte opsomming van de apostelen genoemd (Mr 3:19; Lu 6:16). Men mag logischerwijs aannemen dat Judas reeds enige tijd een discipel was voordat Jezus hem tot apostel aanstelde. Veel schrijvers schetsen een volledig negatief beeld van Judas, maar kennelijk was hij een tijdlang een discipel die in de ogen van God en van Jezus gunst had gevonden; alleen al zijn verkiezing als apostel getuigt hiervan. Bovendien werd hem het beheer van de gemeenschappelijke financiën van Jezus en de twaalf toevertrouwd. Hierdoor wordt te kennen gegeven dat hij destijds betrouwbaar en bekwaam was, want ofschoon Mattheüs ervaring op het gebied van geld en cijfers had, kreeg hij die toewijzing niet (Jo 12:6; Mt 10:3). Toch werd hij in- en inverdorven, waarvoor geen enkele verontschuldiging aan te voeren is. Ongetwijfeld om die reden wordt hij in de opsomming van de apostelen als laatste genoemd en als de Judas aangeduid „die hem later verraden heeft” en „die een verrader werd”. — Mt 10:4; Lu 6:16.

– it-1 blz. 1361-1365 – Inzicht, Deel 1

English: Saint Matthias, who replaced Judas Is...

Afbeelding van de Heilige Matthias, die ter vervanging van Judas Iskariot als apostel werd verkozen (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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Markus 3:16-19:

16 Tot de [groep van] twaalf nu die hij vormde, behoorden Si̱mon, die hij tevens de bijnaam Pe̱trus gaf,+ 17 en Jako̱bus, de [zoon] van Zebede̱üs, en Joha̱nnes, de broer van Jako̱bus+ (aan hen gaf hij ook de bijnaam Boane̱rges,* hetgeen Zonen van de donder betekent), 18 en Andre̱as en Fili̱ppus en Bartholome̱üs en Matthe̱üs en Tho̱mas en Jako̱bus, de [zoon] van Alfe̱üs, en Thadde̱üs en Si̱mon de Kananeeër 19 en Ju̱das Iska̱riot, die hem later verraden heeft.+

En hij ging een huis binnen.

Lukas 6:12-16: 12 In de loop van die dagen ging hij de berg op om te bidden,+ en hij bracht de gehele nacht door in gebed tot God.+ 13 Toen het echter dag werd, riep hij zijn discipelen bij zich en koos er twaalf van hen uit, aan wie hij tevens de naam „apostelen” gaf:+ 14 Si̱mon, aan wie hij ook de naam Pe̱trus gaf,+ en zijn broer Andre̱as, en Jako̱bus en Joha̱nnes,+ en Fili̱ppus+ en Bartholome̱üs, 15 en Matthe̱üs en Tho̱mas,+ en Jako̱bus, [de zoon] van Alfe̱üs, en Si̱mon, die „de ijveraar”* wordt genoemd,+ 16 en Ju̱das, [de zoon] van Jako̱bus, en Ju̱das Iska̱riot, die een verrader werd.+

Mattheüs 10:2-4:

  2 Dit zijn de namen van de twaalf apostelen:+ Als eerste, Si̱mon, die Pe̱trus* wordt genoemd,+ en zijn broer Andre̱as;+ en Jako̱bus, de [zoon] van Zebede̱üs,+ en zijn broer Joha̱nnes; 3 Fili̱ppus en Bartholome̱üs;*+ Tho̱mas+ en Matthe̱üs*+ de belastinginner; Jako̱bus, de [zoon] van Alfe̱üs,+ en Thadde̱üs;* 4 Si̱mon de Kananeeër+ en Ju̱das Iska̱riot, die hem later verraden heeft.+

Johannes 12:6;

6 Dit zei hij echter niet omdat hij zich om de armen bekommerde, maar omdat hij een dief was+ en de geldkist had+ en gewoon was het daarin gestorte geld weg te nemen.

Handelingen van de apostelen 1: 15- 26

15 In die dagen nu stond Pe̱trus te midden van de broeders op en zei (er was een schare van ongeveer honderd twintig personen bijeen*): 16 „Mannen, broeders, het schriftwoord moest vervuld worden+ dat de heilige geest+ bij monde van Da̱vid tevoren gesproken heeft over Ju̱das,+ die een gids is geworden van hen die Jezus gevangennamen,+ 17 want hij werd tot de onzen gerekend+ en kreeg een aandeel aan deze bediening.+ 18 (Deze nu heeft met het loon voor onrechtvaardigheid+ een veld gekocht,+ en met het hoofd voorover neergestort,*+ is hij met veel geluid midden opengebarsten, en al zijn ingewanden werden uitgestort. 19 Het werd ook bekend aan alle inwoners van Jeru̱zalem, zodat dat veld in hun taal Akeldama, dat wil zeggen Bloedveld, werd genoemd.) 20 Want er staat geschreven in het boek der Psalmen: ’Zijn verblijfplaats worde woest en er zij geen bewoner in’,+ en: ’Iemand anders neme zijn ambt van opzicht.’*+ 21 Daarom is het noodzakelijk dat van de mannen die met ons samenkwamen gedurende al de tijd dat de Heer Jezus onder ons in- en uitging,*+ 22 te beginnen bij zijn doop door Joha̱nnes+ en tot de dag waarop hij van ons werd opgenomen,+ een van deze mannen met ons een getuige wordt van zijn opstanding.”+

23 Derhalve stelden zij er twee voor zich: Jo̱zef, [ook] Ba̱rsabbas geheten, die de bijnaam Ju̱stus droeg, en Matthi̱as. 24 En zij baden en zeiden: „Gij, o Jehovah,* die het hart van allen kent,+ wijs degene aan die gij van deze twee hebt uitgekozen 25 om de plaats in te nemen van deze bediening en dit apostelschap,+ waarvan Ju̱das is afgeweken om naar zijn eigen plaats te gaan.” 26 Toen wierpen zij het lot+ over hen, en het lot viel op Matthi̱as; en hij werd met de elf+ apostelen gerekend.

(Nieuwe Wereld Vertaling)

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*

 

Verzen 23-26

(Matthi̱as) [waarschijnlijk een verkorte vorm van het Hebr. Mattithjah, wat „Geschenk van Jehovah” betekent].

De discipel die door het lot werd aangewezen om Judas Iskariot als apostel te vervangen. Na Jezus’ hemelvaart vestigde Petrus er de aandacht op dat de psalmist David niet alleen Judas’ ontrouw had voorzegd (Ps 41:9), maar dat David ook geschreven had (Ps 109:8): „Iemand anders neme zijn ambt van opzicht”, en deed de ongeveer 120 bijeengekomen discipelen daarom het voorstel de opengevallen plaats door iemand anders te laten innemen. Jozef Barsabbas en Matthias werden ter verkiezing voorgedragen; na een gebed werd het lot geworpen, en Matthias werd gekozen. Aangezien dit slechts een paar dagen vóór de uitstorting van de heilige geest gebeurde, is dit het laatste in de bijbel opgetekende voorval waarbij men zich van het lot bediende om Jehovah’s beslissing in een aangelegenheid te weten te komen. — Han 1:15-26.

Volgens Petrus’ woorden (Han 1:21, 22) was Matthias gedurende de drie en een half jaar van Jezus’ bediening een volgeling van Christus geweest, was hij nauw verbonden geweest met de apostelen en behoorde hij zeer waarschijnlijk tot de zeventig discipelen of evangelisten die Jezus had uitgezonden om te prediken (Lu 10:1). Nadat hij was gekozen, werd hij door de gemeente „met de elf apostelen gerekend” (Han 1:26), en wanneer in het boek Handelingen onmiddellijk daarna sprake is van „de apostelen” of „de twaalf”, was Matthias daarbij inbegrepen. — Han 2:37, 43; 4:33, 36; 5:12, 29; 6:2, 6; 8:1, 14; 9:27; zie Paulus.

– it-2 blz. 274

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Er bestaat geen reden eraan te twijfelen dat Matthias door God zelf werd uitgekozen. Het is waar dat Paulus na zijn bekering een zeer vooraanstaande plaats innam en veel meer arbeidde dan alle andere apostelen (1Kor 15:9, 10). Niets duidt er echter op dat Paulus persoonlijk voor het apostelschap voorbestemd was, zodat God het gebed van de bijeengekomen christenen in feite niet had verhoord, de onbezette post van Judas tot de bekering van Paulus had opengelaten en zo de aanstelling van Matthias tot louter een eigenmachtig optreden van de bijeengekomen christenen maakte. Integendeel, er zijn deugdelijke bewijzen dat Matthias door God als vervanger werd aangesteld.

Met Pinksteren kregen de apostelen door de uitstorting van de heilige geest unieke krachten; zij zijn de enigen van wie wordt gezegd dat zij pasgedoopte personen de handen konden opleggen en wonderbaarlijke gaven van de geest op hen konden overdragen. (Zie Apostel [De macht om wonderen te verrichten].) Als Matthias in werkelijkheid niet Gods keus was geweest, zou iedereen hebben gemerkt dat hij dat vermogen niet bezat. Het verslag laat echter het tegendeel zien. Lukas, de schrijver van Handelingen, was tijdens bepaalde etappen van Paulus’ zendingsactiviteit zijn reisgezel en medewerker, en het boek Handelingen weerspiegelt derhalve ongetwijfeld Paulus’ eigen kijk op de zaak en stemt daarmee overeen. Dat boek zegt dat „de twaalf” de zeven mannen aanstelden die het probleem in verband met de voedselverdeling moesten oplossen. Dit was na Pinksteren in 33 G.T., maar vóór Paulus’ bekering. Matthias wordt hier derhalve erkend als een van „de twaalf”, en samen met de andere apostelen legde hij de zeven uitgekozen mannen de handen op. — Han 6:1-6.

– it-2 blz. 577-583

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Matthias was niet louter een apostel van de gemeente Jeruzalem, net zomin als de overige elf apostelen dat waren. Zijn geval ligt anders dan dat van de leviet Jozef Barnabas, die een apostel van de gemeente Antiochië (Syrië) werd (Han 13:1-4; 14:4, 14; 1Kor 9:4-6). Ook andere mannen worden „apostelen van gemeenten” genoemd in de zin dat zij als vertegenwoordigers van zulke gemeenten werden uitgezonden (2Kor 8:23). En in zijn brief aan de Filippenzen spreekt Paulus over Epafroditus als „uw afgezant [a·po′sto·lon] en persoonlijke dienaar om in mijn behoeften te voorzien” (Fil 2:25). Het is duidelijk dat deze mannen het apostelambt niet op grond van de een of andere apostolische successie bekleedden, en ook behoorden zij niet tot „de twaalf”, zoals Matthias.

– it-1 blz. 132-136

v 23: Jehovah: „Jehovah”; Hebr.: יהוה (JHWH of JHVH)

Er zijn bewijzen voor dat Jezus’ discipelen in hun geschriften het Tetragrammaton hebben gebruikt. Hiëronymus schreef in de 4de eeuw in zijn werk De viris inlustribus [Over beroemde mannen], hoofdstuk III, het volgende: „Mattheüs, die ook Levi is, en die van belastinginner apostel werd, stelde allereerst in Judea een Evangelie van Christus op in de Hebreeuwse taal en lettertekens ten behoeve van de besnedenen die gelovigen waren geworden. Wie het daarna in het Grieks heeft vertaald, staat niet voldoende vast. Bovendien is de Hebreeuwse [tekst] zelf tot op de huidige dag in de bibliotheek te Cesarea bewaard gebleven, die door de martelaar Pamphilus zo naarstig is bijeengebracht. Ook werd mij door de Nazarenen, die dit boekdeel in de Syrische stad Berea gebruiken, toestemming verleend om het over te schrijven.” (Vertaling uit de Latijnse tekst onder redactie van E. C. Richardson en uitgegeven in de serie „Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur”, Deel 14, Leipzig 1896, blz. 8, 9.)

Mattheüs deed meer dan honderd aanhalingen uit de geïnspireerde Hebreeuwse Geschriften. Op de plaatsen waar in deze aanhalingen de goddelijke naam stond, zal hij genoodzaakt zijn geweest getrouw het Tetragrammaton in zijn Hebreeuwse evangelieverslag op te nemen. Toen het Evangelie van Mattheüs in het Grieks werd vertaald, bleef het Tetragrammaton overeenkomstig het gebruik van die tijd onvertaald in de Griekse tekst staan.

Niet alleen Mattheüs maar alle schrijvers van de christelijke Griekse Geschriften haalden verzen uit de Hebreeuwse tekst of uit de Septuaginta aan waarin de goddelijke naam voorkomt. In Petrus’ toespraak in Han 3:22 bijvoorbeeld wordt een aanhaling gedaan uit De 18:15, waar het Tetragrammaton in een papyrusfragment van de Septuaginta uit de 1ste eeuw v.G.T. voorkomt. (Zie App. 1C [1].) Als volgeling van Christus gebruikte Petrus Gods naam, Jehovah. Toen Petrus’ toespraak op schrift werd gesteld, werd zoals dat in de 1ste eeuw v.G.T. en de 1ste eeuw G.T. de gewoonte was, het Tetragrammaton op die plaats gebruikt.

Ergens tijdens de 2de of 3de eeuw G.T. verwijderden de afschrijvers het Tetragrammaton zowel uit de Septuaginta als uit de christelijke Griekse Geschriften en vervingen het door Ku′ri·os, „Heer”, of The′os, „God”.

v 24: die het hart van allen kent: (1 Samuël 16:7):7 Maar Jehovah zei tot Sa̱muël: „Kijk niet naar zijn uiterlijk en naar zijn rijzige gestalte,+ want ik heb hem verworpen. Want [God ziet*] niet zoals de mens ziet,+ want de méns ziet datgene wat zichtbaar is voor de ogen;*+ maar wat Jehovah aangaat, hij ziet hoe het hart+ is.”*

(1 Kronieken 28:9): 9 En gij, mijn zoon Sa̱lomo, ken+ de God van uw vader en dien+ hem met een onverdeeld hart+ en met een bereidwillige ziel;+ want Jehovah doorzoekt alle harten,+ en elke neiging van de gedachten onderscheidt hij.+ Indien gij hem zoekt, zal hij zich door u laten vinden;+ maar indien gij hem verlaat,+ zal hij u voor eeuwig verstoten.+

(Jeremia 11:20)20 Maar Jehovah der legerscharen oordeelt met rechtvaardigheid;+ hij onderzoekt de nieren* en het hart.+ O moge ik uw wraak op hen zien, want aan u heb ik mijn rechtsgeding onthuld.+
(Handelingen 15:8): 8 en God, die het hart kent,+ heeft getuigenis afgelegd door hun de heilige geest te geven,+ evenals hij die ook aan ons heeft gegeven.
v 25: apostelschap: (Johannes 6:70): 70 Jezus antwoordde hun: „Heb ik niet U twaalf uitgekozen?+ Toch is een van U een lasteraar.”*+

(Lukas 6:13): 13 Toen het echter dag werd, riep hij zijn discipelen bij zich en koos er twaalf van hen uit, aan wie hij tevens de naam „apostelen” gaf:+

(Johannes 15:16): 16 GIJ hebt mij niet uitgekozen, maar ik heb U uitgekozen, en ik heb U gesteld opdat GIJ zoudt heengaan en vrucht zoudt blijven dragen+ en dat UW vrucht zou blijven, opdat wat GIJ de Vader ook vraagt in mijn naam, hij het U zou geven.+

v 26: Toen wierpen zij het lot: (Spreuken 16:33) 33 In de schoot wordt het lot neergeworpen,+ maar elke beslissing daardoor is van Jehovah afkomstig.+

+

Vergelijk:

The Acts Of The Sent Ones Chapter 1

Hebraic Roots Bible Book of The Acts of the Apostles Chapter 1

Nazarene Acts of the Apostles Chapter 1 v23-26 Choice of Matthias

Afrikaans: Matti′as is gekies als een van “die twaalf”

Deutsch: Da warfen sie Lose und das Los fiel auf Matthias

English: Election of the Apostle Matthias

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Lees ook:

  1. Aleph als beginletter voor titels van God
  2. God over zijn Naam יהוה
  3. Belangrijkheid van Gods Naam
  4. Een Naam voor een God #6 Hoeveel Lettergrepen: YaHuWah, Yahweh, Jahwe of Jehovah
  5. Een Naam voor een God #7 Jahwe(h) niet Hebreeuws: YaHuWah, Yahweh, Jahwe of Jehovah
  6. Een Naam voor een God #8 Vergeten of weigeren: YaHuWah, Yahweh, Jahwe of Jehovah
  7. Een Naam voor een God #9 Vals geloof gevoed door vrees: YaHuWah, Yahweh, Jahwe of Jehovah
  8. Positie en macht
  9. Zalving van Christus als profetische repetitie van de begrafenisrituelen
  10. apostel die Judas verving: bt 19; it-1 134-135; it-2 274, 582-583; w93 1/8 31; w90 1/6 11
  11. een van „de twaalf” (1Kor 15:5): it-1 134-135; w93 1/8 31; w88 15/1 30
  12. naam op fundamentsteen van Nieuwe Jeruzalem: it-1 135; it-2 583

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    +
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    +
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    +
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Nazarene Acts of the Apostles Chapter 1 v23-26 Choice of Matthias

Acts 1:23-26 – The Choice of Matthias

AC1:23 So they put forward two men – Joseph, the one called Barsabbas, and Matthias.
AC1:24 Then they prayed: “YHWH,[1] You know the hearts of everyone. Reveal whom You chose of these two AC1:25 to take the place of this ministry and apostleship from which Judas abandoned to follow his own course.”
AC1:26 Then they cast lots regarding the two,[2] and the lot fell upon Matthias,[3] so he was numbered with the eleven apostles.

*

Preceding article: Nazarene Acts of the Apostles Chapter 1

Compare with:

Election of the Apostle Matthias

The Acts Of The Sent Ones Chapter 1

Hebraic Roots Bible Book of The Acts of the Apostles Chapter 1

Find a Dutch bible translation/ Vindt een Nederlandse bijbelvertaling : Verkiezing vanVerkiezing van de apostel Matthias

Afrikaans: Matti′as is gekies als een van “die twaalf”

French : Français: Election de l’apôtre Matthias

German / Deutsch: Wahl des Apostels Matthias


[1] YHWH: Or, Lord. It is possible the Tetragram originally occurred here.

[2] Then they cast lots regarding the two: The 120 male disciples were equally divided on two qualified men. This could have led to an early division in their midst. The apostolic solution will seem strange to some, but it likely represents the stated principle of Proverbs 16:33, “The lot is thrown into the lap, but every judgment belongs to YHWH.” The Hebrews and Jews were used to the lot for the Urim and Thummim of the Israelites’ high priest wore a pocket in his priestly apron in which there were divine lots. [Compare Exodus 28:30 MOF; Numbers 27:21]

[3] The lot fell upon Matthias: According to the divine choosing, Matthias became the twelfth apostle, replacing Judas. Likely the Twelve had to be present at the outpouring of the Spirit as the Congregation or Temple was founded. [Ephesians 2:21, 22] Though some think Paul the replacement apostle there is no direct indication of such.

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Additional Biblestudents note:

1. (v23) Though Mathias was one of the first to follow Jeshua the Messiah, Jesus did not appoint him personally. But Matthias who is called in the Syriac version of Eusebius “Tolmai”, not to be confused with Bartholomew (which means Son of Tolmai) who was originally one of the twelve Apostles; Clement of Alexandria says some identified him with Zacchaeus; the Clementine Recognitions identify him with Barnabas; Hilgenfeld thinks he is the same as Nathanael in the Gospel of John. This follower of Christ Jesus was an eye-witness of all his divine actions up to the very day of the Ascension and was one of the seventy-two direct disciples of Christ.

2. (v26) In politics, sortition (also known as allotment or the drawing of lots) is the selection of decision makers by lottery. The decision-makers are chosen as a random sample from a larger pool of candidates.

In ancient Athenian democracy, sortition was the primary method for appointing officials, and its use was widely regarded as a principal characteristic of democracy. It is commonly used today to select prospective jurors in common law-based legal systems.

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Related articles:

Messengers of Jesus will be hated to the end of time

Manifests for believers #5 Christian Union

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At other sites not connected with us:

Content with the Things Allotted unto Us

What some mortals are allotted includes, for instance, very reduced chances because of poverty: “And the people began to be distinguished by ranks, according to their riches and their chances for learning; yea, some were ignorant because of their poverty, and others did receive great learning because of their riches” (3 Ne. 6:12).

Furthermore, malevolent, human social structures have included, in the past, tragic constraints like slavery and concentration camps.

Nevertheless, we are to do what we can within our allotted “acreage,” while still using whatever stretch there may be in any tethers. Within what is allotted to us, we can have spiritual contentment. Paul described it as “godliness with contentment,” signifying the adequate presence of attributes such as love, hope, meekness, patience, and submissiveness (1 Tim. 6:6).

Feast of St. Matthias, apostle and martyr

After the Ascension of Jesus, St. Peter proposed to the assembled faithful that they choose a disciple of Christ to fill the place of the traitor Judas in the first missionary band. Lots were drawn, with the result in favor of Matthias. According to one ancient tradition, this missioner labored in Ethiopia and was martyred there. Thus did St. Matthias receive “the crown of life which God has promised to those who love him.” The Church venerates St. Matthias on an equal footing with the other Apostles, whose voices resound throughout the world, from generation to generation, giving testimony of what they saw and heard in their life with our Lord. His name is mentioned in the Canon of the Mass.

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  • Commemoration of the Apostle Matthias, Martyred in Colchis, and Apostolic Succession (georgianorthodoxchurch.wordpress.com)
    The elevation of Matthias from the Seventy to the Twelve Apostles is interesting, as it is one of the first written accounts of Apostolic Succession,. Saint Luke’s account of events in the Acts of the Apostles is;
    +
    Elections of Patriarchs vary somewhat from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, but it is generally performed by secret ballot. The repose of a Patriarch generally triggers the appointment of a caretaker Patriarch who organises elections as soon as possible. Each Patriarchate has its own statutes governing such elections, which may take into account dioceses abroad as well as consultation with the laity. National governments are often tempted to interfere with this process, which is generally quite vigorously resisted.
  • Intro to the Book of Acts and the choosing of Judas’ replacement (sundayschoolbiblestudy.wordpress.com)
    Notice there was no “church” before the book of Acts, there was only the synagogue.
    +
    Guzik: “Even though we read nothing more of Matthias, we should not assume he was a “dud” as an apostle; except for Peter and John, none of the original twelve are mentioned again after Acts 1. Matthias was no more of a “dud” than Matthew or Andrew or Thomas or any of the others.”
  • Acts 1-3 (whatshotn.wordpress.com)
    Luke wrote to convince Theophilus, probably a Gentile official, of the certainty of the Things of Jesus Christ that had been told to him. He also wrote to provide a unity between Christ’s works in the Gospels and the apostles’ labors after His ascension. And finally, Luke wrote to show the Roman world that Christianity is not a subversive political movement. Few biblical books are as misused as the Book of Acts, and some denominations have created distinctive and divisive teachings from their interpretations.
  • The Apostles Wrote the Gospels as Eyewitness Accounts (str.typepad.com)
    When you write a book that seeks to evaluate the Gospels as eyewitness accounts, you shouldn’t be surprised to find that some critics will attack the premise that the Gospels are eyewitness accounts in the first place. Several skeptics have either emailed me or posted comments questioning whether or not the Gospels are truly eyewitness accounts. After all, the accounts are not written as first-person narratives, and there are no direct statements in the Gospels suggesting that they were written by people at the scene. Luke, for example, slips into first-person narrative for portions of his account in the Book of Acts, why don’t the other Gospel authors do something similar when writing their own “eyewitness accounts”? Why don’t these authors simply identify themselves more directly so we can understand their specific role as eyewitnesses? It’s certainly true that the authors of the Gospels take a reserved and humble approach to their own identity within the narrative, and this is not uncommon in ancient literature of the time. But there are several good reasons to believe that the Gospels are, in fact, eyewitness accounts: – See more at: http://str.typepad.com/weblog/2013/04/the-apostles-wrote-the-gospels-as-eyewitness-accounts.html#sthash.b4Nn0LNj.dpuf
  • The Church’s Secret Weapon in Acts: PRAYER (calebsermons.com)
    In spite of insurmountable odds, they not only preached the gospel, but converted souls to Jesus throughout most of the Roman Empire by the end of Acts.
    +
    Rapid growth. Explosive growth! Was experienced by the church in Acts. But none of this would have been possible if it weren’t for their secret weapon…..a very powerful weapon in their arsenal: Prayer.
  • The Holy Spirit-Empowered Apostles (yourgodmoments.wordpress.com)
    This ‘church’ gathered to pray, and then the apostle Peter addressed the gathering. He told them that Judas Iscariot’s betrayal of Jesus was a fulfilled prophecy, (Ps. 69:25), and that there was also written prophecy that mandated that the vacancy left by the death of Judas’ be filled by the appointment of a new apostle from the church. (Ps. 109:8)
  • The Act of the Apostles (shaoqueen2013.wordpress.com)
    (23) And they appointed two, Joseph called Bar’sa-bas, who was surnamed  Justus, and Mat-thias.
    (24) And they prayed, and said, Thou, LORD which knowest the hearts of all men, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen,
    (25) That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place.
    (26) And they gave forth their lots; and the lot fell upon  Mat-thi’as and he was numbered with the eleven apostles.
  • Acts of the Apostles (fellowshipofthebelievers.com)
    Peter proposes guidelines for nominees to take the place of Judas in the apostolic
    ministry of being a witness of Jesus’ resurrection. Two men are selected for consideration, and following prayer for the Lord to show which of the two He has chosen, lots are cast and Matthias is numbered with the eleven apostles (15-26).

Nazarene Acts of the Apostles Chapter 2 v14-20 Pentecostal Sermon

Acts 2:14-21 – Peter Begins his Pentecostal Sermon

AC2:14 Now Peter rose with the eleven[1] and raised his voice, declaring to them: “Men, Jews,[2] and all those dwelling in Jerusalem, all of you know this, listen to my words! AC2:15 For these men are not drunk[3] as you suppose, for it is only nine in the morning!

AC2:16 This is what was spoken by the prophet Joel[4] AC2:17 and what will occur in the Last Days:[5] ‘The God says, “I will pour out my Pneuma on all flesh, and your sons and daughters will prophesy.[6] Also, your young men will see visions,[7] and your elders will dream dreams.[8]

AC2:18 And in those days I will pour my Pneuma upon my male slaves and female slaves, and they will prophesy. AC2:19 And I will give wonders in the heavens above, and on signs on the earth below[9] – blood and fire and columns of smoke.[10]
AC2:20 The sun will be transformed into darkness and the moon into blood[11] – before the arrival of the Day of the great and glorious Supreme Being.[12] AC2:21 Then everyone whoever calls upon the Name of YHWH will be saved.”’”[13] [Joel 2:28-32 LXX]

*


Continuation of: Nazarene Acts of the Apostles Chapter 2 v1-13 Working Spirit

Continued with: Nazarene Acts of the Apostles Chapter 2 v23-26 The Choice of Matthias


[1] Now Peter rose with the eleven: Likely indicating only these twelve were present.

[2] Men, Jews: Here the Greek is ANDRES IOUDIOI [males, Jews] because the crowd has already been identified as “pious Jewish men” from all over the world. Peter is talking to Jewish men. Compare also Acts 2:22.

[3] These men are not drunk: The Greek is masculine suggesting Peter speaks of the eleven male apostles who have been accused of drunkenness.

[4] Spoken by the prophet Joel: Peter now quotes from Joel 2:28-32. Most think he draws upon the LXX, though it is also clear Peter is doing this from memory and so there are slight paraphrases here or there.

[5] What will occur in the Last Days: Most versions place the quotes before “last days” but this does not occur in Joel. The solution may be that “last days” are Peter’s own words. Only about a month and a half before Peter and three other apostles asked Jesus about “the end.” [Matthew 24:3] Jesus continues to outline what will happen at the “desolation of Jerusalem.” In the Christian Bible the term “last days” is always used of the end of the Jewish Temple period. The phrase only occurs at 2 Timothy 3:1, Hebrews 1:1, James 5:3, and 2 Peter 3:3. Compare also Hebrews 9:26 and Jude 18. For more details on last days see Nazarene Commentary 2000© on Revelation.

[6] Your sons and daughters will prophesy: That is, Jewish children. The words “prophet” and “prophesy” have a wide range of meaning but generally refer to speaking before others. For details see notes on 1 Corinthians 12:28. Both men and women may “prophesy” but see Paul’s restrictions in 1 Corinthians 11, 14, and 1 Timothy 2. See notes on Acts 21:9. On Christian prophets in Acts see Acts 11:27; 13:1; 15:32; 21:10.

[7] Young men will see visions: While both men and women “prophesy”, it is young men who are foretold to see “visions.” The application of Joel’s words to this crowd of Jewish men must have moved their hearts toward their sons and daughters who they could see so blest. Indeed, just that is what happened when thousands of them returned home – now disciples of Jesus Christ. See “vision” in Acts 9:10, 12; 10:3, 17, 19; 11:5; 12:9; 16:9, 10; 18:9. A vision is generally understood to be a daytime trance experience, while dreams occur during sleep.

[8] Your elders will dream dreams: Or, older men. There is no case of such a “dream” mentioned in the Christian Bible. The word “dream(s)” occurs 126 times in the Bible, first at Genesis 20:3 and most often in the two books Genesis and Daniel. Of particular interest are Job 7:14 and Job 33:15, 16. In the Christian Bible dreams occur at Matthew 1:20; 2:12, 13, 19, 22; 27:19.

[9] Wonders in the heavens above, and on signs on the earth below: Peter, in quoting Joel to these Jewish men, has mentioned the good news. Now he proceeds to the bad news – the coming doom on Jerusalem. These heavenly wonders and earthly signs will be described in the following phrases. Compare the Nazarene’s own warning in notes on Matthew 24:15 and Luke 21:24. Josephus records similar phenomena upon Jerusalem in 70 AD.

[10] Blood and fire and columns of smoke: Whether the “blood” refers to Jewish blood shed at the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD, or to the color of the moon when veiled in smoke is a matter for interpretation. In the Roman conquest of Jerusalem in 70 AD one million people died, so indeed, blood ran in the streets, and great columns of smoke blocked out moon and sun.

[11] The sun will be transformed into darkness and the moon into blood: Compare similar language from the Nazarene at Matthew 24:29 where similar images apply to both the desolation of Jerusalem and to signs appearing before the Return of Christ. [Mark 13:24]

[12] Day of the great and glorious Supreme Being: The phrase “Day of the Master,” or, “Day of Jehovah” is used for a number of periods, including the “Day of Wrath” in Revelation. [Revelation 6:17] The Hebrew Text of Joel – and likely original LXX translations – has YHWH, but the Greek here does not precisely call for it. On the designation “Day of Yehowah” see Isaiah 13:6-10 and Amos 5:18, 20. Joel the prophet mentions it several times. [Joel 1:15; 2:1, 11; 3:14] As does Zephaniah 1:7, 8, 14, 18; 2:2, 3. The Jews were very familiar with Malachi 4:5.

  • Pentecost, What’s That? (thelifechurchofdesplaines.wordpress.com)
    Pentecost in the Old Testament was not a religion. It was a feast, a celebration. Israelites were told to remember their bondage in Egypt and their freedom from slavery.
    +
    It was a shadow of what was going to happen, is happening today! Pentecost didn’t end in Acts 2. It is happening today! People prophecy and are filled with God’s Spirit today.
  • Unstoppable Faith (thursdaythoughts4ct.wordpress.com)
    In the beginning of the book of Acts, Jesus goes back up into Heaven and the apostles are filled with the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost. This is their incredible experience that truly sets them on fire. They go out and start preaching and spreading the word and performing these incredible miracles in Jesus’s name.However, as is almost always the case, the apostles were almost immediately met with opposition from people who wanted to stop them.
  • “It’s only nine in the morning!” (rootstothestream.net)
    Peter is certainly one of the Bible’s most colorful characters. He is rash and passionate, human and sometimes almost divine (see walking on water). However, through it all Peter is given a double edged sword with his words. Here after pentecost some who were watching thought the apostles might be drunk. Another man might have quoted scripture about the perils of too much wine, but not Peter. His simple response is that it’s just too early in the day. What a great line! However, Peter is not just about wit; he is about to deliver one of the most effective sermons since one that occurred on a mound.
  • For many it seems not easy to understand that it was God who brought insight in Jesus his pupils. In the article The Holy Spirit-Empowered Apostles (on yourgodmoments.wordpress.com) the writer rightly remembers the promise of the Nazarene Jesus (Jeshua) to his followers. But he misunderstands that Jesus, who is the son of God and the Messiah, would become the mediator between men and God and that it was he (Jeshua or Jesus Christ) who had demanded his Father (Jehovah, the Only One God) to send a “Comforter”. The writer of the article says “It is here that Jesus completes His gospels through the Holy Spirit by filling His disciples hearts with the remainder of the knowledge that He wants all of God’s children to know in order to pursue a path of righteousness and a life filled with God moments…” But it is not Christ Jesus who fills the hearts and minds of the apostles. That is the work of the Holy Spirit: the Power of God. it was God and not Christ who enlightened the apostles and gave them the power to go out in the world to preach the Gospel of the coming Kingdom of God.
  • Acts of the Apostles (fellowshipofthebelievers.com)
    Special attention is given to the Promise of the Father regarding the apostles being baptized by the Holy Spirit, who would empower them as witnesses for Christ in Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria and even to the end of the earth (1-8).
  • Links to OT prophecies in Peter’s sermon in Acts 2 (creationconcept.wordpress.com)
    At Post Tenebras Lux Andrew G discussed Acts 2:17, where the apostle Peter, while addressing the Jews at Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost, quoted from a prophecy of Joel, beginning his quotation using the words of Isaiah rather than those of Joel.
    +
    Luke probably included this subtle link to Isaiah 2:2 in his account of Peter’s message on Pentecost to suggest that Isaiah 2:1-3 was fulfilled, when Jesus ascended to heaven, where he was exalted and “made Christ” by God. [Acts 2:36] Being “made Christ” implied that Jesus was given a perpetual throne, in Jerusalem, reigning over all Israel, like David, and that Jerusalem and mount Zion were raised up, and “established in the top of the mountains, above the hills,” (in heaven, and in a spiritual sense) according to Isaiah’s prophecy. After Pentecost, the Jerusalem to which OT prophecy applies is the heavenly city. This is confirmed in other New Testament scriptures. [Galatians 4:26, Hebrews 12:22] Paul taught that believers are “raised up together” and “sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus.” [Ephesians 2:6]
    +
    Isaiah 2, Joel 2, Acts 2, and the Eschatological Temple of the Church
    Concerning this substitution of the phrase “in the last days” and to prophecy to which it alludes, G.K. Beale writes, “Thus, Peter appears to interpret the Spirit’s coming at Pentecost upon the Christian community in fulfillment of Joel also to be the beginning fulfillment of Isaiah’s prophecy of the end-time temple, under the influence of which the nations would come.”[3] The outpouring of the Spirit at Pentecost therefore is seen to be the official inauguration of the end-times temple-building project.
  • The Books of the New Testament (chbt.wordpress.com)
    The Acts was written by Luke the Evangelist; it is a narration of the Apostles’ work, which he wrote to tell how the Church spread rapidly throughout the world.
  • Acts of the Apostles…chapter Nine…part Three (whatshotn.wordpress.com)
    The accounts in the epistles add some details to Acts and omit others. The accounts are complementary and not contradictory. Luke’s work is historically accurate an independent account, not simply copied from Galatians or 2 Corinthians. The different purposes of Luke and Paul affect the selection and shaping of the facts of the Damascus-Arabia episode. In Galatians, Paul’s primary concern is to establish the fact of his apostolic authority as coming directly from Christ…Galatians 1:11-12…The details of his Damascus and Arabian missionary activities are irrelevant, though he mentions them in passing…
  • Acts of the Apostles…chapter Nine…part Four (whatshotn.wordpress.com)
    Later, when Barnabas needs assistance in building the church in the Antioch area, he goes to Tarsus to find Paul, and brings him to Antioch..Acts 11:25-26.. From then on, Paul becomes the central focus of Acts…
  • Intro to the Book of Acts and the choosing of Judas’ replacement (sundayschoolbiblestudy.wordpress.com)
    The disciples are in obedience, they are in fellowship, and they are in prayer.”
    +
    Peter feels called to stand up and make the case that they now should allow God to choose a successor to Judas Iscariot. Notice that this is the first time in the Bible that we see Peter quote Scripture. He is now relying on the Word of God to steer him through ministry just like Jesus had demonstrated through His earthly ministry and had taught them to do.

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