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Posts tagged ‘Yahshua’

The Acts Of The Sent Ones Chapter 1

The Acts Of The Sent Ones = Maaseh Shlichim – Chapter 1


A historical book used to record the transition between the Jewish dispensation and the ‘New Yisrael’ church.


1 The first scroll have I made, O Theophilos, {1 Luke 1:3} of all that יהושע {Yahshua/ Yeshua/Jeshua (Jesus)} began both to do and teach,
2 Until the day in which He was taken up, after He through the Ruach Hakodesh had given His Torah to the shlichim whom He had chosen:
3 To whom also He showed Himself alive after His passion by many infallible proofs, being seen by them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the malchut of יהוה {Jehovah}.4 And, as He ate lechem together with them, {2 Aramaic Peshitta.}
He commanded them that they should not depart from Yahrushalayim, but wait for the Promise of Abba, which, He said, you have heard from Me.
5 For Yochanan ha Matbeel truly immersed with mayim;
but you shall be immersed with the Ruach Hakodesh not many days from now.
6 When they therefore had come together, they asked Him, saying, Master, will You at this time restore again the malchut to Yisrael? {3 When there is togetherness in believing Yisrael, the main concern will be the restoration and regathering of the two houses. These folks hardly agreed on anything, but with one accord were concerned that Yahshua was returning to the Father without Efrayim and Judah first being joined again as one in YHWH’s hand. This question set in a future tense, is valid and ample evidence that the restoration was paramount in Yahshua’s ministry, and moreover had never fully taken place previously, at the time of the Jews’ return from Babylonian exile, nor in Hezekiah, or Josiah’s days, as some erroneously claim.}
7 And He said to them, It is not for you to know the times, or the moadim, which Abba has put under His own authority. {4 Yahshua answered them in the future tense in verses 7-8, illustrating that His Father had not yet revealed the exact future timing of the full restoration to anyone. The question posed by the disciples and Messiah’s answer, forever dismisses any attempt to contrive, or fabricate some supposedly well-known, past reunion of the two houses, five hundred years before  Yahshua came in the flesh.
8 But you shall receive power, after the Ruach Hakodesh has come upon you: and you shall be witnesses to Me both in Yahrushalayim, and in all Yahudah, and in Shomron, and to the four corners of the olam. {5 Note the plan for regathering Yisrael clearly outlined. In context, this commission is given in response to the disciples’ question on how to restore Yisrael.  He told them that they could not know when it would be fully accomplished, but He told them the method by which it would come to pass. He sent them out to all Yisrael, both in Judea, in Samaria and the entire world. There is only one Great Commission, not three. In all three areas, lost sheep of Yisrael are to be found.}
9 And when He had spoken these things, while they looked, He was taken up; and a cloud received Him out of their sight.
10 And while they looked steadfastly toward the shamayim as He went up, see, two men stood by them in
white apparel; {1 In context, one messenger representing both houses that would be coming together by the proclaiming of
the Good News.}
11 Who also said, You men of Galil, why do you stand gazing up into the shamayim? This same יהושע {Yahshua/ Yeshua/Jeshua (Jesus)}, who is taken up from you into the shamayim, shall so come in like manner as you have seen Him go into the shamayim. {2 Physically, bodily and back to the Mt. of Olives.}
12 Then they returned to Yahrushalayim from the har called Olives, which is from Yahrushalayim a Shabbat day’s journey.
{3 As determined by the Sanhedrin of that day. This concept became part of the Jewish oral law.}
13 And when they came back, they went up into an upper room, where there were staying Kepha, and Yaakov, and Yochanan, and Andri, Philip, and Toma, Bartholomi, and Mattityahu, Yaakov the son of Alphai, and Shimon the Zealot, and Yahudah the brother of Yaakov.
14 These all continued with one accord in the tefillot and supplication, {4 The upper room was the place where the prayer meeting of the leaders of Renewed Covenant Yisrael took place, but was not the place where the Spirit fell. The error of superimposing this prayer venue onto and into the events of chapter 2 has resulted in untold horror, tragedy and error, as seen in the alleged birth of a so-called gentile church.}
with the women, and Miryam the eema of יהושע {Yahshua/Jeshua}, and with His brothers.

15 And in those days Kepha stood up in the midst of the talmidim – the number of names together were about a hundred twenty – and said,
16 Men and Yisraelite brothers, this Katuv had to have been fulfilled, which the Ruach Hakodesh by the mouth of Dawid spoke before concerning Yahudah, who was a guide to them that took יהוה.
17 For he was numbered with us, and had obtained part of this service.
18 Now this man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity; and falling head first, he burst open in the middle, and all his intestines gushed out.
19 And it was known to all the dwellers at Yahrushalayim; so that field is called in their own language, Akel-Dahma, that is to say, The Field of Dahm.
20 For it is written in the Scroll of Tehillim, Let his dwelling be desolate, and let no man dwell in it: and let his office of service be given to another.
21 It is therefore necessary that one of these men who have been with us all the time that the Savior יהושע {Yahshua/ Jeshua} went in and out among us, 22 Beginning from the mikvah of Yochanan ha Matbeel, to the same day that He was taken up from us, one must be ordained to be a witness with us of His resurrection.

23 And they appointed two, Yoseph called Bar-Nava, who was surnamed Justus, and Mattityahu.
24 And they made tefillah, and said, You, Master יהוה{Jehovah} who knows the levim of all men, show which of these two
You have chosen, {5 They prayed and asked simply because there weretwelve disciples from each of the twelve tribes ordained for kingdom rulership, and the one that needed to be chosen was one who was first and foremost faithful and also one who would be from the same tribe that Judas was from. Only YHWH knew that for certain.}

25 That he may take part of this service and calling, from which Yahudah by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place. {6 As opposed to a faithful Yisraelite, who is said to be gathered to his people.}
26 And they gave out their lots; and the lot fell upon Mattityahu; and he was numbered with the eleven shlichim.



Acts of the Apostles in the version of the Restoration Scriptures True Name Edition Study Bible, Updated Third Edition, with Scriptural Supervision and Doctrinal Oversight by Rabbi Moshe Yoseph Koniuchowsky, Your Arms To Yisrael Publishing, 2007, 2008 CE
English: folio 11 recto of the codex with the ...

Folio 11 recto of the codex with the beginning of the Acts of the Apostles (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


Compare with: Hebraic Roots Bible Book of The Acts of the Apostles Chapter 1



  • In My Name?? ( point out to the name of Jesus. To which we like to add: Jesus means Hail Zeus and is a name taken on later when the men in power wanted to have the association with the heathen gods and created the Holy Trinity and took on the heathen holy days.

    You could use Yahshua, but better use Jeshua, with the ‘e’ spoken out as a short ‘ai’ or like in ‘taken’.

  • Dutch readers can find Zeus een heerser van hemel en aarde + Heil tot de gezondene van God of Zeus + Yahushua, Yehoshua, Yeshua, Jehoshua of Jeshua
  • Find also: Lord or Yahuwah, Yeshua or Yahushua
  • …So You Think You Have to live And Dress Up as Jews To Be Saved? (
    As I cover my eyes may we be reminded that before we accept Yahshua as Messiah, we were blinded to our own sins and had no redemption from them. I spread the light of the candles with my hands throughout our home to express my desire as wife and mother that the light of The Messiah Yahshua and the joy of His Sabbath rest be spread throughout this place.
    The Bible does not command us to wear a unique prayer shawl or tallit. Instead, it presumes that people wore a garment of some type to cover themselves and instructs them to add fringes (tzitzit) to the 4 corners of these (Numbers 15:38, Deuteronomy 22:12).
  • Creator and Blogger God 5 Things to tell (
    Though many people forgot who was their Creator God provided signs and ways of living so that people could recognise the Hand behind everything.
  • On Smoke And Mirrors Versus About 666 from Below Attached (Corrected Copy) ( it seems impossible to react because there can not be logged in though the password and user name are right. But also here we like to ad the same comment as above and would like you to see to Christadelphian World to find more on the subject of Jesus his name and the meaning of “Jesus” and why we and many other bible students prefer Jeshua.
    it is the Greek name or title of “Christ” in place of the Hebrew name, “Messiah” that is the very “name of blasphemy” of Revelations 13:1. Therefore, it is the name, Ihsous or Ihseus Christos, which became, in English, Jesus Christ, which was substituted by Greek and Latin Interpreters in place of the true name, Yahshua, The Messiah, that is “the name and number of a man” who is The Anti-Messiah, and the “name of blasphemy” of Rev 13:1!
  • Creator and Blogger God 4 Expounding voice (
    As in the Old Times if individual Jews were to receive Jehovah’s favour and protection, they had to repent and start obeying Him, we too today have to make the right choice and go for Jehovah God. It are we ourselves who have to make up our own mind, like those people in ancient times had also to choose for their false gods or for the One and Only God, Jehovah.
    In order to do God’s will, Jesus his disciples prayed also to Jehovah, like their teacher had showed them how to do: “Grant your slaves to keep speaking your word with all boldness.” What was Jehovah’s immediate response? “The place in which they were gathered together was shaken; and they were one and all filled with the holy spirit and were speaking the word of God with boldness.”


Hebraic Roots Bible Matthew Chapter 28

File:Resurreccion de jesus.png

A messenger of יהוה came down out of heaven said to the women, “Do not be afraid, for I know that you seek יהושע who was impaled. He is not here, for He was raised, as He said. Come, see the place where the Master lay. ” – Miryam from Maḡdala or Mary Magdalene – Arkangel Siete




1 But after the Sabbaths, at the dawning into the first of the Sabbaths (feast of first fruits), Mary the Magdalene and the other Mary came to look upon the grave.
2 And, behold! A great earthquake occurred! For descending from Heaven and coming near, a Cherub of Yahweh rolled away the stone from the door and was sitting on it.
3 And his face was as lightning and his clothing white as snow.
4 And those keeping guard were shaken from the fear of him, and they became as dead.
5 But answering, the Cherub said to the women, You must not fear, for I know that you seek Yahshua who has been crucified.
6 He is not here, for He was raised, as He said. Come see the place where He was lying.
7 And going quickly say to His disciples that He was raised from the dead. And behold! He goes before you into Galilee. You will see Him there.
Behold! I told you.

8 And going away from the tomb quickly, with fear and great joy, they ran to report to His disciples.
9 But as they were going to report to His disciples, behold, Yahshua also met them, saying, Peace unto you! And coming near, they grabbed His feet and worshiped Him.
10 Then Yahshua said to them, Do not fear. Go tell your brothers that they may go into Galilee, and there they will see Me.

11 And they, having gone, behold, some of the guard coming into the city reported to the chief priests all things that occurred.
12 And being assembled with the elders, and taking counsel, they gave enough silver to the soldiers, 13 saying, Say that his disciples came and stole him by night, while we slept.
14 And if this is heard by the governor, we will persuade him and he will not make trouble for you.
15 And taking the silver, they did as they were instructed. And this report was spread by the Jews until today.

16 But the eleven disciples went into Galilee, to the mount where Yahshua appointed them.
17 And seeing Him, they worshiped Him. But some of them doubted.

18 And coming up Yahshua talked with them, saying, All authority in Heaven and on earth was given to Me.

19 Then having gone, disciple all nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son, 20 and the Holy Spirit teaching them to observe all things, whatever I commanded you. And, behold, I am with you all the days until the completion of the age. Amen.



Death of Christ on the day of preparation

Hebraic Roots Bible Matthew Chapter 27

Restoration Scriptures True Name Edition Matthew Chapter 27

After the Sabbath after Passover, the resurrection of Jesus Christ

  • The Evolution of the Resurrection (
    the fact that the Gospel resurrection scenes show a distinct development of details according to the relative dates of the Gospels. Look at how each one appears to build on or surpass what had been written before.
    Few scholars are prepared to seriously consider the possibility that Luke and Acts as we know them were products of the mid second century. (There was certainly an earlier version of Luke’s gospel, but there is reason to doubt that in its early form it contained the resurrection details we read in it today. I have posted on this in reviews of Tyson’s work and others on this blog.)
    Jesus himself scares them out of their wits by suddenly appearing out of nowhere. Luke’s portrayal of emotional responses is a little more realistic than what we read in John. Jesus then reassures them all by inviting them to touch him, though they seem too coy to actually go that far. He even says they can touch him because “a spirit has not flesh and bones — as you see I have”. So he orders some fish and honeycomb for dinner and then eats it all up while they watch. So he presumably had a stomach and an appetite, too.
  • He is not here, He is risen, just as He said (
    On the third day, a Sunday, some women (Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, Joanna and Salome are all mentioned in the gospel accounts) went to the tomb at dawn to anoint the body of Jesus.
    After his resurrection, Jesus appeared to the women near the tomb and afterwards at least twice to the disciples while they had gathered at a house in prayer. He visited two of the disciples on the road to Emmaus, and he also appeared at the Sea of Galilee while some of the disciples were fishing.
  • Happy Easter, He Is Risen! (
  • Our Hope (
  • He Is Risen! – Matthew 28: 1-20 (
  • Book of Matthew: (
    The style of the book is  exactly what would be expected of a man who was once a tax  collector. Matthew has a keen interest in accounting (18:23-24;  25:14-15). The book is very orderly and concise.  Rather than write in  chronological order, Matthew arranges this Gospel through six  discussions.
  • Reflections: Got doubts? (
    In the days following the resurrection of Jesus, some of his disciples had their doubts about whether it really happened.

    During my season of doubting and searching for truth, I learned that it all comes down to Jesus and the resurrection. The Bible says, “If Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile. … But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead!” (1 Corinthians 15:17, 20).


    If Jesus was not resurrected, then he was just another good man who died, and his teachings are nice but not necessarily true. But if Jesus rose from the grave, everything he taught about himself, about God, about heaven and hell, it’s all true!

  • Messianic Fellowships (
    There are many folk, both Jews and Gentiles, who have already taken on these new expressions wholeheartedly. In many cases it has been just a ‘dip in the water’, perhaps an occasional Passover service in the Church hall, or Hebrew lessons at the local synagogue. But others have gone further. Messianic fellowships have been founded, where Jews and Gentiles meet together, with an emphasis given to a Hebraic expression of faith in the teaching, liturgy and worship. They tend to still be predominantly Gentile in the UK, with typically no more than 30% of the membership being from a Jewish background.
  • The Empty Tomb (
  • He’s Risen! (Easter Sunday Reflections) (
  • Resurrection Sunday (
  • He IS Alive.. (

Restoration Scriptures True Name Edition Matthew Chapter 27

Christ Before Pilate. Friedländer (1969): p. 83.

Christ Before Pilate. Friedländer (1969): p. 83. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


1 When the morning had come, all the main Kohanim and zechanim of the people took counsel against  יהושע {Jeshua} to put Him to death:
2 And when they had bound Him, they led Him away, and delivered Him to Pontius Pilate the governor.

3 Then Yahudah, who had betrayed Him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the main Kohanim and zechanim,
4 Saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent dahm. And they said, What is that to us? You take care of that.

5 And he cast down the pieces of silver in the Beit HaMikdash, and departed, and went and hanged himself.
6 And the main Kohanim took the silver pieces, and said, It is not right according to Torah to put the coins into the treasury, because it is the price of dahm.
7 And they took counsel, and bought with the coins the Potter’s Field, to bury strangers {Non-Yisraelites.} in. 8 Therefore that field is called, Akel-Dahma, to this day.
9 Then was fulfilled that what was spoken by Zecharyah {Shem Tov reference and Peshitta} the navi, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of Him that was appraised, whom the children of Yisrael did appraise; 10 And gave the silver for the Potter’s Field, as the Master יהוה  {Jehovah} appointed me.

11 And יהושע {Jeshua}  stood before the governor: and the governor asked Him, saying, Are You Melech of the Yahudim? And יהושע {Jeshua} said to him, You have said it.
12 And when He was accused by the main Kohanim and zechanim { the chief priests and the elders}, He answered nothing.
13 Then said Pilate to Him, Do You hear how many things they witness against You?
14 And He answered him not a word; insomuch that the governor marveled greatly.

15 Now at the time of the moed {festival} the governor used to release to the people a prisoner, whom they desired.
16 And they had then a notable prisoner who was almost meshugas, { Shem Tov reference} called Bar-Abba taken in a case of murder who had been placed in a dungeon.
17 Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said to them, Whom do you wish that I release to you? Bar-Abba, or gauvh who is called the Moshiach?
18 For he knew that for envy and hatred without a cause {Shem Tov reference} they had delivered Him.

19 When he sat down on the mishpat seat {judgment seat}, his wife sent to him, saying, Have nothing to do with that Tzadik-Man {righteous Man}: for I have suffered many things today in a dream because of Him.
20 But the main Kohanim {the chief priests} and zechanim {elders} persuaded the multitude that they should ask for Bar-Abba, and destroy יהושע {Jeshua}.
21 The governor answered and said to them, Which of the two do you desire that I release to you? They said, Bar-Abba.
22 Pilate said to them, What shall I do then with gauvh who is called the Moshiach? They all said to him, Let Him be hanged.
23 And the governor said, Why, what evil has He done? But they cried out even more, saying, Let Him be hanged on an eytz.

24 When Pilate saw that he could not prevail, but that rather a tumult was made, he took mayim, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the dahm of this tzadik {Righteous One}: you see to it.

25 Then answered all the people, and said, His dahm be on us, and on our children. {From a non-anti Semitic and positive outlook, may YHWH answer this prayer that Messiah’s blood be on all Judah for His loving redemption.}
26 Then he released Bar-Abba to them: and when he had scourged יהושע {Jeshua}, he delivered Him to be impaled.

27 Then the soldiers of the governor the horsemen of the court, {Shem Tov reference} took יהושע {Jeshua} into the common hall, and gathered to to Him the whole band of soldiers.
28 And they stripped Him, and put on Him a scarlet robe.
29 And when they had platted a keter of thorns, they put it upon His head, and a reed in His right hand: and they bowed the knee before Him, and mocked Him, saying, Hail, Melech of the Yahudim!
30 And they spit at Him, and took the reed, and smote Him on the head.
31 And after they had mocked Him, they took the robe off from Him, and put His own clothing on Him, and led Him away to impale Him.

32 And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Shimon by name: they compelled him to bear His execution stake.
33 And when they were come to a place called Golgotha, that is to say, the place of THE SKULL, {Mt. Of Olives}
34 They gave Him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when He had tasted it, He would not drink.
35 And they impaled Him, and parted His garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled what was spoken by the navi, They parted My garments among them, and upon My vesture did they cast lots.
36 And sitting down they watched Him there; 37 And set up over His head His accusation written, THIS IS יהושע {Jeshua} THE MELECH OF THE YAHUDIM. {YHWH – Yahshua Hanotzrei Wemelech HaYahudim}

38 Then were there two thieves impaled with Him, one on  the right hand, and another on the left. {Certainly a picture of YHWH’s two sons, Judah and Efrayim.}
39 And they that passed by reviled Him, shaking their heads, 40 Saying, You that will destroy the Beit HaMikdash, and build it in three days, save Yourself. If You are the Son of tvkt {Elohim} , come down from the execution stake.
41 Likewise also the main Kohanim mocking Him, with the Sophrim and zechanim, said, 42 He saved others; Himself He cannot save. If He is the Melech of Yisrael, let Him now come down from the execution stake, and we will believe Him.
43 He trusted in tvkt {Elohim}; let Him deliver Him now, if He will have Him: for He said, I am the Son of tvkt {Elohim}.
44 The thieves also, who were impaled with Him, reviled Him in the same way.
45 Now from 12 noon there was darkness over all the olam {Shem Tov reference} {land} until 3 in the afternoon.

46 And at about 3 o’clock יהושע {Jeshua} cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli-Yahuweh, Eli-Yahuweh, lemana-shabakthani? That is to say, My El-Yahuweh, My El-Yahuweh, why are You keeping Me? {“Ěli, Ěli, lemah sheḇaqtani?” that is, “My Ěl, My Ěl, why have You forsaken Me?” }
{Going with the Aramaic and not the Greek. In the Aramaic Yahshua is basically asking why the suffering is continuing so long. He is not accusing YHWH of forsaking Him, nor is He confused into thinking that He is being forsaken, since He is YHWH and knows the Father’s plan. The One who stated that He could call for 12 legions of angels to deliver Himself, and the One who said that the Father would never leave Him alone even if all the disciples did, would never claim to be forsaken. Since it cannot mean forsaken, the word shabakthani can also mean keeping me, or preserving me. In this context, this is the obvious meaning. Since Yahshua would never accuse, or believe that YHWH had forsaken Him, Psalm 22 can still be seen as a narrative of the Suffering Servant, but the literal words of Psalm 22:1-2 would never come out of Yahshua’s mouth. In this case, the evidence of the Aramaic meaning is clearly superior to the Greek, and substantiates that Yahshua requested a quickening of His suffering (in its 6th hour), as opposed to an accusation against YHWH of being forsaken.}
{(Mark 15:34).}
47 Some of them that stood there, when they heard that, said, This Man calls for Eli-Yahu. {Because Eli-Yahu-weh sounds like Eli-Yahu.}

48 And immediately one of them ran, and took a sponge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave Him to drink.
49 The rest said, Leave Him alone, let us see whether Eli- Yahu will come to save Him.
50 יהושע  {Jeshua}, when He had cried again with a loud voice, He dismissed His ruach.
51 And, see, the veil of the Beit HaMikdash was rent in two from the top to the bottom; {The veil to the Set-Apart Place, not the most Set-Apart Place.}  and the earth did quake, quake, and the rocks rent; 52 And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the Yisraelite kidushim that slept arose, 53 And came out of the graves after His resurrection, and went into the kadosh city, and appeared to many.

54 Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching יהושע  {Jeshua}, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of the Almighty.
55 And many women were there looking from far off, who followed יהושע  {Jeshua} from Galil, attending to Him: 56 Among them were Miryam from Magdala, and Miryam the eema of Yaakov and Yoseph, and also the eema of Zavdi’s children.

57 When the evening had come, there came a rich man of Ramathayim, named Yoseph, who also himself was gauvh’s talmid {יהושע  Jeshua’s  taught one}:
58 He went to Pilate, and asked for the body of gauvh. Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered.
59 And when Yoseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, 60 And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had cut out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the tomb, and departed.
61 And there was Miryam from Magdala, and the other Miryam, opposite the tomb.

62 Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the main Kohanim and Prushim came together to Pilate, 63 Saying, Sir, we remember that the deceiver said, while He was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. 64 Command therefore that the tomb be made secure until the third day, lest His talmidim come by night, and steal Him away, and say to the people, He is risen from the dead: so that the last deception shall be worse than the first ones. 65 Pilate said to them, You have a guard: go your way; make it as secure as you can.
66 So they went, and made the tomb secure, sealing the stone, and setting a guard.


Next: Hebraic Roots Bible Matthew Chapter 28
  • Without Hindsight: A New Eye on Easter: Stealth or Violent Nationalism? (
    unless Israel rejects violent rebellion against Rome as their vision of‘God’s kingdom coming’, the Jewish people will suffer. If they live bythe sword they will die by the sword.
  • A New Eye on Easter, The Trial: “What’s it to be, Pontius? Peace, or Quiet?” (
    Pilate had been asked to leave his palace to try Jeshua in the publicsquare outside. That probably tested his humour even more. The priestswanted to stay ‘pure’ by avoiding entering a gentile dwelling. Not only

    were they manipulating Pilate but were insulting him too. Maybe he

    wondered, grumpily, where else a Ruler might leave his palace to see his

    subjects? Whose Empire was it anyway?

  • Oh Foolish People (
    When will people see? When will people realize names such as Yahuah, Yahuwah, Yahwah, Yahweh are NOT YHWH’s name?
  • Walk with Jesus: Matthew 27 He who overcame (
    A spiritual war between good and evil in the spiritual realm. God has won. His Kingdom has come.And (A)they have conquered him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, for (B)they loved not their lives (C)even unto death.
  • The Practicality of Forgiveness (
    I think everyone can agree, regardless of religious affiliation, that humans are messed up.
    We are missing something that is vital to our well-being.  I wouldventure to say that the smaller problems (jealousy, short-temperedness,etc.) of mankind are worse than the bigger issues (like murder).  Only a

    few people commit murder, but all of us are guilty of the smaller crimes.
    Yeshua and the Bible can relieve the human race from the things that

    drag us down: past mistakes, and our terrible tendency to hold on to

    hurt, so that we might punish those who hurt us.

  • Fortitude – John 19: 1- 30 (
    Pilate also had an inscription written and put on the cross. It read, “Jesus the Nazorean, the King of the Jews.”
  • Good Friday Scriptures (
    And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thyhands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.
  • Easter scripture for today (
    we remember what that deceiver once said while he was still alive: ‘After three days I will rise from the dead.’
  • Pre-Good Friday Rememberances (
    These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: “Not oneof his bones will be broken,”  37 and, as another scripture says,“They will look on the one they have pierced.”
  • Gospel according to Saint John – Chapter 19 (
    In John’s gospel, the only remarks made by Jesus from the cross are:1) committing his mother Mary into John’s care (Jn 19.26-27); 2) hisexpression of thirst (Jn 19.28); and 3) “it is finished” (Jn 19.30).

    All three of these statements could be the types of “last words”

    proclaimed by any ordinary man about to die by crucifixion. Also, there

    is no exclamation made by Jesus concerning his having been abandoned by

    God in John’s gospel as there is in Matthew’s (see Mt 27.46).


Hebraic Roots Bible Matthew Chapter 27

"Give us Barabbas!" (from The Bible ...

“Give us Barabbas!” (from The Bible and its Story Taught by One Thousand Picture Lessons, 1910). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

1 And early morning occurring, all the chief priests and the elders of the people took counsel together against Yahshua, so as to put Him to death.
2 And binding Him, they led Him away and delivered Him to Pontius Pilate the governor.
3 Then Judas, the traitor, seeing that He was condemned, repenting, returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders,  4 saying, I sinned, betraying innocent blood. But they said, What is it to us? You see to  it. 5 And tossing the silver pieces into the sanctuary, he left. And going away he hanged himself.
6 And taking the pieces of silver, the chief priests said, It is not lawful to put them into the treasury, since it is the price of blood.
7 And taking counsel, they bought of them the field of a potter, for burial for strangers. 8 So that field was called Field of Blood until today.
9 Then was fulfilled that spoken through Jeremiah the prophet, saying, And I took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of Him who had been priced, on whom they of the sons of Israel set a price, 10 and gave them for the field of a potter, as Yahweh directed me. (Zech.112, 1)

11 And Yahshua stood before the governor. And the governor questioned Him, saying, Are You the King of the Jews? And Yahshua said to him, You have said it.
12 And when He was accused by the chief priests and the elders, He answered nothing.
13 Then Pilate said to Him, Do You not hear how many things they testify against You?
14 And He did not answer him, not even to one word, so that the governor greatly marveled.

15 And at a feast, the governor customarily released one prisoner to the crowd, whom they wished.
16 And they had then a notable prisoner, Bar-abbas.
17 Then they, having been assembled, Pilate said to them, Whom do you wish I may release to you, Barabbas, or Yahshua being called Messiah? 18 For he knew they delivered Him up through envy.
19 But as he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, saying, Let nothing be to you and that just one. For I have suffered many things today by a dream because of Him.
20 But the chief priests and the elders persuaded the crowds, that they should ask for Bar-abbas, and to destroy Yahshua.
21 And answering, the governor said to them, From the two, which do you wish that I release to you? And they said, Barabbas.
22 Pilate said to them, What then should I do to Yahshua being called Messiah? They all say to him, Crucify Him!
23 But the governor said, For what badness did He do? But they the more cried out, saying, Crucify!
24 And seeing that nothing is gained, but rather an uproar occurs, taking water, Pilate washed his hands before the crowd, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this righteous one; you do as you please.
25 And answering, all the people said, let His blood be on us and on our children.
26 Then he released Barabbas to them. But having scourged Yahshua with whips, he delivered Him up that He might be crucified.

27 Then taking Yahshua into the praetorium, the soldiers of the governor gathered all the cohort against Him.
28 And stripping Him, they put a scarlet cloak around Him.
29 And they wove a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and a reed in His right hand. And they bowed down upon their knees before Him and they were mocking at Him and saying, ”Peace, King of the Jews.”
30 And spitting at Him, they took the reed and struck at His head.

31 And when they had mocked Him, they stripped off His cloak, and they put His garments on Him and led Him away to crucify Him.
32 And going out, they found a man, a Cyrenean, named Simon. They compelled this one, that he carry His cross beam.

33 And coming to a place called Golgotha, which is called, the Skull(head), 34 they gave Him vinegar mingled with gall to drink. And having tasted, He would not drink.
35 And having crucified Him, they divided His garments, casting a lot, that might be fulfilled that spoken by the prophet, “They divided My garments to themselves, and they cast a lot over My clothing.” (Ps 22:18)

36 And sitting down, they guarded Him there.
37 And they placed over His head the reason for His death in writing, THIS IS YAHSHUA, THE KING OF THE JEWS.

38 Then two bandits were crucified with Him, one off the right, and one off the left of Him.
39 But those passing by, blasphemed Him, shaking their heads, 40 and saying, You the one razing the sanctuary and building it in three days, if You are the Son of Elohim, come down from the torture stake.
41 And in the same way, the chief priests with the scribes and elders, mocking, said, 42 He saved others; He is not able to save Himself. If He is the King of Israel, let Him come down now from the torture stake and we will  believe Him.
43 He trusted on Yahweh. Let Him rescue Him now, if He desires Him.
For He said, I am Son of Yahweh.
44 And also the bandits crucified with Him defamed Him, saying the same.

45 And from the sixth hour there  was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour.
46 And about the ninth hour, Yahshua cried out with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani; that is, “My El, My El, why did You honor Me to be here?”
47 And hearing, some of those standing there said, This one calls Elijah.
48 And at once, one of them running and taking a sponge, and filling it with “vinegar,” put it on a reed and “gave drink to Him.” (Ps 69:21)
49 But the rest said, Let be; let us see if Elijah is coming to save Him.
50 And crying again with a loud voice, Yahshua released His spirit.
51 And, behold! The veil of the sanctuary was torn into two from above as far as below. And the earth quaked, and the rocks were sheared!
52 And the tombs were opened, and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised.
53 And coming forth out of the tombs after His resurrection, they entered into the holy city and were seen by many.
54 But the centurion and those with him guarding Yahshua, seeing the earthquake and the things taking place, they feared exceedingly, saying, Truly this One was Son of Elohim.
55 And many women were there, watching from afar off, those who followed Yahshua from Galilee, ministering to Him; 56 among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of Jacob and Hosea, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee.

57 And evening having come, a rich man from Arimathea (Joseph by name) who also himself was a disciple of Yahshua,
58 coming up to Pilate, this one asked for the body of Yahshua. Then Pilate commanded the body to be given.
59 And taking the body, Joseph wrapped it in a shroud of fine linen, 60 and he laid it in his new tomb which was hewn in rock. And they rolled a large boulder and they placed it upon the entrance of the tomb. And they departed.
61 And there was Mary Magdalene and the other Mary, sitting across from the grave.

62 And on the next day, which was after the sunset, the chief priests and the Pharisees were gathered with Pilate, 63 saying, Sir, we have recalled that that deceiver while living said, After three days I will rise.
64 Therefore, command that the grave be secured until the third day, that His disciples may not come by night and steal Him away, and may say to the people, He is raised from the dead. And the last deception will be worse   than the first.
65 And Pilate said to them, ”You have the guards. Go and take precautions as you know.”
66 And they departed and took precautions by the grave and set a seal upon that stone together with the guards.


  • Good Friday (
    Let us take time on this Good Friday to reflect and remember the sacrifice of our Father in heaven, and the love of a Savior who died so that we may have life!
  • The House of Yahweh Announces Sighting of the New Moon of Green Ears of Barley that Officially Sets the Feast of Passover and Unleavened Bread (
    The House of Yahweh in Abilene, Texas announces the sighting of the first new moon of green ears of barley which officially sets the Feast of Passover and Unleavened Bread.The group says the Priests of The House of Yahweh at Abilene sighted this first moon at 7:55 p.m. on March 12th, 2013. They say by sighting this new moon, it officially sets The Feast of Passover and Unleavened Bread. The Feast begins with the First High Holy day which will be on March 27th, 2013 and continues through April 2nd, 2013. Yahshua’s Memorial will be celebrated on March 25th, 2013.
  • Jesus goes on trial (
    For many surrounding Jesus the day before and of His crucifixion, it was all about power. The religious leaders were jealous of Jesus’ authority and sway with the people, and feared losing their standing. Pilate needed to maintain order and power, and gave in to the crowds to pacify them and secure his reputation with Rome. The disciples argued about who would be the greatest in the kingdom during the Passover feast.
  • Crucify Him! (the song) (
    I would Never scream, “Crucify Him!” If I were there, how could I possibly say that I would rather have Pilate release a prisoner and kill the Son of God instead? Barabbas was known for robbery, which in those days often meant terrorism and/or bloody insurrection. (Mark 15:7) I would Never have chosen to release him, knowing that with my words, I could have voted for Pilate to release Jesus, a man who never sinned, instead!
  • Matthew 27:1-14 (
    Judas threw the silver coins down in the Temple and went out and hanged himself.
  • Pilate granted the crowd’s wish and ordered Jesus’ crucifixion (
    The whole crowd answered, “Let the responsibility for his death fall on us and on our children!”
  • “Who was Pontius Pilate?” (
    Pontius Pilate was  the Roman governor of Judea from A.D. 26-36, serving under Emperor Tiberius. He  is most known for his involvement in condemning Jesus to death on a  cross.Outside of the four Gospels, Pilate is mentioned by Pliny the  Younger, Philo, and Josephus. In addition, the “Pilate Stone,” discovered in  1961 and dated c. A.D. 30, includes a description of Pilate and mentions him as  “prefect” of Judea. Pilate is also mentioned in the apocryphal writings, but  these were all written at much later dates.
  • My Name Is… Barabbas (
    The name Barabbas means “son of a father or master” & some other translators have defined the name Barabbas to mean “son of shame”.  Isn’t that true with us all? Every one of us is a son/daughter of the Father, of the Master; and every one of us starts life as a son/daughter of shame.Jesus Christ took the place of Barabbas.  Jesus went to the cross instead of Barabbas. And by going to the cross in place of Barabbas, He went to the cross instead of us.
  • They mock, spit and beat him (
    They dressed him in a purple robe, and they wove thorn branches into a crown and put it on his head. Then they saluted him and taunted, “Hail! King of the Jews!” And they struck him on the head with a reed stick, spit on him, and dropped to their knees in mock worship.

The chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused Him. And Herod with his men of war set Him at nought, and mocked Him, and arrayed Him in a gorgeous robe, and sent Him again to Pilate. The same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were at enmity between themselves.

Positie en macht

Geschiedenis van het Christendom 1. De vroege dagen van het Christendom

Voorgaand: 1.1. Eerste Eeuw van het Christendom

1.2.       Aanzien als een gevaar

1.2.1.              Positie en macht

De stichter van het christendom, Jezus uit Nazareth[1], de Christus, bad dat er eenheid onder zijn volgelingen mocht bestaan (Johannes 17:21), en er was de apostelen zeer veel aan gelegen de eenheid van de christelijke gemeente te bewaren (1 Korinthiërs 1:10; Judas 17-19), maar al in de eerste eeuw kwam er vals onderwijs in het christendom.

Het feit, dat de Christenen een dicht verenigd lichaam waren, vers, krachtig, hoopvol, en dagelijks toenemend, terwijl heidenen grotendeels een losse samenvoeging waren, dagelijks verminderend, maakte dit de ware prospectieve sterkte van de kerk veel groter. Maar zij bleven sterk omringd door allerlei verscheiden heidense geloofsvormen en populaire activiteiten die soms zeer verleidelijk konden zijn.

Met het verstrijken der jaren kwamen de Christenen voor allerlei beproevingen en vervolging te staan. Net als die eerste discipelen putten zij vertroosting en aanmoediging uit hun samenkomsten. Bijgevolg schreef de apostel[2] Paulus in Hebreeën 10:24, 25: „Laten wij op elkaar letten ten einde tot liefde en voortreffelijke werken aan te sporen, het onderling vergaderen niet nalatend, zoals voor sommigen gebruikelijk is, maar laten wij elkaar aanmoedigen, en dat te meer naarmate gij de dag ziet naderen.” Die woorden zijn veel meer dan een gebod om bijeen te blijven komen. Ze verschaffen een door God geïnspireerde norm die voor alle christelijke vergaderingen geldt — en eigenlijk voor elke gelegenheid dat Christenen bijeenzijn.

De apostelen waren er bewust van dat onenigheid in het geloof tot heftig geredetwist, tweespalt en zelfs vijandschap kon leiden. (Vergelijk Handelingen van de Apostelen 23:7-10.) De apostels en de vroeggeïnspireerde mensen van de eerste eeuw verdedigden het Christelijke geloof op twee manieren: mondeling (Handelingen 22.1, Filippenzen 1.7, 16, 2 Timotheüs. 4.16) en door middel van literatuur (1 Korintiërs. 9.3). Al in hun tijd moesten de apostelen de aanhangers van Christus voor valse leraren en het verkeerde onderwijs waarschuwen welke reeds het geloof in de eerste eeuw langzaam binnendrongen.

De apostel Johannes weerlegde de misvattingen van hoe te goddelijk te leven in aanwezigheid van de docetic-gnostische leraren die de kerk infiltreerden (1 Johannes 2.1). „ Er zijn veel verleiders of dwaalleraars tot de wereld uitgegaan; die niet belijden dat Yahshua/Jezus de Messias in het vlees is gekomen. Dit is verleider en een antichrist.“ (2 Johannes 1:7) „omdat een aantal valse leraren in de wereld zijn uitgegaan, die geen getuigenis geven dat Jezus Christus in het vlees kwam. Zulk één is een valse leraar en een Antichrist.“ (2 Johannes 1:7)

Petrus schrijft: „Maar er waren ook valse profeten onder de mensen, zelfs aangezien er valse leraren onder u zullen zijn, die in het geheim in afgrijselijke ketterijen zullen brengen, zelfs ontkennend dat de heer hen kocht, en op zich vlugge vernietiging zullen brengen” (2 Petrus 2:1) „vooral hen die hun oude aard volgen in verlangen voor vuiligheid en wie gezag verachten. Vermetel en verwaand, zonder blikken of blozen, schromen zij niet de hemelse machten te beschimpen. En beven deze valse leraren niet bij het beledigen van engelachtige wezens; “ (2 Petrus 2:10)

Niemand van echt belang wil verkeerd zijn op wat de Bijbel onderwijst. Daarom moeten wij voorzichtig en bereid zijn om al het Bijbels bewijsmateriaal zo langzaam of zo snel te zien als het geanalyseerd kan worden. In principe, is het wat wij in de instructie van Paulus aan de bewoners van Thessaloniki vinden: „Doof niet de Geest. Veracht het profeteren niet. Bewijs alle dingen; houdt vast aan alles dat goed is. Onthoudt u of houdt u ver van al de verschijningen van kwaad.“ (1 Thessalonicenzen 5:19 – 22)

Verblijvend in de woorden van het Evangelie (Johannes 8.31-32) moeten wij geduldig zijn, hopend om de gift van de Heilige Geest te ontvangen, en de Bijbelse feiten zichzelf laten openbaren onder hun eigen voorwaarden. Aan dat geduld ontbrak het enkele vroege Christenen, alsook vonden zij het niet aangenaam om hun oude gewoonten zo maar op te geven. Zij werden toen aangetrokken door hen die vonden dat het niet zo belangrijk was om zo strikt aan alles te houden.

Het Romeinse Rijk

Zolang de apostelen nog leefden, beschermden zij de gemeente. De geschiedenis getuigt dat de vroege christenen niet betrokken waren bij de politieke aangelegenheden van het Romeinse Rijk en dat zij geen vooraanstaande klasse van geestelijken hadden. In plaats daarvan waren zij ijverige verkondigers van Gods koninkrijk. Tegen het einde van de eerste eeuw hadden zij getuigenis gegeven in alle delen van het Romeinse Rijk en discipelen gemaakt in Azië, Europa en Noord-Afrika. (Kolossenzen 1:23). Deze verrichtingen in de prediking betekenden echter niet dat het niet langer noodzakelijk was geestelijk waakzaam te blijven. Jezus’ voorzegde komst lag nog ver in de toekomst.

Sekten moesten dus vermeden worden, aangezien ze tot de werken van het vlees behoorden (Galaten 5:19-21). Christenen werden vermaand geen sekten te bevorderen noch zich door valse leraren op een dwaalspoor te laten brengen (Handelingen der Apostelen 20:28; 2 Timotheüs 2:17, 18; 2 Petrus 2:1). In zijn brief aan Titus gebood de apostel Paulus dat een mens die er na een eerste en een tweede ernstige vermaning mee bleef voortgaan een sekte te bevorderen, verworpen moest worden, wat blijkbaar betekende dat hij uit de gemeente gesloten moest worden (Titus 3:10). Degenen die weigerden betrokken te raken bij het veroorzaken van verdeeldheid binnen de gemeente of bij het ondersteunen van een bepaalde partij, zouden zich door hun trouwe wandel onderscheiden en er blijk van geven Gods goedkeuring te bezitten. Dit bedoelde Paulus blijkbaar toen hij tot de Korinthiërs zei: „Er moeten ook sekten onder u zijn, opdat de goedgekeurden onder u ook openbaar mogen worden.” (1 Korinthiërs 11:19).

De christenen hielden er hoge beginselen van moraliteit en rechtschapenheid op na, en met vurige ijver maakten zij een hoopgevende boodschap bekend. Duizenden verlieten het judaïsme en aanvaardden het christendom (Handelingen 2:41; 4:4; 6:7). In de ogen van de joodse religieuze leiders waren Jezus’ joodse discipelen louter afvalligen. (Vergelijk Handelingen 13:45.) Deze woedende leiders waren van mening dat het christendom hun tradities teniet deed. Ja, het loochende zelfs de kijk die zij op heidenen hadden! Vanaf 36 G.T. konden heidenen christenen worden en zich in hetzelfde geloof en dezelfde voorrechten verheugen als joodse christenen. (Handelingen 10:34, 35).

Christelijke martelaars

Christelijke martelaars

Wegens hun hoge moraliteitsbeginselen en het vasthouden aan hun geloofsovertuiging op meerdere gebieden werden de Christenen in de Romeinse wereld niet geliefd. Hun afgescheiden van de wereld (Johannes 15:19) riep aversie op. Zij bekleedden dus geen politiek ambt en weigerden militaire dienst. Als gevolg hiervan „werden [zij] voorgesteld als mensen die dood waren voor de wereld, en onbruikbaar voor alle aangelegenheden van het leven”, aldus de geschiedschrijver August Neander. Geen deel van de wereld zijn, betekende ook de goddeloze wegen van de verdorven Romeinse wereld mijden. „De kleine Christengemeenschappen stoorden de pleziermakende heidense wereld met hun vroomheid en fatsoen”, legt de geschiedschrijver Will Durant uit (1 Petrus 4:3, 4). Door christenen te vervolgen en terecht te stellen, hebben de Romeinen misschien wel geprobeerd de kwellende stem van het geweten tot zwijgen te brengen.

De eerste-eeuwse christenen predikten het goede nieuws van Gods koninkrijk met onwankelbare ijver (Mattheüs 24:14). Omstreeks 60 G.T. kon Paulus zeggen dat het goede nieuws ’in heel de schepping die onder de hemel is, gepredikt’ was (Kolossenzen 1:23). Tegen het einde van de eerste eeuw hadden Jezus’ volgelingen discipelen gemaakt in het hele Romeinse Rijk — in Azië, Europa en Afrika! Zelfs sommige leden van „het huis van caesar” werden christenen (Filippenzen 4:22). Deze ijverige prediking wekte wrevel. Neander zegt: ’Het christendom maakte gestadig vorderingen onder mensen uit alle lagen van de bevolking en dreigde de staatsreligie ten val te brengen.’ U kan zich voorstellen hoe belangrijk het wel kon zijn om toch mensen te laten infiltreren om hen op andere gedachten te laten brengen.

Jezus’ volgelingen (of aanhangers van Christus) schonken Jehovah exclusieve toewijding (Mattheüs 4:8-10). Misschien bracht dit aspect van hun aanbidding hen meer dan wat anders in conflict met Rome. De Romeinen waren tolerant ten aanzien van andere religies, zolang hun aanhangers ook deelnamen aan de keizeraanbidding. De vroege christenen konden gewoon niet aan een dergelijke aanbidding deelnemen. Zij bezagen zich als personen die rekenschap verschuldigd waren aan een autoriteit die hoger was dan die van de Romeinse staat, namelijk Jehovah God (Handelingen 5:29). Als gevolg hiervan werd een christen, ook al was hij verder in alle opzichten nog een zodanig voorbeeldige burger, als een staatsvijand beschouwd.

Keizer Nero

Er was nog een reden waarom getrouwe christenen in de Romeinse wereld „voorwerpen van haat” werden: Gemene laster over hen werd grif geloofd, beschuldigingen waarvoor de joodse religieuze leiders in niet geringe mate verantwoordelijk waren (Handelingen 17:5-8). Omstreeks 60 of 61 G.T., toen Paulus in Rome op zijn berechting door keizer Nero wachtte, zeiden vooraanstaande joden over christenen: „Werkelijk, wat deze sekte aangaat, het is ons bekend dat ze overal tegenspraak ondervindt” (Handelingen 28:22). Nero zal beslist lasterlijke verhalen over hen gehoord hebben. In 64 G.T. koos hij, toen men hem voor de brand die Rome teisterde verantwoordelijk hield, naar verluidt de reeds alom belasterde christenen als zondebokken uit. Dit schijnt een golf van gewelddadige vervolging teweeggebracht te hebben, die ten doel had de christenen uit te roeien.[3]

De valse beschuldigingen die tegen de christenen werden ingebracht, kwamen vaak neer op een mengsel van regelrechte leugens en een verdraaiing van hun geloofsopvattingen. Omdat zij monotheïstisch waren en niet de keizer aanbaden, werden zij als atheïstisch bestempeld. Omdat sommige niet-christelijke gezinsleden hun christelijke familieleden tegenstonden, werden christenen ervan beschuldigd gezinnen te ontwrichten (Mattheüs 10:21). Zij werden voor kannibalen uitgemaakt, een beschuldiging die volgens sommige bronnen was gebaseerd op een verdraaiing van de woorden die Jezus tijdens het Avondmaal des Heren had geuit. (Mattheüs 26:26-28).

Tegen het eind van Nero’s regeerperiode werden de Christenen, onder de zwaarste sancties, zelfs dat van dood, vereist om offers aan de keizer en aan heidense goden aan te bieden. Na de dood van Nero hield de vervolging op, en de aanhangers van Jezus genoten van een tamelijke vrede tot Domitiaan, een keizer van vergelijkbare verdorvenheid als Nero regeerde

Verwoesting Tempel Jeruzalem

De verspreiding van de Joden, en de totale vernietiging van hun stad en tempel in 70 G.T, zijn de volgende gebeurtenissen van overweging in de rest van de eerste eeuw. De aantallen die onder Vespasian in het land verdwenen, en onder Titus in de stad, van 67-70 G.T. omkwamen door hongersnood, de interne facties, en het Romeinse zwaard, liepen op tot één miljoen drie honderd vijftig duizend vier honderd zestig, naast honderd duizend verkocht in de slavernij.[4]

Eusebius, de vader van geestelijke geschiedenis schrijft dat nadat Domitianus tegen velen zijn wreedheid had uitgeoefend, en onterecht had gedood waaronder geen klein aantal edele en belangrijke mensen in Rome, en, zonder oorzaak, die enorme aantallen eerbare mensen met ballingschap en de inbeslagneming van hun bezit heeft gestraft, zich vestigde als uitvoerig opvolger van Nero in zijn haat en vijandigheid aan God.[5] Hij volgde ook Nero in het tarten van hen. Hij beval dat zijn eigen standbeeld zou worden aanbeden als een god, herzag de wet van verraad, en omringde zich met spionnen en informanten om een tweede vervolging van de Christenen teweeg te brengen.

NYC - Metropolitan Museum of Art - Roman statu...

Roman statue of Artemis - NYC Metropolitan Museum of Art

Niettegenstaande de Romeinse keizers, Romeinse gevangenissen en Romeinse executies slaagde het christendom er in om toch een stille opmars te maken. In weinig meer dan zeventig jaar na de dood van Christus, had het dergelijke snelle vooruitgang geboekt in sommige plaatsen om de val van heidendom te bedreigen. Christenen haalden zich meer en meer de haat van heidense aanbidders op de hals. Zo was in het oude Efeze het vervaardigen van zilveren tempeltjes van de godin Artemis een winstgevend bedrijf. Maar toen Paulus daar predikte, reageerde een aanzienlijk aantal Efeziërs hier gunstig op en keerden zij de aanbidding van Artemis de rug toe. Nu hun handel werd bedreigd, veroorzaakten de zilversmeden een volksoploop (Handelingen 19:24-41). Iets overeenkomstigs deed zich voor nadat het christendom zich tot in Bithynië (nu Noordwest-Turkije) had uitgebreid. Niet lang nadat de christelijke Griekse Geschriften waren voltooid, berichtte de bestuurder van Bithynië, Plinius de Jongere, dat heidense tempels werden verlaten en de verkoop van voer voor offerdieren drastisch terugliep. De christenen kregen de schuld — en werden vervolgd — omdat in hun aanbidding geen plaats was voor dierlijke slachtoffers en afgoden (Hebreeën 10:1-9; 1 Johannes 5:21). Het is duidelijk dat de verbreiding van het christendom invloed uitoefende op bepaalde gevestigde belangen die met heidense aanbidding verband hielden, en degenen die als gevolg hiervan zowel handel als inkomsten kwijtraakten, waren hier gebelgd over.

Door de vooruitgang van christendom werden de tijdelijke belangen van een groot aantal personen ernstig beïnvloed. Dit was een vruchtbare en bittere bron van vervolging. Heidense tempels werden meer en meer verlaten, de verering van de goden werd veronachtzaamd, en de slachtoffers voor offers werden zelden gekocht. Dit hief natuurlijk een populaire schreeuw tegen het christendom op, zoals er zich voor deed in Efeze: „ons ambacht is in gevaar tot niets teruggebracht te worden, en dat de tempel van de grote godin Diana zal worden veracht.“ Een talloze menigte van priesters, beeldhouwers, handelaars, waarzeggers, voorspellers, en vakmannen, vonden een goed leven met betrekking tot de verering van zo vele goden. Al dezen, zagen hun ambacht in gevaar, stegen in verenigde sterkte tegen de Christenen, en zochten op elke manier om de vooruitgang van christendom tegen te houden. De sluwe priesters en listige zieners en waarzeggers overreedden in het algemeen, gemakkelijk de gewone mensen, en overtuigden de openbare mening dat alle rampen, oorlogen, stormen, en ziekten die mensheid troffen, op hen door de boze goden werden verzonden, omdat de Christenen die hun gezag verachtten overal werden getolereerd.[6] Zij vonden en verspreidden de meest gemene lasterpraatjes tegen alles wat christelijk was en legden veel en erge klachten voor tegen de Christenen vóór de gouverneurs. Dit was vooral zo in de Aziatische provincies waar het christendom het meest overwegend was.

De eerste Christenen trokken zich natuurlijk van paganisme terug, hielden hun bijeenkomsten in het geheim en werden een afzonderlijke en verschillende groep van mensen. Zij konden zo het aanhangen van polytheïsme enkel maar veroordelen daar het volkomen tegengesteld was aan het ware leven en ware God, en aan het evangelie van Zijn Zoon Jezus Christus. Dit gaf de Romeinen de idee dat de Christenen aan het menselijke ras vijandig waren, doordat zij zagen dat zij alle godsdiensten, buiten de hunne, veroordeelden. Vandaar dat zij„Atheïsten“ werden genoemd omdat zij niet geloofden in heidense goden, en heidense verering verafschuwden.[7] Maar die afzondering van die heidense bevolking leek niet altijd even gemakkelijk.

[2] „apostel“ betekent vooruitgezondene.

[3] In de maand Juli 64 G.T. brak een grote brand uit in het Circus, welke zich bleef uitspreiden tot het al oude grandeur van de keizerstad in ruïnes legde. De vlammen breidden zich met grote snelheid uit door de kracht van de wind en door de lange smalle straten van Rome stad, over de heuvels en valleien. De algemene vuurzee. verpakte in een korte tijd de gehele stad in één blad verterende vlammen.

[4] Dean Milman’s History of the Jews, vol. 2, book 16, page 380

[5] Roman History, Encyclopedia Britannica, vol. 19, page 406

[6] Mosheim’s Ecclesiastical History, vol. 1, page 67. Cave’s Primitive Christianity; early chapters

[7] De christelijke verering, in ware eenvoud, zonder de hulp van tempels en priesters, riten en ceremonies, wordt nu niet veel beter begrepen door het Christendom tegenover toen door het heidense Rome. Vandaag willen vele naamchristenen ook priesters in gewaden zien en diensten met offergaven, wierook en symbolen in tempels of speciale kerkgebouwen. In plaats van te beseffen dat God een Geest is, “en zij dat Hem vereren moeten Hem in geest en in waarheid aanbidden.“ (Johannes 4:24)


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