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Posts tagged ‘Zikaron’

The Anointed One and the first day of No Fermentation

Then, when he went to Caesarea Philippi, Jesus asked his disciples, ‘Who are people saying the Son of Man is?’  And they replied, ‘Some say you’re John the Baptist, others EliJah, and still others say you are JeremiAh or one of the Prophets.’  And he asked, ‘But, who do you say that I am?’  And Simon Peter answered: ‘You’re the Anointed; the Son of the Living God.’  Then Jesus said to him, ‘You are blest, Simon, son of JonAh, because this wasn’t shown to you by flesh and blood, but by my Father in the heavens.  ‘I also tell you this: You are Rock (Peter); but I will build my congregation on this bedrock so that the gates of the place of the dead won’t overpower it.  I will give you the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in the heavens. And whatever you set free on the earth will be set free in the heavens.’  Then he sternly warned the disciples not to tell anyone that he is the Anointed One.  And that’s when Jesus (the Anointed) started showing his disciples that he would have to go to JeruSalem and suffer many things at [the hands of] the elders, Chief Priests, and scribes. Then he would be killed, but [he would be] raised on the third day.
(Matthew 16:13-21 2001)Then, starting on the road to JeruSalem, Jesus took the twelve disciples off privately and explained this to them:  ‘Look, we’re going up to JeruSalem where the Son of Man will be betrayed to the Chief Priests and scribes, and they will condemn him to death.  Then they will hand him over to the ethnics, who will make fun of him, whip him, and impale him. But on the third day, he will be raised!’
(Matthew 20:17-19 2001)Well, when they got close to JeruSalem and arrived at BethPhage on the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two disciples ahead,  telling them, ‘Go to the village, the one that’s across from us, and you will immediately find a burro that’s tied with its colt. Untie them and bring them to me.  And if anyone says anything, just tell him that the Lord needs them, and he will immediately send them with you.’  The reason why this happened is so the thing spoken through the Prophet might be fulfilled, ‘Tell this to the daughter of Zion:
Look! Your King is coming to you!
[He’s] gentle and comes riding the colt of a burro;
The son of an animal that labors.’  So, the disciples went and did just as Jesus told them.  They brought the burro and its colt, put a robe [over its’ back], and he sat on it.  And as most of the crowd spread their robes on the road, others cut branches from the trees and spread them on the road.  Then, part of the crowd walked ahead of him, and the rest who followed behind were shouting: ‘[God] save the Son of David! Praise the one who comes in Jehovah’s Name… may [God] in the highest places save him!’  Well, when he entered JeruSalem, the whole city was stirred up [as people asked], ‘Who is this?’  But the crowd [that was with Jesus] answered, ‘He’s Jesus, the Prophet from NazarEth of GaliLee!’
(Matthew 21:1-11 2001)Now, when Jesus had finished saying all these things, he told his disciples:  ‘You know that the Passover will be here in just two days, and the Son of Man is going to be betrayed and hung on a pole.’  Then the Chief Priests and the peoples’ elders gathered in the courtyard of the High Priest (who was called CaiAphas)  to discuss sneaky ways to grab Jesus and kill him.  However, they decided not [to do it] at the festival, because that would have created a commotion among the people.
(Matthew 26:1-5 2001)

It was on the first day of No Fermentation that the disciples came to Jesus and asked, ‘Where do you want us to prepare for you to eat the Passover?’  And he said: ‘Go into the city to (a certain person), and tell him that the Teacher says, My appointed time is near, so I will celebrate the Passover with my disciples in your home.’  Then the disciples did just as Jesus ordered and got things ready for the Passover.  It was that evening, while [Jesus] was reclining at the table  eating with the twelve disciples, that he said: ‘I tell you the truth; One of you will betray me.’  And deeply saddened at this, they all asked him, ‘Lord, it isn’t me, is it?’  And he answered, ‘One who has dipped his hand in this bowl with me will betray me.  Indeed, the Son of Man will go, just as it was written about him. But woe to the one through whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would be better for him if he had never been born!’  Then Judas (the one who was about to betray him) asked, ‘That isn’t what I am, is it Rabbi?’ And [Jesus] replied, ‘You said it yourself.’  Then, as they ate, Jesus took a loaf, and after giving thanks, broke it and gave it to the disciples saying: ‘Take some and eat it, because this is my body.’  He also took a cup [of wine], and after giving thanks, gave it to them saying, ‘All of you drink from it,  because this is my blood of the New Sacred Agreement, which will be poured out for many to forgive [their] sins.  But I tell you that I definitely won’t drink of this product of the vine anymore, until that day when I will drink it new with you in the Kingdom of my Father.’  Finally, after singing songs of praise, they went out to the Mount of Olives.  [It was there that] Jesus said to them: ‘All of you will be stumbled [by what will happen to] me tonight, because it’s written: I will beat the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.  But after I wake up, I will go ahead of you into GaliLee.’  However, Peter said to him: ‘Although all the others may be stumbled, I’ll never be trapped!’  Then Jesus said: ‘I tell you the truth; Before a rooster crows tonight, you will have denied knowing me three times.’  But Peter said: ‘Even if I have to die with you, I’ll never deny knowing you!’ And all the other disciples said the same thing.  Then Jesus went with them to the spot called GethSemane (the Oil Press), and he told his disciples: ‘Sit here while I go over there to pray.’
(Matthew 26:17-36 2001)

Now, when you meet together in one place, it isn’t to eat the Lord’s Supper,  for, you’re all [bringing] your own meals to eat before you partake. So, who knows who’s still hungry and who’s already had too much to drink?  Don’t you have homes where you can eat and drink? Or do you condemn the congregation of God and shame those who are poor? What should I say to you? Should I praise you? In this, I don’t praise you.  I received this from the Lord and I’ve also shared it with you… that the Lord Jesus (on the very night that he was going to be handed over) took a loaf,  and after giving thanks, broke it and said, ‘This is my body [which is given] for you. Keep on doing this in memory of me.’  And after supper, he did the same thing with the cup, saying, ‘This cup is the new Sacred Agreement of my blood. Keep on doing this… and as often as you drink it, think of me.’  So, as often as you eat the loaf and drink from the cup, you keep proclaiming the death of the Lord until he arrives.  But whoever eats the loaf and drinks the cup of the Lord unworthily, will be held responsible to the Lord’s body and blood.  So, each man should prove what he is first; then he can eat from the loaf and drink from the cup.  For, those who eat and drink, eat and drink judgment on themselves if they don’t judge [the worthiness of] their bodies.  That’s why many of you are weak and unhealthy, and quite a few are asleep!  However, if we would judge ourselves, we wouldn’t have to be judged.  Yet, when we are judged, we have to be disciplined by the Lord, so we aren’t condemned along with the world.  So, my brothers; When you come together to eat, wait for each other!  And if anyone is hungry, let him eat at home, so you don’t meet for judgment. As for the rest of the matters; I’ll straighten them out when I get there.
(1 Corinthians 11:20-34 2001)

File:Amandus Vaandel Confrerie Sacrament detail.jpg

Last Supper – Embroidery ca 1890 by Amandus Vaandel


Please do find to read:

  1. 1 -15 Nisan
  2. Deliverance and establishement of a theocracy
  3. Day of remembrance coming near
  4. 14 Nisan a day to remember #1 Inception
  5. 14 Nisan a day to remember #2 Time of Jesus
  6. 14 Nisan a day to remember #3 Before the Passover-feast
  7. 14 Nisan a day to remember #4 A Lamb slain
  8. 14 Nisan a day to remember #5 The Day to celebrate
  9. Around the feast of Unleavened Bread
  10. High Holidays not only for Israel
  11. Observance of a day to Remember
  12. Festival of Freedom and persecutions


  • Jesus is anointed (
    Six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany where Lazarus was, the one Jesus had raised from the dead. So they gave a dinner for Him there; Martha was serving them, and Lazarus was one of those reclining at the table with Him. Then Mary took a pound of fragrant oil—pure and expensive nard—anointed Jesus’ feet, and wiped His feet with her hair. So the house was filled with the fragrance of the oil.
  • Jesus celebrates Passover (
    Tonight we spread a blanket on the floor, cut a slab of homemade bread, poured a glass of juice and celebrated Communion.My husband Matt took the bread and blessed it. He broke off pieces that he gave to each of us. We talked about what the bread symbolized, Jesus’s broken body, and how when we eat it, we must remember and thank God for His amazing sacrifice for us.
  • Carissimi; Sunday’s Mass: Palm Sunday (
    Palm Sunday would be in any case a great and holy day, as it commemorates the last triumph of Our Lord Jesus Christ on earth and opens the Holy Week.
  • Feet and Bread (
    Holy week? I haven’t been digging any holes lately.
  • “The Bible” Mini-Series recap Ep.8 Betrayal (
    In the week before Passover, Jerusalem is full of pilgrims, celebrating the Israelites’ liberation from slavery in Egypt. The desire for freedom from their oppressors, the Romans, burns strong. Now, Jesus makes his entrance riding on a donkey – a declaration that he is the Messiah. The crowd rejoices. But High Priest Caiaphas recoils in horror – any unrest and Pilate will shut down the Temple. Now, Jesus confounds all in a protest against hypocrisy by turning on the money- changers in the Temple.
  • New Palm Sunday Narrative W/imagery on Audio (
    The Anointing at Bethany is one of the examples FutureChurch gives of gospels that focus on women moved out of their chronological order to a weekday, when most of a church’s congregation is not present.  As a result, the role of women in church history is marginalized, and  efforts to regain equality between women and men in church leadership is resisted to the highest levels.
    As you read about The Anointing At Bethany notice how it illustrates Jesus’ support of women disciples’ desire to learn about God; how the story contrasts the concern of Mary for Jesus with those of Judas for money.
  • Tree of Jesus Life, the Suffering Christ, Passion Week (
    ‘Behold your King is coming to you,
    Gentle, and mounted on a donkey,
    Even on a colt, the foal of a beast of burden.’”
  • The Lord has Need of Them – remix (
    So, a few decades ago there was a popular hymn in church. It actually dates back to the late 1800′s. it was called “When the Roll is Called Up Yonder.” It actually carries a fine message.
  • The Gospel of Luke – The Time of Testing (
    Throughout Luke, Jesus is portrayed as entering prayer before key moment – and this holds true here also.
    After the Passover feast, Jesus and his disciples go “to the Mount of Olives” (22:39). Luke situates this dramatic prayer of Jesus on that mountain where Judaism expected the end of the world to take place.  Luke has streamlined and simplified Mark’s account of the agony in the garden. The scene is focused on Jesus and not the disciples (as Luke does not include Jesus’ repeated trips back to the apostles).
  • Palm Sunday (
    Are you a follower who shouts Hosanna or a stone-cold skeptic that keeps your mouth shut? Or a stone that longs to sing?

14 Nisan a day to remember #5 The Day to celebrate

God’s Passover is to be held on the fourteenth day of the first month

The Bible tells us that Passover is always on Nisan 14. Numbers 28:16-17 says: “In the first month on the 14th day of the month is Adonai’s Pesach (Passover). On the 15th day of the month is to be a feast.” The Scriptures verify this several times. On the 14th, as Jehovah instructed, His people were to slaughter the lamb toward twilight/dusk toward the evening and eat it “that same night” – because the 15th was to be a feast.

English: The Jews' Passover, by James Tissot (...

The Jews’ Passover, by James Tissot (1836–1902) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

So on the night when the 14th Nisan begins we as believers come together to commemorate the last moments of the life of Jesus Christ. The days afterwards we can gather with family and friends and celebrate the liberation of God’s people. When it is still day light it would be still the 14th of Nisan but as soon the sun goes under the 15th of Nisan begins and the evening meal can be taken full of joy, because the people who could leave Egypt was the way to the Land of God for the Jews. And the death of Christ was the liberation of all people so that everybody could receive the opportunity to come closer to God and would be able to enter the Kingdom of God.

We should always remember that Jesus himself said to the apostles, “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer;” (Luke 22:15 NAS) Jeshua died on the first evening of Passover, and Passover seders are to be held on the evening (sunset) of Nisan 14th, for the 15th (which starts immediately after sunset) is to be a feast (Numbers 28:16-17).

As such we are happy to invite everybody to gather with those who believe in Christ his death and resurrection for becoming our mediator between God and man and would like to find them in prayer and worship on 14 Nisan at the memorial table.

“”For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when He sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the LORD will pass over the door and will not allow the destroyer to come in to your houses to smite [you.]” (Exodus 12:23 NAS)

“”You shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread; for seven days you are to eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the appointed time in the month Abib, for in it you came out of Egypt. And none shall appear before Me empty-handed.” (Exodus 23:15 NAS)

“”You shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread. For seven days you are to eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the appointed time in the month of Abib, for in the month of Abib you came out of Egypt.” (Exodus 34:18 NAS)

“3  “You shall not eat leavened bread with it; seven days you shall eat with it unleavened bread, the bread of affliction (for you came out of the land of Egypt in haste), in order that you may remember all the days of your life the day when you came out of the land of Egypt. 4  “For seven days no leaven shall be seen with you in all your territory, and none of the flesh which you sacrifice on the evening of the first day shall remain overnight until morning. 5  “You are not allowed to sacrifice the Passover in any of your towns which the LORD your God is giving you; 6  but at the place where the LORD your God chooses to establish His name, you shall sacrifice the Passover in the evening at sunset, at the time that you came out of Egypt. 7  “And you shall cook and eat it in the place which the LORD your God chooses. And in the morning you are to return to your tents. 8  “Six days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there shall be a solemn assembly to the LORD your God; you shall do no work on it.” (Deuteronomy 16:3-8 NAS)

2013 Confusion or controversy

This year there were many controversies on which day to hold the Memorial Meal. We take the gospel of John in consideration where is spoken of the 14th of Nisan as “the preparation of the Passover.” The next morning, after the final supper Jeshua had with his disciples, after the Jews had apprehended Jeshua and interrogated him, early that morning, they led him to the hall of judgement be judged by Pontius Pilate, Roman governor. The Jews themselves, however, would not go into the Roman judgement hall, “lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the Passover” (John 18:28). Clearly Passover had not yet come. So for sure the 14 Nisan or our Memorial Meal service would have to take place one evening before the night the Jews would take their Pesach seder.

According to certain Jewish groups Erev Pesach (‘Eve of Passover’) – First Seder would be on Monday March 25, 14 Nissan, 5773.
The Torah (Exodus 12:15, as per Talmud, Pesachim 5a) sets midday of Nissan 14—for 2013 on Monday March 25th –as the deadline for the destruction and/or removal of all leavened foods (“chametz”) from their possession in preparation for the festival of Passover, which begins that evening at nightfall. In practice, Torah law mandates that we desist from eating chametz two hours before midday, and that no leaven remain in our possession an hour before midday. These are not clock hours but “proportional hours”, defined by Jewish law as a 12th part of the time between sunrise and sunset.
When the Holy Temple stood in Jerusalem, the Passover offering was brought there on the afternoon of Nissan 14 which would mean on the afternoon Tuesday 26. That day it is commemorated by the Jews their recitation of the “Order of the Passover Offering” in the afternoon of Tuesday 26 March, by the “shankbone” placed on the seder plate this evening, and the afikoman — a portion of matzah eaten in its stead at the end of the seder meal.

The Jewish calendar date begins at sundown of the night beforehand. Thus all holiday observances begin at sundown on the secular dates listed, with the following day being the first full day of the holiday. (Thus, the first Passover seder is held on the evening of the first date listed.) Jewish calendar dates conclude at nightfall.

The first two days of Passover (from sundown of the first date listed, until nightfall two days later) are full-fledged, no-work-allowed holiday days. The subsequent four days are Chol Hamoed, when work is allowed, albeit with restrictions. Chol Hamoed is followed by another two full holiday days.

According Chabad the holiday of Pesach, or Passover, falling on the Hebrew calendar dates of Nissan 15-22.

Here are coinciding secular dates for the upcoming years:

2013:   March 25-April 2

First Seder – Night of Monday, March 25, 2013
First Day – Tuesday March 26, 2013
Second Seder – Night of Tuesday March 26, 2013
Second Day – Wednesday, March 27, 2013
Seventh Day – Monday, April 1, 2013
Eighth Day – Tuesday, April 2, 2013

2014:   April 14-22

2015:   April 3-11

2016:   April 22-30

2017:   April 10-18

According to The Premier Kosher Information Source on the Internet Passover begins with the first Seder on the eve of the 15th day of Nisan, corresponding (according to them) to Monday evening, March 25, 2013, and ends outside of Israel at the conclusion of the 22nd day of Nisan, corresponding to Tuesday evening, April 2, 2013.

English: Festive Seder table with wine, matza ...

Festive Seder table with wine, matza and Seder plate. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

According to us we have to take in account the difference of timing of the East (Jerusalem), Europe and the United States (even there the East and West coast).

For 2013 we had New Moon on March the 11th and Full Moon on March 27, so 14 Nisan should be on the evening of 26 March this year.

Therefore we kindly invite you to join us on Tuesday night for the Memorial of Jesus’ death, the Pesach or Lamb of God. On that evening we shall meet to commemorate the greatest man on earth and we shall examine what makes Jesus—and his sacrifice—so vitally important.


Preceding articles: 14 Nisan a day to remember #4 A Lamb slain

14 Nisan a day to remember #3 Before the Passover-feast

14 Nisan a day to remember #2 Time of Jesus

14 Nisan a day to remember #1 Inception

Dutch version / Nederlandse versie: 14 Nisan een dag om te herinneren #5 De te vieren dag


Please do find also other related articles:
Articles on 14 Nisan and Pesach/Pascha:
  1. 1 -15 Nisan
  2. Day of remembrance coming near
  3. Around the feast of Unleavened Bread
  4. Pesach
  5. Korban Pesach
  6. Seven days of Passover
  7. Day of remembrance coming near
  8. Observance of a day to Remember
  9. Jesus memorial
  10. Bread and Wine
  11. Deliverance and establishement of a theocracy
  12. High Holidays not only for Israel
  13. Festival of Freedom and persecutions
About Jesus his death:
  1. About a man who changed history of humankind
  2. How is it that Christ pleased God so perfectly?
  3. God showing how far He is willing to go to save His children
  4. Grace and beloved by God
  5. The meek one riding on an ass
  6. Why did Jesus have to die on the cross?
  7. A new exodus and offering of a Lamb
  8. Ransom for all
  9. Swedish theologian finds historical proof Jesus did not die on a cross
  10. Impaled until death overtook him
  11. The day Jesus died
  12. Jesus three days in hell
  13. The redemption of man by Christ Jesus
  14. The one who makes us well and gives life
About Easter:
  1. Peter Cottontail and a Bunny laying Eastereggs
  2. Altered to fit a Trinity
  3. Jesus is risen
  4. Risen With Him
  5. Christ has indeed been raised from the dead
  6. A season of gifts
  7. Wishing lanterns and Christmas


  • How long was Jesus in the grave? (
    For centuries, Christians have observed the crucifixion of Jesus as being on Friday afternoon and the resurrection at dawn the following Sunday. This is only a period of about  40 hours and certainly does not fit Jesus’ prediction of three days and three nights?
    For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a whale, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth,”  Matthew 12:40. The problem is neither with Jesus’ prediction nor with the Bible. The problem is with our tradition that misses a very important fact of the events of that week in Jesus’ ministry. The Bible tells us that Jesus was crucified on the Day of Preparation for the Passover Sabbath (Mark 15:42, Luke 23:54, John 19:14, 31). The Hebrew calendar begins each day at the evening twilight of the previous day. For example, the Jewish Friday begins at what would be the beginning of Thursday evening on our calendars. The Day of Preparation for Passover was always the 14th of the Hebrew month Abib (also known as Nisan). Passover began that evening, the 15th.
  • Preparations for the Passover Meal – Luke 22: 7-13 (
    The synoptic want to emphasize the Passover significance of the Last Supper and therefore they date it to the night of 14th or 15th of Nisan when the Jews celebrate their Passover Meal. Here the Last Supper is presented as Jesus’ own Passover, the new Passover Meal of his own body and blood. In gospel of John, however, the death of Jesus is connected with the Passover and not the Last Supper. Jesus the Lamb of God is sacrificed on the Cross at a time when the Passover lambs are slaughtered in preparation for the Passover Meal.
  • Passover and the Feast of First Fruits (
    At the end of this month Christians around the world will be celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ. In the week before Jews will be observing the Passover. What most Christians do not know is that these two “Holy-days” are related to each other. The story of the preparations for the Passover Meal is itself introductory to the account of the Last Supper in Luke 22: 14-23.
    The parallel passages in Matthew 26: 17-19 and Mark 14: 12-16 also present Jesus’ meal with his disciples as a Passover Meal held on the 14th or 15th night of Nisan. The same night Jesus was arrested and the following day, namely, on 15th of Nisan he was crucified. It is also interesting to note that the three synoptic evangelists explicitly mention that day as the day of preparation, that is, the day before a Sabbath (cf. Mk 15: 42; Mt 27: 62; Lk 23; 54-56). The fourth evangelist (John) is also in agreement with the synoptic on this point.
  • Our Passover Lamb (
    What does it mean that Christ is the fulfillment of the Law and prophets?One of the ways we can see this is by examining the Feasts ofIsrael. YHWH established appointed times that the nation of Israel wouldmeet with Him in worship and thanksgiving. There were three feasts in the Spring (Passover, Unleavened Bread and First Fruits); one in the Summer (Pentecost); and three in the Fall (Trumpets, Atonement and Tabernacle).
    Jesus Christ is the fulfillment of these feasts, or appointed times.
  • Faith Without Obidience (
     Special care was to be taken of this lamb until the 14th of the month, the Passover, when the lamb would be slaughtered at twilight.  On the original Passover, the blood of the  lamb was smeared on the doorposts of every Hebrew home to distinguish them from the Egyptians and to protect them from the destroyer.
  • Happy Passover 2013 (/
    Much of the symbolism of Jesus’ last Passover week is lost to us because we are unaware of the customs of the time.
    The day Jesus was crucified was the day of the Passover celebration and the day that the Passover lamb was to be sacrificed. For the previous 1,200 years, the priest would blow the shophar (ram’s horn) at 3:00 p.m. – the moment the lamb was sacrificed, and all the people would pause to contemplate the sacrifice for sins on behalf of the people of Israel.At 3:00, when Jesus was being crucified, He said, “It is finished” – at the moment that the Passover lamb was sacrificed and the shophar was blown from the Temple. The sacrifice of the lamb of God was fulfilled at the hour that the symbolic animal sacrifice usually took place. At the same time, the veil of the Temple (a three-inch thick, several  story high cloth that demarked the Holy of Holies) tore from top to bottom – representing a removal of the separation between God and man. Fifty days later, on the  anniversary of the giving of the law (Pentecost), God left the earthly temple to inhabit those who call on the name of Jesus through His Holy Spirit.
  • The Lamb of God (
    One source tells us that around the time of Christ, 256,000 lambs were slain in Jerusalem for just one Passover. According to ancient Jewish law, there were ten people required for every one lamb. So that puts the population in Jerusalem for Passover at roughly 2.5 million people plus!
  • The Passover Lamb has Gone Missing (
    After sunset we join Jews around the world in a “seder” meal.
    The lamb has gone missing. Yet the lamb of God was essential to Israel‘s redemption. As followers of Yeshua (Jesus) the Messiah we behold with the Jewish prophet John “the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world” (John 1:29).  And we celebrate Passover knowing that Jesus is the reason for the season. In the words of Rabbi Saul/Paul, “For indeed Messiah, our Passover, was sacrificed for us.” (1 Corinthians 5:7)

14 Nisan een dag om te herinneren #5 De te vieren dag

Gods Pascha moet op de veertiende dag van de eerste maand worden gehouden

De bijbel vertelt ons dat Passover of Pascha altijd op Nisan 14 is. Het Boek Numeri hoofdstuk 28 verzen 16 – 17 zegt: „In de eerste maand op de 14de dag van de maand is Pesach van Adonai (Pacha/Passover). Op de 15de dag van de maand hoort er een feest te zijn.“ De Geschriften verifiëren dit meerdere keren. Voor de veertiende, zoals Jehovah de opdracht gaf, moesten Zijn mensen het lam slachten als de schemering op trad. Zo ging bij de avondschemering de nieuwe dag in maar moest men het geslachte lam die avond of diezelfde nacht eten – omdat de vijftiende een feest moest zijn.

Gezeten aan de tafel voor het avondmaal op de voorbereidingsdag voor Pesach. – Haggada uit de 14e eeuw, Duitsland

Zo op de nacht wanneer de 14de Nisan begint komen wij als gelovigen samen om de laatste ogenblikken van het leven van Jezus Christus te herdenken. De avond of het begin van de 14de Nisan werden de voorbereidingen getroffen voor later op de dag wanneer het terug licht was en het lam geslacht zou worden. De dagen na de avondschemering en inzet van 14 Nisan kunnen wij ook verder met familie en vrienden samen komen en de bevrijding van de mensen van God vieren. Wanneer het nog daglicht is het nog steeds de veertiende Nisan, maar zodra de zon begint onder te gaan begint de vijftiende Nisan en kan de avondmaaltijd genomen worden en het hoogtepunt van vreugde zijn, omdat de mensen die Egypte konden verlaten op Gods wijze naar het Land van God konden gebracht worden. Voor de Joden is die bevrijding het hoogtepunt terwijl de Christenen hierbij met de dood van Christus de bevrijding van alle mensen vieren. Het is namelijk zo dat het Zoenoffer van Jeshua (Jezus Christus zijn dood aan de martelpaal) het losgeld opbracht voor het loskopen van al de zondaars, waar ook ter wereld. Door Jezus zijn dood heeft iedereen de kans ontvangen om dichter tot God te komen en om het Koninkrijk van God te kunnen ingaan.

Wij zouden altijd moeten herinneren dat bovengenoemde Jezus zelf aan de apostelen zei dat hij ernstig wenste dit Overgangsfeest of Pascha/Pesach (Passover) met hen te eten alvorens hij ging lijden.

“Toen zeide hij tot hen: Ik heb zeer verlangd dit Pascha met u te eten voor mijn lijden;” (Lukas 22:15 LEI)

Jeshua stierf op de eerste avond van Pascha dagen, en Pesach seders (Passover seders) moeten op de avond (zonsondergang) van die dag gevierd worden als de veertiende Nisan ingaat, dus voor de vijftiende (die onmiddellijk na zonsondergang) begint en een feest hoort te zijn (Numeri 28:16 – 17).

“16 In de eerste maand, op den veertienden dag der maand, is het pascha voor den Heer; 17 en op den vijftienden dier maand is het feest: zeven dagen zal ongezuurd  brood gegeten worden.” (Numeri 28:16-17 LEI)

18° Eeuwse prent van een man die een matse vasthoud.

Op de veertienden dag van de eerste maand van God zijn Jaarregeling of de Joodse kalender is het Pascha voor Jehovah God. En op de vijftienden dag van diezelfde maand kunnen wij feest vieren waarbij de keuze kan gemaakt worden om zeven dagen lang ongezuurde broden of matses te eten, waarnaar deze feestdagen ook hun naam krijgen “Feest van de ongezuurde broden.”

“want de Heer zal omgaan en de Egyptenaars slaan; en als Hij het bloed zien zal aan den bovendrempel en aan de twee posten, zal Hij de deur voorbijgaan en den verderver niet in uwe huizen laten komen om te slaan.” (Exodus 12:23 LU)

“En op den vijftienden dag van dezelfde maand is het feest der ongezuurde broden des Heren: zeven dagen zult gij ongezuurde broden eten.” (Leviticus 23:6 LU)

“Namelijk het feest der ongezuurde broden zult gij houden, en zeven dagen ongezuurd brood eten, gelijk Ik u geboden heb, ten tijde van de maand Abib; want in deze zijt gij uit Egypteland getrokken; doch verschijnt niet ledig voor mij.” (Exodus 23:15 LU)

“Het feest der ongezuurde broden zult gij houden; zeven dagen zult gij ongezuurd brood eten, gelijk Ik u geboden heb, omtrent den tijd der maand Abib; want in de maand Abib zijt gij uit Egypte getrokken.” (Exodus 34:18 LU)

“3 Gij zult niets gezuurds op dat feest eten: zeven dagen zult gij de  ongezuurde broden der verdrukking eten; want met vreze zijt gij uit  Egypteland getrokken, opdat gij aan den dag van uwen uittocht uit  Egypteland gedenkt uw leven lang. 4  Er zal zeven dagen lang niets gezuurds gezien worden in al uwe grenspalen;  ook zal niets van het vlees, dat des avonds op den eersten dag geslacht  is, den nacht overblijven tot den morgen. 5  Gij moogt het Pascha niet slachten in enige van uwe poorten, welke de  Heer, uw God, u geven zal, 6  maar aan de plaats, die de Heer, uw God, verkiezen zal, opdat zijn naam  aldaar wone; daar zult gij het Pascha slachten des avonds, als de zon  ondergegaan is, den juisten tijd van uwen uittocht uit Egypte. 7  En gij zult het koken en eten aan de plaats, die de Heer, uw God, verkiezen  zal; en des anderen morgens kunt gij terugkeren en gaan naar uwe hutten. 8  Zes dagen zult gij het ongezuurde eten, en op den zevenden dag is de  bijeenkomst van den Heer, uwen God; dan zult gij geen arbeid doen.” (Deuteronomium 16:3-8 LU)

2013 Verwarring of controverse

Wat is waarheid? Pilatus ondervraagt Jezus. Schilderij van Nikolaj Ge (19e eeuw).

Dit jaar bleken er heel wat vragen rond de juiste dag voor de veertiende en vijftiende Nisan en op welke dag men de feesten had in te zetten of de Herinneringsmaaltijd te houden.

Wij nemen het evangelie van Johannes in overweging waar van de veertiende Nisan sprake is als de „voorbereiding van Passover.“ De volgende ochtend, na het laatste avondmaal dat Jeshua had met zijn discipelen, nadat de Joden Jeshua hadden waargenomen en hem ondervraagd hadden, in die vroege ochtend, werd hij geleid tot de rechtzaal om te worden geoordeeld door Pontius Pilatus de Romeinse gouverneur Praefectus. De Joden zelf, echter, zouden niet in de Romeinse rechtszaal komen tenzij zij zouden belasterd zijn; zodat zij “Pascha” zouden kunnen eten (Johannes 18:28).

“Nu leidden zij Jezus van Kájafas naar het rechthuis; en het was vroeg. En zij gingen niet in het rechthuis, opdat zij niet verontreinigd zouden worden, maar het pascha eten mochten.” (Johannes 18:28 LU)

Duidelijk was Pascha of de Pesach nog niet gekomen. Zodat zonder twijfel 14 Nisan onze Herdenkingsdienst van Jezus’ Laatste Maaltijd, of het Laatste Avondmaal, zou moeten gevierd worden één avond vóór de nacht dat de Joden hun Pesach seder zouden nemen.

Volgens bepaalde Joodse groepen zou Erev Pesach („Vooravond van Pesach“) – Eerste Seder op Maandag 25 Maart, 14 Nissan, 5773 zijn.
De Thora (Uittocht 12:15, vanaf Talmud, Pesachim 5a) stelt volgens hen middag van Nissan 14 voor 2013 op Maandag 25 Maart –als uiterste termijn voor de vernietiging en/of de verwijdering van alle gezuurd voedsel („chametz“) van hun bezit als voorbereiding op het “festival van Passover” of “Pesach festival”, dat begint met het vallen van de avond. In de praktijk, stellen Thora wetsmandaten dat zij moeten afzien van het chametz of matse eten twee uren vóór de middag moeten ophouden, en dat er geen zuurdeeg in het bezit mag zijn een uur vóór de middag. Dit zijn klokuren maar „geen evenredige uren“, bepaald door de Joodse wet als 12de deel van de tijd tussen zonsopgang en zonsondergang.
Toen de Heilige Tempel zich in Jeruzalem bevond, werd het ‘Passover’ aanbieden, of brengen van Pesach offers daar volbracht op de middag van Nissan 14 die voor dit jaar 2013 dan op de middag dinsdag 26 maart zou vallen. Die dag wordt door de Joden hun recitatie van de „Orde van de Passover“ in de namiddag van dinsdag 26 Maart gebracht, door „het aanbieden van het scheenbeen“geplaatst op de sederplaat op die avond, en de afikoman — een gedeelte van matzah die in de plaats daarvan aan het eind van de sedermaaltijd wordt gegeten.

De Joodse kalenderdatum begint bij zonsondergang dus voor de nacht van de bij behorende dag. Aldus beginnen alle vakantienalevingen bij schemeravond op de seculaire data die, met de volgende dag worden vermeld die de eerste volledige dag van de vakantie is. (Zo, wordt eerste Pesach seder gehouden op de avond van de eerste vermelde datum.) de Joodse kalenderdata besluiten bij het vallen van de avond.

Volgens The Premier Kosher Information Source (de Eerste Kosher Bron van Informatie over het Internet) begint Passover of Pascha met eerste Seder op de vooravond van de 15de dag van Nisan, welke (volgens hen) beantwoordt aan Maandag avond, 25 Maart, 2013, en beëindigt wordt buiten Israël bij de conclusie van de 22ste dag van Nisan, op Dinsdag avond, 2 April, 2013. De eerste twee dagen van Pascha (van zonsondergang van de eerste datum die wordt vermeld, tot het vallen van de avond twee dagen later) zijn volwaardige vakantiedagen, waarop geen werk wordt toegestaan. De verdere vier dagen zijn Chol Hamoed, wanneer het werk wordt toegestaan, alhoewel met beperkingen. Chol Hamoed wordt gevolgd door nog eens twee volledige vakantiedagen.

Volgens ons moeten wij (in Europa) rekening houden met het verschil van timing tussen het Oosten (Jeruzalem), Europa en de Verenigde Staten (zelfs daar tussen Oosten en West-kust).
Voor 2013 hadden wij Nieuwe Maan op 11maart en Volle Maan zal plaatsvinden op 27 maart, zodat 14 Nisan dit jaar op de avond van dinsdag 26 maart zou moeten zijn.

Een tafel met attributen voor de sederavond

Daarom nodigen wij u vriendelijk uit om ons te vervoegen op Dinsdag avond voor het Gedenken van de dood van Jezus, het Pesach of het Lam van God. Op die avond dat wij zullen samenkomen om de grootste man ter wereld te herdenken zullen wij ook onderzoeken wat die figuur Jezus en zijn offer zo essentieel belangrijk maakt.


Voorgaand: 14 Nisan een dag om te herinneren #4 Een Gedood Lam

14 Nisan een dag om te herinneren #3 Voor het Overgangsfeest

14 Nisan een dag om te herinneren #2 In Jezus tijd

14 Nisan een dag om te herinneren #1 Oorsprong


Lees ook:
  1. Voorbereidingstijd tot een herinneringsmoment
  2. Zondag, zonnegodsdag en zonnepartnersdag
  3. Wat betreft Korte inhoud van lezingen: Bijgeloof en feesten
  4. Zalving van Christus als profetische repetitie van de begrafenisrituelen
  5. Fragiliteit en actie #14 Plagen van God
  6. 14 Nisan, de avond om Christus Zijn predikingswerk te herinneren
  7. Jezus Laatste Avondmaal
  8. Jezus aanbod op het laatste avondmaal
  9. Teken van het Verbond
  10. Jezus moest sterven
  11. Een Messias om te Sterven
  12. Lam van God #3c Christus stierf als onschuldig Lam NT teksten
  13. Een Groots Geschenk om te herinneren
  14. Een Feestmaal en doodsherinnering
  15. Geen Wegvluchter
  16. Pasen 2006
  17. Donderdag 9 April = 14 Nisan en Paasviering 11 April 2009
  18. Een Konijn dat Paaseiren legt
  19. Pasen, Easter- Estre
  20. Jezus is verrezen
  21. Alles zal worden opgeslorpt door de overwinning van het goede
  22. Een gedicht voor Pasen
Vindt ook in het Engels:
  1. Deliverance and establishement of a theocracy
  2. High Holidays not only for Israel
  3. Self-development, self-control, meditation, beliefs and spirituality
  4. Religious Practices around the world
  5. Anointing of Christ as Prophetic Rehearsal of the Burial rites
  6. The Weekend that changed the world
  7. A Great Gift commemorated
  8. Jesus begotten Son of God #1 Christmas and Christians
  9. Jesus begotten Son of God #2 Christmas and pagan rites
  10. A Messiah to die
  11. The Song of The Lamb #3 Daniel and Revelation
  12. Not bounded by labels but liberated in Christ
  13. Festival of Freedom and persecutions
  14. Seven days of Passover
  15. 1 -15 Nisan
  16. Day of remembrance coming near
  17. Pesach
  18. Korban Pesach
  19. 14 Nisan a day to remember #1 Inception
  20. 14 Nisan a day to remember #2 Time of Jesus
  21. 14 Nisan a day to remember #3 Before the Passover-feast
  22. 14 Nisan a day to remember #4 A Lamb slain
  23. A Jewish Theocracy
  24. Observance of a day to Remember
  25. Around the feast of Unleavened Bread
  26. Observance of a day to Remember
  27. Pesach and solidarity 

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