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Matthew 21:28-32 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Parable of Two Children

Matthew 21:28-32 – Parable of Two Children

MT21:28 “However, what is your view? A father had two children. Approaching the first, he said, ‘Child, go work today in the vineyard.’ MT21:29 Now, this child responded, ‘I will, Sir,’ but did not leave for the vineyard. MT21:30 The father approached the second child and requested the same, who said, ‘I will not!’ but later felt regret and went into the vineyard. MT21:31 Now, which of the two did the will of their father?” The priests and elders answered, “The last one.” Then Jesus said to them: “I tell you this truth: Tax-collectors and the sexually immoral[1] are going ahead of you[2] into the Realm of The God. MT21:32 John came to you in righteousness way and you did not believe him. But the tax-collectors and sexually immoral believed him. Not you – though seeing you did not feel regret later and so believe in John.

17.3.1283

The Parable of the Father and His Two Sons in the Vineyard. [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons

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[1] Sexually immoral: Or, fornicators. The Greek is PORNAI which is drawn from “to buy” and means prostitute or harlot. See notes under PORNEIA or fornicator. Or, KJV: harlots; GDSP: prostitutes.

[2] Going ahead of you: Or, preceding you.

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Preceding

Matthew 21:1-3 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Sent Ahead for a Donkey

Matthew 21:4-5 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Your King Is Coming upon a Donkey

Matthew 21:6-9 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Blessed the One Coming in God’s Name!

Matthew 21:10-11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Who Is This?

Matthew 21:12-14 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Temple Cleansed

Matthew 21:12-14 – From a den of thieves to a house of prayer

Matthew 21:15-17 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Out of the Mouth of Babes

Matthew 21:18-22 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: A Cursed Fig Tree a Lesson in Faith

Matthew 21:23-27 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Question of Authority

Authority from the One God to one mediator between God and men

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Further related

  1. Breaking Free from Sex Trafficking
  2. Meaning and doing what we say
  3. Passion Week – Killing the Master’s Son: Matthew 21:33-41
  4. “at evensong, one hour before the sun go down”: a Sermon on the Parable of the Vineyard
  5. How to Subvert Divine Justice and Turn Everybody’s Lives Upside Down
  6. Rise Up, My Love (291): Everything We Have Is His!

Matthew 21:23-27 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The Question of Authority

Matthew 21:23-27 – The Question of Authority

|| Mark 11:27-33; Luke 20:1-8

MT21:23 And having entered the temple area Jesus was teaching when the chief priests and Jewish elders approached him, ority?” MT21:24 Jesus answered them: “And I ask you a single question and if you answer I will reveal to you the kind of authority I have. MT21:25 What was the source of John’s baptism? Heaven or human?” But they carried on a dialogue among themselves: “If we say, ‘Heaven,’ he will say to us, ‘Why did you not believe him?’ MT21:26 And, if we say ‘Human,’ we have the crowd to fear, for they consider John a prophet.” MT21:27 So, they answered Jesus, “We do not know.” Jesus said to them, “Neither will I tell you my kind of authority [to teach].

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Preceding

Matthew 21:1-3 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Sent Ahead for a Donkey

Matthew 21:4-5 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Your King Is Coming upon a Donkey

Matthew 21:6-9 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Blessed the One Coming in God’s Name!

Matthew 21:10-11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Who Is This?

Matthew 21:12-14 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Temple Cleansed

Matthew 21:12-14 – From a den of thieves to a house of prayer

Matthew 21:15-17 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Out of the Mouth of Babes

Matthew 21:18-22 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: A Cursed Fig Tree a Lesson in Faith

Matthew 21:18-22 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: A Cursed Fig Tree a Lesson in Faith

Matthew 21:18-22 – A Cursed Fig Tree a Lesson in Faith

|| Mark 11:12-14, 20-24

MT21:18 Early in the morning when they were returning to Jerusalem Jesus felt hungry.[1] MT21:19 When he saw a fig tree he went to pick some figs but he found only leaves.[2] Jesus spoke to the fig tree, saying, “No longer will you bear any fruitage[3] to the eon.”[4] And the fig tree withered instantly. MT21:20 Now when the disciples saw this they wondered, asking, “How did the fig tree whither instantly?” MT21:21 But Jesus answered them: “I tell you this truth: If you [disciples][5] have faith and never doubt,[6] you not only can do the same to a fig tree, but also you could tell this mountain, ‘Rise and plunge into the sea!’ – and it will occur. MT21:22 Indeed, everything, anything you request[7] in a prayer of faith – you [disciples] will receive it.”

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[1] Jesus felt hungry: Something God cannot feel for then He would lack and depend on something else. Though this is the motive given for what follows we suspect something deeper: an object lesson for his disciples. We wonder the reason Matthew includes this and omits the resurrection of Lazarus.

[2] He found only leaves: Mark 11:13 adds, “… for it was not the season of figs.” It is early spring (Passover). We might wonder if Jesus were God he would not have to approach the tree to see if there were figs. A larger lesson is going on.

[3] No longer will you bear any fruitage: Or, RIEU: may you be barren; NEB: you will never bear fruit any more.

[4] To the eon: The Greek is EIS TON AIONA and though some translate this “forever” it would seem Jesus meant for the rest of the life of the tree. See NEB.

[5] If you [disciples]: The Greek is plural and so this is directed to the apostles.

[6] Have faith and never doubt: See the notes on Matthew 17:20. The lesson is faith. We note Jesus does not perform a miracle to produce figs so ease his hunger.

[7] Everything, anything you request: We do not suspect the apostles thought this was a frivolous request but something like a “mountain” related to their commission from their Lord. From a historical retrospective the idea that an unknown carpenter from Nazareth could create such an affect upon mankind would be much larger than any mountain. Throughout his ministry one of the Nazarene’s goals must have been the building of faith among his disciples. They would need a world-changing faith to accomplish the work before them and endure centuries of Holocaust.

 

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Preceding

Matthew 21:1-3 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Sent Ahead for a Donkey

Matthew 21:4-5 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Your King Is Coming upon a Donkey

Matthew 21:6-9 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Blessed the One Coming in God’s Name!

Matthew 21:10-11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Who Is This?

Matthew 21:12-14 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Temple Cleansed

Matthew 21:12-14 – From a den of thieves to a house of prayer

Matthew 21:15-17 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Out of the Mouth of Babes

 

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Further related

  1. Mustard Seed Meditation
  2. Will America join the graveyard of nations?
  3. Matthew 21:22
  4. If you believe, you will receive whatever you ask for in prayer
  5. Faith
  6. Immediate AnswerToday’s Word With Joel & Victoria Osteen – Positioned To ReceivePowerful Generator
  7. Prayer for Restoring Health

Matthew 21:15-17 – those yelling Hosanna to the Son of David!

“15 But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that He had done, and the children who were crying out in the temple and saying, “Hosanna to the Son of David,” they became indignant, 16 and said to Him, “Do You hear what these are saying?” And Jesus *said to them, “Yes; have you never read, ’OUT OF THE MOUTH OF INFANTS AND NURSING BABES THOU HAST PREPARED PRAISE FOR THYSELF’?” 17 And He left them and went out of the city to Bethany, and lodged there.” (Mt 21:15-17 NAS)

Earlier when Jesus entered the city of Jerusalem people had welcomed Jesus as the “son of David” and praised him as a king entering the city on a donkey. No word of Jesus were then written down by the gospel writers. But when Jesus had thrown-out the moneymakers from the temple, he acknowledged the children’s praise and said to the leaders of the temple that it was out of the mouth of babes and sucklings that some ordained strength because of their enemies, so that those enemies and the avengers could be stilled.

“From the mouth of infants and nursing babes Thou hast established strength, Because of Thine adversaries, To make the enemy and the revengeful cease.” (Ps 8:2 NAS)

The religious leaders should have known the Psalm with those words.

These spiritual leaders were apparently a deputation from the Sanhedrin, the High Council. They were very indignant at what had happened here. First the presence of the lame and the blind in the Temple was not permitted and secondly Jesus healing them there in the House of God seemed not appropriate. As appears from the crying out and the Greek word used (pais = lad, youth), the singing of ‘Hosanna’ was not unknown to the children. The words used in the Greek manuscript are masculine, meaning boys or lads as in Matthew 2:16, and not the general term children as in Matthew 11:16. It would naturally be boys rather than girls, for comparatively few even of grown women went to the temple amid the crowds. Those youngsters were taught the Hosanna song as early as possible during the Feast of Tabernacles, to wave their palm branches whenever they heard the word ‘hosanna’. (SB, I, 853). They repeated the jubilant call the people had used on the previous day (v. 9).

Those kids and the disciples readily understood it to mean the Messiah; now observing the authority with which he cleansed the temple and healed the blind and the lame, they recalled that cry and were loudly repeating it, even in the temple.
The older people who had said the same on the Mount of Olives and in the streets of the city might have shrunk from making the bold proclamation in this most public place and in the very face of their religious rulers. Children are in such a case more ardent and more fearless.

They leaders of the temple were sore displeased, or, moved with indignation, (same word as in Mt 20:24). They ought to have been led to earnest inquiry whether he who thus asserted authority and wrought miracles and allowed himself to be hailed as the Son of David was indeed the Messiah. They were very well aware of the ancient scrolls telling about a messenger who would come and who would prepare the way before Jehovah of hosts. That sent one from God being like a refiner’s fire, and like fullers’ soap, a purifier of silver, who would purify the sons of Levi, and the one refining them as gold and silver.

“1  “Behold, I am going to send My messenger, and he will clear the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek, will suddenly come to His temple; and the messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight, behold, He is coming,” says the LORD of hosts. 2 “But who can endure the day of His coming? And who can stand when He appears? For He is like a refiner’s fire and like fullers’ soap. 3 “And He will sit as a smelter and purifier of silver, and He will purify the sons of Levi and refine them like gold and silver, so that they may present to the LORD offerings in righteousness. 4 “Then the offering of Judah and Jerusalem will be pleasing to the LORD, as in the days of old and as in former years.” (Mal 3:1-4 NAS)

They could see that Jesus had made a purification of the temple, though they did not want to know that Jesus would be a sent one from God, a prophet, and were indignant at the apparent claim. He was altogether different from their notion of the Messiah. The man of flesh and blood they saw was a worker son who came from an obscure village in distant Galilee (John 7:41 f., 52), who had not asked the recognition of the Sanhedrin, but seemed to be relying on mere popular recognition, and for them that crowd or mob knew nothing of the Torah (or Scriptures) {John 7:49 }.

Most people, even the disciples of Jesus at that time, expected the Messiah to be a revolutionist and civil ruler, taking care that the People of Israel would not be any more under Roman rules. Therefore the claim Jesus to be the Messiah and its popular support might was considered a dangerous thing. It would provoke the Romans to crush out the “nation,” and deprive these Jewish officials of their “place,” as some of them had intimated not long before. {John 11:47 f. } It was for that reason also that Jesus no longer had moved about publicly among the people of Judea, because he was aware of the counsel to put him to death. He had withdrawn to a region near the wilderness, to a village called Ephraim, where he stayed with his disciples, but now he knew that the time had come and that he was to go for the Passover to Jerusalem.

It disturbed the leaders that Jesus did not do anything to “stop a thing so improper as to call him Son of David”. So during the triumphal procession, {Luke 19:39 } “some of the Pharisees from the multitude” openly called on him to rebuke his disciples for language implying that he was the Messiah, but he refused. (Comp. our previous writing on Matthew 21:9)

It is idle for critics to suppose this a mere inaccurate report of that former case, for the place is different, the persons making the outcry are here children, and the Saviour’s reply is also entirely different, and adapted to the testimony of children. The Scribes complaining may have been different, or may have included some ‘of the same persons, now still further outraged by the renewed hosannas.

The one who spoke about the Son of man being “Lord or Master of the sabbath“, now did not mind being called “son of David”. He had made hammock in the temple and previously also had said that they could see something greater than the temple being there.  {Matthew 12:6-8}

For “out of the mouths of babes and sucklings thou hast established strength.’ the Septuagint has ‘thou hast prepared praise’; in several other passages (Toy) it has rendered the word for ‘strength’ by ‘praise.’ Matthew follows the Septuagint, as he so often does where it expresses the Heb. sufficiently for his purpose. (Comp. on #Mt 3:3 12:14) The Greek word means ‘prepared’ or ‘completely prepared,’ and so may be rendered ‘perfected.’

Suckling was sometimes continued among the Jews till the child was three years’ old (#/APC 2Macc 7:27), and such a custom is still reported by some travellers in the East. What the Psalmist declared true of sucking babes was also and still more true of these boys crying hosanna. Toy says that the meaning in which the words are here used is

“substantially the same as that of the Psalmist — God had shown these children a truth that the learned men did not see, and had thereby made them instruments of praise and strength.”

We should remember that it is God Who calls people and Who gives insight of His Works.

Jesus his wise answer, while not provoking, yet failed to restrain, the purpose excited by the triumphal entry and his cleansing the temple, viz., to destroy him if possible; the popular recognition and enthusiasm made them fear him all the more, for they accounted him a dangerous rival to their own position as religious instructors and rulers. {Mr 11:18 Lu 19:47 f }

The youngsters used a word of joyful acclamation in Hebrew, (ωσαννα; Heb. נא הושׁע, “Save, we pray;” σωσον δη, as Theophylact correctly interprets it), signifying “save now” also used as “welcome”. The Psalm from which it was taken, the 118th, was one with which they were familiar from being accustomed to recite the 25th and 26th verses at the Feast of Tabernacles. On that occasion the Great Hallelu, consisting of (Ps 118 Ps 119), was chanted by one of the priests, and at certain intervals the multitudes joined in the responses, waving their branches of willow and palm, and shouting as they waved them, Hallelujah, or Hosanna, or “O Lord, I beseech thee, send now prosperity.” {Ps 118:25 } This was done at the recitation of the first and last verses of; {Ps 118 } but according to the school of Hillel, at the words “Save now, we beseech thee” (vera. 25). The school of Shammai, on the contrary, say it was at the words “Send now prosperity” of the same verse.

Rabboni Gamaliel and R. Joshua were observed by R. Akkub to wave their branches only at the words

“Save now, we beseech thee” (Mishna, Succi, iii. 9).

On each of the seven days during which the feast lasted the people thronged in the court of the Temple, and went in procession about the altar, setting their boughs bending towards it; the trumpets sounding as they shouted Hosanna. But on the seventh day they marched seven times round the altar, shouting meanwhile the great Hosanna to the sound of the trumpets of the Levites (Lightfoot, Temple Service, xvi. 2).

The very children who could wave the palm branches were expected to take part in the solemnity Mishna, Succi, iii. 15; {#Mt 21:15 } From the custom of waving the boughs of myrtle and willow during the service the name Hosanna was ultimately transferred to the boughs themselves, so that according to Elias Levita (Tishbe, s. v.),

“the bundlers of the willows of the brook which they carry at the Feast of Tabernacles are called Hosannas.”

The term is frequently applied by Jewish writers to denote the Feast of Tabernacles, the seventh day of the feast being distinguished as the great Hosanna (Buxtorf, Lex. Talmai. s. v. ישׂע). It was not uncommon for the Jews in later times to employ the observances of this feast, which was preeminently a feast of gladness, to express their feelings on other occasions of rejoicing, {#/RAPC 1Ma 13:51 2Ma 10:6,7 } and it is not, therefore, matter of surprise that they should have done so under the circumstances recorded in the Gospels.

In the N.T. the sense Hosanna appears to be ‘bestow blessing.’

“Bestow blessing on the Son of David: bestow blessing [O thou who art] in the highest.” (Mt 21:9 Mr 11:9,10 Joh 12:13)

Concerning Jesus to be called the “son of David” we can find this in

Mt 1:1  {1 } The book of the {2 } generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. {1) Or The genealogy of Jesus Christ 2) Or birth; as in verse 18 }

Mt 12:23 And all the multitudes were amazed, and said, Can this be the son of David?

Mt 15:22 And behold, a Canaanitish woman came out from those borders, and cried, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a demon.

Mt 21:9 And the multitudes that went before him, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.

Mr 10:48 And many rebuked him, that he should hold his peace: but he cried out the more a great deal, Thou son of David, have mercy on me.

Mr 12:35  And Jesus answered and said, as he taught in the temple, How say the scribes that the Christ is the son of David?

Joh 7:42 {1 } Hath not the scripture said that the Christ cometh of the seed of David, and from Bethlehem, the village where David was? {1) 2 Sa 7:12 ff; Mic 5:2 }

Also the scholar Saul (apostle Paul) in later years reminds the members of the group The Way

“concerning His Son, who was born of a descendant of David according to the flesh,” (Ro 1:3 NAS)

“Remember Jesus Christ, risen from the dead, descendant of David, according to my gospel,” (2Ti 2:8 NAS)

Also the youngest disciple recognised his master teacher as the Kristos or Christ and as the son of David.

“and one of the elders *said to me, “Stop weeping; behold, the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has overcome so as to open the book and its seven seals.”” (Re 5:5 NAS)

The people cried Hosanna as Jesus entered in triumph into Jerusalem and now again in the temple; that is, they thus invoked once more the blessings of heaven on him as the Messiah, (This was also a customary acclamation at the joyful feast of tabernacles, in which the Jews repeated # Ps 118:25,26.)

Having brought praise to God and having Jesus being honoured as the son of David, confirming him to be that promised  Messiah, Jesus went back to Bethany (Matthew 21:17), a village about 2 miles (3.2 km) from Jerusalem on the eastern slope of the Mount of Olives. Perhaps Jesus lodged at the home of Lazarus and his sisters Mary and Martha, with whom he had close association (Luke 10:38–42; John 11:1–44; 12:1–3).

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Preceding

Matthew 9:27-31 – What others are saying about the blind men recognising the son of David

Matthew 9:32-34 – How others look at the blind, speechless and demoniac being healed

Matthew 9:35-38 – Looking at Jesus our shepherd

Matthew 12:22-30 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: the Charge of Demonism

Matthew 20:29-34 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Two Blind Men Pitied and Healed

Matthew 12:1-8 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Something Greater than the Temple

Matthew 21:1-3 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Sent Ahead for a Donkey

Matthew 21:4-5 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Your King Is Coming upon a Donkey

Matthew 21:6-9 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Blessed the One Coming in God’s Name!

Matthew 21:10-11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Who Is This?

Matthew 21:12-14 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Temple Cleansed

Matthew 21:12-14 – From a den of thieves to a house of prayer

Matthew 21:15-17 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Out of the Mouth of Babes

Multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the son of David

Matthew 21:10-11 Who Is This? – a Question still posed today #1

Matthew 21:10-11 Who Is This? – a Question still posed today #2

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Additional reading

  1. Entrance of a king to question our position #1 Coming in the Name of the Lord
  2. Entrance of a king to question our position #2 Who do we want to see and to be
  3. Marriage of Jesus 2 Standard writings about Jesus
  4. Days of Nisan, Pesach, Pasach, Pascha and Easter
  5. Sukkoth, Gog, Magog, Armageddon, a covenant and Jerusalem
  6. Patriarch Abraham, Muslims, Christians and the son of God
  7. Lord in place of the divine name
  8. Lord and owner
  9. Concerning Christ #1 A god or the God, a son of man and son of God
  10. Servant of his Father
  11. Memorizing wonderfully 31 Son of David and God’s Kingdom
  12. Today’s thought “… with all your heart” (May 09)

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Further reading

  1. June 5, 2018 -Jesus, the Sabbath Breaker? John 5:1-18Lord of the Sabbath
  2. Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath (Matthew 12:1 – 14; Mark 2:23 – 3:6; Luke 6:1 – 11)
  3. In Jesus’ Words: Lord of the Sabbath (Mark 2:23-3:6)
  4. Lord of the Sabbath, a prayer of confession based on Mark 2
  5. A telling of Matthew 21
  6. Jesus’ Triumphant Entry – Palm Sunday Exegetical Study Part 1
  7. Hashtag #PalmSunday #StunnedSilence
  8. Palm Sunday
  9. Palm Sunday as it really happened (not as it’s talked about in church)
  10. The Coming King
  11. Palm Sunday
  12. Palm Sunday – Hosanna!
  13. hosanna
  14. Hosanna to Hallelujah
  15. “Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in God’s name! Yes! The King of Israel!” ~The Jerusalem crowds
  16. Music: Hosanna by Apostle Peter
  17. Hosanna… Save us, we prayHosanna shouting, “B lessed (celebrated, praised) is the K ing who comes in the name of the Lord ! Peace in heaven and glory (majesty, splendor) in the highest [heaven]!”Hosanna I’ve always wondered why Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey instead of a horse when He entered Jerusalem as a King.
  18. Oil and Palm Branches
  19. Hosanna – Palm Sunday Devotional
  20. Palm Sunday: Sanctification and Protection
  21. If The Jesus Fits
  22. Living Christ, Our Victory
  23. Hey Jesus!
  24. 3. Titles of Jesus: The Son of David and the Messiah
  25. Luke 20:41-44. Son of David
  26. Semana 2019
  27. From Cheers to Jeers
  28. Cheering to Jeering to Cheering Psalm 118
  29. A Promised Son
  30. Jesus: Son of David, or Son of God?
  31. Considering the Names of Jesus: Son of David
  32. Son of David 1
  33. Son of David 2
  34. Son of David. 41 Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question, 42 saying, “What do you think about the Christ?
  35. How Is the Messiah David’s Son?
  36. Sons of David
  37. Son of David, Heal Me
  38. Who is Christ?
  39. Who is Jesus to you?

Matthew 21:15-17 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Out of the Mouth of Babes

Matthew 21:15-17 – “Out of the Mouth of Babes”

MT21:15 Now the chief priests and Scribes became incensed[1] when they saw the awesome things[2] Jesus did as well as all the boys[3] yelling, “Hosanna to the Son of David!” MT21:16 The priests and Scribes asked Jesus, “Do you hear what they are saying?” But, Jesus answered them, “Indeed! Did you never read: ‘Out of the mouth of babes[4] and sucklings[5] You arranged praise’?”[6] [Psalm 8:2 LXX] MT21:17 Departing from them Jesus went outside the city into the village of Bethany[7] and found lodging there.

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[1] Became incensed: Or, KJV: sore displeased; ASV: moved with indignation; KNX: greatly angered; BER: chagrined; NOR: became furious; BECK: they didn’t like it at all.

[2] Awesome things: The Greek is THAUMASIA and related English words mean “miracles” or “magic” (wonders). Or, KJV: wonderful things; RHM: marvels; NOR: works of power.

[3] All the boys: Elsewhere these are described as “disciples.”

[4] Out of the mouth of babes: A quote from Psalm 8:2 (LXX). Jesus had called his disciples elsewhere as little boys or little children.

[5] Sucklings: Or, KNX: infants at the breast; NASB: nursing babes. Compare the metaphor at 1 Peter 2:2.

[6] Arranged praise: Or, KJV: perfected praise; RIEU: ordained; NASB: prepared; NW: furnished.

[7] Bethany: Possibly staying with Lazarus and his sisters. For their own reasons the Synoptics omit the resurrection of Lazarus while John records it.

 

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Preceding

Matthew 21:1-3 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Sent Ahead for a Donkey

Matthew 21:4-5 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Your King Is Coming upon a Donkey

Matthew 21:6-9 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Blessed the One Coming in God’s Name!

Matthew 21:10-11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Who Is This?

Matthew 21:12-14 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Temple Cleansed

Matthew 21:12-14 – From a den of thieves to a house of prayer

Matthew 21:12-14 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Temple Cleansed

Matthew 21:12-14 – Temple Cleansed

|| Mark 11:11, 15-17; Luke 19:45, 46

MT21:12 Now Jesus entered the temple grounds[1] and drove out all those selling and buying[2] on the temple grounds. He upset the tables and benches of the moneychangers and those selling the doves. MT21:13 Jesus told them all, “It was written: ‘My House will be called “A house of prayer”’[3] but you have turned it into a den of thieves!”[4] [Isaiah 56:7] MT21:14 And the blind and lame approached Jesus on the temple grounds and he cured them.

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[1] The temple grounds: The Greek is HIERO and is the word that refers to the whole temple compound. The Greek word NAOS is limited to the Temple proper with its two holy compartments. See Thayer’s.

[2] Those selling and buying: NOR: tipped over the tables of the cashiers; KNX: tables of the bankers. The pilgrims by the hundreds of thousands came to buy animals and birds for sacrifice so considerable money changed hands. The chief priests had the concession for this and one can imagine the reaction to Jesus’ actions.

[3] My House will be called “a house of prayer”: The quote is from Isaiah 56:7.

[4] But you have turned it into a den of thieves: Jesus includes Jeremiah 7:11. Or, RIEU: a robbers’ den; LAM: a bandits’ cave; NW: cave of robbers. Essentially Jesus calls the concessionaires, the priests, a bunch of thieves. This will not sit well.

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Preceding

Matthew 21:1-3 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Sent Ahead for a Donkey

Matthew 21:4-5 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Your King Is Coming upon a Donkey

Matthew 21:6-9 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Blessed the One Coming in God’s Name!

Matthew 21:10-11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Who Is This?

Matthew 21:10-11 Who Is This? – a Question still posed today #1

Matthew 21:10-11 Who Is This? – a Question still posed today #2

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Further reading

  1. The Book of Isaiah-Is.57-“Heritage of the Righteous”
  2. The Book of Isaiah-Is.61- “For All People…”
  3. The Book of Isaiah-Is.61- Trees of Righteousness
  4. Clean Out Your Closets
  5. Third week of advent – Friday – first reading (Isaiah 56:1-3.6-8)
  6. My house shall be called a house of prayer
  7. From a den of thieves to a house of prayer – are you a business or a ministry
  8. The House of Prayer
  9. This is a House of Prayer
  10. 33rd Friday of Ordinary Time
  11. Easter Week: House of Prayer
  12. a house of prayer for all nations
  13. The Battle Lines Are Drawn.
  14. Your temple
  15. House of prayer/ Rumah doa

Matthew 21:10-11 Who Is This? – a Question still posed today #2

 

 

“10 And when He had entered Jerusalem, all the city was stirred, saying, “Who is this?” 11 And the multitudes were saying, “This is the prophet Jesus, from Nazareth in Galilee.”” (Mt 21:10-11 NAS)

“These things His disciples did not understand at the first; but when Jesus was glorified, then they remembered that these things were written of Him, and that they had done these things to Him.” (Joh 12:16 NAS)

“And the scribes and the Pharisees began to reason, saying, “Who is this man who speaks blasphemies? Who can forgive sins, but God alone?”” (Lu 5:21 NAS)

“And those who were reclining at the table with Him began to say to themselves, “Who is this man who even forgives sins?”” (Lu 7:49 NAS)

“And Herod said, “I myself had John beheaded; but who is this man about whom I hear such things?” And he kept trying to see Him.” (Lu 9:9 NAS)

“and they spoke, saying to Him, “Tell us by what authority You are doing these things, or who is the one who gave You this authority?”” (Lu 20:2 NAS)

“The Jews therefore answered and said to Him, “What sign do You show to us, seeing that You do these things?”” (Joh 2:18 NAS)

“And he said, “Who art Thou, Lord?” And He said, “I am Jesus whom you are persecuting,” (Ac 9:5 NAS)

“13  Now when Jesus came into the district of Caesarea Philippi, He began asking His disciples, saying, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?” 14 And they said, “Some say John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; but still others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.”” (Mt 16:13-14 NAS)

“15  “The LORD your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your countrymen, you shall listen to him. 16 “This is according to all that you asked of the LORD your God in Horeb on the day of the assembly, saying, ’Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, let me not see this great fire anymore, lest I die.’ 17 “And the LORD said to me, ’They have spoken well. 18 ’I will raise up a prophet from among their countrymen like you, and I will put My words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him. 19 ’And it shall come about that whoever will not listen to My words which he shall speak in My name, I Myself will require it of him.” (De 18:15-19 NAS)

“And fear gripped them all, and they began glorifying God, saying, “A great prophet has arisen among us!” and, “God has visited His people!”” (Lu 7:16 NAS)

“Some of the multitude therefore, when they heard these words, were saying, “This certainly is the Prophet.”” (Joh 7:40 NAS)

“They *said therefore to the blind man again, “What do you say about Him, since He opened your eyes?” And he said, “He is a prophet.”” (Joh 9:17 NAS)

“22 “Moses said, ’THE LORD GOD SHALL RAISE UP FOR YOU A PROPHET LIKE ME FROM YOUR BRETHREN; TO HIM YOU SHALL GIVE HEED in everything He says to you. 23 ’And it shall be that every soul that does not heed that prophet shall be utterly destroyed from among the people.’” (Ac 3:22-23 NAS)

“”This is the Moses who said to the sons of Israel, ’GOD SHALL RAISE UP FOR YOU A PROPHET LIKE ME FROM YOUR BRETHREN.’” (Ac 7:37 NAS)

“and came and resided in a city called Nazareth, that what was spoken through the prophets might be fulfilled, “He shall be called a Nazarene.”” (Mt 2:23 NAS)

“45 Philip *found Nathanael and *said to him, “We have found Him of whom Moses in the Law and also the Prophets wrote, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.” 46 And Nathanael *said to him, “Can any good thing come out of Nazareth?” Philip *said to him, “Come and see.”” (Joh 1:45-46 NAS)

“When therefore the people saw the sign which He had performed, they said, “This is of a truth the Prophet who is to come into the world.”” (Joh 6:14 NAS)

*

 

 

In the 16th chapter of Matthew’s gospel the writer told about the time when Jesus came into the parts of Caesarea Philippi and there he asked his disciples, saying,

“Who do men say that I, the Son of Man, am?”

In our previous postings you could see that there where different opinions about this Nazarene master teacher.

“Some say John the Baptizer, some, Elijah, and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.”” (Mt 16:13-14 WEB)

In the ancient Hebrew Scriptures was already told that Jehovah as the God of gods would raise up to the people a prophet from the midst of them to whom they had to listen to. It was God Who would raise them up a prophet from among their brothers, and would put His words in his mouth. People remembered what Moses had said to the fathers, that the Most High  God was going to raise up a prophet for the like Moses. When Jesus walked around and taught, he said to the people that he was not just saying his words, but the words his heavenly Father had demanded to bring to the world. He did like it was written

and he shall speak to them all that I shall command him. 19 It shall happen, that whoever will not listen to my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.” (De 18:15-19 WEB)

Jesus told the people he came to declare the heavenly Father and show His Works. At several occasions people could see the wonderful things he could do. Also when they heard him speaking they became convinced that

“This is truly the prophet.”” (Joh 7:40 WEB)

Remembering the warnings from Moses that people had to listen to that coming prophet in all things whatever he was going to say to them, they got afraid because it was fore-said that

It will be, that every soul that will not listen to that prophet will be utterly destroyed from among the people.’ {#De 18:15,18-19 } (Ac 3:22-23 WEB)

So

“Fear took hold of all, and they glorified God, saying, “A great prophet has arisen among us!” and, “God has visited his people!”” (Lu 7:16 WEB)

When Jesus had opened the eyes of a blind man he also had claimed to have seen a prophet. (John 9:17) They knew that speaker and miracle-worker came and lived in a city called Nazareth; that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophets:

“He will be called a Nazarene.”” (Mt 2:23 WEB)

Remember also how Philip found Nathanael, and said to him,

“We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, wrote: Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.” (Joh 1:45 WEB)

The many signs which Jesus did made people also to say that this man truly had to be the prophet who comes into the world according to the Scriptures. (John 6:14). The actions and remarks that Jesus gave were not well received by the Pharisees and the scribes who began to reason, saying,

“Who is this that speaks blasphemies? Who can forgive sins, but God alone?”” (Lu 5:21 WEB)

like others who also questioned

“Who is this who even forgives sins?”” (Lu 7:49 WEB)

Today we also find many who say Jesus has to be God because he forgave sins. They do not understand that Jesus was given authority by God to do that and to act and speak in His name. Jesus also asked his followers to forgive those who would have done some wrong to them. For those who say only God can forgive faults or sins, they either say parents can not forgive their children’s wrong doings and priests can not forgive sins (though in several churches people go into the confession box?!?). Jesus told those around him that he did not do those things from himself but that it was God Who gave him this authority.

In Matthew 21:1–23:39 we find the Messiah who asserts also his authority over Jerusalem. Jesus’ authority over Jerusalem is namely revealed in his triumphal entry (21:1–11), actions in the temple (21:12–17), cursing the fig tree (21:18–22), debates with religious leaders (21:23–22:46), and woes pronounced on the teachers of the law and the Pharisees (23:1–39).

As Jesus enters Jerusalem, the city of the Great King (Psalm 48:1–2), he is acclaimed as the Messiah; but he enters humbly, riding on a donkey (Matthew 21:1–11). He never claimed to be a god (= a high person) and most of all never claimed to be God (the Most High God of Abraham Who he took to be also his God and his heavenly Father). For Jesus it was clear he had to follow the orders of his heavenly Father, the God of Israel,being authorised by Him, Jesus could become the sovereign orchestrator of these events we see unfolding in the city which has to become the capital of the Kingdom.

Coming nearer to a close of the public life of Jesus, with all what happened and being described by Jesus disciple Matthew, we should come to see a full “Portrait of Jesus”. Jesus being the one who is declared by the heavenly Father, the Only One True God, to be His son. He is the true Messiah, Immanuel (one close to God or bringing God with us), son of man but also son of God, King of Israel, and Lord or Master of the church (the Body of Christ). (Matthew 1:1, 23; 2:2; 14:33; 16:16; 18:20; 21:5–9). As God planned it all Jesus made his entrance in “his city” whilst he was being praised and recognised as the “son of David“.

9 And the crowds that went before him and that followed him were shouting,

“Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is he who comes in the Name of the Elohim! Hosanna in the highest!”

Some people doubt that the people over-there would have recognised Jesus as the prophet Moses spoke about. Though they gave the impression to see in Jesus a man being sent by, or coming in the Name of the Most High Elohim.

After all the previous things said about Jesus by his disciple Matthew do you came to see who Jesus really is?

Do you come to believe what God Himself said about that man in the river Jordan and on Mount Hermon? That Jesus is His only begotten beloved son. Or do you still think Jesus is God, Who must have come to the earth to do if he was tempted (because God can not be tempted) and to pretend His death (because as an eternal or immortal Spirit Being God can not die)?

How do you react to Jesus’ authority? Do you believe his words? Or do you prefer to follow the words of the people of this world, who for example do not take him as the son of God but worship him as god the son? Or are you merely a detached observer amazed at some aspect of him, not knowing exactly what to think of him?
Do you reject his authority and plead with him in some way to be gone and let you live life on your terms and without his interruption? Or do you think he is the one who you need to plead or pray at?

Do you recognize Jesus’ authority as the sent one from God, or do you oppose him?

Or are you like the disciples, who lived some part of their life with Jesus and came to accept him for what he really is? Or are you like the Pharisees and do not accept the Source of Jesus authority? Do you think Jesus himself is God and then also the Source of his authority, or do you accept that Jesus is a son of man and the son of God, having received authority from that God to whom Jesus also prayed?

You should know, in Christianity, there are lots of people who trust God and believe that He has given the world a son of man for bringing salvation. Those believers in God echo also the words of Peter.

“13  Now when Jesus came into the district of Caesarea Philippi, He began asking His disciples, saying, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?” 14 And they said, “Some say John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; but still others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.” 15 He *said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” 16 And Simon Peter answered and said, “Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.” 17 And Jesus answered and said to him, “Blessed are you, Simon Barjona, because flesh and blood did not reveal this to you, but My Father who is in heaven. 18 “And I also say to you that you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build My church; and the gates of Hades shall not overpower it. 19 “I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; and whatever you shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” 20 Then He warned the disciples that they should tell no one that He was the Christ.” (Mt 16:13-20 NAS)

Also there at that occasion it was the Holy Pneuma Who revealed it to this man, to recognise Jesus as “the Christ and the son of the Living God”. We should believe that saying. We should accept that Jesus is the Christ or Messiah, the Son of the living God. This given “son” came not to be a hero or for liberating the Jews from the Romans. He wanted to fulfil God’s Plan an by offering himself wanted to save his people and deliver them. Offering himself as a Lamb for God, he was impaled and put in a grave. After having died as a sacrifice for sins, he was taken out of the dead by his heavenly Father. Jesus’ resurrection on the third day authenticated who he was and his life, death, and resurrection give hope to all who recognize him and trust in his name. Those who take Jesus as God, still have no proof that man can step out of death. But we as believers in the son of God may live by that precious hope of salvation and resurrection, because the man of flesh and blood, Jesus Christ really stood up from the dead.

Those believing in Jesus shall be able to find peace in their hearts and be at ease.

“”Come to Me, all who are weary and heavy-laden, and I will give you rest.” (Mt 11:28 NAS)

Our heart should not be troubled when we believe in Jehovah God and in His sent one Jeshua or Jesus Christ, the Messiah. When you read the bible regularly and take the words like they are written (forgetting all those false human doctrines) you might know that Jesus is the one who you also may trust. By his and his Father’s Words you shall be able to hear the word of truth, the gospel of your saving health; in whom also after you believed, you shall be sealed with that Holy Spirit of the promise.

“1  “Let not your heart be troubled; believe in God, believe also in Me. 2 “In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. 3 “And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also.” (Joh 14:1-3 NAS)

“In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation  — having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise,” (Eph 1:13 NAS)

+

Preceding

More than just a man with authority of speaking

Authority from the One God to one mediator between God and men

Matthew 7:13-23 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The True Disciple #5 Matthew 7:28-29 – The Crowd’s Reaction

Matthew 9:1-8 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Messiah Forgives Sins and Heals Paralytic

Matthew 9:32-34 – How others look at the blind, speechless and demoniac being healed

Matthew 13 – Parables on Kingdom mysteries

Matthew 17:1-9 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Transfiguration Vision

Matthew 21:1-3 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Sent Ahead for a Donkey

Matthew 21:4-5 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Your King Is Coming upon a Donkey

Matthew 21:6-9 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Blessed the One Coming in God’s Name!

Matthew 21:10-11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Who Is This?

Matthew 21:10-11 Who Is This? – a Question still posed today #1

God’s Face shining on His servant

Multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the son of David

10 Nisan An entrance for a king

Vox populi anything but Vox Dei

Demanding signs or denying yourself

++

Additional reading

  1. Truth, doubt or blindness
  2. Torah hanging on two commandments and focussing on a Mashiach
  3. The true light in recorded words
  4. The 1st Adam in the Hebrew Scriptures #5 Temptation, assault and curse
  5. The 1st Adam in the Hebrew Scriptures #7 Promise and solution
  6. The 1st Adam in the Hebrew Scriptures #8 Looking for the 2nd Adam
  7. Which man is mentioned most often in the Bible? Jesus, Moses, Abraham or David?
  8. A rebellious movement founded on a fake?
  9. Fog, brass and light for the eyes
  10. Blindness in the Christian world
  11. Who do you say Jesus is
  12. The sent one from God
  13. Jesus, A way given to find the right way to God
  14. The stone of essential truth
  15. Knowledge of Christ and fear for God
  16. A birthday passed nearly unnoticed
  17. In a few days time it will be 2020 years ago that the Messiah was born
  18. 2020 years ago, the road was opened
  19. 2020 years since
  20. To turn the world into a “vessel” receptive of God
  21. The saviour Jesus his human side
  22. Sayings of Jesus, what to believe and being or not of the devil
  23. The Right One to follow and to worship
  24. For those who believe Jesus is God
  25. The habitual misreading of John 1 and the ‘Word being God’ #1
  26. The habitual misreading of John 1 and the ‘Word being God’ #2
  27. Americans really thinking the Messiah Christ had an English name
  28. Americans their stars, pretension, God, Allah and end of times signs #2 War on God’s Plan, Name and title
  29. That everyone may honour the Son and sent one from God
  30. Thought for Wednesday Believe in the one God has sent
  31. Jesus Messiah
  32. Jesus begotten Son of God #10 Coming down spirit or flesh seed of Eve
  33. Jesus begotten Son of God #14 Beloved Preminent Son and Mediator originating in Mary
  34. Trusting, Faith, Calling and Ascribing to Jehovah #14 Prayer #12 The other name
  35. Concerning Christ #1 A god or the God, a son of man and son of God
  36. Concerning Christ #2 Divine source, connection and divine human being
  37. Entrance of a king to question our position #1 Coming in the Name of the Lord
  38. Entrance of a king to question our position #2 Who do we want to see and to be
  39. Infinite payment of sin by the son of God
  40. Believing what Jesus says
  41. The Call of Christ
  42. Following a Person or a Belief
  43. Getting out of the dark corners of this world
  44. Purification and perfection
  45. Proof of the resurrection of Christ
  46. The resurrected Lord
  47. From nothingness to a growing group of followers of Jeshua 5 What’s in a name
  48. Not being saved by faith in Christ alone
  49. Memorizing wonderfully 42 Equality with God & doing nothing of himself
  50. Memorizing wonderfully 44 Showing the works from his Father
  51. Memorizing wonderfully 46 Believe in the sent one from God, who is the Way to God
  52. Memorizing wonderfully 49 John 17:1-11 The sent one from God and eternal life
  53. Memorizing wonderfully 52 Acts 7:56: the Son of man standing on the right hand of God
  54. Memorizing wonderfully 70: Philippians 2:6 Who, being in the form of God
  55. Doubting and going astray
  56. Background of Faith
  57. Today’s thought “The eyes of man are never satisfied” (April 17)
  58. Trinitarians making their proof for existence of God look ridiculous #7

+++

Further reading

  1. A Brief introduction to the Gospel of Matthew
  2. Mt 21.1-11 Jesus comes to Jerusalem as king
  3. By what authority?
  4. Amazed by Authority
  5. Mt 21.23-27 The authority of Jesus questioned
  6. “The authority of Jesus” by Thomas Schreiner
  7. Jesus’ authority on earth (Matthew 9:2-8)
  8. Do you recognize the king’s authority? (Matthew 9:32-34)
  9. How does Jesus become king? (Matthew 13:53-58)
  10. Question of Jesus’ Authority
  11. Words of Life ~ Author(ity)
  12. That Was Stupid 9-30-18
  13. A King & a Kingdom
  14. Rethinking the great commission
  15. Your Sins Are Forgiven
  16. Gospel Movie Clip (4) – Is the Pardoning of Our Sins Really a Ticket to the Kingdom of Heaven?
  17. Who Is Jesus? (by Shaped by the word)
  18. Who is Jesus? (by Facts are best)

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