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Posts tagged ‘Golden Rule’

Matthew 7:13-23 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The True Disciple #5 Matthew 7:28-29 – The Crowd’s Reaction

Matthew 7:28-29 – The Crowd’s Reaction

MT7:28 Now, when the Jesus finished these words, it took place that the crowds were astounded at his teaching. MT7:29 For Jesus was teaching them as one possessed of authority and not as their Copyists.

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B.S. Commentary:

Known as the son of a manual labourer people often where surprised to hear so much wisdom coming out of this man‘s mouth. The Nazarene as a sent one from God was the greatest human teacher to ever live because his knowledge was beyond what any human could possibly attain.

When he started his public life there where people who wanted to follow him. Even scribes saw in him a teacher worth following (Matthew 8:19) and several people came to him for advice (Matthew 19:16). Several people became convinced that he was the sent one from God and a rebbe teaching the way of God truthfully. He also was known as one who did not care about anyone’s opinion, for he was not swayed by appearances. (Matthew 22:16).

Jesus considered his listeners when he taught. He spoke to them in a way that the message would get into their hearts, the place that motivates people. He skilfully used illustrations and questions and engaged people of any age.

After listening to the Sermon on the Mount people wondered how this man could say such things. They also questioned if he could have the right to speak in such a manner. More and more people started wondering who this person could be who dared to speak in public with such authority. Some got really annoyed by his manner of speaking and attracting such a crowd. Recall from the Gospel of John the Jewish religious leaders felt threatened by Jesus’ effectiveness with people. So much so, they conspired to arrest him.

Mt 13:54 And coming into his own country he taught them in their synagogue, insomuch that they were astonished, and said, Whence hath this man this wisdom, and these {1 } mighty works? {1) Gr powers }

Mt 22:33 And when the multitudes heard it, they were astonished at his teaching.

Mr 1:22 And they were astonished at his teaching: For he taught them as having authority, and not as the scribes.

Mr 6:2 And when the sabbath was come, he began to teach in the synagogue: and {1 } many hearing him were astonished, saying, Whence hath this man these things? and, What is the wisdom that is given unto this man, and what mean such {2 } mighty works wrought by his hands? {1) Some ancient authorities insert the 2) Gr powers }

Mr 11:18 And the chief priests and the scribes heard it, and sought how they might destroy him: for they feared him, for all the multitude was astonished at his teaching.

Lu 4:32 and they were astonished at his teaching; for his word was with authority.

Joh 7:46 The officers answered, Never man so spake.

In the previous articles on the Mountain Sermon we could see that Jesus used unassailable logic (Matthew 7:24-27), meaningful illustrations (Matthew 7:3-5) and object lessons (John 13:2-16) which today are still of value.

Jesus not only used his own words. He got inspired by the Words of his heavenly Father. He quoted from the Hebrew Old Testament over 120 times, and from over 20 of the 39 books. When asked which commandment was the greatest, he summed it up this way, as he quoted from Deuteronomy 6:5 and Leviticus 19:18,

37 And he said to him, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. {1) De 6:5} 38 This is the great and first commandment. 39 {1} And a second is like it: {2} You shall love your neighbor as yourself.{1) Or [And a second is like unto it, Thou shalt love etc] 2) Le 19:18} 40 On these two commandments depend all the Law and the Prophets.”.” (Mt 22:37-40 Updated ASV)

Jesus spoke to them in parables,

“because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand”

and in his time it was as difficult for people as it is today because many did or do not want to hear the truth and prefer to clinch to human teachings or church doctrines.

Jesus did not need any human teaching, like the scribes quoted others to lend authority to their teachings. For him God’s Word was saying enough and should be clear enough for people to understand, if they would be willing to hear and to open their hearts.

Jesus authority questioned

Jesus always was humble, willing to listen to others and not using hurting words or vile language. With his example and manner of speaking he showed to have a worthy authority (which he had received from God). Today there are still lots of Christians who do not understand that a man of flesh and blood could receive authority from God and therefore they say Jesus has to be God.

“And Jesus came to them and spake unto them, saying, All authority hath been given unto me in heaven and on earth.” (Mt 28:18 ASV)

“All things have been delivered unto me of my Father: and no one knoweth the Son, save the Father; neither doth any know the Father, save the Son, and he to whomsoever the Son willeth to reveal [him].” (Mt 11:27 ASV)

First lower than angels, he followed God’s Word and always kept doing the Will of God, putting his own will aside. Two years after Jesus had given his first sermon on that mountain he as a forerunner entered for man in God’s Reign and was received up into heaven to sit down at the right hand of God where he was made a high priest forever after the order of Melchizedek and received full authority over the earth. (Hebrews 4:14 + 6:20)

“who is on the right hand of God, having gone into heaven; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him.” (1Pe 3:22 ASV)

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Preceding articles

The Nazarene master teacher learning people how they should behave

Matthew 7:1-11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary on Neighbor Love Continued 7: Matthew 7:1-5 Judgment and neighbor love

Matthew 7:12 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Summary on the Torah’s Fulfillment

Matthew 7:13-14 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The True Disciple #1 The Narrow Gate and the way to destruction

Matthew 7:15-20 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The True Disciple #2 False prophets and fruitage

Matthew 7:13-23 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The True Disciple #3 Matthew 7:21-23 The ones Jesus never knew

Matthew 7:13-27 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The True Disciple #4 Matthew 7:24-27 – Conclusion

Authority from the One God to one mediator between God and men

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Additional reading

  1. Entrance of a king to question our position #2 Who do we want to see and to be
  2. Hearing words to accept
  3. Priest, scribes and others with authority
  4. Gain Christ, trusting Jehovah
  5. Witnesses of Christ and of his gospel
  6. The Mountain: Radical Obedience

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Further reading

  1. Teachings of Jesus
  2. But because You said so…2
  3. Truth For Today
  4. Authority Must Flow Down From On High
  5. Hearing the king (Matthew 7:28-29)

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Matthew 7:13-27 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The True Disciple #4 Matthew 7:24-27 – Conclusion

Matthew 7:24-27 – Conclusion

 

MT7:24 “So, everyone who hears these words of mine[1] and does them,[2] will be like[3] a smart person[4] who built a house upon a solid Rock.[5] MT7:25 And the rain came down and the rivers flooded and the winds blew[6] and it did not fall. For it was founded on that solid Rock. MT7:26 And, everyone hearing these words of mine and not doing them will be like a stupid person[7] who built a house on sand. MT7:27 And the rain came down and the rivers flood and the winds blew and struck that house![8] And it fell![9] And the fall was great!”[10]

foundation built on sand (2)

[1] Everyone who hears these words of mine: This would apply in the fullest sense to those right there in the audience who did “hear” these words from the teaching Nazarene. However, others were to “hear” by means of those disciples inspired by the Spirit-Helper who produced the Christian Bible, called the New Testament (John 16:12-14; 17:20).

[2] Does them: The “doer” of James’ epistle (James 1:22; 4:17). There is then that effort to learn the teachings of the Nazarene and then that “agony” to do them (Luke 13:24). With such a warning ringing in our hears what else can we do but make it our aim to study carefully these words of the Nazarene, and then one day at a time, to apply them with great vigor. Various renderings: KNX: commandments of mine; PHI: puts them into practice (Luke 6:47, 48; James 1:15).

[3] Will be like: The introduction to this sermon began with those pronouncements of favor and blessing and now the Nazarene concludes with a strong parable or illustration. There are only two categories: a) one who knows these words and does them; and, b) one who knows, but does not do them (This may infer a third: those who did not know them. Compare Luke 12:48).

[4] Smart person: The Greek is PHRONIMO and is generally translated sensible, prudent, discreet, practically wise, prudent. The Greek also refers to “a male person” with its ANDRI but we have chosen “person.” The modern contemporary usage of “smart” carries the idea well. Various renderings: BER: thoughtful man; NEB: he is like a man who had the sense to build his house on rock.

[5] A house upon a solid Rock: The teachings of the Nazarene are a solid, rock-hard basis for developing and directing one’s life, particularly if everlasting life and the Kingdom are in mind. Compare Luke 6:47-49. In Luke the builder “dug and went down deep.” Luke does not mention “sand” but ground without foundation. Note how Paul stresses “foundation” at 1 Corinthians 3:10 and Colossians 1:23.

[6] The rain came down and the rivers flooded and the winds blew: Each of these – rain, flood and wind – may carry a metaphorical meaning but essentially they describe those daily “hardships” the Nazarene assured would afflict (Matthew 6:34).

[7] Stupid person: The Greek is MORO (moron) something like Matthew 5:22 where the man is an apostate. This is serious. See Matthew 23:3 and Luke 6:49 on non-performance.

[8] Struck that house: Naturally, either “house” would be safe and secure without those environmental disasters. But, life is not like that, particularly Christian life with its narrow gate.

[9] And it fell: A spiritual collapse by a non-performer. Centering on the Nazarene’s summary of the Torah itself, the Golden Rule, this “moron” is one who knows what is right when it comes to neighbors but refuses or fails to act positively with neighbor love. Why? A single reason: egotism. The “moron,” by the Nazarene’s perception, is a selfish person, whose first reaction is always… Self. The Friend of the Nazarene strives to reach KENOSIS like Christ: “empty self” (Philippians 2:5-7) and so the cultivated inclination is to put the interests of others first (Philippians 2:3,4).

[10] The fall was great: It is not just a simple matter of restoring or rebuilding the house. It is much worse. Such words ought to move every Friend of the Nazarene to become thoroughly familiar with these words, perhaps reading them every month as a practice; and, then, by prayer and deep thought, work daily to apply these superior principles.

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Preceding articles:

Matthew 7:1-11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary on Neighbor Love Continued 7: Matthew 7:1-5 Judgment and neighbor love

Matthew 7:12 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Summary on the Torah’s Fulfillment

Matthew 7:13-14 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The True Disciple #1 The Narrow Gate and the way to destruction

Matthew 7:15-20 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The True Disciple #2 False prophets and fruitage

Matthew 7:13-23 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: The True Disciple #3 Matthew 7:21-23 The ones Jesus never knew

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Further reading

  1. Matthew 7:24-27
  2. Matthew 7:24-27 (by Anchord in Christ)
  3. Matthew 7:24-27 – devotion was written by Sally Hargrove
  4. The Parable Series – The Parable of the Two Builders (Part 1)
  5. A rock worth building on (Matthew 7:24-27)
  6. Wise and Foolish
  7. Wise build on rock, wise vote for rock
  8. Build Your House on the Rock
  9. Solid rock
  10. Hearing and knowing is not enough
  11. The faces of life
  12. Slaves For Freedom
  13. Check your foundation….
  14. Make Your Weight Loss Goals Foundationally Sound
  15. Spirit and Life
  16. Is Your Foundation Solid?
  17. Watch For Construction
  18. Steadfast Cornerstone
  19. Apologetic evangelism – The Greatest Teacher Who Ever Lived
  20. What Does It Mean To Be A Christian?

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Matthew 7:12 – The Nazarene’s Commentary: Summary on the Torah’s Fulfillment

Matthew 7:12 – Summary on the Torah’s Fulfillment

MT7:12 “So, everything you want others to do to you, you also do to them.[1] For this is the Torah and the Prophets.[2]

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[1] Everything you want others to do to you, you also do to them: The Golden Rule. This simple statement is among the most well known principles of ideal conduct. Though many famous philosophers and religious founders have phrased something similar, it has always been in the negative. The Nazarene puts it in the positive. So, one may keep the negative rule by living in a cave, but not the Nazarene Rule (Compare Luke 6:31 and Romans 13:10). Various renderings are: GDSP: therefore you must always treat other people as you would like to have them treat you; BECK: do for others everything you want them to do for you; PHI: this is the essence of all true religion.

The Nazarene Saint who has emptied himself of Self will always respond positively to others, seeking their highest good. ‘Love never behaves badly. It always seeks the best interests of others.’ (Romans 13:10 and Philippians 2:4, 7) Ghandi argued with his British occupiers:

“When all nations live by the Sermon on the Mount we will have not only solved our problems but those of the whole world.”

We have no difficulty knowing what hurts us. It is a simple matter of refraining from doing to others what hurts us, and going a quantum leap beyond this, and doing those things for others that you would want done for you. Note the context to follow the Golden Rule deals in part with money matters.

[2] The Torah and the Prophets: The conclusion to the Nazarene’s subject raised in Matthew 5:17. There is a popular tradition of the great Jewish Rabbi Hillel who was asked to stand on one leg and summarize the Torah. His answer:

“What is hateful to thee, do not to another.”

Philo the Jew of Alexandria, a contemporary of Paul, gave a similar answer:

“What you hate to suffer, do not do to anyone else.”

However, the Nazarene goes beyond these negative viewpoints with a positive one, called the Golden Rule. Many religions have a negative expression of this, including the Greek philosophers, as well as Buddha and Confucius. Paul summarizes it:

‘The law is summarized in love of neighbor. Love is the fulfillment of the Law.’ (Romans 13:9, 10)

This single verse (Matthew 7:12) serves as the perfect conclusion to the subject introduced in Matthew 5:17, the Law’s fulfillment. Will this Way be easy? The Nazarene proceeds to explain.

Bernard d'Agesci (1757-1828), La justice, musé...

Bernard d’Agesci (1757-1828), La justice, musée de Niort. Holds scales in one hand and in the other hand a book with “Dieu, la Loi, et le Roi” on one page and the Golden rule on the other page. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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Preceding

Matthew 7:1-11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary on Neighbor Love Continued 6: Matthew 7:1-5 Judgment and neighbor love

Matthew 7:1-11 – The Nazarene’s Commentary on Neighbor Love Continued 8: Matthew 7:6-11 Giving and neighbor love

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Additional reading

  1. Solitude
  2. Letter to a Non-Christian Nation

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Further reading

  1. Golden Rule
  2. Remember The Golden Rule
  3. In Praise of Mere Decency
  4. Standing Up To Racism
  5. Faith helped me find my purpose
  6. Today’s Scripture – August 9, 2017
  7. The Golden Rule recommended by Castle View Academy as one of two Kindness Books for Kids!
  8. Challenges Happen
  9. A Golden Year Through Serving One Another
  10. In Praise of Mere Decency
  11. July 30 @ 1 Thessalonians 4-5
  12. Muse of the Day
  13. Canticle
  14. Judgement
  15. Relational Aggression
  16. Go do. Psalm 32:1-2 Isaih 26:4 Hebrews 13:1-2
  17. Blessings From God
  18. Impact

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Nazarene Commentary Matthew 5:1-12 Nazarene Mountain teachings: Blessed and legal commentaries

The Sermon on the mount
(Nazarene Mountain teachings)

(Matthew 5:1 – 7:29 || Luke 6:20-23)

Chapter Five:
The Blessed and legal commentaries

Matthew 5:1-2 – The Setting

MT5:1 Observing the crowds Jesus went up into the mountains and after he reclined his disciples approached him. MT5:2 And Jesus opened his mouth and began teaching them.

Matthew 5:3-12 – Introduction: Attitudes for Happiness

|| Luke 6:20-23

MT5:3 “Blessed[1] the poor as to the spirit[2] for the Heavenly Realm[3] is theirs.
MT5:4 Blessed those mourning[4] for they will be comforted.[5]
MT5:5 Blessed the meek[6] for they will inherit the earth.[7]
MT5:6 Blessed those hungering and thirsting for righteousness[8] for they will be filled.[9]
MT5:7 Blessed the merciful[10] for they will be shown mercy.
MT5:8 Blessed the pure in heart[11] for they will see[12] The God.[13]
MT5:9 Blessed the peaceable people[14] for they will be called ‘Sons of The God.’[15] MT5:10 Blessed are those persecuted for righteousness.[16] The Heavenly Realm[17] is theirs.
MT5:11 Blessed are you when they reproach[18] and persecute and speak evil lies against you because of me.[19] MT5:12 Rejoice and exult[20] for your heavenly reward is great! For this is the same way they persecuted the former prophets.[21]

Jesus is considered by scholars such as Weber ...

Jesus is considered by scholars such as Weber to be an example of a charismatic religious leader. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

[1] Blessed: Perhaps the opening words are among the most well known after the Lord’s Prayer and the Golden Rule. Most of the key elements in the Beatitudes are expanded in the main body of the Nazarene’s sermon. These subjects are: poverty, comfort, mildness, righteousness, charity, purity, peaceableness, persecution.

The Greek word MAKARIOI is more than the English “happy” or even the KJV “blessed.” The English word “happy” generally means a temporary moment of elation. It is doubtful this is what the Nazarene had in mind. “Blessed” also falls short unless one thinks of the word as including divine favor. The Greek word here infers a supreme measure of joy because of a divine state of favor before the Father. It is variously rendered: how happy, how blessed. The Nazarene borrows the idea from the Psalms where the word occurs 28 times, often in a similar vein by David. “Happy” occurs 138 times in the Bible. Luke uses it the most often in the Christian Bible (17 times) and Revelation contains the Seven Apocalyptic Beatitudes, 7 times (Revelation 1:3;14:13; 16:15; 19:9; 20:6; 22:7, 14).

[2] The poor as to the spirit: This is the most literal reading according to the Greek, but it has been dealt with in various matters. Most prefer to render it, ‘the poor in spirit but that is not exactly what the Greek says. A possibility is Blessed the poor Spiritual. Various renderings are: destitute in spirit (RHM), rating themselves insignificant (AMP), those who feel their spiritual need (GDSP), humble-minded (PHI), how blest are those who know that they are poor (NEB), those conscious of their spiritual need (NWT). Perhaps the most direct commentary would be that of Luke who words this introduction simply, ‘Happy are the poor’ (Luke 6:20). Word Studies in the New Testament (Vol 1, page 36):

“It is very graphic and appropriate here, as denoting the utter spiritual destitution, the consciousness of which precede the entrance into the Kingdom of God.”

The word “poor” occurs 22 times in the Gospels. Perhaps Paul and James draw on the Master’s words when they paraphrase, ‘God chose the poor’? [1 Corinthians 1:27, 28; James 2:5] If we accept Luke’s bias we must understand Jesus’ words here as emphasizing poverty, a condition in which one must depend upon others for the necessities of life. This state is emphasized later in the sermon. The poor ‘spirituals’ have only God to look to for help. Jesus was poor as were his disciples and later Paul. The word group “rich(es)” occurs nearly 200 times in the Bible with the first occurrence at Genesis 14:23 (Abraham) and most often in the OT, Proverbs (12 times) and in the NT, Luke (16 times).

Luke records perhaps another occasion in chapter Luke 6:24 in the very spirit of James 5:1, ‘Happy are the poor’ and then ‘woe to the rich’. The life of Jesus, the example of his Apostles in Acts chs 2-6, and the manner of Paul, all point to the deep meaning behind the word “poor” here. There is a danger in “riches” which Paul stresses at 1 Timothy 6:17-19. We feel the Greek PTOKHOI ought to remain as “Poor” or “the destitute” for this is Luke’s view and the “Poor” feature prominently in the Nazarene’s teachings.

[3] Heavenly Realm: (MOF) Literally this is “the kingdom of the heavens” but the Greek BASILEIA may refer to a seat of government in a monarchy or to the realm, domain or territory over which such a kingdom rules. Two views may be present here: a) an actual place in the future government of the King; or, b) opportunity for entrance into the Realm of Profession, or the Church itself. Sometimes Jesus uses the word “kingdom” to mean that position of rulership in the heavens and other times he refers to being a subject of the King. There are two kingdoms in the Nazarene’s teachings: 1) the Son’s; and, 2) the Father’s. Compare Matthew 13:41, 43.

The word “kingdom” occurs a total of 366 times in the Bible with 63 in Daniel. In the Nazarene’s teachings “kingdom” occurs 55 times in Matthew, 23 times in Mark, and 45 times in Luke. It is a theme word or key topic of the Nazarene’s sayings.

[4] Mourning: Note how Luke 6:21 puts this, weeping. Messiah (the Christ) was anointed to ‘comfort those mourning in Zion.’ (Isaiah 61:1,3; Luke 4:16) Various renderings are: sad (BAS); know what sorrow means (PHI). The world is not an altogether happy place and life dishes out its share of pain. Paul describe it as ‘a season of groaning pain.’ (Romans 8:22) The word group “mourn(ing)” occurs about 100 times in the Bible.

[5] Comforted: Or, consoled, given courage. The comfort is found in God and that Spirit He sends through Christ as the Comforter (John chs 14-16). The word “comfort” is rare in the Nazarene’s teachings but the idea breathes throughout the body of his sayings (Psalms 126:5; 2 Corinthians 1:1-7).

[6] Meek: Various renderings are: gentle TCNT; patient KNX; humble-minded GDSP; of a gentle spirit NEB; happy are those who claim nothing PHI. The words of the Nazarene here are a paraphrase of Psalm 37:11 (LXX = HOI DE PRAEIS KLERONOUESOUSI GEN. Note Daniel’s KLERON at Daniel 12:13) The “meek” here are those who will possess the Kingdom (verse 3), will see God (verse 8) and who will ‘inherit the nations’ as does the Messiah (Psalm 2:8; 72:8; Daniel 7:14, 27). The Nazarene was characterized by a mild-temper but this did not prevent him from displaying his anger or rebuke against the religious powers as well as his own disciples. The meek are non-confrontational, non-adversarial, non-aggressive, and not given to insisting on their own opinions. Even the Nazarene says, ‘If anyone hears my sayings and does not keep them, I do not judge.’ (John 12:47) Jesus was not judgmental save against those religious teachers who ought to know better (Matthew chapter 23).

[7] Inherit the earth: Note Psalm 2:8. These “meek” inherit the earth as the realm or territory of their rule (1 Corinthians 6:2; Daniel 7:27; Revelation 5:10).

[8] Hungering and thirsting for righteousness: This whole idea is right out of the Psalms (Psalm 63:1) and repeated in the Apocalypse (Rev 21:6; 22:17). Various renderings are: being and doing right (WMS); to see right prevail (NEB). Though many men may not thirst for righteousness in a moral sense, they do thirst for justice as seen in the multitude of revolutions throughout history. The Nazarene disciple must crave right or righteousness as if it were food. It is John who describes those ‘born from above’ as those who do not habitually sin but practice righteousness (1 John chs 2 and 3). This craving is not self-righteous or overly-righteous but a desire to see justice done with living evidence in the Saint’s life (Amos 8:11).

[9] Filled: Or, “satisfied.” See Luke 6:21.

[10] Merciful: Various renderings are: compassionate WEY; those who show mercy WMS. The Latin merci (French for “thank you”) is rooted in the gift paid mercenaries and so its strongest thrust is not forgiveness or judgment withheld as much as it is a gift of charity to the needy. The Nazarene Saint is characterized by a non-judgmental, forgiving and charitable spirit toward those in greater need.

[11] Pure in heart: Various renderings are: clean in heart (BAS); utterly sincere (PHI). This phrase gets to the root of motives in all that the Nazarene Saint does. There are no hidden agendas or games to be played against others. Utter guilelessness, like that of their Lord, is an attribute of the Transformed Mind (Romans 12:1; Hebrews 7:26). Such a disposition is only learned after years of tolerance, patience, and that true selfless interest in others called “love”.

[12] They will see: Perhaps the most sublime hope ever given to humans. To see The God is a true prospect for the Nazarene Saint (See 1 John 3:2; Revelation 22:4). “Face” can have a metamorphic tone as a concordance will show (Job 33:26).

[13] The God: In Greek this is TON THEON as it is in John 1:1 and refers almost without exception to the Creator, the Almighty, The God. Though in English “the” is often omitted we feel it wise to include it in all cases where the article appears. The God stands in contrast to other “gods.” (1 Corinthians 8:5, 6)

[14] Peaceable people: Various renderings are: makers and maintainers of peace (AMP). See Romans 12:18 and James 3:18. The Nazarene Saint is characterized by a non-adversarial, non-confrontational, and peace-seeking disposition. In Spanish translations this is often pacififadores from which “pacifist” is drawn. Ghandi taught, “I am willing to die for this cause, but there is no cause for which I am willing to kill.” This peaceable disposition is illustrated in the Nazarene’s later words at Matthew 5:22, 39-42. Compare Colossians 3:15.

[15] Sons of The God: This is a phrase used of angels in Genesis 6:1 and Job 2:1 and is the grand relationship of those willing to be peaceable in their natures, to become true children of God (John 1:12,13). This relationship is a feature of John’s Gospel and letters. If one wishes to be styled a child of God then peaceableness must characterize their Transformed Mind (Romans 12:1, 18).

[16] Persecuted for righteousness: The reason for the persecution must be for righteousness and not for some crime or evil as Peter himself teaches (1 Peter chs 2 – 4). The Nazarene’s audience were persecuted Jews under Roman domination. Additionally, Jesus knew of the future periods of oppression against his own disciples and foretold it at Matthew 24:9-11. Luke uses the word “hate” at Luke 6:22.

[17] Heavenly Realm: This can mean that ultimate “goal” which Paul sought (Philippians 3:14) and which is promised the Saints (Daniel 7:27) or that opportunity opened up by the Nazarene to enter the Realm of Profession, the Son’s “kingdom”, his Church (Matthew 13:41; 16:18; Colossians 1:13). As Paul writes, persecution is part and parcel of the Christian way of life (Acts 14:22; 2 Timothy 3:12).

[18] Reproach: Various renderings are: MOF: denounce; GDSP: abuse; BAS: give you a bad name; WEY: every cruel thing; PHI: slanderous. Often, it is true, the source of this is from the present ruling powers; but, it is also true that this abuse comes from a religious source within one’s own Faith as in the case of the Jewish clergy against the Nazarene (John 16:1,2 and Acts chs 4, 5). The worse kind of reproach is from fellow believers who charge “apostasy” and thus make themselves liable to Gehenna (Matthew 5:2).

[19] Because of me: Elsewhere in the Nazarene’s teachings this is “because of my name” (Matthew 24:9) as historically demonstrated in the Book of Acts. It is the name “Jesus” or “Christ” that brings the reproach and persecution (Acts 2:38; 3:6, 16; 4:7, 10, 12, 17, 18, 30; 5:28, 40, 41; 8:12, 16; 9:14, 15, 16, 21, 27, 28; 10:43, 48; 15:26; 16:18; 19:5, 13; 21:13; 22:16; 26:9).

[20] Rejoice and exult: See Luke 6:23. Various renderings are: WEY: be joyful and triumphant; WMS: leaping for ecstasy; KN: glad and light-hearted. Luke also adds “excluded or separated.” (Luke 6:23)

[21] The former prophets: Surely, the Nazarene thinks of Elijah and his persecution by Ahab and Jezebel. Compare Matthew 23:35. Even Moses the Prophet was abused by his sister and other rebels. According to tradition Isaiah was killed by King Manasseh.

Beatitudes-sermon-on-mount

Beatitudes-sermon-on-mount (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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Preceding articles

The Nazarene master teacher learning people how they should behave

Nazarene Commentary Matthew 4:23-25 – Kingdom Preaching and Healing Draws Crowds

There is more happiness in giving than there is in receiving

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Additional reading

  1. Salvation, trust and action in Jesus #2 What you must do
  2. Golden rule for understanding in spiritual matters obedience
  3. Built on or Belonging to Jewish tradition #4 Mozaic and Noachide laws
  4. Right to be in the surroundings
  5. Let us become nothing, and Christ everything

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Further related articles

  1. Sermon from Matthew 5
  2. Sermon for January 29, 2017
  3. Sermon for 29 January 2017 on Matthew 5:1-12
  4. NBFMC Sermon Review (1/15/2017) – ‘Sermon on the Mount’ Series: “Being Salt and Light”
  5. NBFMC Sermon Review (1/22/2017) – ‘Sermon on the Mount’ Series: “Jesus and The Law”
  6. NBFMC Sermon Review (2/05/2017) – ‘Sermon on the Mount’ Series: “Lust and Relationships”
  7. 4th Sunday, Year A | Being peacemakers in a divided society
  8. Fourth Sunday in Ordinary Time (January 29th, 2017)
  9. 4th Sunday After Epiphany, January 29, 2017
  10. 5th Sunday Ordinary Time Year A 2017
  11. Sermon on the Mount: Part 1
  12. Sermon on the Mount Part 1: Beatitudes
  13. Sermon on the Mount: Part 2
  14. 2017.01.15 Sermon On The Mount Part 1
  15. Bible Study: Insights on the Sermon on the Mount: The Beatitudes Part 1
  16. Bible Study: Insights on the Sermon on the Mount: The Beatitudes Part 2
  17. Bible Study: Insights on the Sermon on the Mount: The Beatitudes Part 3
  18. Bible Study: Insights on the Sermon on the Mount: The Light
  19. Time to Make the Vision Plain
  20. 12 February 2017: Sixth Sunday in Ordinary time
  21. You Have Heard It was Said | 6th after Epiphany
  22. You have heard it said of old: A sermon for the 6th Sunday after the Epiphany, 2017
  23. Words Fail Me
  24. Seventh Sunday, Year A | The Bible and the Love-Justice Dialectic
  25. Episode 5: Kingdom Living in a Fallen World
  26. Episode 7: Sermon on the Mount
  27. Walk humbly with your God
  28. Father Kevin’s Reflection – January 29, 2017
  29. #Blessed = Health & Wealth??
  30. Blessed (by Haras Price)
  31. Blessed Are the Poor in Spirit
  32. Blessed are the peacemakers (or how to spot God’s kids)
  33. Beatitudes: promises
  34. The Beatitudes
  35. Beatitudes: fabric and setting
  36. More Than Parts
  37. Beatitudes: context
  38. Beatitudes: reversal
  39. More than Just the Be Happy Attitudes: a sermon for Epiphany 4A
  40. Blessed are those who mourn (Matt. 5 vs. 4)
  41. Lesson 8: The Beatitudes
  42. The beatitudes: an upside down view of life
  43. Epiphany 6A: The Reordered Way
  44. the missing sermon from the Bible
  45. Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount
  46. What are you called to B?
  47. Giving and Getting It Al
  48. Preaching and communication: Lessons from the Sermon on the Mount
  49. The Gospel is a Broken Record 2-12-17
  50. Sermon on the Exam Table
  51. Jesus’s Break-Out Album
  52. In All Our Complexity
  53. 6th Sunday A: Commandments about Love
  54. Truth, love, and justice
  55. The Choice is Yours – A Sermon on Sirach 15:15-20 and Matthew 5:21-37
  56. Devotional – Matthew 5.23-24
  57. Making Things Right
  58. Salt of the Earth
  59. Sermon on the Mount Part 2: Salt, Light, & Righteousness
  60. A Sermon for the Salted and Unsalted
  61. Bible Study: Insights on the Sermon on the Mount: The Salt
  62. The salt of the earth and the light of the world
  63. How “salty” are you?
  64. 11th Hour Preacher Party: Salt and Light
  65. A call to be Salt and Light
  66. Be salty (a prayer for pastors)
  67. Being the Salt
  68. Salt and Light :: Communion Liturgy
  69. Light in R-Rated
  70. But I say to you: the law
  71. God’s Law is much, much more than a set of rules that we must follow
  72. Jesus demands even more than what the Law demands
  73. Sermon: Christians behaving badly
  74. Relationship Status
  75. A Christian’s Relationships
  76. “You Shall Not Murder”: Jesus and the Ten Commandments
  77. Sermon for February 5, 2017
  78. Salt and Light 1
  79. Salt and light
  80. Be the light
  81. Living as Salt and Light
  82. The Great Invitation: Salt and Light
  83. You … yes, you … are the light of the world!
  84. You are the Light of the World!
  85. The Light on This Corner
  86. Episode 11: Light of the World
  87. Day 201: Words, Words, Words – Matthew 5.9 (KJV
  88. Sermon :: February 19, 2017
  89. Sermon on the Mount Part 4: Theosis
  90. Seventh Sunday after Epiphany -y. A Br Andrew 2017
  91. Be Good!
  92. Sermon: All You Need Is … ?
  93. But I say to you: patterns
  94. Romans 12 & the Sermon on the Mount
  95. Tolstoy Prophesies the Fall of America
  96. Great In The Kingdom
  97. Leaving it all on the course for Him Matthew 5:21
  98. The Great Invitation: This, Not That – Sermon on Matthew 5:21-37
  99. Lectionary Sermon February 12 2017 Epiphany 6 A (St Valentine’s Sunday) on Matthew 5: 21 – 37
  100. But I say to you: smallest part
  101. Give to the one who asks you
  102. Righteousness: context
  103. Righteousness: against the grain
  104. Righteousness: extra mile
  105. Being Perfect: Sermon for February 19, 2017
  106. Be Perfect
  107. Anything beyond this is from the evil one…
  108. Poem For The Sunday Lectionary (Epiphany 7, Yr A)
  109. The Sedition of Christ – A Sermon on Matthew 5:38-48
  110. Preparing to Preach on Jesus’ Teaching on Non-Violence: Matthew 5:38-48
  111. Lectionary sermon for 19 February 2017 on Matthew 5:38-48
  112. Lowering the Bar
  113. Next Verse Same As the First 2-19-17
  114. God’s Perfect Life (Matthew 5:38-48)
  115. The First Mile
  116. Holy, Perfect, The People of God: A Sermon for the Seventh Sunday after the Epiphany, 2017
  117. Be Perfect | 7th after Epiphany
  118. Matthew 5:21-37 – First be reconciled to your brother or sister
  119. A New Standard (Matthew 5:21-37)
  120. Misc. Wednesday: Love Your Enemies
  121. What do you do when Jesus says to love your enemies?
  122. The Power of Love: a sermon for Epiphany 7A – Matthew 5:38-48
  123. Sabbath Monday: Love Thy Neighbor
  124. Love Completely
  125. Love your enemies
  126. Praying for enemies
  127. Love (even) your enemies
  128. It’s Always About Love
  129. Loving our enemies means liking them, too
  130. Getting Angry
  131. No, You Do Not Have to Hit Back!
  132. 2/19/2017 Turn the Other Cheek
  133. turn the other cheek
  134. Redemptive Anger
  135. But I say to you: anger
  136. The Dark Secret of Anger
  137. Loving our Enemies: Subversive Love as Nonviolent Resistance
  138. Love your enemies
  139. Sermon for February 19, 2017
  140. Matthew 5:38-48: About Revenge – Part I
  141. Matthew 5:38-48: About Revenge – Part II
  142. What fruit do you produce?
  143. The Private Lent
  144. Righteousness: loving
  145. What Jesus Says When You’ve Been Burned
  146. Why are People Repelled by Christians?
  147. On Being a Lily of the Field
  148. The sun also rises
  149. Stir me, O Lord, to care
  150. “Make something happen!”: The restless spirit
  151. The most frightening words Wesley ever preached
  152. Sermon on the Mount Part 3: You Have Heard it Said…But I Say to You…
  153. Loving God with our Minds
  154. But I say to you: readings
  155. But I say to you: context
  156. Put me to what You will
  157. Wanting the Impossible
  158. What if Everything I Think I Know is Wrong?
  159. What God’s Growing
  160. Choose life so that you and your descendants
  161. Choosing Life
  162. Show your work – a sermon
  163. A spirit of reconciliation
  164. Deep Preaching
  165. Nobel Peace Laureate: “Nonviolence is the path to human security”
  166. Blessed Are the Meek
  167. It isn’t Easy to Follow Jesus
  168. What are we here for?
  169. The University of Life- and the Mind of Christ
  170. Sending
  171. practice makes perfect
  172. Calculating Vice
  173. It’s Hard and It Matters
  174. Shine on
  175. Facebook is for Murderers
  176. Mountain Meditation: Kingdom Living
  177. There are certain actions in the Kingdom
  178. Becoming What You Already Are
  179. Forgetting and Repeating the Past
  180. Whose Side Are We on?
  181. All You Need to Do
  182. A Christian’s Character
  183. Blessings
  184. The Prayer on the Mount
  185. You might be a Disciple
  186. Ode to Joy
  187. i never knew you
  188. Spiritual Reorientation
  189. Choosing Mercy – a sermon
  190. Wait! What?!
  191. Blessed
  192. Blessed Are The Preposterous
  193. Blessing: You keep on using that word, I do not think it means what you think it means
  194. Recognizing Blessings
  195. The Beatitudes: What We Really Are
  196. Authentic Christianity
  197. A Whole LifeTime
  198. Respond In Love
  199. Forgiveness Sunday
  200. The Controversy of Blessedness
  201. All Things New…
  202. Make peace
  203. Kindness~Love~Honor
  204. Making the World a Better Place
  205. A Dozen of Them – The Final Chapters
  206. The Offensivness of Kindness?
  207. The Golden Rule
  208. The Golden Rule says “Do” unto others
  209. Applying the Golden Rule
  210. Judge or not to Judge??

+++

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